Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature on economy - formal and informal employment

Africa OverviewAngolaBenin
BotswanaBurkina FasoBurundi
CameroonCentral African RepublicChad
D.R. Congo / ZaireDjiboutiEquatorial Guinea
EritreaEthiopiaGabon
GambiaGhanaGuinea
Guinea BisseauIvory CoastKenya
LesothoLiberiaMadagascar
MalawiMaliMauritius
MozambiqueNamibiaNiger
NigeriaRwandaSenegal
Sierra LeoneSomaliaSouth Africa
South SudanSudanSwaziland / Eswatini
TanzaniaThe CongoTogo
UgandaZambiaZimbabwe

Africa Overview

Abok, Alice Mwajuma (1999): The impact of structural adjustment programmes on African women, in: Langthaler, Herbert (ed.): Sura za Afrika, Voices from Africa, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt. [1600]

Adepoju Aderanti, Christine (ed.) (1994): Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, James Currey, London. [1602]

Anker, Richard (1994): Measuring women’s participation in the African labour force, in: Adepoju Aderanti, Christine (ed.): Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, James Currey, London, pp. 64-75. [1601]

Appleton, Simon / Hoddinott, John / Krishnan, Pramila (1999): The gender wage gap in three African countries, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 47, pp. 289-312. [1603]

Bay, Edna (ed.) (1982): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder. [1604]

Braun, Lesley Nicole / Ostbo Haugen, Heidi (2021): The weight women carry, Research on the visible and invisible baggage in suitcase trade between China and Africa, in: The Professional Geographer, online, 13.9.2021 [11657]

Buss, Doris / Katz-Lavigne, Sarah / Aluoka, Otieno / Alma, Eileen (2020): “Remembering the women of Osiri”, Women and gender in artisanal and small-scale mining in Migori County, Kenya, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 177-195. [11643]

Ekouevi, Koffi / Adepoju, Aderanti (1995): Adjustment, social sectors and demographic change in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Journal of International Development, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 47-59. [1606]

El-Bakry, Zeinab (1995): Enhancing the capacity of African woman entrepreneur, in: Rasheed, Sadig / Luke, David Fashole (eds.): Development management in Africa, Toward dynamism, empowerment, and entrepreneurship, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 138-147. [1607]

ELDIS (2008): Toolkit on participatory budgeting in Africa, vol. I and II, Brighton. [1605]

Gaidzanwa, Rudo Barbara (1993): Women entrepreneurs, donor promotion and domestic policies, in: Helmsing, A.H.J. (ed.): Small enterprises and changing policies, Structural adjustment, financial policy and assistance programmes in Africa, IT Publications, London, pp. 277-293. [1610]

Goebel, Allison / Epprecht, Marc (1995): Women and employment in Sub-Saharan Africa, Testing the World Bank and the WID Models with a case study, in: African Studies Review, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1-22. [1608]

Gordon, April (1991): Economic reform and African women, in: Transafrica Forum, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 21-41. [1609]

Grundfest Schoepf, Broke (1991): Gender relations and development, Political economy and culture, in: Seidman, Ann / Anang, Frederick (eds.): Twenty-first-century Africa, Towards a new vision of self-sustained development, Trenton, pp. 203-241. [1611]

Hanley, Aoife / Görg, Holger / Hornok, Cecilia / Ackah, Charles (2021): Africa’s Female Entrepreneurs – Towards Funding Success, PEGNetPolicy Brief 24, PEGNet, Kiel Institute for the World Economy / Kiel Centre for Globalization, Kiel. [11642]

House-Midamba, B. / Ekechi, F.K. (eds.) (1995): African women and economic power, The role of women in African economic development, Greenwood Press, Westport. [1612]

Lachenmann, Gudrun (1992): Frauen als gesellschaftliche Kraft im sozialen Wandel in Afrika, in: Peripherie, Nr. 47/48, pp. 74-93. [1613]

Lachenmann, Gudrun (1997): Informal social security in Africa from a gender perspective, in: Baud, Isa / Symth, Ines (eds.): Searching for security, Routledge, London, pp. 45-67. [1614]

Lachenmann, Gudrun (2001): Geschlechtsspezifische Einbettung der Wirtschaft, in: dieselbe / Dannecker, Petra (eds.): Geschlechtsspezifische Einbettung der Ökonomie, Empirische Untersuchungen über Entwicklungs- und Transformationsprozesse, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp. 15-35. [1615]

Lewis, Barbara (1982): Fertility and employment, An assessment of role incompartibility among African urban women, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 249-276. [1616]

Ougundipe, Omolara (1991): African women, culture and another development, in: Presence Africaine, no. 141, pp. 123-139. [1617]

Palmer, Ingrid (1991): Gender and population in the adjustment of African economies, Planning for Change, ILO Publications, Geneva. [1618]

Randriamaro, Zo (2002): 'The NEPAD, gender and the poverty trap: The NEPAD and the challenges of financing for development in Africa from a gender perspective', paper presented at conference on Africa and the Development Challenges of the New Millennium, Accra. [1619]

Robertson, Claire (1988): Invisible workers, African women and the problem of self-employed in labour history, in: Journal of African and Asian Studies, vol. 23, no. 1-2, pp. 180-195. [1620]

Sahn, David / Haddad, Lawrence (1991): The gendered impact of structural adjustment programs in Africa, Discussion, in: American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 73, no. 5, pp. 1448-1451. [1621]

Simone, Abdoumaliqalim (1995): From reproduction to reinvention, Women’s roles in African cities, in: Africa Insight, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 4-14. [1622]

Steady, Filomina Cioma (1982): African women, industrialization and another development, in: Development Dialogue, 1/2, pp. 51-64. [1623]

Sudarkasa, Niara (1985): Female employment and family organization in West Africa, in: Steady, Filomina Chioma (ed.): The black woman cross-culturally, Schenkman Books, Rochester. [1624]

Tsikata, Dzodzi / Kerr, Joanna (ed.) (2000): Demanding dignity: Women confronting economic reforms in Africa, The North-South Institute and Accra: Third World Network-Africa, Ottawa. [1625]

UN INSTRAW (2008): Gender, remittances and development, Preliminary findings from selected SADC countries, UN INSTRAW/SAIIA/UNFPA, New York. [1627]

United Nations (2001): Women entrepreneurs in Africa, Experiences from selected countries, United Nations Publications, New York. [1626]

Weil, Gordon (1992): Caught in the crisis: Women in the economies of Africa, Kahne, Hilda / Giele, Janet (eds.): Women’s work and women’s lives, continuing struggle worldwide, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 47-68. [1628]

Whitehead, Ann / Lockwood, Matthew (1999): Gendering poverty: A review of six Wold Bank African poverty assessments, in: Development and Change, vol. 30, pp. 525-555. [1629]

Win, Everjoice (2004): Not very poor, powerless or pregnant, The African women forgotten in development, in: IDS Bulletin, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 61-64. [1630]


Angola

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Benin

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Botswana

Dijkman, Hanneke / Dijk, van Meine (1993): Female entrepreneurs in the informal sector of Ouagadougou, in: Development Policy Review, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 273-288. [1634]

Dijkman, Hanneke / Dijk, van Meine (1997): Opportunities for women in Ouagadougou's informal sector, An analysis based on the flexible specialisation concept, in: Van Dijk, Meine P. / Rabellotti, Roberta (eds.): Enterprise clusters and networks in developing countries, Cass Publisher, London, pp. 93-108. [1635]

Ntseane, Peggy (2004): Being a female entrepreneur in Botswana: Cultures, values, strategies for success, in: Gender and Development, vol. 12, pp. 37-43. [1631]

Werbner, Pnina (2010): Appropriating social citizenship, Women’s labour, poverty, and entrepreneuship in the Manual Workers Union of Botswana, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 693-710. [1632]


Burkina Faso

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Burundi

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Cameroon

Catherine, Forje L. (1998): Are women's microenterprises profitable? A case study of Cameroon women, in: Small Enterprise Development, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 50-56. [1636]

Fonchingong, Charles (2004): Challenges and coping strategies of women food crops entrepreneurs in Fako Division, Cameroon, in: Journal of international Women's Studies, vol. 5. [1637]

Fonchingong, Charles (2005): Negotiating livelihoods beyond Beijing: The burden of women food vendors in the informal economy of Limbe, Cameroon, in: International Social Science Journal, vol. 57, no. 184, pp. 243-253. [1638]

Lairap-Fonderson, Josephine (2002): The discipline power of microcredit, Examples from Kenya and Cameroon, in: Parpart, Jane / Rai, Shirin / Staudt, Kathleen (eds.): Rethinking empowerment, Gender and development in a global / local world, Routledge, London, pp. 102-198. [1639]


Central African Republic

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Chad

no entries to this combination of country and topic


D.R. Congo / Zaire

Bashwira, Marie-Rose / van der Haar, Gemma (2020): Necessity of choice, Women’s migration to artisanal mining regions in the Eastern DRC, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 79-99. [11648]

De Herdt, Tom / Marysse, Stefaan (1999): The reinvention of the market from below, The end of the women’s money changing monopoly in Kinshasa, in: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 26, pp. 239-253. [1640]

Gould, Terri (1978): Value conflict and development: The struggle of the professional Zairian women, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 16. no. 1, pp. 133-139. [1641]

Schoepf, Brooke / Engundu, Walu (1991): Women and structural adjustment in Zaire in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp. 151-168. [1642]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. (1997): Education, employment, and fertility in Kinshasa and prospects for changes in reproductive behaviour, in: Population Research and Policy Review, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 259-287. [1644]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (1994): The impact of women's employment and education on contraceptive use and abortion in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 2, pp. 96-110. [1643]

Stewart, Jennifer / Kibombo, Richard / Rankin, Pauline (2020): Gendered livelihoods in the artisanal mining sector in the Great Lakes Region, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 37-56. [11649]

Yates, Barbara (1981): Colonialism, education and work, Sex differentiation in Colonial Zaire, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work, Boulder, Westview Press, pp. 127-152. [1645]


Djibouti

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Equatorial Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Eritrea

Zamperetti, Francesca / Dalla Costa, Giovanne (2008): Sharing trust, Women and microcredit in Eritrea, Africa World Press, Trenton. [1646]


Ethiopia

Bjeren, Gunilla (1985): Migration to Shashemene, Ethnicity, gender and occupation in urban Ethiopia, Publications of the Institute of African Studies, Uppsala. [1647]

Haile, Fekerte (1989): Women fuelwood carriers and the supply of household energy in Addis Ababa, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 23, pp. 442-451. [1648]

Iyenda, G. / Simon, D. (2007): Gender relations, bread winning and family life in Kinshasa, in: Murray, Martin / Myers, Garth Andrew (eds.): Cities in contemporary Africa, Palgrave, London. [1649]

Tekola, Bethlehem (2005): Poverty and the social context of sex work in Addis Abeba, Forum for Social Studies, Monograph Series, 2, Addis Abeba. [1650]

Van Kersteren, Jose (1988): Female workers in Addis Ababa, Social Science Research Review, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 17-32. [1651]


Gabon

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Gambia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ghana

Arku, Cynthia / Arku, Frank (2009): More money, new household cultural dynamics, Women in micro-finance in Ghana, in: Development in Practice, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 200-213. [1652]

Bortei-Doku, Ellen / Aryeetey, Ernest (2000): The participation of women in the Ghanaian economy, in: Aryeetey, Ernest / Harrigan, Jane / Nissanke, Machiko (eds.): Economic reforms in Ghana: The miracle and the mirage, James Currey, Oxford. [1653]

Chalfin, Brenda (2000): Risky business: Economic uncertainty, market reforms and female livelihoods in Northeast Ghana, in: Development and Change, vol. 31, pp. 987-1008. [1654]

Chamlee-Wright, Emily (1997): The cultural foundations of economic development: Urban female entrepreneurs in Ghana, Routledge, London [1655]

Date-Bah, Eugenia (1982): Female and male factory worker in Accra, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Female and male in West Africa, George Allan and Unwin, London, pp. 131-149. [1656]

Dinan, Carmel (1977): Pragmatists or feminists? The professional single women of Accra, Ghana, in: Cahiers d’Etudes Africaines, vol. 65, pp. 155-176. [1657]

Dinan, Carmel (1983): Sugar daddies and gold-diggars, the white collar single women in Accra, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Female and male in West Africa, George Allen and Unwin Publishers, London, pp. 344-366. [1658]

Manuh, Takyiwaa (1994): Ghana: Women in the public and informal sectors under the economic recovery programme, in: Sparr, Pamela (ed.): Mortgaging women's lives: Feminist critiques of structural adjustment, Zed Books, London, pp. 61-77. [1659]

Manuh, Takyiwaa (1994): Ghanaian women, economic crisis and access to resources, in: Yngstrom, Ingrid (ed.): Gender and environment in Africa, Perspectives on the politics of environmental sustainability, Publications of the Centre of African Studies, Edingburgh, pp. 137-155. [1660]

Manuh, Takyiwaa (1997): Ghana: Women in the public and informal sectors under the economic recovery programme, in: Visvanathan, Nalini (ed.): The women, gender and development reader, Zed Books, London, pp. 277-284 [1661]

Overa, Ragnhild (2007): When men do women’s work, Structural adjustment, unemployment and changing gender relations in the informal economy of Accra, Ghana, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 539-563. [1662]


Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Guinea Bisseau

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ivory Coast

Lewis, Barbara (1977): Economic activity and marriage among Ivorian urban women, in: Schlegel, Alice (eds.): Sexual stratification, A cross-cultural view, Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 161-191. [1663]

Lewis, Barbara (1982): Fertility and employment: An assessment of role incompartibility among African urban women, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder. [1664]

Nix, Ursula (1990): Frauenarbeit in Sassandra, Randbereich oder Grundlage der Wirtschaft? in: Hillen, Peter (Hg.): Im Schatten des Wachstums, Arbeits- und Lebensbedingungen in der Cote d’Ivoire, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken, pp. 337-358. [1665]


Kenya

Atumtabi, Maurice / Lutta-Mukhebi, Mary (2001): Gender and mining in Kenya, The case of Mukibira Mines in Vihiga District, in: Jenda, 2. [1666]

Buss, Doris / Katz-Lavigne, Sarah / Aluoka, Otieno / Alma, Eileen (2020): “Remembering the women of Osiri”, Women and gender in artisanal and small-scale mining in Migori County, Kenya, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 177-195. [11652]

Dellantonio, Johanna (2005): “In Nairobi I have my house, upcountry I have my house” – Berufstätige Frauen zwischen Land und Stadt in Kenia, in: Stichproben, Wiener Zeitschrift für krititsche Afrikastudien, nr. 9, 5. Jg., pp. 23-36. [1667]

McCormick, Dorothy (1996): Women in business, Class and Nairobi’s small and medium-sized producers, in: Sheldon, Kathleen (ed.): Courtyards, markets, city streets, Urban women in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 193-211. [1668]

Nelson, Nici (1978): Women must help each other, The operation of personal networks among buzaa beer brewers in Mathare Valley, Kenya, in: Caplan, Pat / Bujra, J. (eds.): Women united, women divided, London, pp. 77-98. [1669]

Nelson, Nici (1978): Female centred families, Changing patterns of marriage and family among buzaa brewers of Mathare valley, in: African Urban Studies, n.s. 3, pp. 85-103. [1670]

Nelson, Nici (1979): How women and men get by: The sexual division of labour in the informal sector of a Nairobi squatter settlement, in: Gerry, C. / Bromley, R. (eds.): The casual poor in the third world cities, John Wiley and Sons Publishers, New York, pp. 283-302. [1671]

Nelson, Nici (1987): Selling her kiosk, Kikuyu women’s notion on sexuality and sex for sale in Mathere Valley, Kenya, in: Caplan, Pat (ed.): The cultural construction of sexuality, London, Routledge Publications, pp. 217-293. [1672]

Njeru, E.H.N. / Njoka, J.M. (2001): Women entrepreneurs in Nairobi: The socio-cultural factors influencing their investment patterns, in: Alila, Patrick O. / Pedersen, Poul O. (eds.): Negotiating social space: East African Micro-Enterprises, Africa World Press, Trenton. [1673]

Schloss, Johanna (1997): Dressed to „shine“: Work, leisure, and style in Malindi, Kenya, in: Hendickson, Hildi (ed.): Clothing and difference, Embodied identities in colonial and post-colonial Africa, Duke University Press, Durham, pp. 157-188. [1674]

Stichter, Sharon (1975): Women and the labour force in Kenya, 1895-1964, in: Rural Africana, 21, pp. 45-65. [1675]

Stichter, Sharon (1985): The middle class family in Kenya, changes in gender relations, in: African Urban Studies, vol. 21, pp. 39-52. (and published in: Stichter, Sharon / Parpart, Jane (eds.): Patriarchy and class, African women in the home and the work force, Boulder, pp. 177-203.) [1676]

Stichter, Sharon (1986): Women, employment and the family in Nairobi: The impact of capitalist development in Kenya, Working Papers in African Studies, no. 121, Boston University. Boston. [1677]

Stichter, Sharon (1987): Women and the family, The impact of capitalist development in Kenya, in: Schatzberg, Michael (ed.): The political economy of Kenya, New York, Praeger. [1678]

Suda, Colette (1996): The political economy of women’s work in Kenya, in: Chronic constraints and broken barriers, in: Ghorayshi, Parvin / Belanger, Claire (eds.): Women, work and gender relations in developing countries, A global perspective, Greenwood Publishers, Westport, pp. 75-70. [1679]

Suda, Colette (2002): Gender disparities in the Kenyan labour market, Implications for poverty reduction, in: Nordic Journal of African Studies, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 301-321. [1680]

Wachtel, E. (1976): Minding her own business, Women shop keepers in Nakuru, in: African Urban Notes, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 27-42. [1681]

Walz, Gabriele (1991): Nomadenfrauen als Unternehmerinnen, die Samburu Nord-Kenias als Beispiel, in: Scholz, Fred (Hg.): Nomaden, Berlin, pp. 355-369. [1682]

Wamuthenya, Wambui Rose (2010): Economic crisis and women’s employment rate in a Sub-Saharan African country, Explaining the rise in women’s employment rate in the urban area of Kenya, Working Paper no. 500, ISS, Den Haag. [1683]

Wamuthenya, Wambui Rose (2010): To what extend can disparities in compositional and structural factors account for the gender gap in unemployment in the urban areas of Kenya, Working Paper no. 502, ISS, Den Haag. [1684]

White, Luise (1987): Vice and vagrants, Prostitution, housing and casual labour in Nairobi in the mid 1930s, in: Snyder, Francis / Hay, Douglas (eds.): Struggle for the city, Migrant labour, capital and the state in urban Africa, Sage Publications, London, pp. 165-191. [1685]

White, Luise (1988): Domestic labour in a colonial city: Prostition in Nairobi, in: Stichter, Sharon / Parpart, Jane (eds.): Patriarchy and class, African women in the home and the work force, Boulder, pp.139-160. [1686]

Whiting, Beatrice (1974): The Kenyan career women: Traditional and modern, in: Kerndsin, R.B. (eds.): The anatomy of advancement, New York, William Morrow and Co. [1687]

Yieke, Felicia A. (2007): Gender and top management in discourse: The glass ceiling as a reality for women in corporate Kenya, in: Stichproben, Jg. 7, Nr. 13, pp. 31-47. [1688]

Zezela, Tiyambe (1988): Labour, unionisation and women’s participation in Kenya, Friedrich Ebert Foundation, Nairobi. [1689]


Lesotho

Baylies, Caroyln / Wright, Caroline (1993): Female labour in the textile and clothing industry in Lesotho, in: African Affairs, vol. 92, pp. 577-591. [1690]

Baylies, Caroyln / Wright, Caroline (1993): Female labour in the textile and clothing industry in Lesotho, in: African Affairs, vol. 92, pp. 577-591. [1691]

Gay, Judith (1980): Wage employment of rural Basutho women, A case study, in: South African Labour Bulletin, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 40-53. [1692]

Gibbs, Tim (2005): ‘Union boys and caps leading factory girls astray?’ The politics of labour reform in Lesotho’s ‘feminised’ garment industry, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 95-112. [1693]

Goebel, Allison / Epprecht, Marc (1995): Women and employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Testing the World Bank and WID models with a Lesotho case study, in: African Studies Review, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1-22. [1694]

Malahleha, G.M. (1985): Liquor brewing: A cottage industry in Lesotho shebeens, in: Journal of Eastern African Research and Development, vol. 15, pp. 45-55. [1695]

Mapetla, Matseliso (1996): Beer brewing and housing strategies in Lesotho, in: Schlyter, Ann (ed.): A place to live, Gender research on housing in Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 144-159. [1696]

Mapetla, Matseliso (1998): Beer brewing as a survival strategy in urban Lesotho, in: Larsson, Anita (ed.): Changing gender relations in Southern Africa, Issues of urban life, Publications of the Institute of Southern African Studies, Roma, pp. 155-183. [1697]

Marlowe, Julia (1996): Opportunities for the employment of women in Lesotho. An analysis of the labour construction unit, in: Scandianvian Journal of Development Alternatives and Area Studies, vol. 15, pp. 90-101. [1698]

Marlowe, Julia / Setsbik, Anthony (1996): Opportunities for the employment of women in Lesotho: An analysis of the labour construction unit, in: Scandinavian Journal of Development Alternatives and Areas Studies, pp. 90-101 [1699]


Liberia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Madagascar

Lawson, Lynda (2018): Rice, sapphires and cattle, Work lives of women artisanal and small-scale miners in Madagascar, in: Dutt-Lahiri, Kuntala (ed.): Between the plough and the pick, Anu Press, Canberra, pp. 171-192. [11780]


Malawi

Edriss, Abdi-Khalil / Kamvani, Esnart (2003): Socio-economic constraints women face when running micro-enterprises: A comparative case study in Southern Malawi, in: Eastern Africa Journal of Rural Development, vol. 19, no.1, pp. 41-51. [1700]

Osterhaus, Juliane (1992): Promotion of women in rural areas, Critical review of five years project experiences in business promotion and recommendations for a future concept, GTZ-Studie, Eschborn. [1701]

Spittler, Anna E. (1987): Training promotes self-confidence, Practical experience in technical and commercial training of rural women in Malawi, in: GATE, Heft 3, pp. 14-20. [1702]

Stahl, Cosimo (2021): Gendered corruption, Initial insights into sextortion and double bribery affecting female businesswomen in Malawi, Basel Institute on Governance, Basel. [11655]


Mali

Dom, Catherine (1994): Women and banking: A case study from southern Mali, in: The Courier, 143, pp. 70-74. [1703]

Doumbia, Saliha / Meurs, Dominique (2003): Gender equality at work in Sub-Saharan Africa: A case study of Mali's modern sector, in: International Labour Review, vol. 142, no. 3, pp. 295-316. [1704]


Mauritius

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Mozambique

Rutherford, Blair / Chemane-Chilemba, Laila (2020): The governance of artisanal and small-scale mining in Manica District, Mozambique, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 139-156. [11647]

Sheldon, Kathleen (1991): Sewing clothes and sorting cashew nuts: Factories, families and women in Beira, Mozambique, in: Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 14, no. 1/2, pp. 27-36. [1705]

Sheldon, Kathleen (1991): A report on a ‘delicate problem’ concerning female garment workers in Beira, Mozambique, in: Signs, Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 575-586. [1706]

Sheldon, Kathleen (1992): Chreches, titias, and mothers: Working women and child care in Mozambique, in: Hansen, Karen Tranberg (ed.): African encounters with domesticity, New Brunswick, pp. 290-310. [1707]


Namibia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Niger

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Nigeria

Abdullah, Hussaina (1997): Multiple identities and multiple organizing strategies of female wage workers in Kano’s manufacturing sector, in: Rosander, Eva Evres (ed.): Tranforming female identities, Women’s organisational forms in West Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 54-68. [1708]

Andrae, Gunilla (1997): A women worker in a Lagos factory, Her power base in family, community, labour market, and union, in: Rosander, Eva Evres (ed.): Tranforming female identities, Women`s organisational forms in West Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 69-84. [1709]

Anugwom, Edlyne (2011): ‘Wetin we for do?’ Women entrepreneurs and the Niger Delta Conflict, in: Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, vol. 24, no.2, pp. 49-56. [1710]

Byfield, Judith (2002): The bluest hands, A social and economic history of women dryers in Abeokuta (Nigeria), 1890-1940, James Currey, London. [1711]

Cooper, Barbara (1993): Cloth, commodity production and social capital: Women in Maradi, Niger, 1890-1989, in: African Economic History, vol. 21, pp. 51-71. [1712]

Dennis, Carolyne (1984): Capitalist development and women’s work, A Nigerian case study, in: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 27/28, pp. 109-119. [1713]

Dennis, Carolyne (1987): Women and the state in Nigeria: The case of the Federal Military Government 1984-85, in: Haleh, Afshar (ed.): Women, state and ideology, Suny Press, London, pp. 13-27. [1714]

Dennis, Carolyne (1991): Constructing a ‘career’ under conditions of economic crisis and structural adjustment: The survival strategies of Nigerian women, in: Afshar, Haleh (ed.): Women, development and survival in the Third World, Longman Publishers, London, New York, pp. 88-106. [1715]

Dennis, Carolyne (1991): The concept of career in Nigeria, Individual perceptions of the relationship between the formal and the informal sector, in: Elson, D. (ed.): Male bias in development planning, Manchester University Press, Manchester, pp. 175-201. [1716]

Denzer, La Ray (1989): Women in government service in colonial Nigeria, 1862-1945, Working Papers, no. 136, African Studies Centre, Boston. [1717]

Di Domenico, Catherine (1977): Occupational status of women in Nigeria, Comparison of two urban centres, in: Africana Marburgensia, vol. 10, pp. 62-79. [1718]

Elabor-Idemudia, Patience (1991): The impact of structural adjustment programs on women and their households in Bendel and Ogun State, Nigeria, in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp. 128-139. [1719]

Elabor-Idemudia, Patience (2003): Race and gender analyses of trafficking: A case study of Nigeria, in: Canadian Woman Studies, vol. 22, no. 3-4, pp. 116-123 [1720]

Gabriel, Amakievi / Ikein, Augustine (1995): Agrarian women and textile industry in Nigeria, in: James, Valentine Udoh (ed.): Women and sustainable development in Africa, London, pp. 159-170. [1721]

Garba, Kassey (1999): Structural adjustment, budget structure, and women’s share of employment in Nigeria’s federal civil service, in: Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies, vol. 41, no. 1. [1722]

Lawuyi, Olatunde (1990): Education, mobility and gender within the Nigerian informal economy, The domestic service example, in: Sociologus, vol. 40, pp. 39-53. [1723]

Lindsay, Lisa (1999): Domesticity and difference, Male breadwinners, working women and colonial citizenship in the 1945 Nigerian strike, in: American Historical Review, vol.104, no. 3, pp. 783-812. [1724]

Lindsay, Lisa (2003): Working with gender, Wage labour and social change in Southwestern Nigeria, Heinemann, Porthmouth. [1725]

Lindsay, Lisa (2007): Working with gender, The emergence of the ‘male breadwinner’ in colonial Southwestern Nigeria, in: Cole, Catherine / Manuh, Takyiwaa / Miescher, Stephan (eds.): Africa after gender? Indiana Unviersity Press, Bloomington, pp. 241-252. [1726]

Malami, Hussaini (1996): The unaccounted contribution of Nigerian women to the national economy, in: Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol. 16, pp. 279-286. [1727]

Meagher, Kate (2000): Veiled conflicts: Peasant differentiation, gender and sructural ajustment in Nigerian Hausaland, in: ryceson, Deborah / ristobal, Kay / Mooij, Jos (eds.):Disappearing peasantries? Rural labour in Africa, Asia and Latin America, Intermediate Technology Publications, London, pp. 81-98. [1728]

Nmadu, Teresa (2000): Female labour participation in manufacturing firms in Jos Metropolis, in: Nigerian Journal of Gender and Development, vol. 1, no. 1-2, pp. 117-123. [1729]

Okeke, Philomena (1997): Female wage earners and separate resource structures in post oil boom Nigeria, in: Dialectical Anthropology, vol. 22, pp. 373-387. [1730]

Okeke, Philomena (2001): Negotiating social independence, The challenges of carrer pursuits for Igbo women in postcolonial Nigeria, in: Hodgson, Dorothy / McCurdy, Sheryl (eds.): „Wicked“ women and the reconfiguration of gender, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 234-251. [1731]

Okeke, Philomena (2004): Negotiating power and privilege: Igbo career women in Contemporary Nigeria, Ohio University Press, Athens. [1732]

Okojie, Christina (1984): Female migrants in the urban labour market: Benin City, Nigeria, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 3, pp. 547-562. [1733]

Okonkwo, I.C. (1994): Integrating women into the Nigerian economic mainstream: The case of entrepreneurship education, in: Journal of Education and Social Change, vol. 7, no. 4-5, pp. 78-90. [1735]

Okpala, Amon (1989): Female employment and family size among urban Nigeria women, in: Journal of Developing Areas, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 439-456. [1734]

Olojede, Iyabo (1994): Women's access to the Nigerian higher civil service: Problems and prospects, in: African Administrative Studies, vol. 43, pp. 1-13. [1736]

Olukoshi, Adebayo / Olukoshi, Hussainatu (1995): Structural adjustment and female wage labor in the Nigerian textile industry, in: Thomas-Emeagwali, Gloria (ed.): Women pay the price: Structural adjustment in Africa and the Caribbean, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 39-51. (and published in: Structural adjustment and female wage labour in the Nigerian textile industry, in: Zeitschrift für Afrikastudien, Nr. 4, 1989, pp. 25-36.) [1737]

Omar, O. / Ogenyi, V. (2004): A qualitative evaluation of women as managers in the Nigerian civil service, in: International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 17, pp. 360-373. [1738]

Omorodion, Francisca (2004): The impact of petroleum refinery on the economic livelihoods of women in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, in: Jenda: A Journal of Culture and African Women Studies, vol.6. [1739]

Onyejekwe, Chineze (2005): Influences of global human trafficking issues on Nigeria, A gender perspective, in: Journal of International Women’s Studies, vol. 7, pp. 141-151. [1741]

Onyeonoru, Ifeanyi (2004): Pull factors in the political economy of international commercial sex work in Nigeria, in: African Sociological Review, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 115-135. [1740]

Osirim, Mary (1992): Gender and entrepreneurship: Issues of capital and technology in Nigerian firms, in: Ahere, A. / Katz, Bernhard (eds.): Privatization and investment in Sub-Saharan Africa, Routledge Publications, New York, pp. 213-248. [1742]

Osirim, Mary (1996): The dynamics of modern development, Structural adjustment and women microentrepreneurs in Nigeria and Zimbabwe, in: Turpin, Jennifer (ed.): The gendered new world order, Routledge Publishers, London, pp. 127-146. [1743]

Osiruemu, Edith (2004): Women in the trade union movement in Nigeria, The constraints, in: Jenda, vol. 6. [1744]

Parpart, Jane (1990): Wage earning women and the double day: The Nigerian case, in: Stichter, Sharon / Parpart, Jane L. (eds.): Women, employment and the family in the international division of labour, Macmillan Publishers, Basingstoke, pp. 161-182. [1745]

Pittin, Rene (1984): Gender and class in a Nigerian industrial setting, in: Review of African Political Economy, no. 31, pp. 67-83. [1746]

Pittin, Rene (1987): Documentation of women’s work in Nigeria: Problems and solutions, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa: Policy related studies on work and demographic issues, Heinemann Publishers, Portsmouth, pp. 25-44. [1747]

Pittin, Rene (1991): Women, work and ideology in Nigeria, in: Review of African Political Economy, no. 52, pp. 38-52. [1748]

Pittin, Rene (2003): Women and work in Northern Africa, Transcending boundaries, Palgrave Publications, London. [1749]

Rouse-Amadi, Hilary (1994): Servicing mankind: Women and domestic labour in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, in: Turner, Terisa (ed.): Arise y mighty people! Gender, class and race in popular struggle, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 161-177. [1750]

Seibel, H.R. (1969): Die Afrikanerin in Beruf und Familie, Eine Untersuchung bei nigerianischen Industriearbeiterinnen, Freiburg. [1751]

Werthmann, Katja (1998): Handel, Handwerk, Herumsitzen, Arbeit und Statusproduktion bei muslimischen Frauen in Nord-Nigeria, in: Schmidt, Heike / Wirz, Albert (Hg.): Afrika und das Andere, Alterität und Innovation, Lit-Verlag, Hamburg, pp. 94-102. [1752]

Willer, Heidi (1995): Women industrialists - A potential for economic development in Nigeria, in: Reh, Mechthild / Ludwar-Ene, Gudrun (eds.): Gender and identity in Africa, Lit-Verlag, Hamburg, pp. 99-134. [1753]

Zdunnek, Gabriele (1988): Strukturanpassung - ein Ausweg aus der Krise? Auswirkungen der Strukturanpassungspolitik auf die Situation von Frauen in nigerianischen Städten, in: Beiträge zur feministischen Theorie und Praxis, Heft 23, pp. 65-75. [1754]

Zdunnek, Gabriele (1990): Tendenzen struktureller Veränderungen im informellen Sektor am Beispiel von Frauenarbeitsbereichen in Ibadan (Nigeria), in: Boehm, Ulrich / Kappek, Robert (Hg.): Kleinbetriebe des informellen Sektors und Ausbildung im subsaharischen Afrika, Arbeiten aus dem Institut für Afrika-Kunde, Hamburg, pp. 55-68. [1755]

Zdunnek, Gabriele (1995): Research on gender relations with reference to Ghana and Nigeria, in: Reh, Mechthild / Ludwar-Ene, Gudrun (eds.): Gender and identity in Africa, Lit-Verlag, Hamburg, pp. 135-151. [1756]

Zdunnek, Gabriele (1997): Strukturanpassung und geschlechtsspezifische Differenzierungen am Beispiel Nigerias und Ghanas, in: Braig, Marianne (Hg.): Begegnungen und Einmischungen, Akademischer Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 147-164. [1757]


Rwanda

Nsanzimana, Bernard / Nkundibiza, Aline Providence / Mwanbangwe, Patricie (2020): Promoting gender equality in the Rwandan ASM, Efforts and obstacles, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 119-138 [11646]


Senegal

Guérien, Isabelle (2006): Women and money, Lessons from Senegal, in: Development and Change, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 549-570. [1758]


Sierra Leone

Ibrahim, Aisha Fofona / Rutherford, Blair / Buss, Doris (2020): Gendered “choices” in Sierra Leone, Women in artisanal mining in Tonkolili District, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 157-176. [11644]


Somalia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


South Africa

Ahwireng-Obeng, Fred (1993): Gender, entrepreneurship and socioeconomic reparation in South Africa, in: Review of Black Political Economy, vol. 22, pp. 151-165. [1766]

Bank, Leslie (1994): Angry men and working women: Gender, violence and economic change in Qwaqwa in the 1980s, in: African Studies, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 89-114. [1767]

Banson, C. et al. (eds.) (1994): Gender equality in the workplace, Juta Press, Cape Town. [1768]

Beall, Jo (1990): Women and indentured labour in colonial Natal, 1860-1911, in: Walker, Cherryl (ed.): Women and gender in Southern Africa to 1945, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 146-167. [1769]

Bendix, Willy / Morrison, Ann (1988): The role of women in the workplace: Some important trends and issues, in: Industrial Relations of South Africa, vol. 8, pp. 31-55. [1770]

Berger, Iris (1986): Sources of class consciousness: South African women in recent labour struggles, in: Robertson, Claire / Berger, Iris (eds.): Class and gender in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 216-236. (and in International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 49-66.) [1771]

Berger, Iris (1987): Solidarity fragmented: Garment workers of the Transvaal, 1930-1960, in: Marks, Shula / Trapido, Stanley (eds.): The politics of race, class and nationalism in 20th century South Africa, Longman Publishers, Burnt Mill, Harlow, pp. 124-155. [1772]

Berger, Iris (1989): Gender and working class history - South Africa in comparative perspective, in: Journal of Women’s History, vol.1, no. 2, pp. 205-222. [1773]

Bird, Adrienne (1985): Organising women workers in South Africa, in: South African Labour Bulletin, vol. 10, no. 8, pp.76-91. [1774]

Bozzoli, Belinda (1991): The meaning of informal work: Some women’s stories, in: Rogerson, Christian / Preston-Whyte, Eleanor (eds.): South Africa’s informal economy, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, pp. 15-33. [1775]

Brener, Loren / Pauw, Ilse (1998): Sex work on the streets of Cape Town, in: Crime and Conflict, no. 13, pp. 25-28. [1776]

Brink, Elsabé (1987): ‘Maar ‘n klomp ‘factory’ meide: Afrikaner family and community on the Witwatersrand during the 1920s, in: Bozzoli, Belinda (ed.): Class, community and conflict - South African perspectives, Ravan Press, Johannesburg, pp. 177-201. [1777]

Brink, Elsabé (1989): Purposeful plays, prose and poems: The writings of the garment workers, 1929-1945, in: Clayton, Cherry (ed.): Women and writing in South Africa, Heinemann Publishers, Marshalltown, pp. 107-128. [1778]

Casale, Daniela / Dorrit, Posel (2002): The continued feminisation of the labour force in South Africa, An analysis of recent data and trends, in: South African Journal of Economics, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 156-184. [1779]

Cock, Jacklyn (1981): Disposable nannies: Domestic servants in the political economy of South Africa, in: Review of African Political Economy, no. 21, pp. 63-83. [1780]

Cock, Jacklyn (1988): Trapped workers: The case of domestic servants in South Africa, in: Stichter, Sharon / Parpart, Jane (eds.): Patriarchy and class: African women in the home and the workforce, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 205-219. (and in: Women’s Studies International Forum, 10, 2, pp. 133-140). [1781]

Cole, Melissa (1992): ‘Inthuthuko means that we are going forward’, Hearing the voices of domestic workers in South Africa, in: Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, vol. 2, pp. 61-110. [1782]

Datnow, B. (1990): Perceptions of, and attitudes towards, the employment and advancement of women in the legal and advertising professions in the Cape Peninsula, in: South African Journal of Labour Relations, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 43-66. [1783]

De Haas, Mary (1991): Of joints and jollers, Culture and class in Natal shebeens, in: Preston-Whyte, Eleanor M. / Rogerson, C. (eds.): South Africa's informal economy, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, pp. 101-114. [1785]

Delport, Elize (1992): The legal position of domestic workers: A comparative perspective, in: The Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 181-207. [1786]

Delport, Elize (1994): Domestic workers, Light at the end of the tunnel, in: Lessing, Margaret (ed.): South African women today, Maskew Miller Longman Publishers, Cape Town, pp. 173-180. [1787]

Dlamini, Armstrong (2004): 'Threads of solidarity' revisited, Gender forums as important sites for contesting gender inequality, in: Transformation, no. 55, pp. 96-112. [1784]

Erasmus, Barney (1997): Women power, Aspects of work life, in: Agenda, no. 35, pp. 35-44. [1788]

Erwee, Ronel (1994): South African women: Changing career patterns, in: Adler, Nancy / Izraeli, Dafna (eds.): Competitive frontiers, Women managers in the global economy, Blackwell Publishers, Cambridge, pp. 325-342. [1789]

Fairhurst, U. Joan / Phalatse, Moserwa R. (1999): Industrial decentralization impacts on women as employees, The case of Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa, in: GeoJournal, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 237-244. [1791]

Fairhurst, U.J. / Hattingh, P.S. (1993): Leisure in the daily lives of South African economically active single mothers, in: Geo Journal, vol. 30, no. 1, pp.79-84. [1790]

Field, Sean (1991): “Sy is die Baas van die huis”: Women’s position in the coloured working class family, in: Agenda, no. 9, pp. 60-70. [1793]

Freund, Bill (1991): Indian women and the changing character of the Indian working class household in Natal, 1860-1990, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 414-429. [1794]

Friedman, Michelle / Hambridge, Maria (1991): The informal sector, gender and development, in: Rogerson, Christian / Preston-Whyte, Eleanor (eds.): South Africa’s informal economy, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, pp. 161-180. [1792]

Friedman, Michelle / Hambridge, Maria (1991): The informal sector, gender and development, in: Rogerson, Christian / Preston-Whyte, Eleanor (eds.): South Africa’s informal economy, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, pp. 161-180. [1795]

Gaitskell, Deborah / Kimble, Judy / Maconachie, Moira / Unterhalter, Elaine (1984): Class, race and gender: Domestic workers in South Africa, in: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 27/28, pp. 86-108. [1796]

Gear, Sasha (1998): Sex work a new dispensation? in: South African Labour Bulletin, vol. 22, pp.53-58. [1797]

Gordon, Adele (1993): Behind the barriers, Women, work and education on peri-urban smallholdings, in: Agenda, no. 18, pp. 28-40. [1798]

Grant, Brenda (1997): Domestic workers – Employees or servants? in: Agenda, no. 34, pp. 61-65. [1799]

Grun, Carola (2005): Direct and indirect gender discrimination in the South African labour market, in: International Journal of Manpower, vol. 25, no. 3-4, pp. 321-342. [1800]

Guma, Lindiwe (1990): Women: Wage labour and national liberation, in: Cohen, Robin / Muthien, Yvonne / Zegeye, Abebe (eds.): Repression and resistance, Insider accounts of apartheid, Hans Zell Publishers, London, pp. 272-284. [1801]

Hart, C.P. / Parnell, S.M. (1989): Church, state and the shelter of white working-class women in Johannesburg prior to world war two, in: South African Geographical Journal, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 25-31. [1802]

Hochfeld, Tessa (2008): ‘Influencing … it is our role, it is our duty’, How social workers unintentionally reinforce conservative ideas of the family, in: Agenda, no. 76, pp. 92-103. [1803]

Human, L. / Greenacre, M. (1987): Labour market discrimination in the manufacturing sector: The impact of race, gender, education and age on income, in: South African Journal of Economics, vol. 55, no. 2, pp.150-164. [1807]

Human, Linda (1993): The development of black and female managers in South Africa, Why many affirmative action programmes fail, in: Management Education and Development, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 153-186. [1804]

Human, Linda (1993): Women in the workplace, A programme to counteract gender discrimination at work, in: Adams, C. (ed.): Affirmative action in a democratic South Africa, Juta and Co, Cape Town, pp. 77-88. [1805]

Human, Linda / Allie, Fatima (1988): Attitudes of white English-speaking male managers to the advancement of women in business, in: South African Journal of Labour Relations, vol. 12, no. 2, pp.38-50. [1806]

Hyslop, Jonathan (1995): White working-class women and the inventions of apartheid: Purified Afrikaner nationalist agitation against „mixed marriages“, 1934-1939, in: Journal of African History, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 57-82. [1808]

Hyslop, Jonathan (1995): Incident at Ziman brothers, The politics of gender and race in a Pretoria factory, 1934, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 509-526. [1809]

Jaffee, Georgina (1987): Women in trade unions and in the community, in: Moss, G. / Obery, I. (eds.): South African Review, 4, Ravan Press, Johannesburg, pp. 75-92. [1810]

Jaffee, Georgina / Caine, Collette (1988): The Incorporation of African women into the industrial workforce, Its implications for the women's question in South Africa, in: Suckling, J. / White, L. (eds.): After apartheid, Renewal of the South African economy, James Currey, London, pp. 90-108. [1811]

Kenny, Bridget (2008): Servicing modernity, White women shop workers on the Rand and changing gendered respectability, 1940-1970, in: African Studies, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 365-396. [1812]

Kisting, Sophia (1997): Health and safety, Challenges and opportunities for women workers, in: South African Labour Bulletin, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 20-24. [1813]

Klugman, Barbara (1985): Women workers in the unions, in: South African Labour Bulletin, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 13-36. [1814]

Lawson, Lesley (1986): Working women in South Africa, A portrait of South Africa's women workers, Dec Book Distribution/Pluto, Toronto/London. [1815]

Lawson, Lesley (ed.) (1992): No turning back, Fighting for gender equality in the unions, Lacom Publications, Johannesburg. [1816]

Le Roux, Rochelle / Orleyn, Thandi / Rycroft, Alan (2005): Sexual harassment in the workplace, Law, policies and processes, Butterworths, Durban. [1819]

Le Roux, Tessa (1999): ‘Home is where the children are’, A qualitative study of migratory domestic workers in Mmotla village, South Africa, in: Momsen, Janet H. (ed.): Gender, migration, and domestic service, Routledge London/New York. [1820]

Le Roux, Wessel (2003): Sex work, the right to occupational freedom and the constitutional politics of recognition, in: South African Law Journal, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 452-465. [1821]

Leggett, Ted (1998): The least formal sector, Women in sex work, in: Crime and Conflict, vol. 13, pp. 21-24. [1817]

Leggett, Ted (1999): Poverty and sex work in Durban, South Africa, in: Society in Transition, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 157-167. [1818]

Makgetla, Vea Siedman (1995): Women and the economy, in: Agenda, no. 24, pp.7-20. [1823]

Maree, Gert (2003): You strike for a woman, you strike a rock! Paradox in worker performances and women's rights, in: Anthropology Southern Africa, vol. 26, no. 3/4, pp. 150-158. [1822]

Matsepe, Ivy F. (1990): A century of servitude, Black women's labour in South Africa, Zed Books, London/Atlantic Highlands. [1824]

Mawbey, John (1976): Afrikaner women of the garment worker union during the ‘thirties and ‘forties, in: South African Labour Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 33-50. [1825]

May, Julian / Rankin, Sheldon (1990): The spatial and gender differentiation of KwaZulu: Black labour force, in: Agenda, no. 6, pp.76-95. [1826]

Meer, Fatima (ed.) (1984): Factory and family: The divided lives of South Africa’s women workers, Publications of the Institute of Social and Economic Research, Durban. [1827]

Meer, Fatima (ed.) (1990): Black – women – worker, Madiba Publications, Durban. [1828]

Nyman, Roseline (1996): Labour reform: Addressing women’s needs? in: Agenda, no. 31, pp. 6-17. [1829]

Orr, Lisel / Daphne, Jeremy / Horton, Claire (1997): COSATU Congress, Did women reject the quota, in: Agenda, no. 35, pp. 24-29. [1831]

O’Regan, Catherine (1994): Equality at work and the limits of the law, Symmetry and individualism in anti-discrimination legislation, in: Bennett, T.W. / Murray, Christina et al. (eds.): Gender and the new South Africa legal order, Juta Press, Cape Town, pp. 64-83. [1830]

Peberdy, C.N. (1994): The food industry and professional women, in: Lessing, Margaret (ed.): South African women today, Maskew Miller Longman Publishers, Cape Town, pp. 229-238. [1832]

Petzer, Shane / Issacs, Gordon (1998): SWAET, The development and implementation of a sex workers advocacy and intervention program in post-apartheid South Africa (with special reference to the Western City of Cape Town), in: Kempadoo, Kamala / Doezema, Jo (eds.): Global sex workers, Rights, resistance, and redefinition, Routledge Publishers, London, pp. 192-197. [1833]

Posel, Dori / Todes, Alison (1995): The shift to female labour in Kwazulu/Natal, in: South African Journal of Economics, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 225-246. [1834]

Potter, D.M. (1986): Women at work, A review of staff pension schemes in the South African labour market, in: Industrial Relations Journal of South Africa, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 22-31. [1835]

Prekel, Truida (1986): The role of black women in the economy, in: Smollan, Roy (ed.): Black achievement in the South African economy, Macmillan, Basingstoke/Johannesburg, pp. 31-51. [1836]

Preston-Whyte, Eleanor (1976): Race attitudes and behaviour: The case of domestic employment in white South African homes, in: African Studies, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 71-89. [1837]

Preston-Whyte, Eleanor (1991): ‘Invisible workers’: Domestic service and the informal economy, in: Rogerson, Christian / Preston-Whyte, Eleanor (eds.): South Africa’s informal economy, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, pp. 35-53. [1838]

Preston-Whyte, Eleanor / Nene, Sibongile (1991): Black women and the rural informal sector, in: Rogerson, Christian / Preston-Whyte, Eleanor (eds.): South Africa’s informal economy, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, pp. 229-242. [1839]

Reddi, Managay (1994): Sexual harassment at the workplace, Do we need a new legislation? in: Bennett, T.W. / Murray, Christina et al. (eds.): Gender and the new South Africa legal order, Juta Press, Cape Town, pp. 109-120. [1841]

Redding, Sean (1992): Beer brewing in Umtata: Women, migrant labour, and social control in a rural town, in: Crush, Jonathan / Ambler, Charles (eds.): Liquor and labour in Southern Africa, Ohio University Press, Athens, pp. 235-251. [1840]

Sapire, Hilary (2000): Engendering segregation: ‘Black women’s work’ in the urban American South and South Africa in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, in: South African Historical Journal, vol. 43, pp. 39-80. [1842]

Shear, Keith (1996): „No welfare or uplift work“: Whiter women, masculinity and policing in South Africa, in: Gender and History, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 393-415. [1844]

Shefer, Tammy (1984): “The hand that rocks the cradle, the hand that threads the needle”, A study of coloured women in the clothing industry in Cape Town, in: Bloch, Graeme / Kaplan, Dave (eds.): Housing, hostels, women garment workers in the Western Cape and the South African Peace Council, 1951-1956, South African Research Papers, Department of Economic History, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, pp. 37-77. [1845]

Shefer, Tammy (1991): The gender agenda, women’s struggle in the trade union movement, Conference on women and gender in Southern Africa 30.1.-2.2.1991, paper no. 19, unpublished paper, University of Natal, Durban. [1846]

Shefer, Tammy (1991): COSATU Women’s Forums: Separate to get strong, in: Agenda, no. 9, pp. 53-59. [1847]

Skinner, Caroline / Valodia, Imraan (2003): Local government support for women in the informal economy in Durban, South Africa, in: International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society, vol.16, no.3, pp. 431-444. [1843]

Taylor, Viviene (1997): Economic gender injustice: The macro picture, in: Agenda, no. 33, pp. 9-15. [1848]

Taylor, Viviene (2001): Globalisation, the disappearing state and poor women, A view from the south, in: Agenda, no.48, pp. 51-60. [1849]

Valodia, Imraan (1996): Work, in: Budlender, Debbie (ed.): The women’s budget, Idasa Publications, Cape Town, pp. 53-96. [1850]

Van Kotze, Astrid (1988): Women workers and the struggle for cultural transformations, in: Agenda, no. 3, pp. 49-61. [1851]

Verhoef, Grietjie (1996): The role of women in the South African economy South African, in: Journal of Economics, vol. 64, no.3, pp. 216-234. [1852]

Verhoef, Grietjie (2002): Stokvels and economic empowerment, The case of African women in South Africa, c.1930-1998, in: Lemire, Beverly / Pearson, Ruth / Campbell, Gail G. (eds.): Women and credit, Researching the past, refiguring the future, Berg, Oxford, pp. 91-116. [1853]

Viljoen, Sylvia (1992): Harassment of women in the workplace, in: Schurink, W.J. / Snyman, Ina / Krugel, W.F. (eds.): Victimization: Nature and trends, Human Science Research Council Publications, Pretoria, pp. 273-300. [1854]

Vincent, Louise (2000): Bread and honour, White working class women and Afrikaner nationalism in the 1930s, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 61-78. [1855]

Westmore, Jean / Townsend, Pat (1976): The African women workers in the textile industry in Durban, in: South African Labour Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 18-32. [1856]

Wright, John (1981): Control of women’s labour in the Zulu kingdom, in: Peires, J.B. (ed.): Before and after Shaka, Papers in Nguni history, Grahamstown. [1857]

Yamauchi, F. / Buthelezi, T. / Velia, M. (2006): Gender, labour, and prime-age adult mortality, Evidence from South Africa, FCND Discussion Paper 208, IFPRI, Washington D.C. [1858]

Yawitch, Joanne (1983): Research report: The incorporation of African women into wage labour, 1950-1980, South African Labour Bulletin, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 82-93. [1859]


South Sudan

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Sudan

Rössler, A. (1987): Rolle und Selbstverständnis berufstätiger Frauen im Nordsudan, Ihre Auswirkungen auf die traditionelle Familienstruktur, in: Afrika Spektrum, Nr. 22, 1, pp. 79-91. [1860]


Swaziland / Eswatini

Biswalo, Peles / Baartjes, Zodwa (2001): Women’s need for credit in order to participate in income generation activities, Swaziland case study, in: Adult Education and Development, vol. 27, pp. 89-105. [1759]

Harris, Betty (1993): Political economy of the Southern African peripherie, Cottage industries, factories, and female wage labour in Swaziland compared, St. Martin Press, New York. [1760]

Harris, Betty (1997): Swazi women workers in the cottage industies and factories, in: Mikell, Gwendolon (ed.): African feminism: the politics of survival in Sub-Saharan Africa, Philadelphia, pp. 127-141. [1761]

Keregero, Keregero J.B. (2000): Status and upward mobility of female agricultural professionals in Swaziland, in: Review of Southern African Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 42-63. [1762]

Miles, Miranda (1996): For the sake of the children: Coping strategies of women in Swaziland’s domestic service sector, in: Geo Journal, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 81-88. [1763]

Miles, Miranda (1998): Housing and domestic work in women’s coping strategies, Evidence from Swaziland, in: Larsson, Anita (ed.): Changing gender relations in Southern Africa, Issues of urban life, Publications of the Institute of Southern African Studies, Roma, pp. 184-205. [1764]

Russell, Mango (1986): High status, low pay: Anomalies in the position of women in employment in Swaziland, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 293-307. [1765]


Tanzania

Lange, Siri / Wyndham, Victoria (2021): Gender, regulation, and corporate social responsibility in the extractive sector, The case of Equinor s social investments in Tanzania, in: Women s Studies International Forum, vol. 84, pp. 1-8. [11629]

Swantz, Marja-Liisa (1995): Women entrepreneurs in Tanzania, A path to sustainable livelihoods, in: Development, vol. 1, pp. 55-60. [1861]

Tripp, Aili Mari (1992): The impact of crisis and economic reforms on women in urban Tanzania, in: Beneria, L: / Feldman, S. (eds.): Unequal burden, Economic crisis, persistent poverty and women’s work, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 159-180. [1862]

Tripp, Aili Mari (1994): Deindustrialisation and the growth of women’s economic associations and networks in urban Tanzania, in: Rowbotham, Sheila / Mitter, Swasti (eds.): Dignity and daily bread, New forms of economic organizing among poor women in the Third World and the First, Routledege Publishers, London, pp. 139-157. [1863]


The Congo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Togo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Uganda

Ellis, Amanda / Manuel, Claire (2005): Gender and economic growth in Uganda, Unleasing the power of women, World Bank Publications, Washington D.C. [1864]

Malunga, Jane Seruwagi (1998): Women employeers in the informal sector, Kampala, Uganda, Gender Issues Research Report Series, no. 8, OSSREA, Addis Abeba. [1865]

Namara, Agrippinah (2001): The invisible workers: Paid domestic work in Kampala City, Uganda, Working Paper No. 74, Centre for Basic Research, Kampala. [1866]

Obbo, Christine (1975): Women’s careers in low income areas as indicators of country and town dynamics, in: Parkin, David (ed.): Town and country in Central and Eastern Africa, London, pp. 288-293. [1867]

Sebina-Zziwa, Abby / Kibombo, Richard (2020): Licensing of artisanal mining on private land in Uganda, Social and economic implications for female spouses and women entrepreneurs, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 101-117. [11645]

Snyder, Margaret (2000): Women in African economics, From burning sun to boardroom, Fountain Publishers, Kampala. [1868]


Zambia

Bardouille,Raj (1981): The sexual division of labour in the urban informal sector, the case of some townships in Lusaka, in: African Social Research, 32, pp. 29-53. [1869]

Chauncey, George (1981): The locus of reproduction: Women’s labour in the Zambian Copperbelt, 1927-1953, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 135-164. [1870]

Jules-Rosette, Benetta (1983): Women’s work in the informal sector, A Zambian case study, Women in Development Papers, no. 3, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [1871]

Jules-Rosette, Benetta (1985): Women and technological change in the informal urban economy: A Zambian case study, in: Safir, Marilyn / Medinick, Martha et al. (eds.): Women’s worlds, Praeger Publications, New York, pp. 58-69. [1872]

Lewis, Cindy (2004): Microfinance from the point of view of women with disabilities in Zambia and Zimbabwe, in: Sweetman, Caroline (ed.): Gender, development and diversity, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp. 28-39. [1873]

Parpart, Jane (1985): Working class wives and collective labour action on the Northern Rhodesian Copperbelt, 1926-1964, Working Paper, no. 98, African Studies Centre, Boston University, Boston. [1874]

Schuster, Ilsa (1983): Female white collar workers, A case study of successful developement in Lusaka, Zambia, WID working papers, no. 29, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [1875]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1975): Married women and work: Expectations from an urban case study, in: African Social Research, 20, pp. 777-799. [1876]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1982): Planning productive work for married women in a low-income settlement in Lusaka: The case of a small-scale handicrafts industry, in: African Social Research, vol. 33, pp. 211-223. [1877]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1986): Domestic service in Zambia, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 57-81. [1878]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1986): Household work as a man’s job - Sex and gender in domestic service in Zambia, in: Anthropology Today, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 18-23. [1879]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1987): ‘The work history’, Disaggregating the changing terms of poor women’s entry into Lusaka labour work force, WID working papers, no. 134, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [1880]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1987): Urban women and work, A Zambian case, in: TransAfrica Forum, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 9-24. [1881]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1989): Distant companies - Servants and employers in Zambia, 1900-1985, Cornell University Press, Ithaca. [1882]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1989): The black market and women traders in Lusaka, Zambia, in: Parpart, Jane / Staudt, Kathleen (eds.): Women and the state in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 143-160. [1883]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1990): Body politics: Sexuality, gender and domestic service in Zambia, in: Journal of Women’s History, 2, 1, pp. 120-142. (and published in: Stolen, Kristi Ann / Vaa, Mariken (eds.): Gender and change in developing countries, Oslo 1991, pp.3-25. and published in: Jonson-Odim, Cheryl / Strobel, Margaret (eds.): Expanding the boundaries of women’s history, Essays on women in the Third World, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 3-25.) [1884]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1999): Second hand clothing encounters in Zambia, Global discourses, Western commodities and local histories, in: Fardon, Richard / van Binsbergen, Wim /van Dijk, Rijk (eds.): Modernity on a shoestring, Dimensions of globalizaiton, consumption and development in Africa and beyond, Eidos Publications, Leiden – London, pp. 215-222. [1885]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (2004): Who rules the streets? The politics of vending space in Lusaka, in: Tranberg Hansen, Karen / Vaa, Mariken (eds.): Reconsidering informality, Perspectives from urban Africa, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 62-80. [1886]


Zimbabwe

Gibbon, Peter (1995): Strutural adjustment and the working poor in Zimbabwe, Studies, on labour, women informal sector sector workers and health, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [1887]

Jassai, E.M. / Jirira K.O. (1989): Industrial development in Zimbabwe, The case of women in manufacturing activities, Consultancy reports no. 7, Zimbabwe Institute of Development Studies, Harare. [1888]

Kanji, Nazneen / Jazdowska, Niki (1994): Structural adjustment and women in Zimbabwe. In: Review of African Political Economy, no. 56, pp. 11-26. [1889]

Kanji, Nazneen / Jazdowska, Niki (1995): Gender, structural adjustment and employment in urban Zimbabwe, in: Third World Planning Review, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 133- 152. [1890]

Lewis, Cindy (2004): Microfinance from the point of view of women with disabilities in Zambia and Zimbabwe, in: Sweetman, Caroline (ed.): Gender, development and diversity, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp. 28-39. [1891]

Muller, Helen (1994): The legacy and opportunities for women managers in Zimbabwe, in: Adler, Nancy / Izraeli, Dafna (eds.): Competitive frontiers, Women managers in a global economy, Blackwell Publishers, Cambridge, pp. 359-373. [11874]

Osrim, Mary Johnson (1994): Women, work, and public policy: Structural adjustment and the informal sector in Zimbabwe, in: Kalipeni, Ezekiel (ed.): Population growth and environmental degradation in Southern Africa, Boulder, pp. 61-84. [1892]

Osrim, Mary Johnson (1996): The dynamics of modern development, Structural adjustment and women microentrepreneurs in Nigeria and Zimbabwe, in: Turpin, Jennifer (ed.): The gendered new world order, Routledge Publishers, London, pp. 127-146. [1893]

Osrim, Mary Johnson (1998): Negotiating identities during adjustment programs, Women micro-entrepreneurs in urban Zimbabwe, in: Spring, Anita / McDade, Barbara (eds.): African entrepreneurship, Theory and reality, University Press of Florida, Gainesville, pp. 277-297. [1894]

Osrim, Mary Johnson (2008): Creatively coping with crisis and globalization, Zimbabwean businesswomen in crocheting and kniting, in. Harley, A. (ed.): Women’s labour in the global economy, Speaking with multiple voices, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, pp. 134-157. [1895]

WLSA - Women and Law in Southern Africa (2021): Strengthening women’s voices in natural resource governance in Zimbabwe, Harare. [11625]

WLSA - Women and Law in Southern Africa (2021): Gender equality in the artisanal and small-scale mining ASM in the SADC region, Harare. [11626]

WLSA – Women and Law in Southern Africa (2019): Putting women at the Centre of Extractivism, A compendium on gender and extractives, Harare. [11627]

Women and Law in Southern Africa (2021): Women in extractive industry in Lesotho, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe, Harare. [11628]

World Bank (1991): The informal sector in Zimbabwe, The role of women, The World Bank, Washington D.C. [11871]

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