Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature on society - women's organisations

Africa OverviewAngolaBenin
BotswanaBurkina FasoBurundi
CameroonCentral African RepublicChad
D.R. Congo / ZaireDjiboutiEquatorial Guinea
EritreaEthiopiaGabon
GambiaGhanaGuinea
Guinea BisseauIvory CoastKenya
LesothoLiberiaMadagascar
MalawiMaliMauritius
MozambiqueNamibiaNiger
NigeriaRwandaSenegal
Sierra LeoneSomaliaSouth Africa
South SudanSudanSwaziland / Eswatini
TanzaniaThe CongoTogo
UgandaZambiaZimbabwe

Africa Overview

Achebe, Nwando / Robertson, Claire (ed.) (2019): Holding the world together, African women in changing perspective, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. [11596]

Adams, Melinda (2006): Regional women’s activism, African women’s networks and the African Union, in: Ferree, Myra Marx / Tripp, Aili Mari (eds.): Global feminism, Transnational women’s activism, organizing and human rights, New York University Press, New York, pp.187-218. [9900]

Alpizar, Lydia et al. (eds.) (2007): Building feminist movements, Global perspectives, Zed Books, London. [9901]

Antrobus, Peggy (2004): The global women’s movement – Origins, issues and strategies, Zed Books, London. [9903]

Apt, Nana Araba / Agyemang-Mensah, Nana / Grieco, Margaret (eds.) (1998): Maintaining the momentum of Beijing, The contributions of African gender NGO’s, Ashagte Publishers, Aldershot. [9902]

Apt, Nana Araba / Agyemang-Mensah, Nana / Grieco, Margaret (eds.) (1998): Maintaining the momentum of Beijing, The contributions of African gender NGO’s, Ashagte Publishers, Aldershot. [9905]

Arndt, Susan (ed.) (2002): Dynamics of African feminism, Africa World Press, Trenton. [9906]

Arnfred, Signe (2004): Gender activism and studies in Africa, CODESRIA Gender Series 3, Dakar. [9904]

Badis, Balghis / Tripp, Aili Marie (2017): Women’s activism in Africa, Struggles for rights and represenatation, Zed Books, London. [9907]

Basu, Amrita (ed.) (1996): Women’s movements in global perspectives, Westview Press, Boulder. [9908]

Gisela Geisler (2004): Women and the remaking of politics in Southern Africa, Negotiating autonomy, Incorporation and representation, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala 2004. [9909]

Hodgson, Dorothy (2002): Women’s rights as human rights, Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF), in: Africa Today, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 3-26. [9910]

Kerr, Joanna / Sprenger, Ellen / Symington Alison (eds.) (2004): The future of women’s rights, Global visions and strategies, Zed Books, London. [9911]

Klein-Hesseling, Ruth (1999): Zivilgesellschaft, Frauenorganisationen und Netzwerke, Universität Bielefeld, Working Paper, No. 320, Bielefeld. [9912]

Lenz, Ilse / Mae, Michiko, Klose, Karin (Hrsg.) (2000): Frauenbewegungen weltweit – Aufbrüche, Kontinuitäten, Veränderungen, Leske u. Budrich Verlag, Opladen. [9913]

Molyneux, Maxine (1998): Analysing women’s movements, in: Jackson, Cecile / Pearson, Ruth (eds.): Feminist visions of development – Gender, analysis and policy, Routledge, London, pp.65-88. [9914]

Nakayi, Rose (2005): The women’s movement in Africa, Creative initiatives and lessons learnt, in: East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights, vol. 11, no. 2, pp.265-300. [9915]

Nelson, Barbara / Chowdhury, Najma (eds.) (1994): Women in politics worldwide, Yale University Press, New Haven / London. [9916]

Nzomo, Maria (1998): Women’s movement and democratic change, in: Villalon, Leonard / Huxtable, Philip (eds.): The African state at a critical jucture, Between disintegration and reonfiguration, Westview Press, Boulder. [9917]

Rosander, Eva Evers (1997): Tranforming female identities, Women’s organisational forms in West Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [9918]

Ruppert, Uta (1998): Demokratisierung oder Modernisierung von Machtlosigkeit? Geschlechterverhältnisse in den Prozessen gesellschaftlicher Transition in Afrika, in: Kreisky, Eva / Sauer, Birgit (eds.): Geschlechterverhältnisse im Kontext politischer Transformation, Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen, pp.491-511. [9919]

Ruppert, Uta (Hg.) (1998): Lokal bewegen – global verhandeln, Internationale Politik und Geschlecht, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt a.M. [9920]

Ruppert, Uta / Jung, Andrea / Schwarzer, Beatrix (Hrsg.) (2010): Beyond the merely feasible, Transnational women’s movements and politics today, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden. [9921]

Schäfer, Rita (1995): Frauenorganisationen und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Traditionelle und moderne Frauenzusammenschlüsse im interethnischen Vergleich, Centaurus Verlag, Pfaffenweiler/Herbholzheim. [9922]

Tripp, Aila Mari (1996): Urban women's movements and political liberalization in East Africa, in: Sheldon, Kathleen (ed.): Courtyards, markets, city streets, Urban women in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.285-308. [9923]

Tripp, Aila Mari (2001): Women’s movements and challenges to neopatrimonial rule, Preliminary observations from Africa, in: Development and Change, vol. 32, no. 1, pp.33-54. [9924]

Tripp, Aila Mari (2003): Women in movements, Transformations in African political landscapes, in: International Feminist Journal of Politics, vol. 5, no. 2, pp.233-255 (and published in: Howell, Jude / Mulligan, Diana (eds.): Gender and civil society, Transcending boundaries, Routledge, New York, pp.78-101.) [9925]

Tripp, Aila Mari (2005): Regional networking as transnational feminism, African experiences, in: Feminist Africa, issue, 4. [9926]

Tripp, Aila Mari (2008): African women’s movements, Changing political landscapes, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [9927]

Van Allen, Judith (2001): Women’s rights movements as a measure of African democracy, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 36, no. 1, pp.39-63. [9928]

Veerman, Nel (1995): Women’s groups in Africa, Panacea or problem? in: Vena Journal, vol. 7, no. 2, pp.2-9. [9929]

Wieringa, pp. (ed.) (1995): Subversive women, Women’s movements in Africa, Asia, Latin-America, and the Carribean, Zed Books, London. [9930]

Wölte, Sonja (2002): Claiming women’s rights and contesting spaces, Women’s movements and the international women’s human rights discourse in Africa, in: Braig, Marianne / Wölte, Sonja (eds.): Common grounds or mutual exclusion? Women’s movements and international perspectives, Zed Books, London, pp.171-188. [9931]


Angola

Organization of Angolan Women (1984): Angolan women building the future, From national liberation to women's emancipation, Zed Books, London. [9932]


Benin

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Botswana

Bauer, Gretchen (2011): Update on the women’s movement in Botswana, Have women stopped talking? in: African Studies Review, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 23-46. [11715]

Leslie, Agnes Ngoma (2006): Social movements and democracy in Africa, The impact of the women’s struggles for equal rights in Botswana, Routledge, London. [9933]

Ntombi Ngwenga, Barbara (2002): Configurations of women-centred organizations in contemporary Botswana, in: Botswana Notes and Records, vol. 34, pp. 91-106. [9934]


Burkina Faso

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Burundi

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Cameroon

Balla, Essomba (1985): Rural women's associations in the Cameroons, in: Muntemba, Shimwaayi (eds.): Rural development and women: Lessons from the field, vol. II, ILO-Studies, Geneva, pp.131-145. [9935]

De Lancey, Marc W. (1987): Women’s cooperative in Cameroon: The cooperative experience of the Northwest and the Southwest Provinces, in: African Studies Review, vol. 30, no. 1, pp.1-18. [9936]

Diduk, Susan (2004): The civility of incivility: Grassroots political activism, Female farmers, and the Cameroon State, in: African Studies Review, vol. 47, no. 2, pp.27-54. [9937]

Hartwig, Elisabeth (1999): Frauenorganisationen und Selbsthilfegruppen: Ein Schritt in die Selbstständigkeit, in: Entwicklung und ländlicher Raum, 2, pp.10-12. [9938]

Hartwig, Elisabeth (2005): Rural African women as subjects of political and social change, A case study of women in Northwestern Cameroon, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [9939]

Hartwig, Elisabeth (2005): Rural African women as subjects of political and social change, A case study of women in Northwestern Cameroon, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [9940]

Jato, M. (1994): Using focus group discussion to explore the role of women's groups (Tontines) in family-planning information dissemination in Yaounde, Cameroon, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 4, no. 1, pp.90-94. [9941]

Schäfer, Rita (1995): Frauenorganisationen und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Traditionelle und moderne Frauenzusammenschlüsse im interethnischen Vergleich, Centaurus Verlag, Pfaffenweiler/Herbholzheim. [9942]

Westermann, Verena (1992): Women’s disturbances - Der Anlu-Aufstand bei den Kom (Kamerun), 1958-1960, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [9943]


Central African Republic

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Chad

no entries to this combination of country and topic


D.R. Congo / Zaire

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Djibouti

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Equatorial Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Eritrea

Cowan, Nicole Ann (1984): Women’s movement in Eritrea, in: Review of African Political Economy, no. 27-38, pp.152-155. [9944]


Ethiopia

Hecht, Elizabeth Dorothea (1993): Die traditionellen Frauenvereine (Afoca) der Harari in Harar und in Addis Abeba, Äthiopien, Reimer Verlag, Berlin. [9945]


Gabon

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Gambia

Brown, A.W. (1988): A women’s cooperative in the Gambia, Sukuta communal garden project, in: Maynoux, L. (ed.): All are not equal, African women in cooperatives, Institute for African Alternatives, London, pp.42-44. [9946]

Cesay-Marenah, Coumba (1982): Women’s cooperative thrift and credit societies: An element of women’s programs in the Gambia, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.289-295. [9947]

Jallow, B. (1988): Women and cooperatives in the Gambia, in: Maynoux, L. (eds.): All are not equal, African women in cooperatives, Publications of the Institute for African Alternatives, London, pp.40-42. [9948]

Jawara, Augusta (1965): The Gambia Women’s Federation, in: Women Today, vol. 6, no. 4, pp.79-81. [9949]

Schäfer, Rita (1995): Frauenorganisationen und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Traditionelle und moderne Frauenzusammenschlüsse im interethnischen Vergleich, Centaurus Verlag, Pfaffenweiler/Herbholzheim. [9950]


Ghana

Bortei-Doku, Ellen / Aryeetey, Ernest (1996): Mobilizing cash for business: Women in rotating susu clubs in Ghana, in: Ardener, Shirley / Burman, Sandra (eds.): Money go rounds, The importance of rotating saving and credit associations for women, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.77-94. [9951]

Clark, Gracia (2002): Market association leaders' strategic use of language and narrative in market disputes and negotiations in Kumasi, Ghana, in: Africa Today, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 43-49. [9952]

Dolphyne, Florence Abena (1987): The Ghana National Council on women and development: An example of concerted action, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa: Policy related studies on work and demographic issues, Heinemann Publications, Portsmouth, pp.213-220. [9953]

Fallon, Kathleen (2010): Democracy and the rise of women’s movements in Sub-Saharan Africa, John Hopkins University Press, New York. [9954]

Woodford-Berger, Prudence (1997): Associating women, Female linkages, collective identities and political ideology in Ghana, in: Rosander, Eva (ed.): Transforming female identities, Women’s organisational forms in West Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp.37-53. [9955]


Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Guinea Bisseau

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ivory Coast

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Kenya

Abwunza, Judith (1995): Silika, To make our lives shine, women’s groups in Maragoli, Kenya, in: Anthropologica, vol. 37, pp.27-48. [9956]

Barrett, Minna (1987): Women’s income generating initiatives in Kenya: Self-report perceptions of the needs and the value of women’s groups, in: African Urban Quarterly, vol. 2, no. 4, pp.435-442. [9957]

Bülow, Dorothee von (1990): Women's organizations and changing gender relations among the Kipsigis of Kenya, Centre for Development Research, Working Paper 90.5, Kopenhagen. [9958]

Chitere, Preston (1988): The women’s movement in Kenya: A historical perspective, 1940-1980, in: Transafrican Journal of History, vol. 17, pp.50-68. [9959]

Feldman, Rayah (1984): Women's groups and women's subordination: An analysis of policies towards rural women in Kenya, in: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 27, pp.67-85. [9960]

House-Midamba, Bessie (1996): Gender, democratisation and associational life in Kenya, in: Africa Today, vol. 43, no. 3, pp.289-306. (and published in: Young, Tom (ed.): Readings in African politics, James Currey, Oxford, 2003). [9961]

Kayongo-Male, Diane (1983): Helping self-help groups to help themselves, Training of leaders in women’s groups, in: Journal of Eastern African Research and Development, vol. 13, pp.88-103. [9964]

Komma, Toru (1984): The women’s self-help association movement among the Kipsigis of Kenya, in: Senri Ethnological Studies, vol. 15, pp.145-196. [9965]

Ludvardy, M.L. (1998): Theorizing past and present women’s organizations in Kenya, in: World Development, vol. 26, no. 9, pp.1749-1761. [9962]

Lutomia, Anna Namatsi / Sanya, Nyandiko Brenda / Rombo, Dorothy Owino (2016): Examining and contextualising Kenya’s Mandeleo ya Wanawake Organisation (MYWO), in: Lange, C. / Nakagawa, S. / Onyx, J. / Schwabenland, C. (eds.): Women’s emancipation and civil society organisations, Challenging or mainstreaming the status quo? Polity Press, Bristol, pp. 321-341. [9963]

Maas, Maria (1986): It is always good to have land, Women’s groups in Kiambu, Kenya, African Studies Centre, Research Report, No. 26, Leiden. [9966]

Maathai, Wangari (1985): Kenya: The Green Belt Movement, in: IFDA Dossier, 49, pp.3-12. [9967]

Maathai, Wangari (1995): Women, information, and the future: The women of Kenya and the Green Belt Movement, in: Brill, Alida (ed.): A rising public voice: Women in politics worldwide, Feminist Press at the City University of New York, New York, pp. 241-250. [9968]

Maathai, Wangari (2003): The Geen Belt Movement, Deep Books, London. [9969]

Malombe, Joyce (1996): Women’s groups and shelter improvement in Kenya, in: Schlyter, Ann (ed.): A place to live, Gender research on housing in Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp.160-169. [9970]

Meyer-Mansor, Dorothee (1985): Frauenselbsthilfegruppen in Kenia, Institut für Afrika-Kunde, Hamburg. [9971]

Michaelson, M. (1994): Wangari Maathai and Kenya’s Green Belt Movement, Exploring the evolution and potentials of consensus movement mobilization, in: Social Problems, vol. 41, pp.540-561. [9972]

Muzaale, Patrick J. / Leonard, David K. (1985): Kenya's Experience with Women's Groups in Agricultural Extension: Strategies for Accelerating Improvements in Food Production and Nutritional Awareness in Africa, in: Agricultural Administration, vol. 19, pp.13-28. [9973]

Nelson, Nici (1996): The Kiambu group: A successful women’s ROSCAs in Mathare Valley, Nairobi (1971-1990), in: Ardener, Shirley / Burman, Sandra (eds.): Money go rounds, The importance of rotating saving and credit associations for women, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.49-70. [9974]

Nzomo, Maria (1998): Kenya, The women’s movement and democratic change, Villalón, Leonardo / Huxtable, Phillip (eds.): The African state at a critical juncture, Between disintegration and reconfiguration, Lynne Rienner Publishers, London, pp.167-184. [9975]

Odame, Helen Hambly (2002): Men in women’s groups, A gender and agency analysis of local institutions, in: Cleaver, Frances (ed.): Masculinities matter! Men, gender and development, Zed Books, London, pp.138-165. [9976]

Odul, Wilhelmina / Kabira, Wanjiku Mukabi (1995): The mother of warriors and her daughters: The women’s movement in Kenya, in: Basu, Amrita (ed.): Women’s movement in global perspective, Boulder, Westview Press, pp.187-208. [9977]

Ouko, Riria J.V.N. (1985): Women’s organizations in Kenya, in: Journal of Eastern African Research, vol. 15, pp.188-197. [9978]

Pala, A.O. / Wallis, M.H. / Reynolds, J.E. (1975): The women’s groups programme in the special rural development programme (SRDP), in: Pala, Achola / Awori, Thelma / Krystall, Abigail (eds.): The participation of women in Kenya society, Kenya Literature Bureau, Nairobi, pp.73-103. [9979]

Qaim, Martin (1999): Frauengruppen in der kenianischen Landwirtschaft, in: Entwicklung und ländlicher Raum, Nr. 2, pp.26-28. [9980]

Roy-Campbell, Makini Zaline (1996): Pan-African women organising for the future, The formation of the Pan African Women’s Liberation Organisation and beyond, in: African Journal of Political Science, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 45-57. [9981]

Saidi, K. (1988): Smallbusiness credit for Samburu women’s groups in Kenya, in: Rural Development in Practice, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 9-10. [9982]

Schäfer, Rita (1995): Frauenorganisationen und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Traditionelle und moderne Frauenzusammenschlüsse im interethnischen Vergleich, Centaurus Verlag, Pfaffenweiler/Herbholzheim. [9983]

Sorensen, Anne (1992): Women's organisations amongst the Kipsigis: Change, variety and different participation, in: Africa, vol. 62, no. 4, pp.547-566. [9984]

Stamp, Patricia (1986): Kikuyu women's self-help groups, Toward an understanding of the relation between sex-gender system and mode of production in Africa, in: Robertson, Claire / Berger, Iris (eds.): Women and class in Africa, Boulder, pp.27-46. [9985]

Staudt, Kathleen A. (1982): The Umoja Federation, The cooptation into a local power structure, in: Western Political Quarterly, 33, 2, pp.278-290. [9986]

Strobel, Margaret (1976): From Lelemama to lobbying: Women’s associations in Mombasa, in: Hafkin, Nancy / Bay, Edna (eds.): Women in Africa, Studies in Social and Economic Change, Stanford. [9987]

Tamale, Sylivia (2006): Taking the beast by its horns, Formal resistance to women’s oppression in Africa, in: Africa Development, vol. 21, no 4, pp. 5-21. [9988]

Tamale, Sylivia (2006): Think globally, act locally, Using international treties for women’s empowerment in East Africa, in: Agenda, no. 50, pp. 97-104. [9989]

Thomas, Barbara (1987): Development through Harambee: Who wins and who looses? Rural self-help projects in Kenya, in: World Development, vol. 15, no. 4, pp.463-481. [9990]

Thomas, Barbara (1988): Household coping strategies for adaptation and change: Participation in Kenyan rural women's associations, in: Africa, vol. 58, no. 4, pp.401-422. [9991]

Tripp, Alili Mari (1996): Urban women's movements and political liberalization in East Africa, in: Sheldon, Kathleen (ed.): Courtyards, markets, city streets, Urban women in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.285-308. [9992]

Tripp, Alili Mari (2001): Women’s movements and challenges to neo-patrimonial rule, Preliminary observations from Africa, in: Development and Change, vol. 32, no. 1, pp.33-54. [9993]

Udvary, Monica (1988): Women’s groups near the coast: Patron clientship in teh development area, in: Brokensha, David / Little, Peter (eds.): Anthropology of development and change in East Africa, Boulder, pp.217-235. [9994]

Udvary, Monica (1990): Bringing home development, The impetus of ideology for women’s groups near the Kenyan coast, in: Brokensha, W. (ed.): Social change and applied anthropology, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.182-196. [9995]

Wachtel, E. (1975): 76 A Farm for One's Own: The Rural Orientation of Women's Group Enterprises in Nakuru, Kenya, in: Rural Africana, no. 29, pp.69-81. [9996]

Wacker, Corinne (1991): Participatory Development Planning for Sustainable Development with Women's Groups in Kenya, in: Rodda, Annabel (ed.): Women and the Environment, Zed Books, London, pp.141-146. [9997]

Wacker, Corinne (1994): Sustainable development through women’s groups, A cultural approach to sustainable development, in: Harcourt, Wendy (ed.): Feminist perspective on sustainable development, Zed Books, London, pp.128-142. [9998]

Wamalwa, Betty (1991): Limits of Women's Groups as a Viable Channel for the Development of Women in Kenya, in: Wallace, Tine / March, Candida (eds.): Changing Perceptions, Writings on Gender and Development, Oxford, pp.245-252. [9999]

Wanyande, Peter (1987): Women’s groups in participatory development: Kenya’s development experience through the use of Harambee, in: Development, Seeds of Change, vol. 2/3, pp.94-102. [10000]

Wanyeki, Muthoni (2005): The African women’s development and communication network (FEMNET), Experiences of feminist organising, in: Feminist Africa, vol. 4, pp.105-115. [10001]

Wanyeki, Muthoni (2009): The African Women’s Development and Communication Network, Pan-African organizing in human rights in: Mutua, Makau (ed.): Human rights NGOs in East Africa, Political and normative tensions, Pennsylvania University Press, Pennsylvania, pp. 233-243. [10002]

Wichterich, Christa (1992): Moral, Markt, Macht - Frauengruppen in Kenia, in: Peripherie, Nr. 47/48, pp.7-21. [10003]

Wipper, Audrey (1973): The Maendeleo ya Wanawake Organization: The cooperation of leadership, in: African Studies Review, 17, 3. [10004]

Wipper, Audrey (1975): The Maendeleo ya wanawake movement in the colonial period: The Canadian connection, Mau Mau, embroidery and agriculture, in: Rural Africana, 21, pp.195-213. [10005]

Wipper, Audrey (1989): Kikuyu women and the Harry Thuku disturbances, Some uniformities of female militancy, in: Africa, 59,. 3, pp.300-337. [10006]


Lesotho

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Liberia

African Women and Peace Support Group (2004): Liberian women peacemakers, Fighting for their right to be seen, heard and counted, Africa World Press, Trenton. [10007]

Association of Female Lawyers of Liberia (1998): Hundreds of victims silently grieving, in: Trushen, M. et al. (ed.): What women do in wartime, Zed Books, London, pp.129-137. [10008]

Buelow, George (1981): Eve’s rib, Association membership and mental health among Kru women, in: Liberian Studies Journal, vol. 9, pp.23-33. [10009]

Fuest, Veronika (2009): Liberian women’s peace movement, Factors of collective action in a war affected country, in: Ellis, Stephen / van Kessel, Inneke (eds.): Movers and shakers, Social movements in Africa, Brill Publishers, Leiden, pp.114-171. [10010]

Massaquoi, Christiana (1988): Women and cooperatives in Liberia, in: Mayoux, Linda (ed.): All are not equal: African women in cooperatives, Institute for African Alternatives, London, pp.47-48. [10011]

Medie, Peace (2013): Fighting gender-based violence, The women’s movement and the enforcement of rape law in Liberia, in: African Affairs, vol. 112, 448, pp. 377-397. [10012]


Madagascar

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Malawi

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Mali

Adams, Alayna / Madhaven, Sangeetha / Simon, Dominique (2002): Women’s social networks and child survival in Mali, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 54, pp.165-178. [10013]

De Jorio, Rosa (2001): Women's organizations, the ideology of kinship, and the state in post-independence Mali, in: Stone, Linda (ed.): New directions in anthropological kinship, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Maryland. [10014]

Mayoux, Linda (1988): Women-only cooperatives: The case of FEDEV in Mali, in: Mayoux, Linda (ed.): All are not equal: African women in cooperatives, Institute for African Alternatives, London, pp. 49-53. [10015]

Modic, Kate (1994): Negotiating power: A study of Ben Ka Di women’s associations in Bamako, Mali, in: Africa Today, vol. 41, no. 2, pp.25-37. [10016]

Sacko Diallo, Velore-Coumba (1991): The effects of modernization processes on women and the counter-strategies implemented by the women's movement in Mali, in: Braunmuhl, Claudia v. (ed.): International Conference, Women in the development process, German Foundation for International Development, Deutsche Stiftung für Entwicklung, Berlin, pp. 92-99. [10017]

Turittin, Jane (1993): Aoua Keita and the Nascent Women’s Movement in the French Soudan, in: African Studies Review, vol. 36, no. 1, pp.59-89. [10018]


Mauritius

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Mozambique

Wischermann, Jörg / Bunk, Bettina et al. (2018): Do associations support authoritarian rule? Evidence from Algeria, Mozambique, and Vietnam, in: Journal of Civil Society, vol. 14, pp. 95-115 [11582]


Namibia

Becker, Heike (1992): Zwischen Parteipolitik und Autonomie, Erfahrungen der namibischen Frauenbewegung, in: Peripherie, Nr. 47/48, pp.49-73. [10019]

Becker, Heike (1995): Namibian women’s movement 1980-1992, Form anti-colonial resistance to reconciliation, IKO-Verlag, Frankfurt. [10020]

Becker, Heike (2001): „We want women to be given an equal chance“, Post independence rural politics in Northern Namibia, in: Meredeth, Sheila / Pillay, Anu / Turshen, Meredeth (eds.): The aftermath, Women in post-conflict transformation, Zed Books, London, pp.225-242. [10021]

Cooper, Allan (1997): State sponsorship of women’s rights and implications for patriarchism in Namibia, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 35, no. 3, pp.469-483. [10022]

Gawanas, Bienas (1993): Legal rights of Namibian women and affirmative action: The eradication of gender inequalities, in: Review of African Political Economy, No. 56, pp.116-123. [10023]

Hubbard, Dianne / Solomon, Colette (1995): Many faces of feminism in Namibia, in: Basu, Amita (ed.): Women’s movement in a global perspective, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.163-186. [10024]

Wanzala, Winnie (1994): Welche Rolle können städtische Frauenorganisationen bei der Emanzipation von Frauen in ländlichen Gebieten spielen? Eine theoretische Untersuchung, in: Peripherie, Nr. 54, pp.75-90. [10025]


Niger

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Nigeria

Abaraonye, Felicia Ihuoma (1997): Gender relations in Ibibio traditional organisations, in: Dialectical Anthropology, vol. 22, pp.205-222. [10026]

Abdullah, Hussaina (1993): Transitional politics and the challenge of gender in Nigeria, in: Review of African Political Economy, no. 56, pp.27-37. [10027]

Abdullah, Hussaina (1995): Wifeism and activism: the Nigerian women’s movement, in: Basu, Amrita (ed.): Women’s movement in global perspective, Boulder, Westview Press, pp.209-225. [10028]

Abdullah, Hussaina (1997): Multiple identities and multiple organizing strategies of female wage workers in Kano’s manufacturing sector, in: Rosander, Eva Evres (ed.): Tranforming female identities, Women`s organisational forms in West Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp.54-68. [10029]

Abdullah, Hussaina (2002): Religious revivalism, human rights activism and the struggle for women's rights in Nigeria, in: Na'im, Abd A.A. (ed.): Cultural transformation and human rights in Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 151-191. [10030]

Abdullah, Hussaina (2007): Women as emergent actors, A survey of new women’s organizations in Nigeria since the 1990s, in: Cole, Catherine / Manuh, Takyiwaa / Miescher, Stephan (eds.): Africa after gender? Indiana Unviersity Press, Bloomington, pp.150-167. [10031]

Aina, O.I. (1993): Mobilizing Nigerian women for national development: The role of the female elites, in: African Economic History, vol. 21, pp.1-20. [10032]

Awe, Bolanle (1977): The Iyaloda in the traditional Yoruba political system, in: Schlegel, Alice (ed.), Sexual Stratification, A cross-cultural view, Columbia University Press, New York, pp.144-160. [10033]

Drewal, Henry John / Drewal, Margaret Thompson (1983): Gelede, Art and female power among the Yoruba, Indiana University Press, Bloomington. [10034]

Ikelegbe, Augustine (2005): Engendering civil society, Oil, women`s groups and resource conflicts in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 43, no. 2, pp.241-270. [10035]

International Alert (2004): Enhancing the capacity of women leaders of community organisations to contribute towards peace building in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, International Alert, London. [10036]

Iweriebor, Ifeyinwa (1998): Carrying the baton: Personal perspectives on the modern women's movement in Nigeria, in: Nnaemeka, Obioma (ed.): Sisterhood, feminisms and power: From Africa to Diaspora, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 297-322. [10037]

Jeffreys, M.D.W. (1956): The Nyama society of Ibibio women, in: African Studies, vol. 15, no. 1, pp.15-28. [10038]

Ladipo, Patricia (1981): Developing women’s cooperatives: An experiment in rural Nigeria, in: Nelson, Nici (ed.): African women in the development process, Routledge Publishers, London, pp.123-136. [10039]

Ladipo, Patricia (1987): Women in a maize storage co-operative in Nigeria, Family planning, credit and technological change, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa: Policy related studies on work and demographic issues, Portsmouth, pp.101-117. [10040]

Lucas, Emma (2001): Social development strategies of a non-governmental grassroots women's organization in Nigeria, in: International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 10, pp.185-193 [10041]

Madunagu, Bene (2008): The Nigerian feminist movement: Lessons from 'Women in Nigeria', in: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 35, no. 118, pp.666-672. [10042]

Nzegwu, Nkiru (1995): Recovering Igbo traditions: A case for indigenous women’s organizations in development, in: Nussbaum, Martin / Glover, Jonathan (eds.): Women, culture and development, Claredon Press, Oxford, pp.444-465. [10043]

Osinulu, Clara / Mba, Nina (eds.) (1998): Nigerian women in politics, 1986-1993, Malthouse Publishers, Lagos/New York. [10044]

Osirim, Mary (1997): Barriers and opportunities, The role of women`s organisations in Nigerian quest of empowerment, in: Siddiqui, Rukhsana (ed.): Subsaharan Africa in the 1990s, Challenges for democracy and development, Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp.158-174. [10045]

Osirim, Mary (1998): Vehicles for change and empowerment, Urban women’s organizations in Nigeria and Zimbabwe, in: Scandinavian Journal of Development Alternatives and Area Studies, vol. 17, no. 2-3, pp.145-164. [10046]

Owoh, Kenna (2004): Democratic development: Gender insights from the grassroots in Nigeria, in: Canadian Journal of Development Studies, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 293-310. [10047]

Schäfer, Rita (1995): Frauenorganisationen und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Traditionelle und moderne Frauenzusammenschlüsse im interethnischen Vergleich, Centaurus Verlag, Pfaffenweiler/Herbholzheim. [10048]

Shawalu, R. (1990): Women’s movement and visions, The Nigerian Labour Congress Women’s Wing, in: Africa Development, vol. 14, no. 3. [10052]

Shebi, Esther (1997): A Nigerian sisterhood in the transformation of female identity, in: Rosander, Eva (ed.): Transforming female identities, Women’s organisational forms in West Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp.123-135. [10049]

Shettima, Kole Ahmed (1983): Women’s movement and visions in Africa development, The Nigeria Labour Congress Women’s Wing, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Male and female in West Africa, George Allen and Unwin, London. (und in: Africa Development, vol. 14, no. 3, 1989, pp.81-98) [10050]

Shettima, Kole Ahmed (1995): Engendering Nigeria’s Third Republic, in: African Studies Review, vol. 38, no. 3, pp.61-98. [10051]

Sudarkasa, Niara (1973): Where women work: A study of Yoruba women in the market place and in the home, University of Michigan Press, East Lansing. [10053]

Tarfa, Sintiki (1999): Why rural technologies fail to meet the needs of Nigerian women, Evidence from Hausa women’s groups in Kano State, Nigeria, in: Afshar, Haleh (ed.): Women, globalisation and fragmentation in the developing world, St. Martin Press, New York, pp.215-225. [10054]

Trager, Lillian (1991): New women’s organizations in Nigeria, one response to structural adjustment, in: Gladwin, Christine (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp.339-358. [10055]

Zdunnek, Gabriele (1987): Marktfrauen in Nigeria, Ökonomie und Politik im Leben der Yoruba-Händlerinnen, Veröffentlichungen aus dem Institut für Afrikakunde, Hamburg. [10056]

Zdunnek, Gabriele (1990): Tendenzen struktureller Veränderungen im informellen Sektor am Beispiel von Frauenarbeitsbereichen in Ibadan (Nigeria), in: Boehm, Ulrich / Kappek, Robert (Hg.): Kleinbetriebe des informellen Sektors und Ausbildung im subsaharischen Afrika, Arbeiten aus dem Institut für Afrika-Kunde, Hamburg, pp.55-68 [10057]


Rwanda

Newbury, Catherine / Baldwin, Hannah (2001): Confronting the aftermath of conflict, Women’s organisations in postgenocide Rwanda, in: Kumar, Krishna (ed.): Women and civil war - Impact, organisations, and action, Lynne Rienner, Boulder, pp.97-128. [10058]


Senegal

Rosander, Eva Evers (1997): Women in groups in Africa, Female assoicational patterns in Senegal and Morocco, in: Chatty, Cawn / Rabo, Annika (eds.): Organizing women, Formal and informal women’s groups in the Middle East, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.101-123. [10059]


Sierra Leone

Bledsoe, Caroline (1984): The political use of Sande ideology an symbolism, in: American Ethnologist, vol. 11, .455-472. [10060]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1990): School girls and school fees among the Mende in Sierra Leone, in: Sanday, P. / Goodenough, R. (eds.): Beyond the second sex, University of Pennesylvania Press, Philadelphia, pp.283-290. [10061]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1995): Marginal members, Children of previous unioins in Mende households in Sierra Leone, in: Grennhalgh, pp. (ed.): Situating fertility, Anthropological and demographic inquiry, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.130-153. [10062]

Day, Lynda (2008): ‘Bottom power’, Theorizing feminism and the women’s movement in Sierra Leone, 1981-2007, in: African and Asian Studies, vol. 7, pp.491-513. [10064]

D’Azvedo, W.L. (1980): Gola Poro and Sande, Primal task in social custodianship, in: Ethnologische Zeitschrift Zürich, 1, pp.13-24. [10063]

Hoffer, Carol (1975): Bundu, Political implications of female solidarity in a secret society, in: Raphael, D. (ed.): Being female, Reproduction, power and change, Mouton, The Hague, pp.155-173. [10065]

Ketkar, S.L. (1978): Female education and fertility, Some evidence from Sierra Leone, in: Journal of Developing Areas, vol. 13, no. 1, pp.23-33. [10066]

MacCormack, Carol (1979): Sande, The public face of a secret society, in. Jules-Rosette, B. (ed.): New religions of Africa, Norwood, Ablex Publishers. [10067]

MacCormack, Carol (1980): Proto social to adult, A Sherbro transformation, in: MacCormack, Carol / Strathern, Marilyn (eds.): Nature, culture and gender, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [10068]

MacCormack, Carol (1997): Health, fertility and birth in Moyamba District, Sierra Leone, in: Harcort, Wendy (ed.) Power, reproduction and gender: Intergenerational transfer of knowledge, Zed Books, London, pp.75-114. [10069]

Richards, J.V.O. (1973): The Sande and some of the forces that inspired its creation or adaptation with some reference to the Poro, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, no. 1-2. [10073]

Richards, J.V.O. (1974): The Sande, A socio-cultural organisation in the Mende community in Sierra Leone, in: Baessler Archiv, vol. 22, no. 2, pp.265-281. [10074]

Schäfer, Rita (1990): Die Sande-Frauengeheimgesellschaft der Mende in Sierra Leone. Ihre Organisation und Masken im zeitlichen, intra- und interethnischen Vergleich. Mundus Reihe Ethnologie, Bd. 36, Holos Verlag, Bonn. [10070]

Schäfer, Rita (1995): Frauenorganisationen und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit - Traditionelle und moderne afrikanische Frauenzusammenschlüsse im interethnischen Vergleich, Centaurus Verlag, Pfaffenweiler. [10071]

Schäfer, Rita (1997): Geschlechterbeziehungen der Mende, Sierra Leone, am Beispiel der Initiation in den Sande- und Poro-Bund, in: Völger, Gisela (Hg.): Frauenmacht und Männerherrschaft - Geschlechterbeziehungen im Kulturvergleich, Materialienbände zur Ausstellung „Frauenmacht und Männerherrschaft“ des Rautenstrauch-Joest-Museums für Völkerkunde, Köln. [10072]

Steady, Filomina Chioma (1978): Protestant women's associations in Freetown, Sierra Leone, in: HAFKIN, Nancy J., BAY, Edna G. (Hg.): Women in Africa, Studies in social and ecnomic change, Stanford, Cal: Stanford University Press, pp. 213-238. [10075]

Steady, Filomina Chioma (2006): Women and collective action in Africa, Development, democratization, and empowerment with special focus on Sierra Leone, Palgrave Macmillan, New York. [10076]


Somalia

Dualah, Raqiya Haji et al. (1983): Women's movements, organisations and strategies in a historical perspective: Somalia case study, ISS Research Project, The Hague. [10077]


South Africa

Bahre, Erik (2007): Money and violence, Financial self-help groups in a South African township, Brill Publishers, Leiden. [10078]

Beinart, William (1987): Amafelandawonye (the Die-hards) - Popular protest and women’s movements in Herschel District in the 1920s, in: Beinart, William / Bundy, Colin (eds.): Hidden struggles in rural South Africa, Politics and popular movements in the Transkei and the Eastern Cape, 1890-1930, Ravan Press, Johannesburg, pp.222-269. [10079]

Bertelsmann, Rhoda (1987): International feminism and the women's movement in South Africa, in: South Africa Outlook, vol. 117, pp. 62-66. [10080]

Braam, Tamara / Webster, Naomi (2000): Mainstreaming violence against women, Tshwaranang’s organisational strategy into the new century, in: Siren News, vol. 8, no. 1, pp.5-42. [10081]

Britton, Hannah (2006): Organising against gender violence in South Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 145-163. [10082]

Britton, Hannah (2020): Ending gender-based violence, Justice and community in South Africa, University of Ilinois, Urbana/Illinois. [10083]

Britton, Hannah / Fish, Jennifer / Meintjes, Sheila (eds.) (2009): Women’s activism in South Africa, Working across divides, University of Kwa Zulu Natal Press, Scottsville. [10084]

Cock, Jacklyn (1997): Women in South Africa’s transition to democracy, in: Scott, Joan / Kaplan, Cora / Kentes, Debra (eds.): Transition, environments, translations – Feminisms in international politics, Routledge, London, pp.310-333. [10085]

Dick, Archie L. (2004): Building a nation of readers? Women's organizations and the politics of reading in South Africa, 1900-1914, in: Historia, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 23-44. [10086]

Edwards, Rita (1997): New Women’s Movement, Pap and bread is not enough, in: Agenda, no. 33, pp.33-35. [10087]

Fester, Gertrude (1997): Women’s organisations in the Western Cape, Vehicles for gender struggle or instruments of subordination? in: Agenda, no. 34, pp.45-61. [10088]

Fester, Gertrude (1998): Closing the gap, Activism and academia in South Africa, Towards a woman’s movement, in: Nnaemeka, Obioma (ed.): Sisterhood, feminism, and power, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp.215-237. [10089]

Fester, Gertrude (2000): Women writing for their rights, in: Agenda, no. 46, pp.42-47. [10090]

Fester, Gertrude (2000): Despite diversity, Women’s unity in the Western Cape, in: Ali, Suki / Coates, Kelly / Goro, wa Wangui (eds.): Anthias, F. / Yuval-Davies, N. (eds.): Women-Nation-State, MacMillan, Houndsmills, Basingstoke, pp.58-79. [10091]

Fester, Gertrude (2005): Merely mothers perpetuating patriarchy? Women’s grassroots organizations in the Western Cape 1980-1990, in: Gouws, Amanda (ed.): (Un)thinking citizenship, Feminist debates in contemporary South Africa, Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, pp.199-219. [10092]

Gaitskell, Deborah (1997): Power in prayer and service, Women’s christian organisations, in: Elphick, Richard / Davenport, Rodney (eds.): Christianity in South Africa, A political, social and cultural history, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp.253-267. [10093]

Gerloff, Roswitha (2003): Mission and empowerment in the Women’s Manyano movement of Southern Africa, in: Gerloff, Roswith (ed.): Mission is crossing frontiers, Clusters Publications, Pietermaritzburg, pp.117-134. [10094]

Gouws, Amanda (2008): Changing women’s exclusion from politics, Examples from Southern Africa, in: African and Asian Studies, vol. 7, pp.537-563. [10095]

Haddad, Beverly (2004): The manyano movement in South Africa, Site of struggle, survival and resistance, in: Agenda, no. 61, pp.4-13. [10096]

Hassim, Shireen (2002): ‘A conspiracy of women’, The women's movement in South Africa's transition to democracy, in Social Research, vol. 69, no. 3, pp.693-732. [10097]

Hassim, Shireen (2003): The limits of popular democracy, Women’s organisations, feminism and the UDF, in: Transformation, vol. 51, pp.48-73. [10098]

Hassim, Shireen (2006): Women’s organisations and democracy in South Africa, Contesting authority, KwaZulu Natal Press, Durban. [10099]

Hassim, Shireen / Gouws, Amanda (1998): Redefining the public space: Women’s organisations, gender consciousness and civil society in South Africa, in: Politikon, no. 25/2, pp.53-76. [10100]

Hassim, Shireen / Walker, Cherryl (1993): Women’s studies and the women’s movement in South Africa, Defining a relationship, in: Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 16, no. 5, pp.523-534. [10101]

Higgs, Catherine (2004): Zenzele, African women’s self-help organizations in South Africa, 1927-1998, in: African Studies Review, vol. 47, no. 3, pp.119-141. [10102]

Holland-Muter, Susan (1995): Opening Pandora’s box: Reflections on ‘whiteness’ in the South African’s women’s movement, in: Agenda, no. 25, pp.55-62. [10103]

Kadalie, Ruth (1986): Class and the women’s movement in South Africa: The case of the United Women’s Organisation in: LOVA-Nieuwsbrief, vol. 7, no. 3, pp.6-40. [10104]

Kemp, Amanda / Madlala, Noziwe / Moodley, Asha / Salo, Elaine (1995): The dawn of a new day: Redefining South African feminism, in: Basu, Amrita (ed.): Women’s movements in global perspectives, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.131-162. [10105]

Lawrence, Merlyn (1989): Development of the battered women’s movement in South Africa, in: Response to the Victimization of Women and Children, vol. 12, no. 2, pp.15-18. [10106]

Lemon, Jennifer (2000): Is there a women’s movement in South Africa, in: Siren News, vol. 8, no. 1, pp.66-80. [10107]

Mabandla, Brigitte (1993): Changes in South Africa, Advances for women?, in: Kerr, Joanna (ed.): Ours by right, Women’s rights as human rights, Zed Books, London, pp.19-26. [10108]

Madlala-Routledge, Nozizwe (1997): What price for freedom, Testimony and the Natal Organisation of Women, in: Agenda, no. 34, pp.62-70. [10109]

Meintjes, Sheila (2000): Civil society and the state: The changing nature of women’s organisations in the 1990s, in: Taylor, Viviene / Mager, Ann / Cardoso, Paula (eds.): Critical African perspectives on women and governance, SADEP Publications, Cape Town, pp.38-55. [10110]

Salo, Elaine (2005): Multiple targets, mixing strategies, Complicating feminist analysis of contemporary South African women’s movement, in: Feminist Africa, issue 4, pp.64-71. [10111]

Schäfer, Rita (2001): Frauen-Rechtsorganisationen in Südafrika, Ansätze und Grenzen gesellschaftlicher Transformationsprozesse, in: Afrika Spectrum, Nr. 36, 2, pp.203-222. [10113]

Schäfer, Rita (2003): Geschlechtergleichheit versus Gewalt gegen Frauen in Südafrika – Verfassungsgrundlagen, Erbe der Apartheid und Rechtsrealität, in: Recht in Afrika, 1, pp.53-67. [10114]

Schäfer, Rita (2008): Im Schatten der Apartheid, Frauen-Rechtsorganisationen und geschlechtsspezifische Gewalt in Südafrika, 2. aktualisierte Auflage, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [10115]

Scully, Pamela (2000): White maternity and black infancy, The rhetoric of race in the South African women’s movement, 1895-1930, in: Fletcher, Ian Christopher / Nym, Laura Mayhall / Levine, Philippa (eds.): Women’s suffrage in the British Empire, Citizenship, nation and race, Routledge Publishers, London, pp. 68-84. [10116]

Segel, Tracy / Labe, Dana (1990): Family violence: Wife abuse, in: McKendrick, Brian / Hoffmann, Wilma (eds.): People and violence in South Africa, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, pp.251-287. [10112]

Walker, Cherryl (1979): The women’s suffrage movement in South Africa, communication no. 2, Centre for African Studies, University of Cape Town, Cape Town. (auch veröffentlicht in: Walker, Cherryl (ed.): Women and gender in South Africa to 1945, James Currey, Oxford, 1990, pp.313-345). [10117]

Williams, Suzanne (1991): From „mothers of the nation“ to women in their own right: South African women in the transition to democracy, in: Wallace, Tina / March, Candida (eds): Changing perceptions - Writings on gender and development, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp.118-131. [10118]


South Sudan

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Sudan

Ahmed Ibrahim, Fatima (2002): War in empty rooms and the Sudanese Women’s Union, in: Braig, Marianne / Wölte, Sonja (eds.): Common grounds or mutual exclusion? Women’s movements and international relations, Zed Books, London, pp.1136-144. [10119]

El Bakri, Zeinab B. (1995): The crisis in the Sudanese women's movement, in: Wieringa, Saskia (ed.): Subversive women: Women's movements in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Zed Books, London, pp.199-212. [10120]

El Sanousi, Magda / El Amin, Afisa (1994): The women’s movement, displaced women, and rural women in Sudan, in: Nelson, Barbara / Chowdhury, Najma (eds.): Women in politics worldwide, Yale University Press, New Haven / London, pp.675-689. [10121]

Gruenbaum, Ellen (1982): The movement against clitoridectomy and infibulation in Sudan, Public health policy and women’s movement, in: Brettel, Caroline / Sargent, Carolyn (ed.): Gender in cross-cultural perspective, Prentice Hall Publishers, Eaglewood Cliffs, pp.411-423. (u. in: Medical Anthropology Newsletter 13, 2, 1982, pp.4-12. [10122]

Gruenbaum, Ellen (1991): The Islamic movement, development and health education: Recent changes in the health of rural women in central Sudan, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 33, no. 6, pp.637-645. [10123]

Gruenbaum, Ellen (1993): The movement against clitoridectomy and infibulation in Sudan: Public health policy and the women's movement, in: Brettel, Caroline / Sargent, Carolyn F. (eds.): Gender in cross-cultural perspective, Prentice Hall Publishers, Eaglewood Cliffs, pp.411-423. [10124]

Hilhorst, Dorothea / van Leeuwen, Mathijs (2005): Global peace builders and local conflict, The feminization of peace in Southern Sudan, in: Davids, Tine / van Driel, Francien (eds.): The gender question in globalization, Challenging perspectives and practices, Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, pp.93-120. [10125]

Hilhorst, Dorothea / van Leeuwen, Mathijs (2005): Grounding local peace organisations, A case study of Southern Sudan, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 43, no. 4, pp.537-563. [10126]

Ibrahim, Fatima Ahmed (2002): War in empty rooms and the Sudanese Women’s Union, in: Braig, Marianne / Wölte, Sonja (eds.): Common grounds or mutual exclusion? Women`s movements and international relations, Zed Books, London, pp.1136-144. [10127]

Ismail, Ellen (1993): Frauenbewegung und Islam im Sudan, in: Wuquf, vol. 87-8, pp.523-534. [10128]

Khalid, Tomadur Ahmed (1995): The state and the Sudanese Women’s Union, 1971-1983, A case study, in: Wieringa, Saskia (ed.): Subversive women, Women’s movements in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Carribean, Kali for Women, New Delhi, pp.183-211. [10129]

Klein-Hesseling, Ruth (1998): Muslimische Frauenorganisationen und internationale Frauenpolitik, Working Paper, no. 296, Forschungsschwerpunkt Entwicklungssoziologie, Universität Bielefeld, Bielefeld. [10130]

Klein-Hesseling, Ruth (2001): Muslimische Frauenorganisationen und Geschlechterpolitiken im Nord-Sudan, in: Horstmann , Alexander / Schlee, Günther (Hg.): Integration durch Verschiedenheit, Transcript Verlag, Bielefeld, pp.183-206. [10131]


Swaziland / Eswatini

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Tanzania

Geiger, Susan (1982): Umoja Wa Wanawake Wa Tanzania and the needs of the rural poor, in: African Studies Review, vol. 25, no. 2/3, pp.45-56. [10132]

Geiger, Susan (1998): TANU women: Gender, culture and the making of Tanganyika nationalism, Heinemann Publishers, Oxford. [10133]

Greuter, Susy (1985): Changes of Women's Position and Women's Organization during the UN-Decade of Women 1975-1985, The case of Tanzania, in: Vierteljahresberichte der Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Nr. 101, pp.281-295. [10134]

Mongi, V.J. (1975): Strategies and methods used by UWT as a national women’s organization to involve women in policy and decision-making in Tanzania, in: Pala, Achola / Awori, Thelma / Krystall, Abigail (eds.): The participation of women in Kenya society, Kenya Literature Bureau, Nairobi, pp.220-223. [10135]

Sirowy, Elke (1984): Frauenarbeit, Dienst am Herrn und für die Herren? oder Befreiung auch für Frauen? Kirchliche und staatliche Frauenorganisationen in Tanzania, in: Berninghausen, Jutta / Kerstan, Birgit (Hg.): Die unsichtbare Stärke, Frauenarbeit in der Dritten Welt, Entwicklungsprojekte und Selbsthilfe, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken, pp.185-202. [10136]

Tripp, Alili Mari (1996): Urban women's movements and political liberalization in East Africa, in: Sheldon, Kathleen (ed.): Courtyards, markets, city streets, Urban women in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.285-308. [10137]

Tripp, Alili Mari (1998): Gender, political participation, and the transformation of associational life in Uganda and Tanzania, in: Lewis, Peter (ed.): Africa, Dilemmas of development and change, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.232-257. (and published in: African Studies Review, vol. 37, no. 1, 1994, pp.107-132) [10138]


The Congo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Togo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Uganda

Franz, Andrea (2004): Wie konfliktfähig sind Frauenorganisationen, Zivilgesellschaft und Entwicklungspolitik in Uganda, in: Femina Politica, 2, pp.50-64. [10139]

Goetz, Anne Marie (2003): Problems with patronage, Constraints on women’s political effectiveness in Uganda, in: Goetz, Anne Marie / Hassim, Shireen (eds.): No shortcuts to power, African women in politics and policy making, Zed Books, London, pp.110-139. [10140]

Kasete, Deborah (1998): The gap between gender research and activism in Uganda, in: Nnaemeka, Obioma (ed.): Sisterhood, feminisms and power, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp.184-191. [10141]

Kweseyiga, Joy (2003): The women’s movement in Uganda revisited, Will the twenty-first century create a different stand, in: Uganda Journal, vol. 49, pp.20-40. [10142]

Mbire-Barungi, Barbara (1999): Uganda feminism, Political rhetoric or reality, in: Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 22, no. 4, pp.434-430. [10143]

Pickering, Helen et al. (1996): Women’s groups and individual entrepreneurs: A Ugandan case study, in: Gender and Development, Focus on Gender, vol. 4, no. 3, pp.54-60. [10144]

Tadria, H.M (1973): Uganda women’s organizations: Their contributions towards raising Uganda’s standard of living, in: Afrika Spektrum, 2, pp.217-226. [10146]

Tamale, Sylvia (2009): Law, sexuality, and politics in Uganda, Challenges for women’s human rights NGOs, in: Mutua, Makau (ed.): Human rights NGOs in East Africa, Political and normative tensions, Pennsylvania University Press, Pennsylvania, pp. 51-74.. [10145]

Tripp, Aili Marie (1994): Gender, political participation and the transformation of associational life in Uganda and Tanzania, in: African Studies Review, vol. 37, no. 1, pp.107-132. [10147]

Tripp, Aili Marie (1996): Urban women’s movements and political liberalization in East Africa, in: Sheldon, Kathleen (ed.): Courtyards, markets, city streets, Urban women in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.285-308. [10148]

Tripp, Aili Marie (1998): Local women’s associations and politics in contemorary Uganda, in: Hansen, Bernt Holger / Twaddle, Michael (eds.): Developing Uganda, James Currey, London, pp.120-132. [10149]

Tripp, Aili Marie (1998): Gender, political participation, and the transformation of associational life in Uganda and Tanzania, in: Lewis, Peter (ed.): Africa, Dilemmas of development and change, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.232-257. (and published in: African Studies Review, vol. 37, no. 1, 1994, pp.107-132) [10150]

Tripp, Aili Marie (2000): Women and politics in Uganda, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. [10151]

Tripp, Aili Marie (2001): The politics of autonomy and cooptation in Africa, The case of the Ugandan women’s movement, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 39, no. 1, pp.101-128. [10152]

Tripp, Aili Marie (2001): Women’s mobilization in Uganda, Nonracial ideologies in European-African-Asian encounters, 1945-1962, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 34, no. 2, pp.543-564. [10153]

Tripp, Aili Marie (2001): Women’s movements and challenges to neopatrimonial rule, Preliminary Observations from Africa, in: Development and Change, vol. 32, pp.33-54. [10154]

Tripp, Aili Marie (2001): The new political activism in Africa, in: Journal of Democracy, vol. 12, no. 3, pp.141-155. [10155]

Tripp, Aili Marie (2002): The politics of women’ rights and cultural diversity in Uganda, in: Molyneux, M. / Razavi, pp. (eds.): Gender, justice, democracy and rights, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp.413-440. [10156]

Tripp, Aili Marie (2006): Women’s movements, customary law, and land rights in Africa, The case of Uganda, in: African Studies Quarterly, vol. 8, no. 3, pp.1-12. [10157]

Tripp, Aili Marie / Kwesiga, Joy (2002): The women’s movement in Uganda, History, challenges and prospects, Fountain Publishers, Kampala. [10158]

Van Allen, Judith (2001): Women’s rights movements as a measure of African democracy, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 36, no. 1, pp.39-63. [10159]


Zambia

Touwen, Anne (1990): Socio-economic development of women in Zambia, An analysis of two women’s organisations, Research Reports, no. 42, African Studies Centre, Leiden. [10160]


Zimbabwe

Essof, Shereen (2005): She-murenga, Challenges, opportunities and setbacks of the women`s movement in Zimbabwe, in: Feminist Africa, issue 4. [10161]

Muchena, Olivia (1982): Women’s organizations in Zimbabwe and assessment of their needs, achievements and potential, in: Jorgensen, Kirsten (ed.): Women’s programmes in Zimbabwe, Copenhagen, pp.31-40. [10162]

Osirim, Johnson Mary (1998): Vehicles for change and empowerment, Urban women’s organizations in Nigeria and Zimbabwe, in: Scandinavian Journal of Development Alternatives and Area Studies, vol. 17, no. 2-3, pp.145-164. [10163]

Osirim, Johnson Mary (2001): Making good on commitments to grassroots women, NGOs and empowerment for women in contemporary Zimbabwe, in: Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 24, no. 2, pp.167-180. [10164]

Ranchod-Nilsson, Sita (1992): „Educating Eve“: The women’s club movement and political consciousness among rural African women in Southern Rhodesia, 1950-1980, in: Tranberg Hansen, Karen (ed.): African encounters with domesticity, New Brunswick, pp.195-217. [10165]

Schneider, Gerlind (2002): Haushalte, Netzwerke und Markt, Frauenarbeit für Sicherheit und Gemeinschaft in den Townships von Harare, in: Peripherie, Nr. 85/86, pp.32-57. [10168]

Schäfer, Rita (1999): Frauen-Rechtsorganisationen im südlichen Afrika - das Fallbeispiel Zimbabwe, in: Nord-Süd Aktuell, Jahrgang XIII, Nr. 2, 1999, pp.301-311. [10166]

Schäfer, Rita (2005): Gender und Recht, Innovative Forschungskonzepte im südlichen Afrika, in: Entwicklungsethnologie, Heft 1 und 2, 2005, pp.193-210. [10167]

Sylvester, Christine (1995): ‘Women’ in rural producer groups and the diverse politics of truths in Zimbabwe, in: Marchand, Marianne / Parpart, Jane (eds.): Feminism / Postmodernism / Development, Routledge, London, pp.182-203. [10169]

Win, Everjoice (2004): When sharing female identity is not enough, Coalition building in the midst of political polarisation in Zimbabwe, in: Sweetman, Caroline (ed.): Gender, development and diversity, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, (Gender and Development vol. 12, no. 1), pp.19-27. [10170]

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