Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature on society - migration and urbanisation

Africa OverviewAngolaBenin
BotswanaBurkina FasoBurundi
CameroonCentral African RepublicChad
D.R. Congo / ZaireDjiboutiEquatorial Guinea
EritreaEthiopiaGabon
GambiaGhanaGuinea
Guinea BisseauIvory CoastKenya
LesothoLiberiaMadagascar
MalawiMaliMauritius
MozambiqueNamibiaNiger
NigeriaRwandaSenegal
Sierra LeoneSomaliaSouth Africa
South SudanSudanSwaziland / Eswatini
TanzaniaThe CongoTogo
UgandaZambiaZimbabwe

Africa Overview

Achebe, Nwando / Robertson, Claire (ed.) (2019): Holding the world together, African women in changing perspective, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. [11597]

Benshop, Marjolein (2002): Rights and reality, Are women equal rights to land, housing and property implemented in East Africa? United Nations Settlement Programme, UN-Habitat, Nairobi. [9600]

Brockerhoff, Martin / Hongsook, Eu (1993): Demographic and socio-economic determinants of female rural to urban migration in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: International Migration Review, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 557-577. [9601]

Brydon, Lynne (1987): Who moves? Women and migration in West Africa in the 1980s, in: Eades, Jeremy (eds.): Migrants, workers and social order, Travistock, New York, pp. 165-180. [9602]

Crush, Jonathan /IDASA (2008): Gender, migration and remittances in Southern Africa, Institute for a Democratic Development in Southern Africa (IDASA), Cape Town. [9603]

Grawert, Elke (Hg.) (1994): Wandern oder bleiben? Veränderungen der Lebenssituation von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, München-Hamburg. [9604]

Gugler, Josef (1989): Women stay on the farm no more, Changing patterns of rural-urban migration, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 27, pp. 347-352. [9605]

Gugler, Josef / Ludwar-Ene, Gudrun (1995): Gender and migration in Africa South of the Sahara, in: Baker, Jonathan / Aina Akin Tade (eds.): The migration experience in Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 257-268. [9606]

Indra, Doreen (ed.) (1999): Engendering forced migration, Theory and practice, Berghahn Books, New York. [9607]

Jochelson, Karen (1995): Women, migrancy and morality, A problem of perspectives, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 323-340. [9608]

Larsson, Anita (1991): Governmental housing strategies versus women’s housing strategies in urban Southern Africa, in: Stolen, Kristi Ann (ed.): Gender, culture and power, vol. II, University of Oslo, SUM, Oslo, pp. 160-180. [9609]

Larsson, Anita / Mapetla, Matseliso / Schlyter, Ann (eds.) (1998): Changing gender relations in Southern Africa: Issues of urban life, Institute of Southen African Studies, National University of Lesotho, Roma. [9610]

Larsson, Anita / Mapetla, Matseliso / Schlyter, Ann (eds.) (2003): Gender and urban housing in Southern Africa, Emerging issues, Institute of Southern African Studies, National University of Lesotho, Roma. [9611]

Lefko-Everett, Kate (2007): Voices from the margings, Migrant women’s experiences in Southern Africa, IDASA, Cape Town. [9612]

Little, Kenneth (1973): African women in towns, An aspect of Africa’s social revolution, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [9613]

Mapetla, Matseliso (2005): Aspects of urban housing for women and men in Southern Africa, Institute of Southern African Studies, National University of Lesotho, Roma. [9614]

Mapetla, Matseliso / Schlyter, Ann et al. (eds.) (2005): Gender, generations and urban living conditions in Southern Africa, Institute of Southern African Studies, National University of Lesotho, Roma. [9615]

Matlou, Patrick (1999): Upsetting the cart, Forced migration and gender issues – The African experience, in: Indra, Doreen (ed.): Engendering forced migration, Theory and practice, Berghahn Books, New York, pp. 128-145. [9616]

Ranko, Limakatso (2003): Gender and urban housing in Southern Africa, Bibliography and information sources, GRUPEL, ISAS, Maseru. [9617]

Schlyter, Ann (1996): A place to live, Gender research on housing in Africa, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [9618]

Simone, Abdoumaliqalim (1995): From reproduction to reinvention, Women’s roles in African cities, in: Africa Insight, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 4-14. [9619]

Sithole-Fundire, Sylvia / Zhou, Agnes / Larsson, Anita / Schlyter, Ann (eds.) (1995): Gender research on urbanization, planning, housing and everyday life, ZWRCN Publications, Harare. [9620]

Sudarkasa, Niara (1977): Women and migration in contemporary West Africa, in: Signs, Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 178-189. [9621]

Tabet, P. (1991): I’m the meat, I’m the knife: Sexual service, migration and repression in some African societies, in: Feminist Issues, vol. 4, pp. 3-21. [9622]

Van de Walle, Francine / Van de Walle, Etienne (1993): Urban women's autonomy and natural fertility in the Sahel Region of Africa, in: Federici, Nora / Mason, Karen O. / Sogner, Solvi (eds.): Women's position and demographic Change, in: Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 61-79. [9624]

Wright, Caroline (1995): Gender awareness in migration theory, Synthesizing actor and structure in Southern Africa, in: Develpment and Change, vol. 26, pp. 771-791. [9623]


Angola

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Benin

Mandel, Jennifer (2004): Mobility matters, Women’s livelihood strategies in Porto Novo, Benin, in: Gender, Place and Culture, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 257-287. [9631]


Botswana

Brown, Barbara (1980): Women, migrant labour and social change in Botwana, Working Paper, no. 41, African Studies Centre, Boston University, Boston. [9625]

Brown, Barbara (1983): The impact of male migration on women in Botswana, in: African Affairs, 82, pp. 367-388. [9626]

Cockerton, C.M. (1997): Documenting the exodus, The dimensions and local causes of Bechunaland women’s migration to South Africa, 1920-1966, in: South African Geographical Journal, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 43-51. [9627]

Datta, Kavita (1995): Rural homes and urban dwellings, Gender, migration and the importance of tenure in Gaborone, Botswana, in: International Journal of Population Research, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 183-195. [9628]

Datta, Kavita (1995): Rural homes and urban dwellings, Gender, migration and the importance of tenure in Gaborone, Botswana, in: International Journal of Population Research, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 183-195. [9635]

Datta, Kavita (1996): Women owners, tenants and sharers in Botswana, in: Schlyter, Ann (ed.): A place to live, Gender research on housing in Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 112-126. [9636]

Datta, Kavita (1999): A gendered perspective on formal and informal housing finance in Botswana, in: Datta, Kavita / Jones, Gareth A. (eds.): Housing and finance in developing countries, Routledge, London, pp. 192-212. [9637]

Jones-Dube, Elvyn (1995): Non-metropolitan migration in Botswana with an emphasis on gender, in: Baker, Jonathan / Aina, Tade Akin (ed.): The migration experience in Africa, Nordic Africa Institute Publications, Uppsala, pp. 321-338. [9629]

Kalabamu, Faustin (2001): Housing delivery systems in Botswana, The inadequacy of gender-neutral politics, in: Rwomire, Apollo (ed.): African women and children, Crisis and response, Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp. 205-224. [9638]

Kalabamu, Faustin (2001): Westernisation of gender roles in house construction in Botswana, in: Third World Planning Review, vol. 23, pp. 301-322 [9639]

Kalabamu, Faustin (2005): Changing gender contracts in self-help housing construction in Botswana, The case of Lobatse, in: Habitat International, vol. 29. no. 2, pp. 245-268. [9640]

Kalabamu, Faustin (2006): Gender and generational perceptions on renegotiated customary inheritance in Tlokweng, Botswana, GRUPEL Report, no. 8, Institute of Southern African Studies, Roma/Maseru. [9641]

Musyoki, Agnes (1998): Perceptions on gender and access to housing in Botswana, in: Larsson, Anita (ed.): Changing gender relations in Southern Africa, Issues of urban life, Publications of the Institute of Southern African Studies, Roma, pp. 266-285. [9642]

Townsend, Nicolas (1997): Men, migration and household in Botswana: An exploration of connections over time and space, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 405-420. [9630]


Burkina Faso

David, Rosalind / Yabré, Pauline / Traoré, Colette (1994): „Shouldering the workload, restricted in taking initiatives“, Effects of male out-migration on women’s management of natural resource base in Passoré (Burkina Faso), in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben? Veränderungen der Lebenssituation von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp. 157-189. [9632]

Heuler-Neuhaus, Werner (1994): Mit den Frauen verliert auch die dörfliche Gemeinschaft die Initiative, Gesellschaftliche und ökologische Auswirkungen von Emigration in der Provinz Yatenga (Burkina Faso) in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben? Veränderungen der Lebenssituation von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp. 133-156. [9633]

Oudraogo, Jean-Bernhard (1995): The girls of Nyovuuru, Dagara female labour migration to Bobo-Dioulasso, in: Baker, Jonathan / Aina, Tade Akin (eds.): The migration experience in Africa, Nordic Africa Institute Publications, Uppsala, pp. 303-320. [9634]


Burundi

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Cameroon

Lee, B.S. (1992): The influences of rural-urban migration on migrant’s fertility behaviour in Cameroon, in: International Migration Review, vol. 26, pp. 1416-1446. [9645]

Van Santen, José / Schaafsma, Juliette (2000): Mafa women and migration, in: Knörr, Jacqueline / Meier, Barbara (eds.): Women and migration, Anthropological perspectives, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt a.M, pp. 21-62. [9646]

Zuiderwijk, Adri / Schaafsma, Juliette (1997): Male-outmigration, changing women’s roles and consequences for environmental management, The case of Mafa in Northern Cameroon, in: Bruijn, Miriam de / Halsema, Ineke van / Hombergh, Helen van den (eds.): Gender and land use, Diversity and environmental practices, Thela Publications, Amsterdam, pp. 125-145. [9647]


Central African Republic

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Chad

no entries to this combination of country and topic


D.R. Congo / Zaire

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Djibouti

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Equatorial Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Eritrea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ethiopia

Almedom, Astier (1995): A note on ROSCAs (Rotating Savings and Credit Associations) among Ethiopian women in Addis Ababa and Eritrean women in Oxford, in: Ardener, Shirley / Burman, Sandra (eds.): Money-Go-Rounds: The importance of rotating savings and credit associations for women, Berg Publihsers, Oxford, pp. 71-76. [9651]

Berhanu, Betemariam / White, Michael (2000): War, famine, and female migration in Ethiopia, 1960-1989, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 49 pp. 91-113. [9648]

Bjeren, Gunilla (1985): Migration to Shashemene, Ethnicity, gender and occupation in urban Ethiopia, Nordic Africa Institute Publications, Uppsala. [9649]

Bonsa, Shimelis (2003): The history of Kistane women’s migration to Addis Ababa until 1974, in: Zwede, Bahru (ed.): Land, gender and the periphery, Themes in the history of Eastern and Southern Africa, OSSREA Publications, Addis Ababa, pp. 43-66. [9650]


Gabon

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Gambia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ghana

Amoaka, Esther Ekua / Apusigah, Agnes Atia (2013): Gender, migration and remittances in Ghana, An overview, in: Ghana Journal of Development Studies, vol. 10, no. 1-2, pp. 15-43. [9652]

Amoo-Adare, Epifania (2004): En-gendering critical spatial literacy, Migrant Asante women and the politics of urban space, in: Wagadu: A Transnational Journal of Women's and Gender Studies, vol. 1, no. 1. [9653]

Brydon, Lynne (1992): Ghanaian women in the migration process, in: Chant, Sylvia (ed.): Gender and migration in developing countries, Belhaven Press, London - New York, pp. 91-108. [9654]

Meier, Barbara (2000): Migrant women’s associations in Ghana, The case of the female chief and female chain migration, in: Knörr, Jacqueline / Meier, Barbara (eds.): Women and migration, Anthropological perspectives, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt a.M, pp. 181-196. [9655]

Oppong, Christine / Abu, Katharine (1987): Seven roles of women: impact of education, migration and employment on Ghanaian mothers, ILO-Publications, Geneva. [9656]


Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Guinea Bisseau

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ivory Coast

Antoine, Philippe / Nanitelamio, Jeanne (1992): More single women in African cities: Pikine, Abidjan, and Brazzaville, in: Population Studies, vol. 3, pp. 149-169. [9657]

Ellovich, Risa (1980): Dioula women in town: a view of intra-ethnic variation (Ivory Coast), in: Bourguignon, Erika (ed.): A world of women, Anthropological studies of women in the societies of the world, Praeger Publishers, New York, pp. 87-105. [9658]

Peleikis, Anja (1999): “Ich bin ein Symbol, eine Frau bin ich!” Weibliche Identifikationsmuster in einem ‘globalisierten’ Dorf. Südlibanon und Elfenbeinküste, in: Klein-Hesseling, Ruth / Nökel, Sigrid / Werner, Karin (Hg.): Der neue Islam der Frauen, Weibliche Lebenspraxis in der globalisierten Moderne, Fallstudien aus Afrika, Asien und Europa, Transkript Verlag, Bielefeld, pp. 208-228. [9659]

Peleikis, Anja (2000): Female identities in a “globalized village”, A case study of South Lebanese migration to West Africa, in: Knörr, Jacqueline / Meier, Barbara (eds.): Women and migration, Anthropological perspectives, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt a.M, pp. 63-79. [9660]

Peleikis, Anja (2003): Lebanese in motion, Gender and the making of a transnational village, Transcript Verlag, Bielefeld. [9661]

Yacoob, May (1983): Ahmadiyya and urbanization, Migrant women in Abidjan, Working Paper, no. 75, African Studies Centre, Boston University, Boston. (and published in: Levtzion, Nehemia / Fisher, Humphrey (eds.): Rural and urban Islam in West Africa, Lynne Rienner, Boulder, pp. 119-134. [9662]


Kenya

Boelaert, M. / Vautier, F. / Dusauchoit, T. et al. (1999): The relevance of gendered approaches to refugee health, A case study in Hagadera, Kenya, in: Indra, Doreen (ed.): Engendering forced migration, Theory and practice, Berghahn Books, New York, pp. 165-175. [9663]

Dellantonio, Johanna (2005): “In Nairobi I have my house, upcountry I have my house” – Berufstätige Frauen zwischen Land und Stadt in Kenia, in: Stichproben, Wiener Zeitschrift für krititsche Afrikastudien, nr. 9, 5. Jg., pp. 23-36. [9664]

Francis, Elizabeth (1995): Migration and changing division of labour, Gender relations and economic change in Koguta, Western Kenya, in: Africa, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 196-216. [9665]

Malombe, Joyce (1996): Women`s groups and shelter improvement in Kenya, in: Schlyter, Ann (ed.): A place to live, Gender research on housing in Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 160-169. [9666]

Nimpuno-Parente, Paula (1987): The struggle for shelter: women in a site and service project in Nairobi, Kenya, In: Moser, Caroline / Peake, Linda (eds.): Women, human settlements, and housing, Tavistock, London, pp. 70-87. [9667]

Silberschmidt, Margarethe (2001): Disempowerment of men in rural and urban East Africa, Implications for male identity and sexual behaviour, in: World Development, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 657-671. [9668]

Swart, Elizabeth (2017): Women´s voices from the margins, Diaries from Kibera, Kenya, Women´s Press, Toronto. [11853]

Tahani, Veena (1978): Women in Nairobi, The paradox of urban progess, African Urban Studies, 3, pp. 67-83. [9669]

Vorlaufer, Karl (1985): Frauen-Migration und sozialer Wandel in Afrika, das Beispiel Kenia, in: Erdkunde, Bd. 39, pp. 128-143. [9670]

Were, Miriam / Mcadoo, Hariette (1987): Extended family involvement and roles of urban Kenyan women, in: Harley, Sharon / Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn / Rushing, Andrea (eds.): Women in Africa and the African diaspora, Howard University Press, Washington, pp. 133-164. [9671]

White, Luise (1987): Vice and vagrants, Prostitution, housing and casual labour in Nairobi in the mid 1930s, in: Snyder, Francis / Hay, Douglas (eds.): Struggle for the city, Migrant labour, capital and the state in urban Africa, Sage Publications, London, pp. 165-191. [9672]

White, Luise (1990): Body fluids and usufruct, Controlling property in Nairobi, 1917-1939, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 24, pp. 418-438. [9673]

Zulu, Eliya M. / Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo / Ezeh, Alex (2002): Sexual risk-taking in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya, 1993-1998, in: Population Studies, vol. 56. [9674]

Zulu, Msiyaphazi Eliya / Dodoo, Nii-Amoo, F. / Ezah, Chika Alex (2004): Urbanization, poverty and sex, Roots of risky sexual behaviour in slum settlements in Nairobi, Kenya, in: Kalipeni, Ezekiel / Craddock, Susan et al. (eds.): HIV & AIDS in Africa, Beyond epidemiology, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, pp. 167-174. [9675]


Lesotho

Bonner, Phil (1990): ‘Desirable or undesirable Basotho women?’ Liquor, prostitution and the migration of Basotho women to the Rand, 1920-1945, in: Walker, Cherryl (ed.): Women and gender in South Africa to 1945, London, pp. 221-250. [9677]

Coplan, David (1987): Eloquent knowledge: Lesotho migrants’ songs and the anthropology of experience, in: American Anthropologist, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 413-434. [9678]

Coplan, David (2001): You have left me wandering about, Basutho women and the culture of mobility, in: Hodgson, Dorothy / McCurdy, Sheryl (eds.): „Wicked“ women and the reconfiguration of gender in Africa, James Currey Publishers, Oxford, pp. 188-211. [9679]

Dodson, Belinda (2000): Women on the move: Gender and cross-border migration to South Africa from Lesotho, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, in: McDonald, David A. (ed.): On borders: Perspectives on international migration in Southern Africa, St. Martin's Press, New York, pp. 119-150. [9680]

Gay, Judith (1984): Basutho women migrants: A case study, in: Bulletin of the Institute of Development Studies, vol. 11, pp. 19-28. [9681]

Gordon, Elizabeth (1981): An analysis of the impact of labour migration on the lives of women in Lesotho, in: Nelson, Nici (ed.): African women in the development process, London, pp. 59-76. [9682]

Gordon, Elizabeth (1978): The women left behind, A study of wives of the migrant workers of Lesotho, ILO Publications, Geneva. [9683]

Gordon, Elizabeth (1994): The plight of the women of Lesotho, Reconsideration with the decline of apartheid, in: Journal of Black Studies, vol. 24, pp. 435-446. [9684]

Kimane, Itumeleng / Ntimo-Makara, Matora M. (1998): The gender dimension of urban migration in Lesotho, in: Larsson, Anita / Mapetla, Matseliso / Schlyter, Ann (eds.): Changing gender relations in Southern Africa: Issues of urban life, Institute of Southen African Studies, National University of Lesotho, Roma. [9685]

Kimble, Judy (1982): Labour migration in Basutholand c.1870-1885, in: Marks, Shula / Rathbone, Richard (eds.): Industrialization and social change in South Africa - African class formation, culture, and consciousness, 1870-1930, New York, pp. 119-141. [9686]

Maloko, Tshidiso (1997): Khomo Lia Oela: Canteens, brothels and labour migrancy in colonial Lesotho, 1900-1940, in: Journal of African History, vol. 38, pp. 101-122. [9687]

Mamashela, Mthokoa (1985): Women and development in Africa with special reference to the legal disabilities of married women in Lesotho, in. Journal of East African Research and Development, 15, pp. 164-170. [9688]

Mamashela, Mthokoa (1986): Lesotho: Women, marriage, and the law, in: in: Schuler, Margaret (Hg.): Empowerment and the law, Strategies of third world women, OEF Publications, Washington, pp. 126-134. [9689]

Mamashela, Mthokoa (1991): Divorce law in Lesotho: A critical appraisal of guilt principle and the present grounds for divorce, in: Lesotho Law Journal, vol. 7, pp. 21-48. [9690]

Mapetla, Matseliso (1999): Gendered access to land and housing in Lesotho, in: Agenda, no. 42, pp. 70-77. [9691]

Murray, Colin (1976): Marital strategy in Lesotho: The redistribution of migrant earnings, in: African Studies, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 99-121. [9692]

Murray, Colin (1977): High bridewealth, migrant labour and the position of women in Lesotho, in: Journal of African Law, vol. 21, pp. 79-96. [9693]

Murray, Colin (1978): Migration, differentiation and the development cycle in Lesotho, in: Binsbergen, W. van / Meilink, H. (Hg.): Migration and the transformation of modern African society, Leiden. [9694]

Murray, Colin (1979): Migrant labour and changing family structures in the rural periphery of Southern Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 139-156. [9695]

Murray, Colin (1979): The work of men, women and the ancestors: Social reproduction in the periphery of Southern Africa, in: Wallman, Sandra (ed.): Social anthropology of work, Academic Press, London, New York, pp. 337-363. [9696]

Murray, Colin (1981): Families divided, The impact of labour migration in Lesotho, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [9697]

Murray, Colin (1987): Class, gender and the household: The development cycle in Southern Africa, in: Development and Change, vol. 18, pp. 235-249. [9698]

Palmer, Ingrid (1985): The impact of male out-migration on women farming, Kumarian Press, West Hartford. [9699]

Spiegel, Andrew (1980): Rural differentiation and the diffusion of migrant labour remittances in Lesotho, in: Mayer, Peter (ed.): Black villagers in an industrial society, Anthropological perspectives on labour migration in South Africa, Oxford, pp. 109-169. [9700]

Spiegel, Andrew (1980): Changing patterns of migration and rural differentiation in Lesotho, in: Social Dynamics, 8, 2, pp. 30-45. [9701]

Sweetman, Caroline (1995): The miners return: Changing gender relations in Lesotho’s ex-migrants’ families, Gender Analysis in Development Series, No. GAID 9, School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, Noorwich. [9702]

Ulicke, Theresa / Crush, Jonathan (2000): Gender, farmwork, and women`s migration from Lesotho to the new South Africa, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 64-79. [9703]

Wilkinson, C.R. (1983): Migration in Lesotho: Some comparative aspects, with particular reference to the role of women, in: Geography, vol. 68, pp. 208-224. [9704]

Wilkinson, C.R. (1987): Women, migration and work in Lesotho, in: Momson, Janet / Townsend, Janet (eds.): Geography of gender in the third world, London, pp. 225-239. [9705]


Liberia

Kollehlon, Konia T. (1986): Migration and fertility: The case of Liberian Women, in: Liberian Studies Journal,vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 97-116. [9676]


Madagascar

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Malawi

Boeder, R.B. (1973): The effects of labour migration on rural life in Malawi, in: Rural Africana, no. 20, pp. 37-46. [9706]

Gregory, Joel W. / Mandala, Elias (1987): Dimensions of conflict: Migrant labor from colonial Malawi and Zambia, 1900-1945, in: Cordell, Dennis D. / Gregory, Joel W. (eds.): African population and capitalism: Historical perspectives, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 221-240. [9707]

Power, Joey (1995): Eating the property, Gender roles and economic change in urban Malawi, Blantyre-Limbe 1907-1953, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 79-109. [9708]


Mali

Ernegger, Helga (1994): “Ohne die Hilfe der Migranten müssten wir auch fortgehen”, in: Migration in Samé, einem Dorf in der Region Kayes (Mali), in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben? Veränderungen der Lebenssituation von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp. 119-130. [9709]

Findley, Sally / Diallo, Assitan (1993): Social appearances and economic realities of female migration in rural Mali, in: United Nations (ed.): Internal migration of women in developing countries, United Nations Publications, New York, pp. 244-255. [9710]

Grosz-Ngate, Maria (2000): Labor migration, gender, and social transformation in rural Mali, in: Bingen, R. James / Robinson, David / Staatz, John M. (eds.): Democracy and development in Mali, Michigan State University Press, East Lansing. [9711]

Vaa, Mariken (1990): Paths to the city, Migration histories of poor women in Bamako, in: Baker, Jonathan (ed.): Small town Africa, Studies in rural-urban interaction, The Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Uppsala, pp. 172-181. [9712]

Vaa, Mariken (1996): Gendered housing responsibilities in an unauthorised settlement in Mali, in: Schlyter, Ann (ed.). A place to live, Gender research on housing in Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 77-93. [9713]

Vaa, Mariken / Findely, Sally / Diallo, Assitan (1989): The gift economy, A study of women migrants’ survival strategies in a low-income Bamako neibourhood, in: Labour, Capital and Society, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 234-260. [9714]


Mauritius

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Mozambique

Dodson, Belinda (2000): Women on the move, Gender and cross-border migration to South Africa from Lesotho, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, in: Mcdonald, David (ed.): On borders, Perspectives on international migration in Southern Africa, St. Martin`s Press, New York, pp. 119-150. [9715]

Sheldon, Kathleen (2003): Markets and gardens, Placing women in the history of urban Mozambique, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 37, no. 2-3, pp. 358-395. [9716]


Namibia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Niger

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Nigeria

Adepoju, Aderanti (1984): Migration and female employment in Southwestern Nigeria, in: African Urban Studies, vol. 18, pp. 59-75. [9717]

Hollos, Marida (1991): Migration, education, and the status of women in Southern Nigeria, in: American Anthropologist, vol. 93, pp. 852-870. [9718]

Okojie, Christina (1984): Female migrants in the urban labour market: Benin City, Nigeria, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 3, pp. 547-562. [9719]

Olurode, Lai (1995): Women in rural-urban migration in the town of Iwo in Nigeria, in: Baker, Jonathan / Aina, Tade Akin (eds.): The migration experience in Africa, Nordic Africa Institute Publications, Uppsala, pp. 289-302. [9720]

Oruwari, Yomi (1991): The changing role of women in families and their housing needs: A case study of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, in: Environment and Urbanization, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 6-12. [9721]

Oruwari, Yomi (2003): Planners, officials, and low income women and children in Nigerian cities: Divergent perspectives over housing and neighborhoods, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 37, no. 2-3, pp. 396-410. [9722]

Pittin, Rene (1983): Houses of women: A focus on alternative life-styles in Katsina city, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Female and male in West Africa, Allan and Unwin Publications, London, pp. 291-302. [9723]

Pittin, Rene (1984): Migration of women in Nigeria, the Hausa case, in: International Migration Review, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 1293-1313. [9724]

Platte, Editha (2000): ‘Pioneers in the lake’, Female migrants in the Lake Chad region of North-Eastern Nigeria, in: Knörr, Jacqueline / Meier, Barbara (eds.): Women and migration, Anthropological perspectives, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt a.M, pp. 197-211. [9725]

Trager, Lillian (1995): Women migrants and rural-urban linkages in South-Western Nigeria, in: Baker, Jonathan / Aina, Tade Akin (ed.): The migration experience in Africa, Nordic Africa Institute Publications, Uppsala, pp. 269-288. [9726]

Watts, Susan (1983): Marriage migration, a neglected factor of long-term mobility: A case study from Ilorin, Nigeria, in: International Migration Review, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 682-698. [9727]


Rwanda

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Senegal

Bouya, A. (1997): The roles of women in urban-rural interaction, The case of Sokone in Senegal, in: Baker, J. (ed.): Rural-urban dynamics in francophone Africa, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Uppsala, pp. 90-103. [9728]

David, Rosalind / Niang, Khayri Omoul (1995): Case study Senegal, Focus on the compound, in: David, Rosaling (ed.): Changing places? Women, resource management and migration in the Sahel, SOS Sahel Publications, London, pp. 35-49. [9730]

David, Rosalind / Ruthven, Orlanda (1994): “Without their money we couldn’t stay any longer”, Effects of male out-migration on women’s management of natural resource base in Diourbel (Senegal), in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben? Veränderungen der Lebenssituation von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp. 192-215. [9729]

Enel, Catherine / Pison, Gilles / Lefebvre, Monique (1994): Migration and marriage chance, A case study of Mlomp, A Joola village in Southern Senegal, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Gilles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Contemporary anthropological and demographic perspectives, Claredon Press, Oxford, pp. 92-116. [9731]

Evers Rosander, Eva (2000): Money, mortgage and religion, Senegalese women traders in Tenerife, Spain, in: Salter, Thomas / King, Kenneth (eds.): Africa, islam and development, islam and development in Africa--African islam, African development, Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, pp. 167-192. [9732]

Gadio, Coumba M. / Rakowski, Cathy A. (1995): Survival or empowerment? Crisis and temporary migration among the Serer millet pounders of Senegal, in: Women's Studies International Forum, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 431-443. [9733]

Lambert, Michael (2007): Politics, patriarchy, and new tradition, Understanding female migration among the Jola (Senegal), West Africa, in: Hahn, Hans Peter / Klute, Georg (eds.): Cultures of migration, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp. 129-148. [9734]

Margadio, Coumba / Rakowski, Cathy (1995): Survival or empowerment? Crisis and temporary migration among the Serer millet pounders of Senegal, in: Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 431-443. [9735]


Sierra Leone

Knörr, Jacqueline (2000): Female secret societies and their impact on ethnic and trans-ethnic identities among migrant women in Freetown, Sierra Leone, in: Knörr, Jacqueline / Meier, Barbara (eds.): Women and migration, Anthropological perspectives, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt a.M, pp. 80-98. [9736]


Somalia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


South Africa

Bank, Leslie (1999): Men with cookers, Transformation in migrant culture, domesticity and identity in Duncan Village, East London, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 393-416. [9737]

Bank, Leslie (2001): Living together, moving apart: Home made agendas, Identity politics and urban-rural linkages in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, in: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 129-148. [9738]

Beinart, William (1991): The origins of indlavini - Male associations and migrant labour in the Transkei, in: African Studies, vol. 50, no. 1-2, pp. 103-128. [9739]

Bolt, Maxim (2010): Cameraderie and its discontent, Class consciousness, ethnicity and divergent masculinities among Zimbabwean migrants in Johannesburg, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 377-393. [9740]

Bonner, Philip (1990): Desirable or undesirable Sotho women? Liquor, prostitution and the migration of Sotho women to the Rand, 1920-1945, in: Walker, Cheryll (ed.): Women and gender in Southern Africa to 1945, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 221-250. [9741]

Bozzoli, Belinda (1985): Migrant women and South African social change, Biographical approaches to social analysis, in: African Studies, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 87-96. [9742]

Bozzoli, Belinda (1991): Women of Phokeng - Consciousness, life strategy, and migrancy in South Africa, 1900-1983, Heinemann Publishers, New York. [9743]

Buijs, Gina (1993): Women alone, Migrant women from Transkei employed in rural Natal, in: Buijs, G. (ed.): Migrant women, Crossing boundaries, changing identities, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp. 174-194. [9744]

Cockerton, C.M. (1997): Documenting the exodus: The dimensions and local causes of Bechuanaland women’s migration to South Africa, 1920-1966, in: The South African Geographical Journal, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 43-51. [9745]

Crush, Jonathan /IDASA (2008): Gender, migration and remittances in Southern Africa, Institute for a Democratic Development in Southern Africa (IDASA), Cape Town. [9746]

Dodson, Belinda (2000): Women on the move, Gender and cross-border migration to South Africa from Lesotho, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, in: McDonald, David (ed.): On borders, Perspectives on international migration in Southern Africa, St. Martin’s Press, New York, pp. 119-150. [9747]

Dodson, Belinda (2000): Porous borders: Gender and migration in Southern Africa, in: South African Geographical Journal, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 40-46. [9748]

Dodson, Belinda (2001): Migration by default, Gender concerns in migration policy, in: Africa Today, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 73-89. [9749]

Dodson, Belinda (2001): Discrimination by default? Gender concerns in South African migration policy, in: Africa Today, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 73-89. [9750]

Dodson, Belinda (2002): Gender and brain drain from South Africa, Southern African Migration Project, Migration Policy Series, no. 23, IDASA, Cape Town. [9751]

Dodson, Belinda (2002): Women in the brain drain, Gender and skilled migration from South Africa, in: McDonald, David A. / Crush, Jonathan (eds.): Destinations unknown, Perspectives on the brain drain in Southern Africa. Africa Institute of South Africa, Pretoria, pp. 47-72. [9752]

Dodson, Belinda / Crush, Jonathan (2004): A report on gender discrimination in South Africa's 2002 Immigration Act, Masculinizing the immigrant, in: Feminst Review, no. 77, pp. 96-119. [9753]

Dodson, Belinda / Simelane, Hamilton et al. (2008): Gender, migration and remittances in Southern Africa, Migration Policy Series, no. 49, Southern African Migration Project, IDASA, Cape Town. [9754]

James, Deborah (1991): Songs of town and country: The experiences of migrant men and women from the Northern Transvaal, African Studies Seminar Paper Nr. 290, University of the Witwatersrand, Institute for Advanced Social Research, Johannesburg. [9755]

James, Deborah (1994): Basadi ba baeng/The women are visiting: Female migrant performance from the Northern Transvaal, in: Gunner, Liz (ed.): Politics and performance in Southern Africa, Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg, pp. 81-110. [9756]

James, Deborah (1995): Bagagesu/those of my home: Migrancy, gender and ethnicity, African Studies Seminar Paper Nr. 373, University of the Witwatersrand, Institute for Advanced Social Research, Johannesburg. und in American Ethnologist, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 69-89. [9757]

James, Deborah (1999): Songs of the women migrants, Performance and identity in South Africa, Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg. [9758]

Jochelson, Karen (1995): Women, migrancy and morality - A problem of perspective, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 21, no.2, pp. 323-332. [9759]

Klaaren, Jonathan (2005): Southern Africa: As seen through sexuality, mobility and citizenship, in: African Sociological Review, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 168-183. [9760]

Lefko-Everett, Kate (2007): Voices from the margins, Migrant women’s experiences in Southern Africa, Southern Africa Migration Project, Migration Policy Series, no. 46, IDASA, Cape Town. [9761]

Lurie, M. / Harrison, A. et al. (1997): Circular migration and sexual partnering in rural KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa, Implications for the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, in: Health Transition Review, 7, suppl. 3, pp. 15-24. [9762]

Mager, Anne Kelk (2001): Migrancy, marriage and family in the Ciskei reserve of South Africa, 1945-1959, in: Sharpe, Pamela (ed.): Women, gender and labour migration, Historical and global perspectives, Routledge Publishers, London, pp. 259-274. [9763]

Manona, C.W. (1980): Marriage, family life and migrancy in a Ciskei village, in: Mayer, Philip (ed.): Black villagers in an industrial society, Anthropological perspectives on labour migration in South Africa, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, pp. 170-204. [9764]

Miranda, Miles (1993): Missing women, Reflections on the experiences of Swazi migrant women on the Rand, 1920-1970, in: Geo Journal, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 85-91. [9765]

Moodie, Dunbar (1988): Migrancy and male sexuality on the South African gold mines, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 228-256. [9766]

Moodie, Dunbar (1992): Town women and country wives, Migrant labour, family politics and housing preferences at Vaal Reef mine, in: Labour, Capital and Society, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 116-132. [9767]

Moodie, Dunbar (1994): Going for gold, Men, mines, and migration, (with V. Ndatshe), University of California Press, Berkeley. [9768]

Moodie, Dunbar (2001): Black migrant mine labourers and the vicissitudes of male desire, in: Morrell, Robert (ed.): Changing men in Southern Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 275-286. [9769]

Murray, Colin (1980): Migrant labour and changing family structures in the rural periphery in Southern Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 139-156. [9770]

Nattrass, J. / May, J. (1986): Migration and dependency, Sources and levels of income in Kwa Zulu Natal, in: Development Southern Africa, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 583-599. [9771]

Ojong, Vivian Besem (2006): The socio-economic impact of African migrant women's entrepreneurial activities in South Africa, in: Africanus, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 142-153. [9772]

Pebery, Sally (2008): The invisible woman, Gender blindness in South African immigration politics and legislation, in: Signs, Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 800-808. [9773]

Posel, Dori (2001): Women wait, men migrate, Gender inequality and migration decisions in South Africa, in: Webb, Patrick / Weinberger, Katinka (Hg.): Women farmers, Enhancing rights, recognition and productivity, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp. 91-117. [9774]

Preston-Whyte, Eleanor (1981): Women migrants and marriage, in: Krige, E.J. / Comaroff, J. (eds.): Essays on African marriage in Southern Africa, Juta Publishers, Cape Town, pp. 158-173. [9775]

Ramphele, Mamphela (1986): The male-female dynamics amongst migrant workers in the Western Cape, in: Social Dynamics, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 15-25. [9776]

Ramphele, Mamphela (1989): The dynamics of gender politics in the hostels of Cape Town: Another legacy of the South African migrant labour system, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 393-414. [9777]

Ranga, Dick (2015): Gender differences in the migration of Zimbabwean teachers to South Africa, in: Eastern African Social Science Research Review, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 43-62. [9778]

Redding, Sean (1992): Beer brewing in Umtata: Women, migrant labour, and social control in a rural town, in: Crush, Jonathan / Ambler, Charles (eds.): Liquor and labour in Southern Africa,Ohio University Press, Athens, pp. 235-251. [9779]

Sharp, John (1987): Relocation, labour migration, and the domestic predicament, Qwaqwa in the 1980s, in: Jeremy (ed.): Migrants, workers and social order, Tavistock Publications, London, pp. 128-147. [9780]

Sibisi, Harriet (1977): How African women cope with migrant labour in South Africa, in: Signs, Journal of Culture and Society, vol. 3, pp. 167-177. [9781]

Simkins, Charles / van Heyningen, Elizabeth (1989): Fertility, morality and migration in the Cape Colony, 1891-1904, in: The International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 22, no. 1, 1989, pp. 96-97. [9782]

Sinclair, Marion Ryan (1998): Community, identity and gender in migrant societies in Southern Africa, in: International Affairs, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 339-353. [9783]

Spiegel, Andrew (1987): Dispersing dependents, A response to the exigencies of labour migration in rural Transkei, in: Eades, Jeremy (ed.): Migrants, workers and social order, Tavistock Publications, London, pp. 113-129. [9784]

Spiegel, Andrew (1995): Migration, urbanisation and domestic fluidity, reviewing some South African examples, in: African Anthropology, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 90-113 [9785]

Swaisland, Cecillie (1993): Servants and gentlewomen to the Golden Land, The emigration of single women from Britain to Southern Africa, 1820-1939, Berg Publications, Oxford. [9786]

Swaisland, Cecillie (1993): Female migration and social mobility, British female domestic servants to South Africa, 1860-1914, in: Buijs, Gina (ed.): Migrant women, Crossing boundaries and changing identities, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp. 161-177. [9787]

Thebe, Vusilizwe / Maombera, Pamela (2019): ‘Negotiating the border’, Zimbabwean migrant mothers and shifting immigration policy and law in South Africa, in: African Studies Review, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 134-153. [9788]

Todes, Alison (1998): Gender, place, migration and regional policy in South Africa, in: Larsson, Anita / Mapetla, Matseliso / Schlyter, Ann (eds.): Changing gender relations in Southern Africa, Publications of the Institute of Southern African Studies, Roma, pp.309-329. [9789]

Ulicki, Theresa / Crush, Jonathan S. (2000): Gender, farmwork, and women's migration from Lesotho to the new South Africa, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol.34, no.1, pp. 64-79. [9790]

Van Helten, Jean Jacques / Williams, Keith (1983): ‘The crying need of South Africa’, The emigration of single British women to the Transvaal, 1901-1910, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 17-38. [9791]

Walker, Cherryl (1990): Gender and development of the migrant labour system c. 1850-1930, in: Walker, Cherryl (ed.): Women and gender in South Africa to 1945, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 168-196. [9792]

Williams, Brian / Gouws, Eleanor et al. (2008): Spaces of vulnerability, Migration and HIV/AIDS in South Africa, Migration Policy Series, no. 24, Southern African Migration Project, IDASA, Cape Town. [9793]

Zuma, Khangelani / Gouws, Eleanor / Williams, Brian G. et al. (2003): Risk factors for HIV infection among young women in Carletonville, South Africa, Migration, demography and sexually transmitted diseases, in: International Journal of STD and AIDS, vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 814-817. [9794]


South Sudan

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Sudan

Grawert, Elke (1992): Arbeitsmigration von Männern und ländliche Frauenarbeit, Optionen der Ernährungssicherung im Sudan, in: Wuquf, 7-8, pp. 535-546. [9795]

Grawert, Elke (1994): „Einer soll fortziehen...“ Wie Frauen in Kutum (Westsudan) durch Flexibilität und Mehrarbeit die Migrationsfolgen auffangen, in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben? Veränderungen der Lebenssituation von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster-Hamburg. [9796]

Grawert, Elke (1996): Arbeiten und Warten, Lebensverhältnisse afrikanischer Landfrauen in einem Ausgangsort der Migration, in: Beiträge zur feministischen Theorie und Praxis, Nr. 4, pp. 127-137. [9797]

Grawert, Elke (1998): Making a living in rural Sudan, Production of women, Labour migration of men, and policies for peasant needs, St. Martins Press, New York. [9798]

Myers, Mary / David, Rosalind (1995): The effects of male out-migration on women’s management of natural resources in the Sudan, IIED Dryland Programme Issue Paper, No. 60. [9799]


Swaziland / Eswatini

Miles, Miranda (1996): Housing for domestic workers in Swaziland, in: Schlyter, Ann (ed.): A place to live, Gender research on housing in Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 94-111. [9800]

Miles, Miranda (1998): Housing and domestic work in women’s coping strategies, Evidence from Swaziland, in: Larsson, Anita (ed.): Changing gender relations in Southern Africa, Issues of urban life, Publications of the Institute of Southern African Studies, Roma, pp. 184-205. [9801]

Simelane, Hamilton Sipho (2004): The state, chiefs and the control of female migration in colonial Swaziland, c.1930-1950s, in: Journal of African History, vol. 45, pp. 103-124. [9802]


Tanzania

Donner-Reichle, Carola (1984): Migration und städtischer Arbeitsmarkt für Frauen: Tanzania: Ausbruch aus dem Patriarchat, in: Lenz, Ilse / Rott, Renate (Hg.): Frauenarbeit in der Dritten Welt, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken - Fort Lauderdale, pp. 135-160. [9803]

Minja, Vicky Aminiel (1990): Evaluation of women’s employment structure and its impact on housing, The case of the Tanzania Railway Corporation, in: VENA Journal, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 9-11. [9804]

Pietilä, Tuulikki (2007): Gossip, markets and gender, How dialogue constructs moral value in post-socialist Kilimanjaro, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. [9805]

Smith, Charles (1999): Women migrants of Kagera Region, Tanzania, The need for empowerment, in: Indra, Doreen (ed.): Engendering forced migration, Theory and practice, Berghan Books, New York, pp. 146-164. [9806]

Tripp, Aili Mari (1989): Women and the changing urban household economy in Tanzania, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 601-623. [9807]

Tripp, Aili Mari (1992): The impact of crisis and economic reforms on women in urban Tanzania, in: Beneria, L: / Feldman, S. (eds.): Unequal burden, Economic crisis, persistent poverty and women’s work, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 159-180. [9808]

Tripp, Aili Mari (1994): Deindustrialisation and the growth of women’s economic associations and networks in urban Tanzania, in: Rowbotham, Sheila / Mitter, Swasti (eds.): Dignity and daily bread, New forms of economic organizing among poor women in the Third World and the First, Routledge Publishers, London, pp. 139-157. [9809]


The Congo

Gondola, Didier (1997): Popular music, urban society, and changing gender relations in Kinshasa, Zaire (1950-1990), in: Grosz-Ngate, Maria and Kokole, Omari H. (eds.): Gendered Encounters: Challenging cultural boundaries and social hierarchies in Africa, Routledge, London, pp. 65-84. [9643]

Warkentin, Raija (1999): Rural and urban Bira women, An anthropological case study from Central Africa, vol. 94, pp. 369-379. [9644]


Togo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Uganda

Mandeville, E. (1979): Poverty, work and financing of single women in Kampala, in: Africa, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 42-52. [9810]

Ogden, Jessica A. (1997): Producing respect: The “proper woman” in postcolonial Kampala, in: Werbner, Richard / Ranger, Terence (eds.): Postcolonial identities, Routledge, London, pp. 165-192. [9811]

Wallmann, Sandra / Pons, Valdo (2001): Where have all the young men gone? Evidence and explanations of changing age-sex rations in Kampala, in: Africa, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 113-127. [9812]


Zambia

Colson, Elizabeth (1999): Gendering those uprooted by ‘development’, in: Indra, Doreen (ed.): Engendering forced migration, Theory and practice, Berghahn Books, New York, pp. 23-39. [9813]

Jules-Rosette, Benetta (1985): Women and technological change in the informal urban economy: A Zambian case study, in: Safir, Marilyn / Medinick, Martha et al. (eds.): Women’s worlds, Praeger Publications, New York, pp. 58-69. [9814]

Jules-Rosette, Benetta (1989): The women potters of Lusaka, Urban migration and socio-economic adjustment, in: Lindsay, Beverly (ed.): African marriage and national development, Pennsylvania University Press, Pennsylvania, pp. 82-112. [9815]

Muuka, Ilyamupu (1990): The involvement of women in housing development, Zambia, The Lusaka upgrading project, in: VENA Journal, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 6-8. [9816]

Sagrario Floro, Maria / Schaefer, Kendall (1998): Restructuring of labour markets in the Philippines and Zambia, The gender dimension, in: Journal of Developing Areas, 33, 1, pp. 73-98. [9817]

Schlyter, Ann (1998): Youth, gender and living conditions in Lusaka, in: Larsson, Anita (ed.): Changing gender relations in Southern Africa, Issues of urban life, Publications of the Institute of Southern African Studies, Roma, pp. 286-308. [9818]

Schlyter, Ann (1999): Recycled Inequalities, Youth and gender in George compound, Zambia, Research Report, no. 114, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [9819]

Schlyter, Ann (2006): Aging in Zambian cities, GRUPEL Research Report, no. 7, Institute of Southern African Studies, Roma/Maseru. [9820]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1980): The urban informal sector as a development issue: Poor women and work in Lusaka, Zambia, in: Urban Anthropology, vol. 9, pp. 199-225. [9821]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1992): Gender and housing: The case of domestic service in Lusaka, Zambia, in: Africa, 62, 2, pp. 249-265. [9822]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1996): Gender, generation and access to housing in Zambia, in: Schlyter, Ann (ed.): A place to live, Gender research on housing in Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 127-143. [9823]


Zimbabwe

Barnes, Teresa (1992): The fight for control of African women’s mobility in colonial Zimbabwe, 1900-1939, in: Signs, Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 17, pp. 586-608. [9824]

Barnes, Teresa (2002): Virgin territory? Travel and migration by African women in twentieth-century southern Africa, in: Allman, Jean / Geiger, Susan / Musisi, Nakanyike (eds.): Women in colonial African histories, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 164-190. [9825]

Crush, Jonathan /IDASA (2008): Gender, migration and remittances in Southern Africa, Institute for a Democratic Development in Southern Africa (IDASA), Cape Town. [9826]

Dodson, Belinda (2000): Women on the move, Gender and cross-border migration to South Africa from Lesotho, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, in: Mcdonald, David (ed.): On borders, Perspectives on international migration in Southern Africa, St. Martin`s Press, New York, pp. 119-150. [9827]

Drakakis-Smith, D.W. (1984): The changing economic role of women in the urbanization process: A preliminary report from Zimbabwe, in: International Migration Review, vol. 17/18, no. 4, pp. 1278-1292. [9828]

Grant, Miriam (1996): Moving and coping: Women tenants in Gweru, Zimbabwe, in: Sheldon, Kathleen (ed.): Courtyards, markets, city streets - Urban women in Africa, Boulder, Westview Press, pp. 169-189. [9829]

Grant, Miriam (2006): I have been patient enough, Gendered futures and mentors of female youth in urban Zimbabwe, in: Social Dynamics, 32, no. 1, pp. 21-46. [9830]

Gwebu, T.D. (2005): Gender and housing access, Experiences of low income groups in Bulawayo, Institute of Southern African Studies, Roma/Maseru. [9831]

Muzvidziwa, Victor (1997): Rural-urban linkages, Masvingo’s double-rooted female heads of households, in: Zambezia, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 97-123. [9832]

Muzvidziwa, Victor (1999): Survival of urban women under ESAP in Masvingo, Zimbabwe, in: Review of Human Factor Studies, vol. 5, no. 1-2, pp. 115-129. [9833]

Muzvidziwa, Victor (2000): Accessing housing, constraints and coping strategies by female-headed households in Masvingo, Zimbabwe, in: Review of Southern African Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 64-93. [9834]

Muzvidziwa, Victor (2001): Marriage as a survival strategy, The case of Masvingo, Zimbabwe, in: Zambesia, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 147-165. [9835]

Muzvidziwa, Victor (2002): Heads of households or simply breadwinner? A case study of married women in Masvingo, Zimbabwe, in: Le Beau, Debie / Gordon, Robert (eds.): Challenges for anthropology in the ‘African renaissance’, A Southern African perspective, University of Namibia Press, Windhoek, pp. 163-176. [9836]

Muzvidziwa, Victor (1997): Rural-urban linkages, Masvingo’s double-rooted female heads of households, in: Zambezia, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 97-123. [9837]

Muzvidziwa, Victor (2001): Zimbabwe’s cross border women traders, Multiple identities and responses to new challenges, in: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 67-89. [9838]

Paradza, Gamuchirai Gaynor (2009): Intergenerational struggles over urban housing, The impact on livelihoods of the elderly in Zimbabwe, in: Gender and Development, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 417-426. [9839]

Schmidt, Elizabeth (1992): Peasants, traders and wives - Shona women in the history of Zimbabwe, 1870-1939, London. [9842]

Schäfer, Rita (2000): Men’s migrant labour and its effects on gender relations in rural Zimbabwe, in: Knörr, Jacqueline / Meier, Barbara (eds.): Women and migration, Anthropological perspectives, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt a.M, pp. 151-163. [9841]

Sithole-Fundire, Sylvia / Zhou, Agnes / Larsson, Anita / Schlyter, Ann (eds.) (1995): Gender research on urbanization, planning, housing and everyday life, ZWRCN Publications, Harare. [9840]

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