Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature on education schooling and tertiary education

Africa OverviewAngolaBenin
BotswanaBurkina FasoBurundi
CameroonCentral African RepublicChad
D.R. Congo / ZaireDjiboutiEquatorial Guinea
EritreaEthiopiaGabon
GambiaGhanaGuinea
Guinea BisseauIvory CoastKenya
LesothoLiberiaMadagascar
MalawiMaliMauritius
MozambiqueNamibiaNiger
NigeriaRwandaSenegal
Sierra LeoneSomaliaSouth Africa
South SudanSudanSwaziland / Eswatini
TanzaniaThe CongoTogo
UgandaZambiaZimbabwe

Africa Overview

Adams, Milton / Kruppenbach, Susan (1987): Gender and access in the African school, in: International Education Review, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 92-100. [2500]

Aikman, Sheila / Unterhalter, Elaine (eds.) (2007): Practicing gender equality in education, Oxfam Publications, Oxford. [2501]

Ainsworth, Martha (1996): The impact of women’s schooling on fertility and contraceptive use, A study of fourteen Sub-Saharan African countries, in: World Bank Economic Review, vol. 10. no. 1. pp. 85-122. [2502]

Ainsworth, Martha (1996): The impact of women’s schooling on fertility and contraceptive use, A study of fourteen Sub-Saharan African countries, in: World Bank Economic Review, vol. 10. no. 1. pp. 85-122. [2506]

Allison, Caroline (1985): Health and education for development: African women’s status and prospects, in: Rose, Tore (ed.): Crisis and recovery in Sub-Sahran Africa, Paris, pp. 111-123. [2503]

Ampofo, Akosua Adomako / Beoku-Betts, Josephine / Osirim, Mary et al. (2004): Women and Gender Studies in English-Speaking Sub-Saharan Africa, A review of the literture in the Social Sciences, in: Gender and Society, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 685-713. [2504]

Arigbede, M.O. (1994): High illiteracy rates among women and high drop-out rates among girls, in: Convergence, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 15-22. [2505]

Assie-Lumumba, Ndri Therese (2000): Educational and economic reforms, gender equality, and access to scholling in Africa, in: International Journal of Comparative Sociology, vol. XLI, no. 1, pp. 89-120 [2507]

Barnes, Teresa / Mama, Amina (eds.) (2007): Rethinking universities, Africa Gender Institute, AGI, Cape Town. [2508]

Baxen, B.J. / Breidlid, A. (2004): Researching HIV/AIDS and education in Sub-Saharan Africa, Examining the gaps and challenges, in: Journal of Education, vol. 34, pp. 9-29. [2509]

Bennett, Jane (2002): Exploring of a ‘gap’, Strategising gender equality in African universities, in: Feminist Africa, no. 1, pp. 34-63. [2510]

Bennett, Jane / Pereira, Charmaine (eds.) (2013): Jacketed women, Qualitative research methods on sexualities in Africa, United Nations University Press, New York. [2511]

Bloch, Marianne (ed.) (1998): Women and education in sub-saharan Africa, Power, Opportunities and constraints, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder. [2512]

Brown, Angela / Barrett, Hazel (1991): Female education in Sub-Saharan Africa: The key to development? in: Comparative Education, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 275-285. [2513]

Colclough, Christiopher (1994): Under-enrolment and low quality in African primary schooling: Towards a gender-sensitive solution, working paper, 7, IDS, Brighton. [2515]

Cotton, Ann / Synge, Richard (1998): Cutting the gordian knot, The benefits of girls’ education in Sub-Saharan Africa, CAMFED, Cambridge. [2514]

Endawoke, Yalew (1999): Differences in the mathematics and physics achievement of boy and girl high school students, A qualitative analysis, in: Hess, Jürgen (ed.): Education and social change, Empirical studies for the improvement of education in East Africa, DSE Publications, Bonn, pp. 173-192. [2516]

Etta, Florence Ebam (1994): Gender issues in contemporaray African education, in: Africa Development, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 57-84. [2517]

Fuller, B. / Singre, J.D. / Keiley, M. (1995): Why do daughters leave school in Southern Africa? Family economy and mothers’s commitments, in: Social Forces, 74, pp. 657-680. [2518]

Glynn, Judith R. / Carael, Michel et al. (2004): Does increased general schooling protect against HIV infection? A study in four African cities, in: Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 9, no.1, pp. 4-14. [2519]

Göhring, Irmgard (1990): Bildung und Berufe afrikanischer Frauen, in: Zeitschrift für Kulturaustausch, 1, pp. 69-72. [2520]

Görgen, Regina (1985): Die Armut ist weiblich, Frauenbildung und ländliche Entwicklung in Afrika, in: Schürings, Hildegard / Sülberg, Walter (Hg.): Pädagogik Dritte Welt, Jahrbuch 1985, IKO Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp. 69-83. [2521]

Hall, Eve (1990): Vocational training for women refugees in Africa, in: International Labour Review, vol. 129, no. 1, pp. 91-107. [2523]

Harber, Clive (1988): Schools and political socialization in Africa, in: Education Review, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 195-202. [2524]

Herz, Barbara / Subbarao, K. et al. (1991): Letting girls learn, Promising approaches in primary and secondary education, World Bank Discussion Papers, No. 133, World Bank, Washington D.C. [2522]

Hyde, Kathleen (1993): Sub-Saharan Africa, in: King, Elizabeth / Hill, Anne (eds.): Women’s education in developing countries - Barriers, benefits, and policies, Baltimore, pp. 100-135. [2525]

Imam, Ayesha / Mama, Amina / Sow, Fatouo (eds.) (1997): Engendering African social sciences, CODESRIA, Dakar. [2526]

Jabre, B. (1988): Women’s education in Africa, A survey of five countries, Unicef cooperative Programme, no. 26, New York. [2527]

Jha, Jyotsna (2007): An annotated bibliography on gender in secondary eduction, Research from selected Commonwealth Countries, London. [2528]

Kane, Eileen (1996): Seeing for yourself, Research handbook for girls’ education in Africa, World Bank Publication, New York. [2529]

Kitetu, Wawasi Catherine (ed.) (2008): Gender, science and technology, Perspectives from Africa, COSEDRIA, Dakar. [2530]

Kravdal, Oystein (2002): Education and fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Demography, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 233-250. [2531]

Kritz, M.M. /Gurak, D.T. (1989): Women’s status, education and family formation in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, 15, 3, pp.100-105. [2532]

Kweseyiga, Joy (2002): Women’s access to higher education in Africa, Fountain Publishers, Kampala. [2533]

Lind, Agneta (1995): Women and literacy: With particular reference to Southern Africa, in: Journal of the Association for Literacy and Adult Education (AALAE), vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1-11. [2534]

Lloyd, Cynthia / Blanc, Ann (1996): Children’s schooling in Sub-Saharan Africa, The role of fathers, mothers, and others, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 265-298. [2535]

Logan, B.J. / Beoku-Betts, J.A. (1996): Women and education in Africa, An analysis of economic and sociocultural factors influencing observed trends, in: Journal of African and Asian Studies, 31, 3/4, pp. 217-239. [2536]

Mama, Amina (2012): The challenges of feminism, Gender, ethics and responsible academic freedom in African universities, in: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, vol. 14, no 1, pp. 1-23. [2537]

Maseman, Lea Vandra (1974): The hidden curriculum of a West African girls boarding school, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 8, pp. 479-494. [2538]

McCaffery, Juliet / Merrifield, Juliet / Millican, Juliet (2007): Developing adult literacy, Approaches to Planning, implementing and delivering literacy initiatives, Oxfam Publications, Oxford. [2539]

Mkandawire, Thandike (ed.) (2005): African intellectuals, Rethinking politics, language, gender and development, CODESRIA/Zed Books, Dakar/London. [2540]

Morna, Colleen / Chola, Mulenga et al. (1993): When women learn, all benefit, in: African Farmer, No. 8, pp.15-21. [2541]

Nwonwu, Foc (2003): Empowering women through education, in: Africa Insight, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 50-57. [2542]

Odaga, Adhiambo / Heneveld, Ward (1995): Girls and schools in Sub-Saharan Africa, From Analysis to Action, World Bank Technical Paper, No. 298, World Bank, Washington D.C. [2544]

Odei Akuffo, Felix (1989): Teenage pregnancies and school drop-outs, The relevance of family life education and vocational training to girls’ employment opportunities, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.):Sex roles, population and development in West Africa, Heinemann Publishers, Portsmouth, pp. 154-164. [2543]

Osafo-Gyima, Faustine (1987): Today’s African women: Her role in educating her children, in: Presence Africaine, pp. 141-145. [2545]

Pereira, Charmaine (2002): Between knowking and imagining, What space for feminism in scholarship in Africa, in: Feminist Africa, vol. 1, pp. 9-33. [2546]

Prah, Kwesi (ed.) (1991): Culture, gender, science and technology in Africa, Harp Publications, Windhoek. [2547]

Rathgeber, Eva M. (1995): Integrating gender into environmental education in Africa, in: Canadian Journal of Development Studies, special issue, pp. 89-103. [2548]

Robertson, Claire (1985): A growing dilemma: Women and change in African primary education, 1950-1980, in: Journal of Eastern African Research and Development, vol. 15, pp. 17-35. [2549]

Robertson, Claire (1986): Women’s education and class formation in Africa, 1950-1980, in: Robertson, Claire / Berger, Iris (eds.): Women and class in Africa, Africana Publishing Company, New York, pp. 92-113. [2550]

Sall, Ebrima (ed.) (2000): Women in the academia, Gender and academic freedom in Africa, CODESRIA, Dakar. [2551]

Stromquist, Nelly / Klees, Steven / Lin, Jing (2017): Women teachers in Africa, Challenges and possibilities, Routledge Publishers, London. [2552]

Suda, Collette (1996): The centrality of women in the moral teachings in African society, in: Nordic Journal of African Studies, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 71-83. [2553]

Sudarkasa, N. (1982): Sex roles, education and development in Africa, in: Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 13, pp. 279-289. [2554]

Tamale, Sylvia (1997): Bitches at the academy, Gender and academic freedom in the African university, in: Africa Development, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 13-37. [2555]

Tanner, Frances / Levesque, Francoise / Zumstein, Johanna (1989): Training for life? Training in life, Vocational training for rural women in Africa, in: Entwicklung und ländlicher Raum, no. 23, pp. 12-13. [2556]

Thomas, Lynn (2007): Gendered reproduction: Placing schoolgirl pregnancies in African history in: Cole, Catherine / Manuh, Takyiwaa / Miescher, Stephan (eds.): Africa after gender? Indiana Unviersity Press, Bloomington, pp. 48-62. [2557]

Tietjen, Karen (1997): Educating girls in Sub-Saharan Africa, USAID’s approach and lessons for donors, SD Publication Series, Technical Paper, no. 54, US-Aid publications, Washington. [2558]

Wrziska, Alicja (1980): A young African girl, her school and her family environment, in: Africa, 35, pp. 357-385. [2559]


Angola

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Benin

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Botswana

Chilisa, B. (2002): National policies on pregnancy in education systems in sub-saharan Africa, The case of Botswana, in: Gender and Education, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 21-35. [2560]

Dunne, Máiréad / Leach, Fiona (2005): Gendered school experiences, The impact on retention and achievement in Botswana and Ghana, DFID, London. [2561]

Mafela, Lily (2003): Gendered education in an African setting, Bechuanaland Protectorate in pre-colonial and colonial periods, in: Zwede, Bahru (ed.): Land, gender and the periphery, Themes in the history of Eastern and Southern Africa, OSSREA Publications, Addis Ababa, pp.1-14. [2562]

Mazile, Bontshetse-Mosadimotho (1998): The portrayal of women in social studies and history textbooks used in Botswana, in: Mosendodi, vol. 6, no.2, pp. 53-61. [2563]

Mgadla, Part (1997): Missionary wives, women and education: The development of literacy among the Batswana, 1840-1937, in: Pula: Botswana Journal of African Studies, vol. 11, no.1, pp. 70-81. [2564]

Mulinge, Munyae (2002): The perceived nature and extent of gender discrimination in the teaching profession in Botswana, Gender Issues Research Report Series, no. 18, Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, Addis Ababa. [2565]

Oladokun, Olugbade (2016): Gender effects on the informal environment of distance learners in Botswana, in: Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 207-233. [2566]

Pattman, Rob (2005): ‘Ugandans’, ‘cats’ and others, Constructing student masculinities at the University of Botswana, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.): African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 221-235. [2567]


Burkina Faso

Görgen, Regina / Maier, Birga / Diesfeld, Hans Jochen (1993): Problems related to schoolgirl pregnancies in Burkina Faso, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 283-294. [2568]

McSweeney, Brenda Gael / Freedman, Marion (1980): Lack of time as an obstacle to women’s education: The case of Upper Volta, in: Comparative Education Review, 24, pp. 124-139. und in: Brown, G.N. / Hiskettt, M. (eds.): Conflict and harmony in Tropical Africa, London, George Allen and Unwin, 1982, pp. 88-103. [2569]


Burundi

Verwimp, Philip / van Bavel, Jan (2014): Schooling, violent conflict, and gender in Burundi, in: World Bank Economic Review, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 384-411. [2570]


Cameroon

Blanckenmeister, Barbara (1993): Zur Problematik der Grundschulbildung für Mädchen in den ländlichen Regionen Nord-Kameruns, in: Ludwar-Ene, Gudrun / Reh, Mechthild (Hg.): Afrikanische Frauen im Blick, Focus on women in Africa, Bayreuth African Studies Series 26, Bayreuth, pp. 97-114. [2571]

Cammish, N.K. / Brock, C (1994): State, status and status quo: Factors affecting the education of girls in Cameroon, in: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 14, no. pp. 233-240. [2572]

Clignet, Remi (1977): Women, education and labour force, Social change and sexual differentiation in the Cameroon and the Ivory Coast, in: Signs, vol. 3, pp. 244-260. [2573]

Cooksey, Brain (1982): Education and sexual inequality in Cameroon, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 12, pp. 167-177. [2574]

Eloundou-Enyegue, Parfait M. (2004): Pregnancy-related dropouts and gender inequality in education: A life-table approach and application to Cameroon, in: Demogaphy, vol. 41, no. 3 pp. 509-528. [2575]

Enderley, Joye / Ngaling, Nchang Margaret (2007): Challenging gender inequalities in higher education, Attitudes and perceptions of teaching staff and administration at the University of Buea, Cameroon, in: Feminist Africa, 9. [2576]

Holtedahl, Lisbet (1986): Education, economics and ‘good life’, Women in Ngaoundére, Northern Cameroon, in: Geschiere, P. / Koenings, PO. (eds.): Itinères d’accumulation au Cameroon, Paris. [2577]

Holtedahl, Lisbet (1997): Magic and love on the road to higher education in Cameroon, in: Rosander, Eva (ed.): Transforming female identities, Women’s organisational forms in West Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 197-213. [2578]

Kilo, Margaret (1999): Women’s educational in Cameroon, Education and experience, Transformation and achievements in a West African setting, Routledge Publications, New York. [2579]

Mbuh, Rosemary (1992): Fertility and female education in Cameroon, in: UNESCO Africa, no.4, pp. 54-60. [2580]

Mutaka, N.M. / Lenaka, N.L. (1998): Maintaining face in the Nso culture: A study of politeness strategies in letters between schoolgirls, in: Journal of West African Languages, vol. 27, pp. 51-65. [2581]

Smith, Suzanna / Taylor, Barbara (1991): Curriculum planning for women and agricultural households, The case of Cameroon, in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women`s farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp. 373-384. [2582]

Woodhouse, H., Ndongko, T.M. (1993): Women and science education in Cameroon: Some critical reflections, in: Interchange, vol. 24, no. 1/2, pp. 131-158. [2583]


Central African Republic

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Chad

no entries to this combination of country and topic


D.R. Congo / Zaire

Faye Rousseau, Ida (1975): African Women: Identity Crisis? Some Observations on Education and the Changing Role of Women in Sierra Leone and Zaire, in: Rohrlich Leavitt, R. (ed.): Women Cross Culturally, Change and Challenge, The Hague/Paris pp. 42-51. [2584]

Gould, Terri (1978): Value conflict and development: The struggle ov the professional Zairian women, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 16. no. 1, pp. 133-139. [2585]

Shapiro, David (2003): Kinshasa women in transition, Women’s education, employment and fertility, Chicago University Press, Chicago. [2586]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (1994): The impact of women's employment and education on contraceptive use and abortion in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 2, pp. 96-110 [2587]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (1997): Education, employment, and fertility in Kinshasa and prospects for changes in reproductive behaviour, in: Population Research and Policy Review, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 259-287. [2588]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (2001): Gender, poverty, family structure, and investments in children's education in Kinshasa, Congo, in: Economics of Education Review, vol. 20, pp. 359-375. [2589]

Yates, Barbara (1981): Colonialism, education and work, Sex differentiation in Colonial Zaire, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work, Boulder, Westview Press, pp.127-152. [2590]

Yates, Barbara (1982): Church, state and education in Belgian Africa, Implications for contemporary third world women, in: Kelly, Gail / Ellion, Carolyn (eds.): Women’s education in the third world, Comparative perspectives, State University of New York Press, Albany, pp. 127-151. [2591]

Yates, Rachel (1997): Literacy, gender and vulnerability, Donor discourses and local realities, in: IDS-Bulletin, vol. 28, no. 3, pp.112-121. [2592]


Djibouti

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Equatorial Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Eritrea

Asgedot, S. (1997): Women and education in Eritrea, A historical and contemporary analysis, in: Harvard Education Review, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 658-688. [2593]

Kifre, Temesgen (2002): Educational gender gap in Eritrea, Berichte aus dem Institut für Weltwirtschaft und Internationales Management, Nr. 79, Weltwirtschaftliches Colloquium, Universität Bremen. [2594]

Muller, Tanya (2004): Now I am free, education and human resource development in Eritrea, Contradictions in the lives of Eritrean women in higher education, in: Compare, A Journal of Comparative Education, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 215-229. [2595]

Muller, Tanya (2006): Education for social change, Girls secondary schooling in Eritrea, in: Development and Change, vol. 37, pp. 353-373. [2596]

Stefanos, Asgedet (1997): Women and education in Eritrea, A historical and contemporary analysis, in: Harvard Educational Review, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 658-667. [2597]


Ethiopia

Abera, Tsinge Gebremeskel (1999): The relationship of teachers and female students, The case of Misrak Goh elementary and junior high school in Addis Ababa, in: Hess, Jürgen (ed.): Education and social change, Empirical studies for the improvement of education in East Africa, DSE Publications, Bonn, pp. 93-108. [2598]

Abraha, S. / Beyene, A. / Dubale, T. / Fuller, B. et al. (1991): What factors shape girls’ school performance, Evidence from Ethiopia, in: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 11, pp. 107-118. [2599]

Al-Samarrai, Samer / Rose, Pauline (2001): Household constraints on schooling by gender, Empirical evidence from Ethiopia, in: Comparartive Education Review, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 36-63. [2600]

Alene, Getu D. / Wheeler, J.G. (2004): Adolescent reproductive health and awareness of HIV among rural high school students, North Western Ethiopia, in: AIDS Care, vol. 16, pp. 57-68. [2601]

Amanuel, G. / Mulugeta, G. (1999): Gender equity in education in Ethiopia: Hurdles, initiatives and prospects, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, vol. 21, pp. 1-34. [2602]

Bisrat, F. / Pickering, J. (1994): High school students' knowledge, attitude, and practice of contraception in Harer Town, Eastern Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Medical Journal, vol. 32, pp. 151-159. [2603]

Cherie, Amsale / Mitkie, Getenet et al. (2005): Perceived sufficiency and usefulness of IEC materials and methods related to HIV/AIDS among high school youth in Addis Abeba, Ethiopie, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9. no. 1, pp. 66-77. [2604]

Endawoke, Yalew (1999): Differences in the mathematics and physics achievement of boy and girl high school students, A qualitative analysis, in: Hess, Jürgen (ed.): Education and social change, Empirical studies for the improvement of education in East Africa, DSE Publications, Bonn, pp. 173-192. [2605]

Gebre, Solomon (1990): Sexual behavior and knowledge of AIDS and Other STDs: A survey of senior high school students, in: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 4, pp. 123-131. [2606]

Gebru, Amanuel / Gebreselassie, Mulugeta (1999): Gender equality in education in Ethiopia, Hurdles, initiatives and prospects, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, vol. 21, pp. 1-34. [2607]

Kibret, Mulugeta (2003): Reproductive health knowledge, attitude and pratice among high school students in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 245-276. [2608]

Narrowe, Judith (1989): „All you have to do is to teach me“, Reflections on women, education, and training in Dodota Water Supply Project in Arissi, Ethiopia, Department of Social Anthropology, Working Paper, no. 13, Stockholm. [2609]

Rose, Pauline (1995): Female education and adjustment programs, A cross-country statistical analysis, in: World Development, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1931-1941. [2610]

Rose, Pauline (1997): Gender and primary schooling in Ethiopia, IDS Research Report, No. 31, Brighton. [2611]

Rose, Pauline / Al-Samarrai, Samer (1997): Household constraints on schooling by gender, Empirical evidence from Ethiopia, IDS Research report, No. 49, Brighton. [2612]

Rose, Pauline / Tembon, Mercy (1999): Girls and schooling in Ethiopia, in: Heward, Christine / Bunwaree, Sheila (eds.): Gender, education and development, Beyound access to empowerment, Zed Books, London, pp. 85-100. [2613]

Semela, Tesfaye (2007): Identification of factors contributing to gender disparity in an Ethiopian university, in: Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review: vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 71-94. [2614]

Workineh, Tilahun (2001): A study of female evening learners in elementary schools in Addis Ababa, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, vol. 23, pp. 46-78. [2615]

Worku, Yelfign (2002): Sexual violence among female high school students in Debark, Northwest Ethiopia, in: East African Medical Journal, vol. 79, pp. 96-99. [2616]

Zeleke, Seleshi (2001): Gender differences in mathematics performance in the elementary grades: Implications for women's participation in scientific and technical occupations, in: Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review, vol. 17, pp. 110-127. [2617]


Gabon

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Gambia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ghana

Adomako Ampofo, Akosua (2002): Does women’s education matter? A casestudy of reproductive decision making from Urban Ghana, in: Ghana Studies, vol. 5, pp. 123-157. [2618]

Akuffo, Felix Odei (1987): Teenage pregnancy and school drop outs: The relevance of family life education and vocational training to girls’ empolyment opportunities, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa, London, James Currey, pp. 154-165. [2619]

Amekuedee, John-Oswald (2006): Women librarians in Ghana: Their status and career development, in: African Journal of Library, Archives & Information Science, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 39-43. [2620]

Apt, Nana Araba (1998): Educating the girl child, Evidence from Ghana, in: Agyemang-Mensah, Nana (ed.): Maintaining the momentum of Beijing, The contribution of African gender NGOs, Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, pp. 186-192. [2621]

Avotri, Ruby (2000): Gender and primary schooling in Ghana, Research Report no. 37, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton. [2622]

Behrends, Andrea (2002): Drahtseilakte, Frauen aus Nordghana zwischen Bildung, Beruf und gesellschaftlichen Konventionen, Brandes u. Apsel Verlag, Frankfurt a.M. [2623]

Benefo, Kofi (2005): Child schooling and contraceptive use in Rural Africa, A Ghanaian case study, in: Population Research and Policy Review, vol. 24, pp. 1-25. [2624]

Beoku-Betts, Josephine (2011): Neo-liberal economic restructuring of public universities in Ghana, Effects and challenges for academic women scientists, in: Ghana Studies, vol. 14, pp. 191-221. [2625]

Britwum, Akua / Anokye, Nana Amma (2006): Confronting sexual harrassment in the Ghanaian Universities, Ghana University Press, Accra. [2626]

Date-Bah, Eugenia (1979): Ghananian women in the academia, African women in a new occupational role, in: Ghana Journal of Sociology, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 44-71. [2627]

De la Gorgendiere, Louise (1999): Women's life stories and the next generation in Ghana: `Educate a woman...', in: Social Analysis: Journal of Culture and Social Practice, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 53-72. [2629]

Dee Vallenga, Dorothy (1971): Attempts to change marriage laws in Ghana and the Ivory Coast, in: Foster, P. / Zolberg, A. R. (eds.): Ghana and the Ivory Coast, Perspectives on modernization, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 125-150. [2630]

Dei, Georges J. Sefa (2004): Dealing with difference: Ethnicity and gender in the context of schooling in Ghana, in: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 343-359. [2631]

Diaw, Aminata (2007): Sewing machines and computers? Seeking gender in institutional and intellectual cultures at the Cheikh Ante Diop University of Dakar, Senegal, in: Feminist Africa, 9. [2628]

Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo (1992): Female education age parity and reproduction cessation in Ghana, in: Social Biology, vol. 39, no. 1-2, pp. 102-108. [2632]

Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo (1993): Education and changing reproductive behavior in Ghana, in: Sociological Perspectives, vol. 36, no. 3 pp. 241-256. [2633]

Donkor, M. (2002): Educating girls and women for the nation: Gender and educational reform in Ghana, in: International Education, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 72-85. [2634]

Dunne, Máiréad / Leach, Fiona (2005): Gendered school experiences, The impact on retention and achievement in Botswana and Ghana, DFID, London. [2635]

Eyango, Mahadevan Vijitha (2001): The classroom or the marketplace, Survival strategies of Ghanaian women, in: Perry, Susan / Schenck, Celeste (eds.): Eye to eye, Women practicing development across cultures, Zed Books, London, pp. 106-118. [2636]

Fallon, K.M. (1999): Education and perceptions of social status and power among women in Larteh, Ghana, in: Africa Today, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 67-91. [2637]

Greenstreet, Mirinda (1990): Education and reproductive choices in Ghana, Gender issues in population policy, in: Development, vol. 1, pp. 40-47. [2638]

Greenstreet, Mirinda (1991): Functional literacy and health education for women in Ghana: A case study, in: Adult Education and Development, vol. 36, pp. 133-144. [2639]

Kennedy, Eileen / Haddad, Lawrence (1994): Are pre-schoolers from female headed households less malnourished? A comparative analysis of results from Ghana and Kenya, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 680-695. [2640]

Koffi-Tessio, Egnonto (2001): Does more education lead to higher production or flight from agriculture? in: Webb, Patrick / Weinberger, Katinka (eds.): Women farmers, Enhancing rights, recognition and productivity, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp. 119-127. [2641]

Lloyd, Cynthia / Gage-Brandon, Anastasia (1994): High fertility and children’s schooling in Ghana, Sex differences in parental contributions and educational outcomes, in: Population Studies, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 293-306. [2642]

Nwonwu, Foc (2003): Empowering women through education, in: Africa Insight, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 50-57. [2643]

Oppong, Christine / Abu, Katharine (1984): The changing maternal role of Ghanaian women: Impact of education, migration and employment, Working Paper, 14, World Employment Programme, Geneva. [2644]

Prah, Mansah (2002): Gender issues in Ghanaian tertiary institutions, Women academics and administrators at Cape Coast University, in: Ghana Studies, 5, pp. 1-20. [2645]

Tansel, Aysit (1997): Schooling attainment, parental education, and gender in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 825-856. [2646]

Tsikata, Dzodzi (2007): Gender, institutional cultures and the career trajectories, the University of Ghana, in: Feminist Africa, 8. [2647]

Weis, Lois (1980): Women and education in Ghana, Some problems of assessing change, in: International Journal of Women’s Studies, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 431-453. [2648]


Guinea

Anderson-Levitt, Kathryn / Bloch, Marianne / Soumare, Aminata (1998): Inside classrooms in Guinea, Girls experiences, in: Bloch, Marianne / Beoku-Betts, Josephine / Tabachnick, Robert (eds.): Women and education in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp. 99-130. [2649]

Glick, Peter / Sahn, David (1997): Gender and education impact on employment and earnings in West Africa, Evidence from Guinea, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 793-824. [2650]

Tembon, Mercy / Al-Samarrai, Samer (1999): Who gets primary schooling and why?: Evidence of gender inequalities within families in Guinea, IDS Working Paper 85, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton. [2652]

Tembon, Mercy / Diallo, Ibrahima Sorry / Barry, Djenabou / Barry, Alpha (1997): Gender and primary schooling in Guinea, IDS-Publications, Brighton. [2651]


Guinea Bisseau

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ivory Coast

Appleton, Simon / Collier, Paul / Horsnell, Paul (1990): Gender, education and employment in Cote d'Ivoire, Policy Analysis: Social Dimensions of Adjustment in Sub-Saharan Africa, Working Paper no. 8, World Bank, Washington D.C. [2653]

Appleton, Simon / Hoddinott, John et al. (1999): Does the labour market explain lower female schooling? Evidence from three African Countries, in: Navaretti, Giorgia B. et al. (eds.): Labour markets, poverty, and development, Claredon Press, Oxford, pp. 151-177. [2654]

Clignet, Remi (1977): Women, education and labour force, Social change and sexual differentiation in the Cameroun and the Ivory Coast, in: Signs, vol. 3, pp. 244-260. [2655]

Frazier-Koussai, Susan (1999): A psychological study of mathematics, Attitudes and achievements among female Ivorian students, Women and International Development, Working Paper no. 268, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [2656]

Tansel, Aysit (1997): Schooling attainment, parental education, and gender in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 825-856. [2657]

Vijverberg, Wim P.M. (1993): Educational investments and returns for women and men in Cote d'Ivoire, in: Schultz, T. Paul (ed.): Investment in women's human capital, University of Chicago Press, Chicago. [2658]


Kenya

Aikman, Sheila / Unterhalter, Elaine (eds.) (2007): Practicing gender equality in education, Oxfam Publications, Oxford. [2659]

Davison, Jean (1993): School attainment and gender: Attitudes of Kenyan and Malawian parents toward educating girls, in: International Journal of Education Development, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 331-337. [2660]

Eshiwani, G.S. (1985): Women’ access to higher education in Kenya, A study of opportunities and attainment in science and mathematics education, in: Journal of African Research and Development, vol. 15, pp. 91-110. [2661]

Eshiwani, G.S. (1988): Participation of girls in science and technology education in Kenya, Women and International Development Working Papers no. 168, Michigan State Univerity, East Lansing. [2662]

Feldman, Rayah (1975): The relationship of school, grade and sex to traditional / modern attitudes among Gusii students in Kenya, in: Journal of Social Psychology, 96, pp. 135-146. [2663]

Hughes, R. / Mwiria (1989): Kenyan women, higher education and the labour market, in: Comparative Education, 25, 2, pp. 179-195. [2664]

Kamau-Ndongu, Esther (2014): Gender training fo science teachers in Kenya, Does it really make a difference, in: Jenda, vol. 14. [2665]

Kennedy, Eileen / Haddad, Lawrence (1994): Are pre-schoolers from female headed households less malnourished? A comparative analysis of results from Ghana and Kenya, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 680-695. [2666]

Kiluva-Ndunda, Mutindi Mumbua (2000): Women’s agency and educational policy, The experience of women of Kilome, Kenya, State University of New York Press, New York. [2667]

Kinyanjui, K. (1993): Enhancing women’s participation in the science-based curriculum: The case of Kenya, in: Conway, J.K. / Bourque, S.C. (ed.): The politics of women’s education, Perspectives from Asia, Africa and Latin America, The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. [2668]

Lokshin, Michael M. et al. (2004): The effect of early childhood development programmes on womens’s labour force participation and older childrens schooling in Kenya, in: Journal of African Economics, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 240-276. [2669]

McAdoo, Harriette / Were, Miriam (1989): Extended family involvement of urban Kenyan professional women, in: Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn / Harley, Sharon (eds.): Women in Africa and in the African diaspora, Howard University Press, Washington. [2670]

Meekers, Donminique / Gage, Anastasia / Zhan, Li (1995): Preparing adolescents for adulthood, Family life education and pregnancy-related school expulsion in Kenya, in: Population Research and Policy Review, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 91-100. [2671]

Mensch, Barbara / Lloyd, Cynthia (1998): Gender differences in the schooling experience of adolescents in low-income countries, The case of Kenya, in: Studies in Family Planning, 19, 2, pp. 167-184. [2672]

Munyakho, Dorothy (1994): Girls’ education in Kenya, Status, obstacles and challenges, in: VENA Journal, vol. 6, n. 2, pp. 42-46. [2673]

Mutua, Rosalind (1975): Women’s education and their participation in the changing society of East Africa, in: Pala, Achola (ed.): The participation of women in Kenya society, Kenya Literature Bureau, Nairobi, pp.160-169. [2674]

Mutua, Rosalind (1975): Women’s ecudation and their participation in the changing societies in East Africa, in: Pala, Achola / Awori, Thelma / Krystall, Abigail (eds.): The participation of women in Kenya society, Kenya Literature Bureau, Nairobi, pp. 160-169. [2675]

Mwiria, Kilemi (1993): Kenyan women adult literacy learners, Way their motivation is difficult to sustain, in: International Education Review, vol. 39, no. 3, pp.183-192. [2676]

Obura, Anne (1991): Changing images, Portrayal of girls and women in Kenyan textbooks, Acta Press, Nairobi. [2677]

Okwany, Auma (2003): Reaching the unreached, NGO response to the educational marginalisation of street girls in Kenya, in: Development Issues, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 20-21. [2678]

Omale, Juliana (2000): Tested to their limit, Sexual harrassment in schools and educational institutions in Kenya, in: Mirsky, Judith / Radlett, Marty (eds.): No paradise yet, The world’s women face the new century, Zed Books, London. [2679]

Oniang’o, Otunga Ruth (1997): School participation and gender: Implications for occupational activities, in Kenya, in: Africa Development, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 39-64. [2680]

Opiyo, Mary (1981): Kenya, Case study on women’s literacy and development projects, in: Adult Education and Development, vol. 16, pp. 73-82. [2681]

Opondo, Patricia Achieng (2002): Strategies for survival by Luo female artists in the rural environment in Kenya, in: Higgs, Catherine / Moss, Barbara / Ferguson, Earline (eds.): Stepping forward, Black women in Africa and the Americas, Ohio University Press, Athens, pp. 205-226. [2682]

Otunga, Ruth (1997): School participation and gender: Implications for occupational activities in Kenya, in: Africa Development, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 39-55. [2683]

Rathgeber, Eva (1995): Integrating gender into environmental education in Africa, in: Canadian Journal of Development Studies, pp. 90-103. [2684]

Rocheleau, Dianne (1991): Gender, ecology and the science of survival, Stories and lessons from Kenya, in: Agriculture and Human Values, pp. 156-165. [2685]

Rocheleau, Dianne (1995): Gender and biodiversity: A feminist political ecology perspective, in: IDS Bulletin (Bulletin of the Institute of Development Studies), vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 9-16. [2686]

Whiting, Beatrice (1974): The Kenyan career women: Traditional and modern, in: Kerndsin, R.B. (ed.): The anatomy of advancement, New York, William Morrow and Co. [2687]


Lesotho

Ansell, Nicola (2002): Secondary education reform in Lesotho and Zimbabwe and the needs of rural girls, Pronouncements, Policy, and practice, in: Comparative Education, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 91-112. [2691]

Attwood, Gillian et. al. (2004): ‘Women are lions in dresses’, Negotiating gender relations in REFLECT learning cycles in Lesotho, in: Routledge Studies in Literacy, vol. 1, pp. 139-158. [2692]

Keregero, Keregero J.B. (1995): Gender access and equity in the provision of adult education in Swaziland, in: Journal of AALAE, vol. 9, no. 1, pp.12-24. [2693]

Lephoto, Manthoto (1995): Educating women for empowerment in Lesotho, in: Convergence, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 5-13. [2694]

Makhotla, Likeleli / Hendriks, Sheryl (2004): Do home gardens improve the nutrition of rural pre-schoolers in Lesotho? in: Development Southern Africa, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 575-581. [2695]

Mturi, Akim (2003): Gender gap in school enrolement among younger youth in Lesotho, in: Development Southern Africa, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 491-504. [2696]

Nenty, Johnson (2000): Gender-typing, performance and achievement-related behaviour in mathematics by secondary school students, in: Review of Southern African Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 94-106. [2697]

Ntabeni, Mary (2003): Women’s history and the National Teacher Training College of Lesotho, in: Zwede, Bahru (ed.): Land, gender and the periphery, Themes in the history of Eastern and Southern Africa, OSSREA Publications, Addis Ababa, pp. 31-42. [2698]


Liberia

Brenner, Mary (1998): Gender and classroom interaction in Liberia, in: Bloch, Marianne (ed.): Women and education in Sub-Saharan Africa, Power, opportunities, and constraints, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp. 131-156. [2688]

Fuest, Veronika (1996): ‘A job, a shop, and loving business’ - Lebensweisen gebildeter Frauen in Liberia, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [2689]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (2001): Gender, poverty, family structure, and investments in children's education in Kinshasa, Congo, in: Economics of Education Review, vol. 20, pp. 359-375. [2690]


Madagascar

Sharp, Lesley (2002): Girls, sex, and the dangers of urban schooling in coastal Madagascar, in: Bond, George C. / Gibson, Nigel C. (eds.): Contested terrains and constructed categories: Contemporary Africa in focus, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 321-344. [2699]


Malawi

Acker, D.G. / McBreen, E.L. / Taylor, S. (1998): Women in higher education in agriculture with reference to selected countries in East and Southern Africa, in: Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 13-22. [2700]

Aikman, Sheila / Unterhalter, Elaine (eds.) (2007): Practicing gender equality in education, Oxfam Publications, Oxford. [2701]

Burton, Patrick (2005): Suffering at school, Results of the Malawi gender-based violence in school survey, Institute of Security Studies, Pretoria. [2702]

Burton, Patrick (2005): Suffering at school, Results of the Malawi gender-based violence in school survey, Institute of Security Studies, Pretoria. [2718]

Chamba, I. (1982): African women’s education in Malawi, 1875-1972, in: Journal of Educational Administration and History, vol. xiv, pp. 10-18. [2703]

Davison, Jean (1993): School attainment and gender: Attitudes of Kenyan and Malawian parents toward educating girls, in: International Journal of Education Development, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 331-338. [2704]

Davison, Jean (1993): School attainment and gender: Attitudes of Kenyan and Malawian parents toward educating girls, in: International Journal of Education Development, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 331-338. [2719]

Davison, Jean / Kanyuka, Martin (1992): Girls’ participation in basic education in southern Malawi, in: Comparative Education Review, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 446-466. [2705]

Davison, Jean / Kanyuka, Martin (1992): Girls’ participation in basic education in southern Malawi, in: Comparative Education Review, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 446-466. [2720]

Doctor, Henry (2004): Parental survival, living arrangements and school enrolement of children in Malawi in the era of HIV/AIDS, in: Journal of Social Development in Africa, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 31-54. [2721]

Hogg, Angela / Makwiza, Berlina et al. (2005): Finding a curriculum that works under trees: Literacy and health education for adolescent girls in rural Malawi, in: Development in Practice, vol. 15, pp. 655-667. [2706]

Hyde, Kathlyn (1997): Barriers to equality of educational opportunity within mixed sex secondary schools in Malawi, in: Erskine, Sheen / Wilson, Maggie (eds.): Gender issues in international education, Beyond policy and practice, Garland Press, New York. [2707]

Hyde, Kathlyn (1997): Barriers to equality of educational opportunity within mixed sex secondary schools in Malawi, in: Erskine, Sheen / Wilson, Maggie (eds.): Gender issues in international education, Beyond policy and practice, Garland Press, New York. [2722]

Kadzamira, Esme / Chibwana, Mike (1999): Gender and primary schooling in Malawi, IDS Research Report, no. 40, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Brighton. [2708]

Kadzamira, Esme / Chibwana, Mike (1999): Gender and primary schooling in Malawi, IDS Research Report, no. 40, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Brighton. [2723]

Lamba, Issac (1982): African women’s education in Malawi, 1875-1952, in: Journal of Education Administration and History, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 46-55. [2709]

Lamba, Issac (1982): African women’s education in Malawi, 1875-1952, in: Journal of Education Administration and History, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 46-55. [2724]

Maluwa-Banda, Dixie (2004): Gender sensitive education policy and practice, The case of Malawi, in: In Prospects, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 71-84. [2710]

Maluwa-Banda, Dixie (2004): Gender sensitive education policy and practice, The case of Malawi, in: In Prospects, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 71-84. [2725]

Muula, A.S. / Nyasult, Y. / Msiska, G. (2004): Gender distribution of students and staff at the University of Malawi College of Medicine, 1991-2003, in: South African Medical Journal, vol. 94, no., pp. 636-638. [2711]

Silver, Rachel (2019): `Nothing but Time´, Middle figures, student pregnancy policy, and the Malawian state, in: African Studies Review, vol. 62, issue 4, pp. 110 - 133. [11769]

Swainson, Nicola (2000): Knowledge and power: The design and implementation of gender policies in education in Malawi, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, in: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 20. [2712]

Swainson, Nicola (1995): Redressing gender inequalities in education: A review of constraints and priorities in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe, ODA, London. [2726]

Swainson, Nicola (2000): Knowledge and power: The design and implementation of gender policies in education in Malawi, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, in: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 20. [2727]


Mali

Barka, L.B. (1992): Women literacy programme in Mali, in: Journal of the African Association for Literacy and Adult Education. vol 6, no. 1, pp. 15-27. [2713]

Dall, F. (1989): A problem of gender access to primary education, A Mali case study, Harvard Institute for International Development Research Review, 2, 4. [2714]

Geekie, R. (1995): Mali: Championing women's literacy programmes, More funding needed, Say Bella Ben Barka, in: African Farmer, no. 15, pp. 34-35. [2715]

Puchner, Laurel (2001): Researching women’s literacy in Mali, A case study of dialogue among researchers, practitioners and policy makers, in: Comparative Education Review, vol. 45, pp. 242-256. [2716]

Puchner, Laurel (2003): Women and literacy in rural Mali, A study of the socio-economic impact of participating in literacy programms in four villages, in: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 23, pp. 439-458. [2717]


Mauritius

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Mozambique

Machel, Josina (2001): Unsafe sexual behaviour among schoolgirls in Mozambique, A matter of gender and class, in: Reproductive Health Matters, vol. 17, pp. 82-90. [2728]

Manuel, S. (2005): Obstacles to condome use among secondary school students in Maputo City, Mozambique, in: Health and Society, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 293-302. [2729]

Muianga, Lucena (1997): Gender, norms, and cultural values and the right to education, The example of three schools in Manhica District of Mozambique, in: Ncube, Welshman (ed.): Law, culture, tradition and children’s rights in Eastern and Southern Africa, Ashgate Publishers, Dartmouth, pp. 266-288. [2730]

Sheldon, Kathleen (1998): ‘I studied with the nuns, learning to make blouses’, Gender ideology and colonial education in Mozambique, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 595-625. [2731]

Silva, Teresa C.E. (2001): Reading consciousness from social biographies: Short life stories of men and women educated by the Swiss missionaries, in: Silva, Teresa C.E.: Protestant churches and the formation of political consciouness in Southern Mozambique (1930-1974). Schlettwein Publishers, Basel. [2732]


Namibia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Niger

Brown, Lynn R. et al. (1994): Rural labor--Intensive public works: Impacts of participation on preschooler nutrition: Evidence from Niger, in: American Journal of Agricltural Economics, vol. 76, no. 5, pp. 1213-1218. [2733]

Hamza, Haoua (2004): Decolonizing research on gender disparity in education in Niger: Complexities of language, culture, and homecoming, in: Mutua, Kagendo / Swadener, Beth B. (eds.): Decolonizing research in cross-cultural contexts: Critical personal narratives, State University of New York Press, New York. [2734]

Wynd, Shona (1999): Education, schooling and fertility in Niger, in: Heward, Christine / Bunwaree, Sheila (eds.): Gender, education and development, Beyond access to empowerment, Zed Books, London, pp. 101-116. [2735]


Nigeria

Abidogun, Jamaine (2007): Western education’s impact on Northern Igbo gender roles in Nsukka, Nigeria, in: Africa Today, vol. 54, no. 1. [2736]

Adamu, Muhammad (1993): The Muslim woman and technical education in Nigeria, in: Islamic Quarterly, vol. 37, pp. 287-290. [2737]

Adamu, Uba Abdallah (1993): Balancing the equation, Girls, tradition and science education in Northern Nigeria, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 14-31. [2738]

Adesemowo, P.O. (1987): Adolescence sexuality: The need for sex education in Nigeria, in: Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies, vol. 29, pp. 61-75. [2739]

Adetunji, Jacob (1995): Infant mortality and mother's education in Ondo State, Nigeria, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 253-263. [2740]

Akande, B.E. (1987): Rural-urban comparison of female education aspirations in South West Nigeria, in: Comparative Education, 23, pp. 75-83. [2741]

Anyanwu, J.C. (1994): Women’s education and the use of bank credit in Nigeria, Callenges for the twenty-first century, in: Journal of Social Development in Africa, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 45-60. [2742]

Azikiwe, Uche (1992): Non-formal education programme for rural women in Nigeria, in: Nigerian Journal of Rural and Community Development, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 82-91. [2743]

Badejo, O.O. (2000): Interaction of some socio-economic determinants of women education in Yobe, in: Annals of Borno: vol. 17/18, pp. 47-56. [2744]

Ben Chuks, Okeke (2004): Literacy/numeracy and vocational training among rural women in Nigeria for a good livelihood and empowerment, in: International Journal of Lifelong Education, vol 23, pp. 287-299. [2745]

Biraimah, Karen (1987): Educational opportunties and life chances, Gender differentiation within a Nigerian elementary school, Women and International Development Working Papers no. 150, Michigan State Univerity, East Lansing. [2746]

Callaway, Barbara (1986): Education and participation of Hausa Muslim women in Nigeria, Women and International Development Working Papers no. 129, Michigan State Univerity, East Lansing. [2747]

Callaway, Barbara / Schildkrout, Enid (1986): Law, education and social change, Implications of muslim Hausa women in Nigeria, in: Iglitzin, Lynne / Ross, Ruth (eds.): Women in the world, 1975-1985, Clio Press, Oxford, pp. 181-195. [2748]

Csapo, Marg (1981): Religious, social and economic factors hindering the education of girls in Northern Nigeria, in: Comparative Education, vol. 17, pp. 311-319. [2749]

Dangana, Muhammad (1999): The intellectual contribution of Nana Asma'u to women's education in nineteenth-century Nigeria, in: Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 285-290. [2750]

Denzer, La Ray (1992): Domestic science training in colonial Yorubaland, Nigeria, in: Hansen, Karen T. (ed.): African encounters with domesticity, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, pp. 116-139. [2751]

Edewor, Patrick A. (2006): Changing perceptions of the value of daughters and girls' education among the Isoko, in: African Population Studies, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 55-70. [2752]

Fapohunda, Eleanor (1985): Male and female career ladders in Nigerian academia, in: Safir, Marilyn / Medinick, Martha et al. (eds.): Women’s worlds, New York, pp. 84-94. [2753]

Fawole, Olufunmilayo L. et al. (1999): Survey of knowledge, attitudes and sexual practices relating to HIV infection/AIDS among Nigerian secondary school students, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health,vol. 3, pp. 15-24. [2754]

Fawole, Olufunmilayo L. et al. (1999): A school-based AIDS education programme for secondary school students in Nigeria, Review of effectiveness, in: Health Education Research, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 675-683. [2755]

Hollos, Marida (1991): Migration, education, and the status of women in Southern Nigeria, in: American Anthropologist, vol. 93, pp. 852-870. [2756]

Johnson, Kofi / Markham, Elizabeth (2004): Education and gender inequality: A Nigerian perspective, in: Gender and Behaviour, vol. 2, pp. 215-224. [2757]

Ladebo, Olubgenga Jelil (2003): Sexual harassment in academic in Nigeria, How real? in: African Sociological Review, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 117-161. [2758]

Ladebo, Olubgenga Jelil (2003): Sexual harassment in academic in Nigeria, How real? in: African Sociological Review, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 117-161. [2759]

Lawuyi, Olatunde (1990): Education, mobility and gender within the Nigerian informal economy, The domestic service example, in: Sociologus, 40, pp. 39-53. [2760]

Lee, Valerie / Lockhead, Marylaine (1990): The effects of single sex schooling on student achievement and attitudes in Nigeria, in: Comparative Education Review, 34, 2, pp. 209-232. [2761]

Niles, F. (1989): Parental attitudes toward female education in Northern Nigeria, in: The Journal of Social Psychology, 129, 1, pp. 13-20. [2762]

Nwonwu, Foc (2003): Empowering women through education, in: Africa Insight, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 50-57. [2763]

Obasi, Emma (1997): Structural adjustment and gender access to education in Nigeria, in: Gender and Education, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 161-178. [2764]

Obikeze, D.S. (1987): Education and the extended family ideology: The case of Nigeria, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 18, pp. 25-45. [2766]

Odejide, Abiola (2002): Profile of the Women’s Research and Documentation Centre, Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, in: Feminst Africa Intellectual Politics, 1, pp. 100-107. [2765]

Ogidi, Diamond (2000): Girl-child education and sustainable development in Nigeria: Problems and prospects, in: Nigerian Journal of Gender and Development, vol. 1, no. 1-2, pp. 82-91. [2767]

Ogunkola, B.J. / Alatoye, R.A. (2005): Strategies for improving participation and performance of girls in secondary school science in Nigeria: Science teachers' opinions, in: Gender and Behaviour, vol. 3, pp. 453-464. [2768]

Ogunrombi, Samuel Adewale (2002): The recognition of women librarians in Nigeria: An evaluative study, in: African Journal of Library, Archives & Information Science, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 81-89. [2769]

Okeke, Philomena (1989): Nigeria, in: Kelly, Grace / Elliot, Carolyne (eds.): Women`s education in the third world, Comparative perspectives, State University of New York Press, Albany, pp. 51-52. [2771]

Okojie, Christina (2003): Gender and education as determinants of household poverty in Nigeria, in: Van der Hoeven, Rolph / Shorrocks, Anthony F. (eds.): Perspectives on growth and poverty, United Nations University Press, Tokyo/New York. [2773]

Okonkwo, I.C. (1994): Integrating women into the Nigerian economic mainstream: The case of entrepreneurship education, in: Journal of Education and Social Change, vol. 7, no. 4-5, pp. 78-90. [2772]

Oloruntoba, Abayomi (2006): Gender and research attainment in Nigerian agricultural universities, in: Journal of Higher Education in Africa, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 83-98. [2770]

Onyishi, Jonathan (2004): Eradicating poverty through women’s participation in adult and non-formal education, A study of Nsukka in Enugu State of Nigeria, in: Adult Education and Development, vol. 62, pp. 25-32. [2774]

Oroge, S.A. (2000): The national policy on population and its educational implications for women development, in: Nigerian Journal of Gender and Development, vol. 1, no. 1-2, pp. 67-74. [2776]

Orubuloye, O. (1987): Values and costs of daughters and sons to Yoruba mothers and fathers, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa, Heineman Publishers, London. [2775]

Osunde, A.U. / Omoruyi, F.E.O. (1999): An assessment of the factors militating against the active participation of rural women in development oriented education programms in Midwestern Nigeria, in: Adult Education and Development, vol. 52, pp. 81-87. [2777]

Oyedeji, O.A. (1996): Assessing gender factors in some secondary school mathematics textbooks in Nigeria, in: Zimbabwe Journal of Education Research, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 45-54. [2778]

Pereira, Charmaine (2007): Gender in the making of the Nigerian university system, James Currey, Oxford. [2779]

Pittin, Rene (1990): Selective education: Issues of gender, class and ideology in Northern Nigeria, in: Review of African Political Economy, no. 48, pp. 7-25. [2780]

Tibenderana, P.K. (1985): The beginnings of girls’ education in the native administration schools in Northern Nigeria, 1930-1945, in: Journal of African History, 26, 1. [2781]

Trevor, Jean (1975): Western education and Muslim Fulani/Hausa women in Sokoto, Northern Nigeria, in: Brown, G.N. / Hiskettt, M. (eds.): Conflict and harmony in Tropical Africa, London, George Allen and Unwin, pp. 247-270. [2782]

Werthmann, Katja (1997): „Strebe nach Wissen, selbst wenn es in China ist!“ Muslimische Frauen und säkulare Bildung in Nordnigeria, Arbeitspapiere zu afrikanischen Gesellschaften, No. 20, Institut für Ethnologie, FU-Berlin, Berlin. [2783]

Yeld, Rachel (1961): Education problems amongst women and girls in Sokoto Province of Northern Nigeria, in: Sociologus, 11, pp. 160-174. [2784]


Rwanda

Burckhardt, Gisela (1993): Further education needs of women in the informal sector, The example of Duterimbere in Rwanda, in: Adult Education and Development, no. 40, pp. 331-340. [2785]

Burckhardt, Gisela (1997): The acquisation of competence by women in the urban informal sector in Rwanda, in: Education, vol. 55/56, pp. 113-130. [2786]


Senegal

Barthel, Diane (1975): The rise of a female professional elite: The case of Senegal, in: African Studies Review, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 1-17. [2787]

Barthel, Diane (1985): Women’s educational experience under colonialism: Toward dichronic model, in: Signs, Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 11, no. 1, pp.137-154. [2788]

Mbow, Penda (1992): Illiteracy and poverty among women: The case of Senegal, in: UNESCO Africa, no. 4, pp. 21-25. [2789]

Sidibe, A.S. (1991): Study on the female staff in higher education and research in Senegal, in: Faruqui, Akhtar M. / Hassan, Mohamed H.A. / Sandri, Gabriella (eds.): The role of women in the development of science and technology in the third world, World Scientific, Teaneck, pp. 314-348. [2790]


Sierra Leone

Beoku-Betts, Josephine (2008): African women scientists and the politics of location: The case of four Sierra Leonean women scientists, in: African and Asian Studies, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 343-366. [2794]

Beoku-Betts, Josephine / Day, Lynda (2014): Anatomy of an evolving movement, the women’s peace movement and politcal activism in Sierra Leone since the 1990s, in: Jenda, vol. 25. [2795]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1988): The politics of polygyny in Mende education and child forsterage transactions, in: Miller, B.D. (ed.): Gender hierarchies, University of Chicago Press, Chicago. [2791]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1990): School girls and school fees among the Mende in Sierra Leone, in: Sanday, P. / Goodenough, R. (eds.): Beyond the second sex, University of Pennesylvania Press, Philadelphia, pp. 283-290. [2792]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1990): School fees and the marriage process for Mende girls in Sierra Leone, in: Sanday, Peggy / Goodenough, Ruth (eds.): Beyond the second sex, New directions ni the anthropology of gender, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelophia, pp. 283-309. [2793]

Elbers, Doris (1982): Bildungsprogramme und Bildungschancen für Mädchen und Frauen in Ländern der Dritten Welt - Das Beispiel Sierra Leone, in: Peripherie, 7, pp. 88-99. [2796]

Faye Rousseau, Ida (1975): African Women: Identity Crisis? Some Observations on Education and the Changing Role of Women in Sierra Leone and Zaire, in: Rohrlich Leavitt, R. (ed.): Women Cross Culturally, Change and Challenge, The Hague/Paris pp. 42-51. [2797]

Gage, Anastasia / Bledsoe, Caroline (1994): The effects of education and social stratification on marriage and the transition to parenthood in Freetown, Sierra Leone, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Gilles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 148-164. [2798]

Ketkar, S.L. (1978): Female education and fertility, Some evidence from Sierra Leone, in: Journal of Developing Areas, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 23-33. [2799]

Little, Kenneth (1966): Attitudes of marriage and the family among educated young Sierra Leonians, in: Lloyd, P.C. (ed.): The new elites of tropical Africa, Oxford University Press, London, pp. 139-162. [2800]

Menzel, Anne (2019): “Without education you can never become president”, Teenage pregnancy and pseudo-empowerment in Sierra-Leone, in: Journal of Intervention and State Building, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 440-458. [11667]

Ojukutu-Macauley, Sylvia (2002): British colonial policy toward education and the roots of gender inequality in Sierra Leone, 1896-1961, in: Higgs, Catherine / Moss, Barbara / Ferguson, Earline Rae (eds.): Stepping forward, Black women in Africa and the Americans, Ohio University Press, Athens, pp. 3-16. [2801]


Somalia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


South Africa

Abrahams, N. / Matthews, S. et al. (2006): Intersection of sanitation, sexual coercion and girls safety in schools, in: Tropical Medicine and International Health, 11, 5, pp. 751-756. [2802]

Anderson, Bronwynne (2010): You are not a man if you hit a girl, Coloured high-school boys articulating more peaceable expressions of heterosexual masculinity, in: Agenda, vol. 24, no. 83, pp. 68-81. [11851]

Ayo-Yusuf, I. / Chikte, U.M.E. (2001): The role of primary school teachers in HIV prevention in South Africa, Original research papers, in: South African Dental Journal, vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 596-598. [2803]

Bank, Leslie (2002): Beyond red and school: Gender, tradition and identity in the rural Eastern Cape, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 631-650. [2804]

Bennett, Jane (2009): Researching the pedagogies of sexualities in South African higher education, in: International Journal of Sexual Health, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 239-252. [2805]

Bhana, Deevia (2005): Violence and gendered negotiations of masculinity among young black school boys in South Africa, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.): African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 205-220. [2806]

Bhana, Deevia / Clowes, Lindsay / Morrell, Richard / Shefer, Tamara (2008): The hidden work of caring, Teachers and the maturing AIDS epidemic in diverse secondary schools in Durban, in: Journal of Education, vol. 38, pp. 5-25. [2807]

Bhana, Deevia / Clowes, Lindsay / Morrell, Richard / Shefer, Tamara (2008): Pregnant girls and young parents in South African schools, in: Agenda, no. 76, pp. 78-89. [2808]

Bob, Urmilla (1999): Engendering geography education in South Africa: The need to “put women on the map”, in: South African Geographical Journal, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 60-65. [2809]

Bradlow, Edna (1993): Women and education in nineteenth century South Africa, The attitudes and experiences of middle-class English-speaking females at the Cape, in: South African Historical Journal, vol. 28, pp. 119-150. [2812]

Brookes, Heather et al. (2004): Responses to gender-based violence in schools, in: Dawes, Andrew et al. (eds.): Sexual abuse of young children in Southern Africa, HSRC Press, Pretoria, pp. 110-129. [2813]

Budlender, Debbie (1994): Women in tertiary education, in: Lessing, Margaret (ed.): South African women today, Maskew Miller Longman Publishers, Cape Town, pp. 129-138. [2814]

Buthelezi, Thabisile (2003): The invisible females, Analysing gender in the OBE language textbooks for the intermediate phase in South African schools, in: Alternation, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 25-42. [2810]

Buthelezi, Thabisile (2003): Lexical reinforcement and maintenance of gender stereotypes in isiZulu, in: Alternation, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 386-400. [2811]

Chisholm, Linda (1990): Gender and deviance in South African industrial schools and reformatories for girls, 1911-1934, in: Walker, Cherryl (ed.): Women and gender in Southern Africa to 1945, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 293-312. [2815]

Chisholm, Linda / Unterhalter, Elaine (1999): Gender, education and the transition to democracy: Research, theory and policy in South Africa, 1980-1998, in: Transformation, vol. 39, pp. 1-25. [2816]

Craig, A. / Strydom-Richter, L. (1983): Unplanned pregnancies among urban Zulu school children, A summary of the salient results from a preliminary investigation, in: Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 121, no. 4, pp. 239-246. [2817]

Dick, Archie L. (2004): Building a nation of readers? Women's organizations and the politics of reading in South Africa, 1900-1914, in: Historia, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 23-44. [2818]

Du Toit, Brian (1987): Menarche and sexuality among a sample of black South African schoolgirls, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 561-571. [2819]

Erlank, Natasha (2000): ‘Raising up the degraded daughters of Africa’: The provision of education for Xhosa women in the mid-nineteenth century, in: South African Historical Journal, vol. 43, pp. 24-38. [2820]

Fuller, Bruce / Liang, Xiaoyan (1999): Which girls stay in school? The influence of family economy, social demands and ethnicity in South Africa, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Casterline, John / Johnson-Kuhn, Jennifer / Haaga, John (eds.): Critical perspectives on schooling and fertility in the developing world, National Academy Press, Washington, pp. 181-215. [2821]

Gaitskell, Deborah (1988): Race, gender and imperialism: A century of black girls’ education in South Africa, in: Mangan, J.A. (ed.): ‘Benefits bestowed’? Education and British imperialism, Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1988, pp. 150-173. [2822]

Gaitskell, Deborah (1994): At home with hegemony? Coercion and consent in African girls’ education for domesticity in South Africa before 1910, in: Engels, Dagmar / Marks, Shula (eds.): Contesting colonial hegemony, State and society in Africa and India, British Academic Press, London, pp. 110-128. [2823]

Gallant, M / Maticka-Tyndale, E. (2004): School-based HIV prevention programmes for African youth, in: Social Science and Medicine, 58, 1, pp. 337-351. [2824]

Gordon, A. / Nkwe, D. / Graven, M. (1998): Gender and education in rural South Africa, in: Bloch, M. / Beoku-Betts, J.A. et al. (eds.): Women and education in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lynne Rienner Publications, Boulder, pp. 229-245. [2825]

Gouws, Amanda / Kritzinger, Andrienetta (1995): Sexual harassment of students, A case study of a South African university, in: South African Sociological Review, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1-24. [2826]

Graser, R.R. / Winship, W. (eds.) (1991): Prevention of child abuse, A manual for school teachers, Keith Printing, Pietermartizburg. [2827]

Haffejee, S. (2006): Waiting opportunities, Adolescent girls experiences of gender based violence at schools, CSVR, Johannesburg. [2828]

Harrison, A. / Xaba, N. / Kunene, P. (2001): Understanding safe sex, Gender narratives of HIV and pregnancy prevention by rural South African school going youth, in: Reproductive Health Matters, vol. 9, no. 17, pp. 63-71. [2830]

Harrison, Abigail (2002): The social dynamics of adolescent risk for HIV, Using research findings to design a school based intervention, in: Agenda, no. 53, pp. 43-52. [2829]

Human Rights Watch (2001): Scared at school, Sexual violence against girls in South African schools, Human Rights Watch Publications, New York. [2831]

Ismail, Noorbanoo (1994): South African Indian women and education, in: Lessing, Margaret (ed.): South African women today, Maskew Miller Longman Publishers, Cape Town, pp. 116-128. [2832]

Keyser, Sonya / Purdon, Brett (1995): Surviving rape, New Readers Project, Department of Adult Education, University of Natal, Durban. [2833]

Kotecha, Piyushi (1994): The position of women teachers, in: Agenda, no. 21, pp. 21-35. [2834]

Kuhn, L. et al. (1994): Participation of the school community in AIDS education, An evaluation of a high school programme in South Africa, in: AIDS Care, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 161-171. [2835]

Labode, Modupe (1993): From heathen kraal to Christian home: Anglican mission education and African Christian girls, 1850-1900, in: Bowie, Fiona / Kirkwood, Deborah / Ardener, Shirley (eds.): Women and missions: Past and present, Anthropological and historical perceptions, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp. 126-144. [2836]

Lambert, John (2004): 'Munition factories... turning out a constant supply of living material', White South African elite boys' schools and the First World War, in: South African Historical Journal, no. 51, pp. 67-86. [2837]

Levett, Ann / Kuhn, Louise (1991): Attitudes toward rape and rapists: A white, English speaking South African student sample, in: South African Journal of Psychology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 32-37. [2838]

Mabokela, Obakeng Reitumetse / Magubane, Zine (eds.) (2005): Race, gender and the status of Black South African women in the academy, Brill Publishers, Leiden. [2839]

Mabunda, P. / Lephalala, M. (2000): Patriarchal practices and their effects in black societies, and the role of women teachers in empowering illiterate women, in: Malherbe, Jeanette / Kleijwegt, Marc / Koen, Elize (eds.): Women, society and constraints, Unisa Press, Pretoria, pp. 120-131. [2840]

Mahlase, Motleke Shirley (1997): The careers of women teachers under apartheid, SAPES Books, Harare. [2841]

Makosana, Nokuzola Z. (2001): Accessing higher education in apartheid South Africa, A gender perspective, in: Jenda: A Journal of Culture and African Women Studies, vol. 1, no. 1. [2842]

Mannathoko, Changu (1999): Theoretical perspectives on gender in education, The case of Eastern and Southern Africa, in: International Review of Education, vol. 45, no. 5-6, pp. 445-460. [2844]

Marcus, Tessa (2002): Kissing the cobra, Sexuality and high risk in a generalised epidemic – A case study of White university students, in: African Journal of AIDS Research, vol. 1, pp. 23-33. [2843]

Masuku, Nokuthula (1998): Pregnant schoolgirls must ‘go’, in: Agenda, no. 37, pp. 7-38. [2845]

Mathews, C. / Kuhn, L. et al. (1990): Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about AIDS in township school students in Cape Town, in: South African Medical Journal, vol. 78, no. 3, pp. 511-516. [2846]

Morrell, Robert (1994): Boys, gangs, and the making of masculinity in the white secondary schools of Natal, 1880-1930, in: Masculinities, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 56-82. [2847]

Morrell, Robert / Unterhalter, Elaine et al. (2001): HIV/AIDS policies, schools and gender identities, in: Indicator South Africa, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 51-57. [2848]

Morrell, Robert / Unterhalter, Elaine et al. (2002): The school setting, Opportunities for integrating gender equality and HIV risk reduction interventions, in: Agenda, no. 53, pp. 11-21. [2849]

Mukasa, Veronica (1999): Talking about sexual harassment in school, in: Agenda, no. 41, pp. 58-60. [2850]

Negrón, Laura A. (2007): Gender and education in post-apartheid South Africa, Possibilities and limitations of the international human rights framework, in: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 166-189. [2851]

Newfield, Denise (2001): ‘Blessed with the necessity of transformation’, Postgraduate education in South Africa, in: Perry, Susan / Schenk, Celeste (eds.): Eye to eye, Women practicing development across cultures, Zed Books, London, pp. 119-132. [2852]

Niehaus, Isak (2000): Towards a dubious liberation: Masculinity, sexuality and power in South African Lowveld schools, 1953-1999, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 387-408. [2853]

Pandor, Naledi (1994): The position of black women teachers in South Africa, in: Lessing, Margaret (ed.): South African women today, Maskew Miller Longman Publishers, Cape Town, pp. 98-106. [2854]

Rajuilu, Khanya / Burke, Ione (1999): Democratization through adult popular education, A reflection on the resiliance of women from Kwa-Ndebele, South Africa, in: Bystydzienski, Jill M. and Sekhon, Joti (eds.): Democratization and women’s grassroots movements, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 111-128. [2855]

Rehle, Thomas et al. (2005): HIV-positive educators in South African public schools, HSRC Publications, Pretoria. [2856]

Sathiparsad, Reshma / Taylor, Myra / Dlamini, Siyabonga (2008): Patriarchy and family life, Alternative views of male youth in rural South Africa, in: Agenda, vol. 76, pp. 4-16. [2857]

Sehoole, Trevor Chika / Moja, Teboho (2003): Pedagogical issues and gender in cyberspace education, Distance education in South Africa, in: African and Asian Studies, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 475-496. [2858]

Shindler, Jennifer / Arnott, Angela (1996): Education, in: Budlender, Debbie (ed.): The women’s budget, Idasa Publications, Cape Town, pp. 148-182. [2859]

Shisana, Olive / Simbayi, Leickness (2005): The health of our educators, A focus on HIV/AIDS in South African public schools, HSRC Publications, Pretoria. [2860]

Taylor, Myra / Dlamini, Siyabonga et al. (2002): Self-reported risk behaviour of learners at rural Kwa-Zulu high schools, in: Agenda, no. 53, pp. 69-74. [2861]

Taylor, Myra / Dlamini, Siyabonga et al. (2003): Understanding high school students risk behaviour to help reduce the HIV/AIDS epidemic in KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa, in: Journal of School Health, vol. 73, no. 3, pp. 97-100. [2862]

Thomas, Duncan (1999): Fertility, education and resources in South Africa, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Casterline, John / Johnson-Kuhn, Jennifer / Haaga, John (eds.): Critical perspectives on schooling and fertility in the developing world, National Academy Press, Washington, pp. 138-180. [2863]

Unterhalter, Elaine (1990): The impact of apartheid on women’s education in South Africa, in: Review of African Political Economy, No. 48, pp. 66-75. [2864]

Unterhalter, Elaine (1992): Can education overcome women’s subordinate position in the occupational structure? in: Unterhalter, Elaine / Wolpe, Harold / Thozamile, Botha (eds.): Education in a future South Africa, Policy issues for transformation, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 65-84. [2865]

Unterhalter, Elaine (1998): Economic rationality or social justice? Gender, the national qualifications framework and educational reform in South Africa, 1989-1996, in: Cambridge Journal of Education, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 351-368. [2866]

Unterhalter, Elaine (1999): The schooling of South African girls, in: Heward, Christine / Bunwaree, Sheila (eds.): Gender, education and development, Beyond access to empowerment, Zed Books, London, pp. 49-64. [2867]

Unterhalter, Elaine (2000): Remembering and forgetting, Constructions of education gender reform in autobiography and policy texts of the South Africa in transition, in: History in Education, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 457-472. [2868]

Unterhalter, Elaine (2002): Gender, race and different lives, South African women teachers’ autobiographies and the analysis of education change, in: Kallaway, P (ed.): The history of education under apartheid 1948-1994, The doors of learning and culture shall be opened, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp. 243-255. [2869]

Unterhalter, Elaine (2007): Truth rather than justice? Historical narratives, gender, and public education in South Africa, in: Stolten, Hans Erik (ed.): History making and present day politics, The meaning of collective memory in South Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 98-113. [2870]

Valodia, Imraan (2001): Education policy and women’s informal work in South Africa, in: Development and Change, vol. 32, pp. 871-892. [2871]

Van Vollenhoven, W. (2003): How school governing bodies in South Africa understand and respond to HIV/AIDS, in: South African Journal of Education, vol. 23, pp. 242-247. [2872]

Visser, M.J. (2005): Life skills training on HIV/AIDS preventive strategy in secondary schools, Evaluation of a large scale implementation process, in: Sahara, Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 203-216. [2873]

Walters, Shirley (1988): Training gender-sensitive adult educators in South Africa, in: Walters, Shirley / Manicom, Linzi (eds.): Gender in popular education, Methods of empowerment, Zed Books, London, pp. 23-39. [2874]

Walters, Shirley (1991): Her words on her lips: Gender and popular education in South Africa, in: ASBAE Courier, no. 52, pp. 5-20. [2875]

Walters, Shirley (1993): Training gender-sensitive and feminist adult educators in South Africa: An emerging curriculum, in: Perspectives in Education, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 115-130. [2876]

Wolpe, Ann Marie (1994): Adult education and women’s needs, A study of some community organisations in the Western Cape, Cace Publications, Cape Town. [2877]


South Sudan

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Sudan

Maglad, Eldin Nour (1994): School supply, family background and gender-specific school enrolment and attainment in Sudan, in: Eastern African Research Review, vol.10, no. 2, pp. 1-20. [2878]

Salim al Hassan, Idris (1995): Gender religious experience:Women and quranic schools in Eastern Sudan, in: Eastern African Social Research Review, vol. xi, no. 1, pp. 1-20. [2879]

Sanderson, L. (1975): Girls’ education in Northern Sudan, 1898-1956, in: Brown, G.N. / Hiskettt, M. (eds.): Conflict and harmony in Tropical Africa, London, George Allen and Unwin, pp. 229-246. [2880]


Swaziland / Eswatini

Keregero, Keregero J. (1995): Gender access and equality in the provision of adult education in Swaziland, in: Journal of AALAE, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 12-24. [2881]


Tanzania

Aikman, Sheila / Unterhalter, Elaine (eds.) (2007): Practicing gender equality in education, Oxfam Publications, Oxford. [2882]

Bendera, Stella (1999): Promoting education for girls in Tanzania, in: Heward, Christine / Bunwaree, Sheila (eds.): Gender, education and development, Beyond access to empowerment, Zed Books, London, pp. 117-129. [2883]

Bendera, Stellea / Mboya, M.W. (eds.) (1999): Gender and education in Tanzanian schools, Dar es Salaam University Press, Dar es Salaam. [2884]

Fiedler, Irene (1983): Wandel der Mädchenerziehung in Tansania, Verlag für Entwicklungspolitik, Saarbrücken. [2885]

Kravdal, O. (2001): Main and interaction effects of women’s education and fertility status, The case of Tanzania, in: European Journal of Population, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 107-135. [2887]

Lansdown, R.G. / Bundy, D.A. et al. (1998): Implications for school-based health programmes of age and gender patterns in the Tanzanian primary school, in: Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 3, issue 3, pp. 850-853. [2886]

Mbilinyi, Majorie (1998): Searching for utopia, The politics of gender and education in Tanzania, in: Bloch, M. / Beoku-Betts, J.A. et al. (eds.): Women and education in sub-saharan Africa, Lynne Rienner Publications, Boulder, pp. 277-298. [2888]

Peasagood, Tessa / Al Samarrai, Samer (1997): Educational attainment and household characteristics in Tanzania, IDS Working Paper, Brighton. [2889]

Rugumyamheto, Alice (1999): Gender dynamics as portrayed in children’s books in Tanzania, in: Hess, Jürgen (ed.): Education and social change, Empirical studies for the improvement of education in East Africa, DSE Publications, Bonn, pp. 73-92. [2890]

Rwebangira, Magdalena / Liljeström, Rita (eds.) (1998): Haraka, Haraka… Look before you leap, Youth at the crossroads of custom and modernity, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [2891]

Stambach, Amy (1998): Education is my husband, Marriage, gender and reproduction in Northern Tanzania, in: Bloch, M. / Beoku-Betts, J.A. / Tabachnick, B.R. (eds.): Women and education in Sub-Saharan Africa, Power, opportunities and constraints, Boulder, Lynne Rienner Publications, pp. 185-200. [2892]

Stambach, Amy (2000): Lessons from Mount Kilimanjaro, Schooling, community, and gender in East Africa, Routledge, London. [2893]

Stambach, Amy (2003): Kutoa Mimba, Debates about schoolgirl abortion in Northern Tanzania, in: Basu, Alaka (ed.): The socio-cultural and political context of abortion from an anthropological perspective, Claredon Press, Oxford, pp. 79-102. [2894]

Tumbo-Masabo, Zubeida / Lileström, Rita (eds.) (1994): Chelewa, Chelewa - The dilemma of teenage girls, Publications of the African Studies Centre Institute, The Nordic Africa Insitute, Uppsala. [2895]


The Congo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Togo

Biraimah, Karen Coffyn (1980): The impact of western schools on girls’ expectations: A Togolese case, in: Comparative Education Review, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 196-208. [2896]

Ulferts, Hella (1994): Schlüssel zur Zukunft - Bildung und Ausbildung für Mädchen und Frauen in ländlichen Gebieten Togos, Frankfurt a.M. [2897]


Uganda

Aikman, Sheila / Unterhalter, Elaine (eds.) (2007): Practicing gender equality in education, Oxfam Publications, Oxford. [2898]

Atekyereza, P.R. (2001): The education of girls and women in Uganda, in: Journal of Social Development in Africa, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 115-146. [2899]

Byamugisha, Joseph / Mirembe, Florence et al. (2009): Faced with a double-edged risk, Ugandan university students’ perception of the emergency contraception pill in Uganda, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 13, no. 1. [2900]

Evans, David (1972): Image and reality: Career goals of educated Ugandan women, in: The Canadian Journal of African Sutdies, vol.VI, no. 2, pp. 213-232. [2901]

Ezati, Betty (1999): Improving the retention of girls in primary schools in Arua District, Uganda, A search for an effective approach, in: Hess, Jürgen (ed.): Education and social change, Empirical studies for the improvement of education in East Africa, DSE Publications, Bonn, pp. 49-72. [2902]

Garrow, Stephanie / Kirk, Jackie (2003): ‘Girls in policy’, Challenges for the education sector, in: Agenda, no. 56, pp. 4-15. [2903]

Kasete, Deborah (2002): Institutionalizing gender equality in African universities, Case of women’s and gender studies at Makerere University, in: Feminist Africa Intellectual Policies, 1, pp. 91-99. [2904]

Kinsman, John / Nyanzi, Stella / Pool, Robert (2000): Socializing influences and the value of sex: The experiences of adolescent school girls in rural Masaka, Uganda, in: Culture, Health and Sexuality, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 151-66. [2905]

Kituyi Nsubuga, Zaitun (1999): Gender and regional equity in three tertiary institutions in Uganda, in: Hess, Jürgen (ed.): Education and social change, Empirical studies for the improvement of education in East Africa, DSE Publications, Bonn, pp. 193-208. [2906]

Kwesiga, Joy (2002): Women’s access to higher education in Africa, Fountain Publishers, Kampala. [2907]

Muhanguzi, Florence Kyoheirwe / Bennett, Jane (2011): The construction and mediation of sexuality and gender relations, Experiences of girls and boys in secondary schools in Uganda, in: Journal for Feminist Formations, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 135-152. [2908]

Ndayanabangi, Bannet / Kipp, Walter / Diesfeld, Hans-Jochen (2004): Reproductive health behaviour among in school and out of school youth in Kabarole District, Uganda, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 55-67. [2909]

Peace, Habomugisha (1992): Organizational commitment of female lecturers in higher institutions of learning in Uganda, Gender Issues Research Report Series, no. 15, OSSREA, Addis Abeba. [2910]

Schulz, Dorothea (2013): (En)gendering Muslim self-assertiveness, Muslim schooling and female elite formation in Uganda, in: Journal of Religion in Africa, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 396-425. [2911]

Tamale, Sylvia (1997): The bitches at the academy, gender and academic freedom at the African university, in: Africa Development, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 13-37. [2912]

Tripp, Aili Marie (2004): A new look at colonial women, British teachers and activists in Uganda, 1898-1962, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 123-156. [2913]


Zambia

Gadsden, Fay (1993): Patriarchal attitudes, male control over and politics towards female education in Northern Rhodesia, 1924-1963, in: Zambia Journal of History, vol. 6/7, pp. 25-45. [2914]

Kasonde-Ng’andu, Sophie / Chilala, Namiloli Winnie (1999): Gender and primary schooling in Zambia, Partnership for strategic resource planning for girls’ education in Africa, IDS Research Report, no. 39, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Brighton. [2915]

Longwe, Hlupekile Sara (2008): Education for women’s empowerment, The example of refugee camps in Zambia, in: Adult Education and Development, pp. 23-34. [2916]

Mitchell, Claudia / Blaeser, Marilyn et. al. (1999): Girl’s education in Zambia, Everyone’s responsibility, A policy framework for participatory process, in: International Review of Education, vol. 45, no. 5/6, pp. 417-430. [2917]

Morrow, Sean (1986): „No girl leaves school unmarried“: Mabel Shaw and the education of girls at Mbereshi, Northern Rhodesia, 1915-1940, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 601-636. [2918]

Mulenga, Friday (2003): Gender in undergraduate history research at the University of Zambia, 1981-2001, in: Zwede, Bahru (ed.): Land, gender and the periphery, Themes in the history of Eastern and Southern Africa, OSSREA Publications, Addis Ababa, pp. 15-30. [2919]

Schuster, Ilsa (1987): Kinship, life cycle and education in Lusaka, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 363-384. [2920]

Swainson, Nicola (1995): Redressing gender inequalities in education: A review of constraints and priorities in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe, ODA, London. [2921]

Swainson, Nicola (2000): Knowledge and power: The design and implementation of gender policies in education in Malawi, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, in: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 20. [2922]


Zimbabwe

Ansell, Nicola (2002): Secondary education reform in Lesotho and Zimbabwe and the needs of rural girls, Pronouncements, policy and practice, in: Comparative Education, vol. 38, no. 1, pp.91-112. [11866]

Chabaya, Owence / Gudhlanga, Enna (2013): Striving to achieve gender equality in education, A Zimbabwean experience, in: Zimbabwe Journal of Education Research, vol. 25, no. 1, pp.123-148. [2923]

Farisayi Zvogbo, Ellen (2015): Effectiveness of gender policies in the promotion of women leaders in universities, A case of Midlands State University, Zimbabwe, in: Zimbabwe Journal of Education Research, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 15-32. [2924]

Gadsden, Fay (1993): Patriarchal attitudes, male control over and politics towards female education in Northern Rhodesia, 1924-1963, in: Zambia Journal of History, vol. 6/7, pp. 25-45. [2925]

Gaidzanwa, R. (1993): The politics of the body and the politics of control, An analysis of class, gender and cultural issues in student politics at the University of Zimbabwe, in: Zambezia, 20, pp. 15-33. [2926]

Gaidzanwa, Rudo (1997): Gender analysis in the field of education, A Zimbabwean example, in: Imam, Ayesha / Mama, Amina / Sow, Fatou (eds.): Engendering African Social Sciences, CODESRIA, Dakar, pp. 271-295. [11867]

Gordon, Rosemary (1994): Education policy and gender in Zimbabwe, in: Gender and Education, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 131-139. [2927]

Gordon, Rosemary (1996): Legislation and educational policy in Zimbabwe: The state and the reproduction of patriarchy, in: Gender and Education, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 215-229. [2928]

Gordon, Rosemary (1998): ‚Girls cannot think as boys do’: Socialising children through the Zimbabwean school system, in: Gender and Development, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 53-58. [2929]

Hausmann, Christine (1998): Non-formal education for women in Zimbabwe, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M. [2930]

Hausmann, Christine (2004): Bending tradition to the changing times, The use of video as an empowerment tool in nonformal adult education in Zimbabwe, Iko Verlag, Frankfurt a.M. [2931]

Kaziboni, Tabeth (2002): The impact of gender education on the attitudes of post-independence women in Zimbabwe, in: Zimbabwe Journal of Education Research, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 179-195. [2932]

Mapolisa, Tichaona (2013): Female leadership dilemmas in primary schools, A case study in primary schools in Harare Province in Zimbabwe, in: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 261-276. [2933]

Marira, Chipo (1991): Gender issues in Zimbabwe’s two main English textbooks in the primary schools, in: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research, 3, pp. 108-124. [2934]

Morrow, Sean (1986): „No girl leaves school unmarried“: Mabel Shaw and the education of girls at Mbereshi, Northern Rhodesia, 1915-1940, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 601-636. [2935]

Mpofu, Stanley T. (1996): The women’s movement, adult education and globalization: Women’s agencies in Zimbabwe, in: Convergence, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 58-67. [2936]

Muzingili, Taruvinga / Muchinako, G.A. (2016): Factors affecting school completion by th girl-child in Binga rural district, Zimbabwe, in: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 19-43. [2937]

Opare, James (1996): Boys and girls in science, Does the gender composition of the schools matter? In: Zimbabwe Journal of Education Research, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 27-44. [2938]

Pattman, Rob (1999): The beer drinkers say I had a nice prostitute but the church goers talk about things spiritual, Learning to be a man at the teachers’ college in Zimbabwe, in: Morrell, Robert (ed.): Changing men in Southern Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 225-238. [2939]

Schäfer, Rita (1997): Frauen- und Mädchenbildung in Zimbabwe, Möglichkeiten zum Empowerment, Freiburger Frauenstudien, 2. Jg., Heft 2, pp. 1-14. [2940]

Schäfer, Rita (1999): Frauenbildung und Frauenliteratur aus Zimbabwe, in: Afrika Bulletin, Nr. 96, pp. 10-11. [2941]

Schäfer, Rita (2000): Geschlechtergerechte Bildungsprogramme: Herausforderungen für die Bildungsforschung in Zimbabwe, in: Hahn, Hans-Peter / Spittler, Gerd (eds.): Afrika und die Globalisierung, Schriften der VAD Bd. 18, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.157-166. [2942]

Silverstone, Jessica (1993): Women, literacy and education, in: ZWRCN Discussion Paper, No. 7, Harare. [2943]

Summers, Carol (1996): ‘If you educate a native women’…, Debates over the schooling and education of girls and women in Southern Rhodesia, 1900-1934, in: History of Education Quarterly, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 449-471. [2946]

Summers, Carol (1999): Mission boys, civilized men and marriage, Educated African men in the missions of Southern Rhodesia, 1920-1945, in: Journal of Religious History, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 75-91. [2947]

Swainson, Nicola (1995): Redressing gender inequalities in education: A review of constraints and priorities in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe, ODA, London. [2944]

Swainson, Nicola (2000): Knowledge and power: The design and implementation of gender policies in education in Malawi, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, in: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 20. [2945]

Taringa, Beatrice (2014): Implications of the portrayal of women in Shonoa proverby for gender sensitive teaching and learning of ChiSona, in: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 395-408. [2948]

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