Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature on society - masculinities

Africa OverviewAngolaBenin
BotswanaBurkina FasoBurundi
CameroonCentral African RepublicChad
D.R. Congo / ZaireDjiboutiEquatorial Guinea
EritreaEthiopiaGabon
GambiaGhanaGuinea
Guinea BisseauIvory CoastKenya
LesothoLiberiaMadagascar
MalawiMaliMauritius
MozambiqueNamibiaNiger
NigeriaRwandaSenegal
Sierra LeoneSomaliaSouth Africa
South SudanSudanSwaziland / Eswatini
TanzaniaThe CongoTogo
UgandaZambiaZimbabwe

Africa Overview

Barker, Gary / Ricardo, Christine (2005): Young men and the construction of masculinity in Sub-Saharan Africa, Implications for HIV/AIDS, conflict and violence, Social Development Papers, no. 26, Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction, World Bank, Washington D.C. [9200]

Cleaver, F. (ed.) (2006): Making men matter, Men, masculinities and gender relations in development, Zed Books, London. [9201]

Cornwall, Andrea / Wellbourne, Alice (eds.) (2002): Realizing rights, Transforming approaches to sexual and reproductive health and well-being, Zed Books, London. [9203]

Cornwell, Andrea / Lindisfarne, Nancy (eds.) (1994): Dislocating masculinity, Comparative ethnographies, Routledge, New York. [9202]

Epprecht, Marc (1998): Uncovering masculinity in Southern African History, in: Review of Southern African Studies, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 117-142. [9204]

Epprecht, Marc (2000): Theorizing gender and feminisms in contemporary Africa, in: African Studies, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 23-41. [9205]

Epprecht, Marc (2002): Enriching gender studies in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 119-123. [9206]

Epstein, Debbie (1998): Marked men, Whiteness and masculinity, in: Agenda, no. 37, pp. 49-59. [9207]

Epstein, Debbie (1998): Uncovering masculinity in Southern African History, in: Review of Southern African Studies, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 118-134. [9208]

Epstein, Debbie (2004): Hungochani, The history of a dissident sexuality in Southern Africa, Queens`s University Press, Montreal. [9209]

Gibson, D. / Hardon, A. (eds.) (2005): Rethinking masculinities, violence and AIDS, Issues related to health, Het Spinhuis, Amsterdam. [9210]

Gutman, M.C. (1997): Trafficking in men, The anthropology of masculinity, in: Annual Review of Anthropology, vol. 26, pp. 385-409. [9211]

Jones, Adam (ed.) (2006): Men of the global South, A reader, Zed Books, London. [9212]

Lindsay, Lisa / Miescher, Stephen (eds.) (2003): Men and masculinity in modern Africa, Heinemann Publishers, London. [9213]

Mazrui, Ali (ed.) (1977): The warrior tradition in modern Africa, Brill Publishers, Leiden. [9214]

Mugambi, Nabasuta Helen / Allan, Tuzyline Jita (eds.) (2010): Masculinities in African literature and cultural texts, Lynne Rienner, Boulder [9215]

Ngom, Pierre (1997): Men’s unmet need for family planning, Implications for African fertility in transitions, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 192-202. [9216]

Ocaya-Lakidi, Dent (1979): Manhood, warriorhood and sex in Eastern Africa, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, pp. 134-165. [9217]

Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Okome, Onookome (2007): Men and masculinities in African film and fiction, James Currey Publishers, Oxford. [9218]

Ratele, Kopano (2014): Hegemonic African masculinities and men´s heterosexual lives: Some uses for homophobia, in: African Studies Review vol. 57, pp. 115-30. [11741]

Schulz, Dorothea / Janson, Marloes (2016): Introduction, Religion and masculinities in Africa, in: Journal of Religion in Africa, vol. 46, no. 2-3, pp. 201-209. [9219]

Silberschmidt, Margarete (2001): Disempowerment of men in rural and urban East Africa, Implications for male identity and sexual behaviours, in: World Development, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 657-671. [9220]

Silberschmidt, Margarete (2004): Masculinities, sexuality and socio-economic change in rural and urban East Africa, in: Arnfred, Signe (ed.): Re-thinking sexuality in Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 233-248. [9221]

Silverman, E. (2004): Anthropology and circumcision, in: Annual Review of Anthropology, vol. 33, pp. 419-445. [9222]

Uchendu, Egodi (ed.) (2008): Masculinities in contemporary Africa, CODESRIA, Dakar. [9223]

Wachter, Kurt (2006): Fußball in Afrika, Kolonialismus, Nationsbildung und Männlichkeiten, in: Kreisky, Eva / Spitaler, Georg (eds.): Arena der Männlichkeiten, Über das Verhältnis von Fußball und Geschlecht, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp. 277-295. [9224]


Angola

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Benin

Lowndes, Catherine / Alary, Michel et. al. (2000): Management of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV prevention in men at high risk, Targeting clients and non-paying sexual partners of female sex workers in Benin, in: AIDS, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 2523-2534. [9225]


Botswana

Pattmann, Rob (2002): Men make a difference, The construction of gendered student identities at the University of Botswana, in: Agenda, no. 53, pp. 33-42. [9226]

Pattmann, Rob (2005): ‘Ugandans’, ‘cats’ and others, Constructing student masculinities at the University of Botswana, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.): African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 221-235. [9227]


Burkina Faso

Van de Walle, Francine / Traore, Baba (1986): Attitudes of women and men towards contraception in Bobo-Dioulasso, African Demography Working Paper 13, Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. [9228]


Burundi

Konde, Emmanuel (1990): The use of women for the empowerment of men in African nationalist politics, The 1928 “Anlu” in Cameroon, Working Paper, no. 147, African Studies Centre, Boston. [9229]


Cameroon

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Central African Republic

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Chad

no entries to this combination of country and topic


D.R. Congo / Zaire

Baaz, Maria Eriksson / Stern, Maria (2011): Whores, men and other misfits, Undoing ‚feminisation’ in the armed forces in the DRC, in: African Affairs, vol. 110, nol 441, pp. 563-585. [9230]

Cuvelier, Jeron (2014): Work and masculinity in Katanga’s artisanal mines, in: Afrika Spectrum, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 3-26. [9231]

Higate, Paul (2004): Gender and peacekeeping, Case studies: The Democratic Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone, ISS Monograph Series, no. 91, Publications of the Institute of Security Studies, Pretoria. [9232]

Higate, Paul / Henry, Marsha (1004): Engendering (in)security in peacekeeping operations, in: Security Dialogue, vol. 35, no. 4, S.481-498. [9233]

Mechanic, Eli (2004): Why gender still matters, Sexual violence and the need to confront militarized masculinity, A case study of the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Partnership Africa Canada, Ottawa. [9234]

Pype, Katrien (2007): Fighting boys, Strong men and gorillas, Notes on the imagination of masculinities in Kinshasa, in: Africa, vol. 77, no. 2. [9235]

Women for Women International (2007): Ending violence against women in Eastern Congo, Preparing men to advocate for women’s rights, Women for Women International, Washington D.C. [9236]


Djibouti

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Equatorial Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Eritrea

Schneider, Matthias (2021): Marginlisierte Flucht Männlichkeit? Lebensgeschichtliche (Re-)Konstruktion von Männlichkeit im Kontext der Flucht aus Eritrea, in: Z’Flucht, Jg. 5, H. 1, pp. 77-108. [11676]


Ethiopia

Jones, Adam (ed.) (2006): Men of the global South, A reader, Zed Books, London. [9237]

Levine, Donald (1966): The concept of masculinity in Ethiopian culture, in: International Journal of Social Psychatry, vol. 12, pp. 17-23. [9238]

Mekonnen, T. (1997): Male orientation and / or male domination among the Aari and the Oromo, in: Hemispheres, vol. 11, pp. 754-86. [9239]

Tadele, Feleke (2001): Men in the kitchen, Women in the office? Working on gender issues in Ethiopia, in: Sweetman, Caroline (ed.): Men’s involvement in gender and development policy and practice, Beyond rhetoric, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp. 16-19. [9240]

Taele, Gednet (2006): Bleak prospects, Young men, sexuality, and HIV/AIDS in an Ethiopian town, Research Reports, no. 80, African Studies Centre, Leiden. [9241]

Terefe, Almaz / Larson, Charles (1993): Modern contraception in Ethiopia, Does involving husbands make a difference?, in: American Journal of Public Health, vol. 83, no. 11, (1), pp. 567-571. [9242]


Gabon

Rich, Jeremy (2006): My matrimonial bureau, Masculine concerns and Presbyterian mission evangelizsation in the Gabon Estuary, ca. 1900-1915, in: Journal of Religion in Africa, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 200-223. [9243]


Gambia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ghana

Ampofo, Akosua Adomako (1999): Nice guys, condoms, and other forms of STDs protection: Sex workers and AIDS protection in West Africa, in: Becker, Charles / Dozon, Jean-Pierre / Obbo, Christine (eds.): Experiencing and understanding AIDS in Africa, CODESRIA, Dakar. [9244]

Ampofo, Akosua Adomako (2001): `When men speak women listen', Gender socialisation and young adolescents' attitudes to sexual and reproductive issues, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 5, pp. 196-212. [9245]

Anane, M. (1999): Religion, men and HIV/AIDS in Ghana, in: Foreman, M. (ed.): AIDS and men, Zed Books, London. [9246]

Asante-Darko, N. / Sjaak van der Geest (1983): Male chauvinism: Men and women in Ghanaian highlife songs, in: Oppong, Ch. (ed.): Female and male in West Africa, Routlege Publications, London, pp. 242-255. [9247]

Breitenbach, Paul (1979): The women on the beach and the men in the bush: Leadership and adepthood in the Tweleve Apostle Movement in Ghana, in: Jules-Rosette, Benetta (ed.): The new religions of Africa, Noorwood, pp. 99-125. [9248]

Miescher, Stephan (2005): ‘Called to work for the kingdom of god’: The challenges of Presbyterian masculinities in colonial Ghana, in: Cornwall, Andrea (ed.): Readings in gender in Africa, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 187-195. [9249]

Miescher, Stephan (2006): Making men in Ghana, Indiana University Press, Bloomington. [9250]

Miescher, Stephan (2007): Becoming an Opanyin, Elders, geder, and masculinities in Ghana since the nineteenth century, in: Cole, Catherine / Manuh, Takyiwaa / Miescher, Stephan (eds.): Africa after gender? Indiana Unviersity Press, Bloomington, pp. 253-269. [9251]

Newell, Stephanie (1998): Those men and empty headed men, The shifting representation of wealth in two Ghanaian popular novels, in: Review of International Literature in English, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 141-166. [9252]

Overa, Ragnhild (2007): When men do women’s work, Structural adjustment, unemployment and changing gender relations in the informal economy of Accra, Ghana, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 539-563. [9253]


Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Guinea Bisseau

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ivory Coast

N'Gbichi, J.M. et al. (1995): HIV status of female sex partners of men reactive to HIV-1, HIV-2 or both viruses in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, in: AIDS, vol. 9, pp. 951-954. [9254]


Kenya

Dodoo, F.N. (1998): Men matter, Additive and interactive gender preferences, amd reproductive behaviour in Kenya, in: Demography, 359, 2, pp. 229-242. [9255]

Dodoo, F.N. / Ampofo, Adomako A. et al. (2001): AIDS related knowledge and behaviour among married Kenyan men, A behavioral paradox? in: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 197-231. [9256]

Edgerton, Robert / Conant, Frances (1964): Kilapat, The “shaming party” among the Pokot of East Africa, in: South Western Journal of Anthropology, 20, pp. 404-418. [9257]

Heald, Suzette (1995): The power of sex, Some reflections on the Caldwell’s African sexuality thesis, in: Africa, 65, 4, pp. 489-505. [9258]

Hodgson, Dorothy (1999): „Once intrepid warriors“: Modernity and the production of Maasai masculinities, in: Ethnology, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 121-150.. [9259]

Hodgson, Dorothy (1999): Engendered encounters, Men of the church and the „church“ of women in Maasailand, Tanzania, 1950-1993, in: Comparative Studies in Society and History, 41, 4, pp. 758-783. [9260]

Jones, Adam (ed.) (2006): Men of the global South, A reader, Zed Books, London. [9261]

Kiama, W. (1999): Men who have sex with men in Kenya, in: Foreman, M. (ed.): AIDS and men, Zed Books, London. [9262]

Kim, Young / Kols, Adrienne / Awasum, D. (2000): Differences in counseling men and women: Family planning in Kenya, in: Patient Education and Counseling, vol. 39, pp. 37-47. [9263]

Lamphear, John (1998): Brothers in arms, Military aspects of East African age-class systems in historical perspective, in: Kurimoto, Eisei / Simonse, Simon (eds.): Conflict, age and power in North-East Africa, Age systems in transtition, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 79-97. [9264]

Longfield, Kim / Glieck, Anne / Berman, John (2004): Relationships between older men and younger women, Implications for STD/HIV in Kenya, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 125-134. [9265]

Mutongi, Kenda (1999): Worries of the heart: Widowed mothers, daughters and masculinities in Maragoli, Western Kenya, 1950-1960, in: Journal of African History, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 67-86. [9266]

Ntarangwi, Mwenda (1998): Feminism and masculinity in an African capitalist context, The case of Kenya, in: Safere, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 19-32. [9267]

Ntarangwi, Mwenda (2003): Gender, identity and performance, Understanding Swahili cultural realities through song, Africa World Press, Trenton. [9268]

Nzioka, C. (2001): Perspectives of adolescent boys on the risks of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, Kenya, in: Reproductive Health Matters, 9, 17, pp. 108-117. [9269]

Odame, Hambly Helen (2002): Men in women’s groups, A gender and agency analyis of local institutions, in: Kimmel, Michael (ed.): Masculinities matter! Men, gender and development, Zed Books, London, pp. 138-165. [9270]

Silberschmidt, Margrethe (1991): Rethinking men and gender relations. An investigation of men, their changing roles within the household, and the implications for gender relations in Kisii District, Kenya, Centre for Development Research, CDR Research Report 16, Copenhagen. [9271]

Silberschmidt, Margrethe (1992): Have men become weaker? Changes of life situations in Kisii District, Kenya, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 237-253. [9272]

Silberschmidt, Margrethe (1999): Women forget that men are the masters, Gender antagonism and socio-economic change in Kisii District, Kenya, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [9273]

Silberschmidt, Margrethe (2001): Disempowerment of men in rural and urban East Africa, Implications for male identity and sexual behaviour, in: World Development, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 657-671. [9274]

Silberschmidt, Margrethe (2005): Poverty, male disempowerment, and male sexuality, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.): African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 189-203. [9275]

Swartz, Marc (1982): The isolation of men and the happiness of women, Sources and uses of power in Swahili marital relations, in: Journal of Anthropological Research, vol. 38, pp. 26-44. [9276]

Van Stapele, Naiomi (2021): Providing to belong, Masculinities, hustling and economic uncertainty in Nairobi ‘ghetttos’, in: Africa, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 57-76. [11679]

White, L. (1990): Separating the men from the boys, Constructing gender, sexuality and terrorism in central Kenya, 1939-1959, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, 23,4, pp. 1-25. [9278]

Wood, John Colman (1999): Where men are women: Manhood among the Gabra Nomads of East Africa, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. [9277]


Lesotho

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Liberia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Madagascar

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Malawi

Chakanza, J.E. (ed.) (2005): Initiation rites for boys in Momwe society in Malawi and other essays, Kachere Publishers, Blantyre. [9279]


Mali

Schulz, Dorothea (2016): Competing assertions of Muslim masculinties in contemporary Mali, in: Journal of Religion in Africa, vol. 46, no. 2-3, pp. 219-250. [9280]


Mauritius

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Mozambique

Agadjanian, Victor (2002): Men's talk about `women matters': Gender, communication, and contraception in urban Mozambique, in: Gender and Society, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 194-215. [9281]

Agadjanian, Victor (2002): Men doing `women's work': Masculinity and gender relations among street vendors in Maputo, Mozambique, in: Journal of Men, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 329-342. [9282]

Groes-Green, Christian (2009): Hegemonic and subordinated masculinities, Class, violence and sexual performance among young Mozambican men, in: Nordic Journal of African Studies, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 286-304. [9283]


Namibia

Becker, Heike (2000): Becoming men, Masculine identities among young men in two Namibian locations, in: Development Update, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 15-21. [9284]

Becker, Heike (2006): ‘I am the man’, Historical and contemporary perspectives on masculinity in Northern Namibia, in: Gibson, D. / Hardon, A. (eds.): Masculinity, violence and AIDS, Issues related to health, Het Spinhuis, Amsterdam, pp. 19-43. [9285]

McKittrick, Meredith (1996): The ‘burden’ of young men: Property and generational conflict in Namibia, 1880-1945, in: African Economic History, 24, pp. 115-129. [9286]

McKittrick, Meredith (1998): Generational struggle and social mobility in Western Ovambo communities, 1915-1954, in: Patricia Hayes et al. (eds.), Namibia under South African rule. Mobility and containment, 1915-1946, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 241-262. [9287]

Odendaal, W. (2001): The men against violence movement in Namibia, in: Development, 44, 3, pp. 90-93. [9288]


Niger

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Nigeria

Isigu-Abanihe, Uche (1994): Reproductive motivation and family-size preference among Nigerian men, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 163-174. [9289]

Iyam, D. (1996): „Full“ men and powerful „women“: The reconstruction of gender status among the biase of Southeastern Nigeria, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 30, pp. 387-408. [9290]

Kaplan, Flora Edouwaye (1990): Männerdienst und Geheimnis am Königshof von Benin, in: Völger, Gisela / von Welck, Karin (eds.): Ethnologica, vol. 15, no. 1, Cologne, pp. 25-32. [9291]

Kleis, Gerald / Abdullahi, Salisu (1983): Masculine power and gender ambiguity in urban Hausa society, in: African Urban Studies, vol. 16, pp. 39-53. [9297]

Lindsay, Lisa (1998): ‘No need ... to think of home’? Masculinity and domestic life on the Nigerian railway, c.1940-1961, in: Journal of African History, vol. 39, pp. 439-466. [9292]

Lindsay, Lisa (1999): Domesticity and difference, Male breadwinners, working women and colonial citizenship in the 1945 Nigerian strike, in: American Historical Review, vol.104, no. 3, pp. 783-812. [9293]

Lindsay, Lisa (2003): Money, marriage and masculinity on the colonial Nigerian railway, in: Lindsey, Lisa / Miescher, Stephan (eds.): Men and masculinities in modern Africa, Heinemann Publishers, London. [9294]

Lindsay, Lisa (2003): Working with gender, Wage labour and social change in Southwestern Nigeria, Heinemann, Porthmouth. [9295]

Lindsay, Lisa (2007): Working with gender, The emergence of the ‘male breadwinner’ in colonial Southwestern Nigeria, in: Cole, Catherine / Manuh, Takyiwaa / Miescher, Stephan (eds.): Africa after gender? Indiana Unviersity Press, Bloomington, pp. 241-252. [9296]

Njung, George (2020): Amputated men, colonial bureaucracy, and masculinity in post-World War I colonial Nigeria, in: Journal of Social History, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 620-643. [9298]

Ogunjimi, Bayo (1997): Masculinity: The military, women and cultural politics in Nigeria, in: Newell, Stephanie (ed.): Writing African Women: Gender, popular culture and literature in West Africa, Zed Books, London. [9299]

Orobaton, Nosa (2000): Dimensions of sexuality among Nigerian men, Implications for fertility and reproductive health, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Lerner, Susana / Guyer, Jane (eds.): Fertility and the male life-cycle in the era of fertility decline, Oxford University Press, Oxford. [9300]

Smith, Daniel Jordan (2017): To be a man is not a one-day job, Masculinity, money, and intimacy in Nigeria, University of Chicago Press, Chicago. [11654]


Rwanda

Sommers, Marc (2006): In the shadow of genocide, Rwanda’s youth challenge, in: McEvoy-Levy, Siobhán (ed.): Trouble makers or peace makers, University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dam (Ind.), pp. 81-98. [9301]

Sommers, Marc (2006): Fearing Africa’s young men, The case of Rwanda, Social Development Papers, Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction, CPR Paper no. 32, The World Bank, Washington D.C. [9302]


Senegal

Van Eerdewijk, Anouka (2005): Being a man, Young masculinities and safe sex in Dakar, in: Davies, Tine / van Driel, Francien (eds.): The gender question of globalization, Changing perspectives and practices, Ashgate Publishers, Aldershot, pp. 59-76. [9303]


Sierra Leone

Leopold, R. S. (1983): The shaping of men and the making of metaphors, The meaning of white clay in Poro and Sande initiation society rituals, in: Anthropology, vol 7, no. 2, pp. 21-42. [9304]


Somalia

Gardner, J. / El-Bushra, J. (2016): The impact of war on Somali men and its effects on the family, women and children, PSRP Briefing Paper No. 12, The Rift Valley Institute, Nairobi. [11921]

Keynan, Hassan (2000): Male roles and the making of the Somali tragegy, in: Breines, Ingeborg / Connell, Robert / Eide, Ingrid (eds.): Male roles, masculinities and violence, A culture of peace perspective, UNESCO Publishing, Paris, S.189-199. [9305]


South Africa

Abrahmas, Naeema / Jewkes, Rachel (1997): Men on violence against women, in: Urbanisation and Health Newsletter, no. 34, pp. 13-19. [9306]

Abrahmas, Naeema / Jewkes, Rachel (2004): Sexual violence against intimate partners in Cape Town, Prevalence and risk factors reported by men, in: Bulletin of the World Health Organisation, 82, pp. 330-337. [9307]

Abrahmas, Naeema / Jewkes, Rachel (2005): What is the impact of witnessing mother abuse during childhood on South African men’s violence as adults? in: American Journal of Public Health, 95, pp. 1811-1816. [9308]

Albertyn, Catherine / Hassim, Shireen (2003): The boundaries of democracy, Gender, HIV and culture, in: Everatt, D. / Maphai, V. (ed.): The real state of the nation, South Africa after 1990, Johannesburg, pp. 137-164. [9309]

Anderson, Bronwynne (2010): You are not a man if you hit a girl, Coloured high-school boys articulating more peaceable expressions of heterosexual masculinity, in: Agenda, vol. 24, no. 83, pp. 68-81. [11852]

Bank, Leslie (1994): Angry men and working women: Gender, violence and economic change in Qwaqwa in the 1980s, in: African Studies, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 89-114. [9310]

Beinart, William (1991): The origins of indlavini - Male associations and migrant labour in the Transkei, in: African Studies, vol. 50, no. 1-2, pp. 103-128. [9311]

Beinart, William (1992): Political and collective violence in Southern African historiography, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 455-486. [9312]

Bhana, Deevia (2005): Violence and gendered negotiations of masculinity among young black school boys in South Africa, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.): African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 205-220. [9313]

Bonner, Philip (1988): Family, crime and political consciousness on the East Rand, 1939-1955, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 393-420. [9314]

Bonner, Philip (1993): The Russians on the Reef, 1947-1957, Urbanisation, Gang warfare and ethnic mobilisation, in: Bonner, Philip / Delius, Peter / Posel, Deborah (eds.): Apartheid genesis, 1935-1962, Ravan Press / Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg, pp. 160-194. [9315]

Campbell, Catherine (1992): Learning to kill? Masculinity, the family and violence in Natal, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 614-628. [9316]

Campbell, Catherine (1997): Migrancy, masculine identities and AIDS, The psychological context of HIV transmission on the South African gold mines, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 273-281. [9317]

Campbell, Catherine (2001): ‘Going underground and going after women’, Masculinity and HIV transmission amongst black workers on the gold mines, in: Morrell, Robert (ed.): Changing men in Southern Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 275-286. [9318]

Campbell, Catherine / MacPhail, Catherine (2001): ‘I think condoms are good but, aai, I hate those things’: Condome use among adolescents and young people in a Southern African township, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 52, pp. 1613-1627. [9319]

Campbell, Catherine / MacPhail, Catherine (2002): Peer education, gender and development of critical consciousness, Participatory HIV prevention by South African youth, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 55, pp. 331-345. [9320]

Carton, Benedict (1998): Impotent African patriarchs, unruly African sons in colonial South Africa, in: Aguilar, Mario (ed.): The politics of age and gerontocracy in Africa, Ethnographies of the past and memories of the present, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 31-64. [9321]

Carton, Benedict (2000): Blood from your children, The colonial origins of generational conflict in South Africa, University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville. [9322]

Carton, Benedict (2001): Locusts fall from the sky, Manhood and migrancy in Kwa Zulu, in: Morrell, Robert (ed.): Changing men in Southern Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 129-140. [9323]

Carton, Benedict / Morrell, Robert (2006): Kampfsport, stählerne Körper und Mannhaftigkeit in der südafrikanischen Zulukultur, 1800-1930, in: Werkstatt Geschichte, 44, 3, pp. 67-80. [9324]

Clowes, Lindsay (2001): ‘Are you going to be Miss (or Mr) Africa? Contesting masculinity in Drum Magazine, 1951-1953, in: Gender and History, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1-20. [9325]

Clowes, Lindsay (2005): To be a man, Changing constructions of manhood in Drum Magazine, 1951-1965, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.): African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 289-108. [9326]

Clowes, Lindsay (2008): Masculinity, matrimony and generation, Reconfiguring patriarchy in Drum 1951-1983, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 179-192. [9327]

Conway, Daniel (2005): Masculinity, citizenship and political objection to military service in Apartheid South Africa, in: Gouws, Amanda (ed.): (Un)thinking citizenship, Feminist debates in contemporary South Africa, Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, pp. 91-116. [9328]

Daphne, Jeremy (1998): A new masculine identity, Gender awareness raising for men, in: Agenda, no. 37, pp. 24-29. [9329]

Delius, Peter / Glaser, Cliffe (2002): Sexual socialization in South Africa, A historical perspective, in: African Studies, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 29-53. [9330]

Donaich, Alex / Peacock, Dean (2006): Masculinities in motion, in: Jones, Adam (ed.): Men of the global South, Zed Books, London. [9331]

Dunkle, K.L. / Jewkes, R.K. et al. (2006): Perpetration of partner violence and HIV risk behaviour of young men in the rural Eastern Cape, in: AIDS, 20, pp. 2017-2024. [9332]

Eagle, Gill (2006): Masculine victims, A contradiction in terms? in: Critical Psychology, International Journal of Critical Psychology, Issue 17: Critical Psychology in Africa, pp. 47-76. [9333]

Epstein, Debbie (1998): Marked men, Whiteness and masculinity, in: Agenda, no. 37, pp. 49-59. [9334]

Epstein, Debbie (1998): Uncovering masculinity in Southern African History, in: Review of Southern African Studies, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 118-134. [9335]

Epstein, Debbie (2004): Hungochani, The history of a dissident sexuality in Southern Africa, Queens`s University Press, Montreal. [9336]

Erlank, Natasha (2003): Gender and masculinity in South African nationalist discourse, 1912-1950, in: Feminist Studies, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 653-671. [9337]

Erlank, Natasha (2003): Gendering commonality, African men and the 1883 Commission on Native Law and Custom, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 937-953. [9338]

Ferguson, H. / Hearn, J. et al. (2004): Ending gender-based violence, A call for global action to involve men, SIDA, Stockholm. [9339]

Gear, S. (2003): Sex, sexual violence and coercion in men’s prison, CSVR, Johannesburg. [9340]

Gear, S. (2005): Rules of engagement, Structuring sex and damage in men’s prisons and beyond, in: Culture, Health and Society, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 195-208. [9341]

Gear, S. (2007): Fear, violence and sexual violence in a Gauteng Juvenile Correction Centre for males, Report, CSVR, Johannesburg. [9342]

GETNET (2001): Masculinities, The making of gendered identities, A GETNET guidebook for trainers, Cape Town. [9343]

GETNET (2003): Men and masculinities conference, Conference Proceedings, Cape Town. [9344]

Ghanotakis, Elena / Bruins, Marianne / Peacock, Dean et al. (2007): Stop prison rape in South Africa, in: Agenda, no. 74, pp. 68-80. [9345]

Glaser, Cliffe (1998): We must infiltrate the Tsotsis, School, politics and youth gangs in Soweto, 1968-1976. In: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 301-324. [9346]

Glaser, Cliffe (1998): Swines, hazels and the dirty dozen, Masculinity, territoriality, and the youth gangs of Soweto, 1960-1976. In: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 24, no.4, pp. 719-736. [9347]

Glaser, Cliffe (2000): Bo-Tsotsi, Youth gangs of Soweto, 1935-1976, Heinemann Publishers, Portsmouth. [9348]

Goldsmith, Meredith (2002): Of masks, mimicry, misogyny, and miscegeneration, Forging black South African masculinity in Bloke Modisane´s Blame me on history, in: Journal of Men´s Studies, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 291-307. [11829]

Gqola, Pumula Dineo (2007): How the ‘cult of feminity’ and violent masculinities support endemic gender-based violence in South Africa, in: African Identities, 5, 1, pp. 111-124. [9349]

Gqola, Pumula Dineo (2008): Brutal inheritances, Echoes, negrophobia and masculinist violence, in: Hassim, Shireen / Kupe, Tawana / Worby, Eric (eds.): Go home or die here, Violence, xenophobia and the reinvention of difference in South Africa, Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg, pp. 209-222. [9350]

Gqola, Pumula Dineo / Goniwe, T. (2004): A neglected heritage, The aestetics of complex black masculinities, in: Agenda, 63, pp. 80-94. [9351]

Greig, Alan / Peacock, Dean (2005): Men as partners programme, Promising practices guide, Johannesburg. [9352]

Guy, Jeff / Thabane, Motlatsi (1987): The Ma-Rashea, A participant’s perspective, in: Bozzoli, Belinda (ed.): Class, community and conflict, South African perspectives, Ravan Press, Johannesburg, pp. 436-456. [9353]

Harries, Patrick (1990): Symbols and sexuality, Culture and identity on the early Witwatersrand gold mines, in: Gender and History, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 318-336. [9354]

Haupt, Adam (2001): Black thing, Hip hop nationalism, ‘race’ and gender in prophets of da City and Brassie vannie Kap, in: Erasmus, Zimitri (ed.): Coloured by history, shaped by place, New perspectives on Coloured identities in Cape Town, Kwela Books, Cape Town. [9355]

Horowitz, Ira (2002): Cultural practices of masculinty in post-apartheid South Africa, in: Pease, Bob (ed.): A men’s world, Zed Books, London, pp. 231-244. [9356]

Hunter, Marc (2004): Masculinities, multiple sex partners and HIV/AIDS, The Making and unmaking of Isoka in KwaZulu-Natal, in: Transformation, vol. 54, pp. 123-153. [9357]

Ingersoll, Earl (1998): Reconstructing masculinity in the postcolonial world of Bessie Head, in: Ariel, A Review of Internationals English Literature, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 95-116. [9358]

Jensen, Steffen (2008): Gangs, politics and dignity in Cape Town, James Currey Publishers, Oxford. [9359]

Jewkes, R. / Dunkle, K. et al. (2006): Rape perpetration by young rural men, Prevalence, patterns and risk factors, in: Social Science and Medicine, 63, pp. 2949-2961. [9360]

Jewkes, R. / Dunkle, K. et al. (2006): Perpetration of partner violence and HiV risk behaviour among young men in the rural Eeastern Cape, in: AIDS, 20, pp. 2017-2024. [9361]

Jewkes, Rachel / Jama N. et al. (2005): Stepping stone studies, A gender transformative HIV intervention, Medical Research Council, Cape Town/Pretoria. [9362]

Jewkes, Rachel / Jama N. et al. (2007): Evaluation of stepping stones, A gender transformative HIV intervention, Medical Research Council, Cape Town/Pretoria. [9363]

Jones, Adam (ed.) (2006): Men of the global south, A reader, Zed Books, London. [9364]

Kaarsholm, Preben (2005): Moral panic and cultural mobilization, Responses to transition, crime and HIV/AIDS in KwaZulu- Natal, in: Development and Change, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 133-156. [9365]

Kaminer, Debra / Dixon, John (1995): The reproduction of masculinity: A discourse analysis of men’s drinking talk, in: South African Journal of Psychology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 168-174. [9376]

Kumalo, Bafana (2005): The role of men in the struggle for gender equality, Possibilities for positive engagement, in: Agenda, Special Focus, pp. 88-94. [9366]

Kynoch, Gary (2001): ‘A man among men’: Gender, identity and power in South Africa’s Marashea gangs, in: Gender and History, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 249-272. [9367]

Kynoch, Gary (2005): We are fighting the world, A history of the Marashea gangs in South Africa, 1947-1999, Ohio University Press, Ohio. [9368]

La Hausse, Paul (1990): ‘The cows of Nongoloza’, Youth, crime and Amalaita gangs in Durban, 1900-1936, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 79-111. [9369]

Le Gaetene, Gange (2004): Taking the bull by the horns, Working with young men on HIV/AIDS in South Africa, in: Ruxton, Sandy (ed.): Gender equality and men, Learning from practice, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp.101-112. [9370]

Leclerc-Madlala, Suzanne (1997): Infect one, infect all, Zulu youth response to the AIDS epidemic in South Africa, in: Medical Anthropology, vol. 17, no. 4, pp.363-380. [9371]

Lemon, Jennifer (1995): Masculinity in crisis, in: Agenda, no. 24, pp. 61-71. [9372]

Lesanje, Desmond (2005): Through men, by men, for men, Christinanity and the quest for equality, in: Agenda, Special Focus, pp. 78-79. [9373]

Lindegaard, Rosenkrantz Marie (2007): Angels, prisons and other human beings, Doing research with boys who have killed, in: Medische Anthropologie, 19, 1, pp. 59-78. [9374]

Luyt, R. / Foster, D. (2001): Hegemonic masculine conceptualisation in a gang culture, in: South African Journal of Psychology, 31, 1, pp. 1-11. [9375]

MacPhail, M. (1994): Challenging dominant norms of masculinities for HIV prevention, in: African Journal of AIDS Research, vol. 2, no. 2, pp.141-149. [9377]

Madhavan, Sangeetha / Townsend, Nicolas / Garey, Anita (2008): ‘Absent breadwinners’, Father-child connections and paternal support in rural South Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 647-663. [9378]

Mager, Ann (1999): Gender and making of South African Bantustan, A social history of the Ciskei, 1945-1958, James Currey Publishers, London. [9379]

Maharaj, Pranitha (2000): Promoting male involvement in reproductive health, in: Agenda, no. 44, pp. 37-47. [9380]

Maharaj, Pranitha (2001): Male attitudes to family planning in the era of HIV/AIDS, Evidence from KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 245-258. [9381]

Makhaye, G. (2005): Young men, in: Karim, Abdool / Karim, Abdool (eds.): HIV/AIDS in South Africa, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/Cape Town, pp. 313-320. [9382]

Mankayi, Nyameka / Shefer, Tamara (2005): Masculinities, militarisation and unsafe sexual practices, A case study of a young man in the South African military, in: Agenda, 63, pp. 66-78. [9385]

Martens, Jeremy (2001): ‘Almost a public calamity’: Prostitutes, ‘nurseboys’ and attempts to control veneral diseases in colonial Natal, 1886-1890, in: South African Historical Journal, vol. 45, pp. 27-53. [9387]

Martens, Jeremy (2002): Settler homes, manhood and ‘houseboys’: An analysis of Natal’s rape scare of 1886, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 379-400. [9388]

Martens, Jeremy (2003): Polygamy, sexual danger, and the creation of vagrancy legislation in Colonial Natal, in: Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 24-45. [9389]

Mehta, Manisha / Peacock, Dean / Bernal, Lisette (2004): Men as partners, Lessons learned from engaging men in clinics and communities, in: Ruxton, Sandy (ed.): Gender equality and men, Learning from practice, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp. 89-100. [9383]

Meintjes, F. (1991): Men, feminism and masculinity, in: Agenda, 11, pp. 11-14. [9384]

Moffett, Helen (2001): Men’s roles and responsibilities in ending gender based violence, Entering the labyrinth, Coming to grips with gender war zones, The case of South Africa, INSTRAW Working Paper, no. 5, INSTRAW, New York. [9390]

Moffett, Helen (2006): ‘These women, they force us to rape them’, Rape as a narrative of social control in post-apartheid South Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 129-144. [9391]

Montgomery, Catherine / Hosegood, Victoria et al. (2006): Men’s involvement in the South African family, Engendering change in the AIDS era, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 62, 10, pp. 2411-2419. [9386]

Moodie, Dunbar (1983): Mine culture and miners’ identity on the South African gold mines, in: Bozzoli, Belinda (ed.): Town and countryside in the Transvaal, Ravan Press, Johannesburg, pp. 176-197. [9392]

Moodie, Dunbar (1988): Migrancy and male sexuality on the South African gold mines, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 228-256. [9393]

Moodie, Dunbar (2001): Black migrant mine labourers and the vicissitudes of male desire, in: Morrell, Robert (ed.): Changing men in Southern Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 275-286. [9394]

Moodie, Dunbar (2005): Maximum average violence, Underground assaults on the South African gold mines, 1913-1950, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 31, no. 1. [9395]

Moolman, Benita (2004): The reproduction of an ‘ideal’ masculinity through gang rape on the Cape Flats, Understanding some issues and challenges for effective redress, in: Agenda, 60, pp. 109-123. [9396]

Morrell, R. / Posel, D. / Devey, R. (2003): Counting fathers in South Africa, Issues of definition, methodology and policy, in: Social Dynamics, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 73-94. [9411]

Morrell, Robert (1994): Boys, gangs, and the making of masculinity in the white secondary schools of Natal, 1880-1930, in: Masculinities, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 56-82. [9397]

Morrell, Robert (1996): Forging a ruling race: Rugby and white masculinity in colonial Natal, c.1870-1910, in: Nauright, John / Chandler, Timothy (eds.): Making men, Rugby and masculine identity, Frank Cass Publications, London, pp. 91-120. [9398]

Morrell, Robert (1997): Masculinity in South African History, in: South African Historical Journal, no. 37, pp. 167-177. [9399]

Morrell, Robert (1998): The new man?, in: Agenda, no. 37, pp. 7-12. [9400]

Morrell, Robert (1998): Of boys and men, Masculinity and gender in Southern African Studies, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 605-630. [9401]

Morrell, Robert (2001): The times of change, Men and masculinity in South Africa, in: Morrell, Robert (ed.): Changing men in Southern Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 3-40. (and in: Böll, Verena / Günther, Ursula et al. (Hg.): Umbruch – Bewältigung – Geschlecht, Genderstudien zu afrikanischen Gesellschaften in Afrika und Deutschland, Waxmann Verlag, Münster, 2003, pp. 43-58). [9402]

Morrell, Robert (2001): Corporal punishment and masculinity in South African schools, in: Men and Masculinties, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 140-157. [9403]

Morrell, Robert (2002): Men, movements and gender transformation in South Africa, in: Journal of Men’s Studies, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 309-327. [9404]

Morrell, Robert (2005): Men, movements and gender transformation in South Africa, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.): African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 271-288. [9405]

Morrell, Robert (2020): Making of masculinity studies in South Africa, in: Boyhood Studies, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 117-128. [9406]

Morrell, Robert (ed.) (2001): Changing men in Southern Africa, Zed Books, London. [9410]

Morrell, Robert / Richter, Linda (2004): The fatherhood project, Confronting issues of masculinity and sexuality, in: Agenda, no. 62, pp. 36-44. [9407]

Morrell, Robert / Unterhalter, Elaine et al. (2001): HIV/AIDS policies, schools and gender identities, in: Indicator South Africa, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 51-57. [9408]

Morrell, Robert / Unterhalter, Elaine et al. (2002): The school setting, Opportunities for integrating gender equality and HIV risk reduction interventions, in: Agenda, no. 53, pp. 11-21. [9409]

Naidu, Evashnee / Mkhize, Nonhlanhla (2005): Gender-based violence, The gay and lesbian experience, in: Agenda, no. 66, pp.34-38. [9412]

Ndlazi, Thulani (2004): Men in church institutions and religious organisations, The role of Christian men in transforming gender relations and ensuring gender equality, in: Agenda, no. 61, pp. 62-65. [9413]

Niehaus, Isak (2002): Renegotiating masculinity in the South African lowveld, Narratives of male-male sex in labour compounds and in prison, in: African Studies, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 77-97. [9414]

Niehaus, Isak (2005): Dr. Wouter Basson, Americans, and the wild beasts, Men’s conspiracy theories of HIV/AIDS in the South African lowveld, in: Medical Anthropology, vol. 24, pp. 179-208. [9415]

Olsen, Kathryn (2001): ‘Mina ngizokushaya ngengoma’ ‘I will change you with a song’, Constructions of masculinity in maskanda, in: Agenda, no. 49, pp. 51-60. [9416]

Palitza, Kristin (2008): ‚I have two healthy hands’, A group of men in the Eastern Cape overcame gender stereotypes and cares for the sick and disadvantaged, Sonke Gender Justice Network, Cape Town. [9417]

Peacock, Dean (2003): Building on a legacy of social justice activism, Enlisting men as gender justice activists in South Africa, in: Journal of Men and Masculinities, 5, pp. 327-330. [9418]

Peacock, Dean (2003): Men as partners, Promoting men’s involvement in care and support activities for people living with HIV/AIDS, UN/ILO/UNAIDS, Expert group meeting on ‘The role of men and boys in achiving gender equality, 21-24 Oct 2004, Brasilia, Brasil, EGM/Men-Boys-EP/2003/EP.5, UN/ILO/UNDP/UNAIDS, New York. [9419]

Peacock, Dean (2005): Urgency and optimism, Masculinities, gender equality and public health, in: Agenda, special focus, pp. 146-153. [9420]

Peacock, Dean (2006): We exist, Voices of male feminism, in: Wilson, Shamillah / Sengupta, Anasuys / Evans, Kristy (eds.): Defending our dreams, Global feminist voices for a new generation, Zed Books, London. [9421]

Peacock, Dean (2007): Work with men, in: Flood, Michael / Gardiner, Judith Kegan et al. (eds.). International Encylopedia of men and masculinities, Routledge, London. [9422]

Peacock, Dean (2008): Strategies for increasing men’s involevement in the care economy, presentation, CSW/UN, New York. [9423]

Peacock, Dean / Botha, Mbuyiselo (2006): The new gender platforms and fatherhood, in: Richter, Linda / Morrell, Robert (eds.): Baba, Men and fatherhood in South Africa, HSRC Press, Pretoria, pp. 281-292. [9424]

Peacock, Dean / Kumalo, Bafana / McNab, Eleanor (2006): Men and gender activism in South Africa, Observations, critique and recommendations for the future, in: Agenda, 69, pp. 71-81. [9425]

Peacock, Dean / Redpath, J. et al. (2007): Official South African country report, Progress on commitments made at the 2004 United Nations Commission on the Status of Women on implementing recommendations at involving men and boys in achieving gender equality, Office of the Status of Women, Government of South Africa / Commission on the Status of Women, Pretoria/Cape Town/New York. [9426]

Peacock, Dean / Weston, Mark (2008): Men and care economy in the context of HIV and AIDS, Structure, political will and greatter male involvement, Paper prepared for the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women expert group meeting on “Equal sharing of responsibilities between men and women, inluding care-giving in the context of HIV/AISD, 6-9 October, 2008, EGM/ESOR/2008/EP.1, DAW/DESA, UN, Geneva/New York. [9427]

Posel, Deborah (2005): The scandal of manhood, `Baby rape´ and the politicization of sexual violence in post-apartheid South Africa, in: Culture, Health and Sexuality, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 239–252. [11850]

Ramphele, Mamphela (2000): Teach me how to be a man, An exploration of the definition of masculinity, in: Das, V. et al. (eds.): Violence and subjectivity, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 102-119. [9428]

Ratele, Kopano (2010): Watch your man, Young black males at risk of homicidal violence, in: SA Crime Quarterly, vol. 33, pp. 19–24. [11792]

Ratele, Kopano (2002): Contradictions in the construction of masculinity, in: News from the Nordic Africa Institute, 2, S, pp. 2-5. [9429]

Ratele, Kopano (2006): Ruling masculinity and sexuality, Jacob Zuma and ‘a better life for all’, in: Feminist Africa, 6. [9430]

Ratele, Kopano (2008): Liberating masculinities, HSRC Press, Pretoria. [9431]

Reid, Graeme / Walker, Liz (eds.) (2005): Men behaving differently, South African men since 1994, Double Story Books, Cape Town. [9432]

Richter, Linda / Morrell, Robert (eds.) (2006): Baba, Men and fatherhood in South Africa, Human Science Research Publications, Pretoria. [9433]

Salo, Elaine (2003): Negotiating gender and personhood in the new South Africa, Adolescent women and gangsters in Manenberg township, Cape Flats, in: European Journal of Cultural Studies, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 345-365. [9434]

Salo, Elaine (2006): Mans is ma soe, Ganging practices in Manenberg, South Africa, and the ideologies of masculinities, gender and generational relations, in: Bay, Edna / Donham, Donald (eds.): States of violence, Politics, youth and memory in contemporary Africa, University of Virginia Press, Chalottesville, pp. 148-178. [9435]

Samuelson, Meg (2007): The disfigured body of the female guerrilla: (De)militarization, sexual violence, and redomestication in Zoe Wicomb’s David story, in: Signs, Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 833-854. [9436]

Sathiparsad, Reshma (2005): ‘It is better to beat her’, Male youth in KwaZulu Natal speak on violence in relationships, in: Agenda, no. 66, pp. 79-88. [9437]

Sathiparsad, Reshma (2006): Disease comes from girls, Perspectives of male learners in rural Kwa Zulu Natal, on HIV infection and AIDS, in: Journal of Education, no. 38, pp.117-137. [9438]

Sawires, Sharif / Dworkin, Shari et al. (2007): Male circumcision and HIV/AIDS, Challenges and opportunities, in: The Lancet, vol. 369, pp. 708-713. [9439]

Shefer, T. / Ratele, K. / Strebel, A. et al. (eds.) (2007): From boys to men, Masculinities at risk, UCT Press, Cape Town. [9442]

Shefer, T. / Ratele, K. et al. (2005): Masculinities in South Africa, A critical review of contemporary literature on men’s sexuality, in: Gibson, D. / Hardon, A. (eds.): Rethinking masculinities, violence and AIDS, Het Spinhuis, Amsterdam, pp. 73-86. [9441]

Shefer, T. / Ruiters, K. (1998): The masculine construct of the heterosex, in: Agenda, 27, pp. 39-45. [9440]

Sideris, Tina (2001): Rape in war and peace - Social context, gender power and identity, in: Meintjes, Sheila / Pillay, Anu / Trushen, Meredeth (eds.): The aftermath, Women in post-conflict transformation, Zed Books, London, pp. 142-158. [9443]

Sideris, Tina (2002): Non-violent men in violent communities, Negotiating the head and the neck, unpublished paper, WISER, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. [9444]

Sideris, Tina (2004): Men, identity and power, A case study of the re-invention of ‘tradition’, Implications for involving men in training and education about gender, in: Agenda, no. 60, pp. 88-93. [9445]

Sideris, Tina (2004): “You have to change and you don’t know how!”, Contesting what it means to be a man in a rural area of South Africa, in: African Studies, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 29-49. [9446]

Sideris, Tina (2007): Post-apartheid South Africa, Gender, rights and the politics of recognition, New avenues for old forms of violence, in: Buur, Lars / Jensen, Steffen / Stepputat, Finn (eds.): The security development nexus, Expressions of sovereignty and securitization in Southern Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute/HSRC Press, Uppsala/Cape Town, pp. 233-250. [9447]

Sonke Gender Justice Network (2008): Men for change, Health for all, Men, health and gender equality, A policy discussion paper, prepared for the National Department of Health, Cape Town. [9448]

Sonke Gender Justice Network (2009): Report on the impact of Sonke Gender Justice Network “One man can” campaign in Limpopo, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces, South Africa, Sonke, Cape Town. [9449]

Suttner, Raymond (2005): Masculinities in the African National Congress-led liberation movement, The underground period, in: Kleio, African Historical Review, vol. 37, issue 1, pp. 71-106. [9450]

Thorpe, Mark (2002): Masculinity in an HIV intervention, in: Agenda, no. 53, pp. 61-68. [9451]

Unterhalter, Elaine (2000): The work of the nation, Heroic masculinity in South African autobiographical writing of the Anti-Apartheid struggle, in: Journal of Development Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 157-178. [9452]

Vahed, Goolam (2005): Indentured masculinity in colonial Natal, 1860-1910, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.)African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 239-256. [9453]

Vincent, Louise (2006): Destined to come to blow, Race and constructions of ‘rational intellectual’ masculinity ten years after apartheid, in: Men and Masculinities, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 350-366. [9454]

Vincent, Louise (2008): Cutting tradition, The political regulation of traditional circumcision rites in South Africa’s liberal democratic order, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 77-91. [9455]

Viney, Ron (1999): A history of masculinities in South Africa: Context and parametres, in: New Contree, no. 45, pp. 85-97. [9456]

Waetjen, Thembisa (2004): Masculinity and the struggle for nation in South Africa, University of Illinois Press, Urbana. [9460]

Waetjen, Thembisa / Maré, Gerhard (1999): Workers and warriors, Inkatha’s politics of masculinity in the 1980s, in: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 197-216. [9457]

Waetjen, Thembisa / Maré, Gerhard (1999): A home in the homeland, Gender, national space and Inkatha’s politics of ethnicity, in: Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 653-678. [9458]

Waetjen, Thembisa / Maré, Gerhard (2001): ’Men amongst men’, Masculinity and Zulu nationalism in the 1980s, in: Morrell, Robert (ed.): Changing men in Southern Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 195-208. [9459]

Walker, L. (2005): Men behaving differently, South African men since 1994, in: Culture, Health and Sexuality, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 225-238. [9461]

Walsh, S. / Mitchell, C. / Smith, A. (2002): The soft cover project, Youth participation in HIV/AIDS interventions, in: Agenda, vol. 53, pp. 106-112. [9462]


South Sudan

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Sudan

Erlank, Natasha (2003): Gendering commonality, African men and the 1883 Commission on Native Law and Custom in Swaziland, In: Journal of Southern African Studies 29, 4, pp. 937-953. [9465]

Hutchinson, Sharon Elaine / Jok, Madut Jok (2002): Gendered violence and the militarisation of ethnicity, A case study from South Sudan, in: Werbner, Richard (ed.): Postcolonial subjectivity in Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 84-107. [9477]

Mkhwanazi, Nolwazi (2020): Of dreams and nightmares, Implementing medical male circumcision in eSwatini (Swaziland), in: Africa, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 132-147. [9466]

Swaziland/ Eswatini (0): [9464]

Willemse, Karin (2005): On globalization, gender and nation-state, Muslim masculinity and the urban middle class family in Islamist Sudan, in: Davies, Tine / van Driel, Francien (eds.): The gender question of globalization, Changing perspectives and practices, Ashgate Publishers, Aldershot, pp.159-178. [9463]


Swaziland / Eswatini

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Tanzania

Bujra, Janet (2000): Serving class, Masculinity and the feminisation of domestic service in Tanzania, Edinburgh University Press, Edingburgh. [9467]

Hodgson, Dorothy (1999): „Once intrepid warriors“: Modernity and the production of Maasai masculinities, in: Ethnology, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 121-150. [9468]

Hodgson, Dorothy (1999): Engendered encounters, Men of the church and the „church“ of women in Maasailand, Tanzania, 1950-1993, in: Comparative Studies in Society and History, 41, 4, pp. 758-783. [9469]

Setel, Philip (1993): Getting AIDS is like breaking your shaft in the Shamba, Energy disease, and changing concepts of manhood in Kilimanjaro, Working Paper, no. 168, African Studies Centre, Boston University, Boston. [9470]

Setel, Philip 1996 (0): as a paradox of manhood and development in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 1169-1178. [9471]

Setel, Philip 2005 (0): movements and gender transformation in South Africa, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.)African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 271-288. [9472]

Silberschmidt, Margrethe (2001): Disempowerment of men in rural and urban East Africa, Implications for male identity and sexual behaviour, in: World Development, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 657-671. [9473]

Silberschmidt, Margrethe (2004): Masculinities, sexuality and socio-economic change in rural and urban East Africa, in: Arnfred, Signe (ed.): Re-thinking sexuality in Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp.233-248. [9474]

Silberschmidt, Margrethe (2005): Poverty, male disempowerment, and male sexuality, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.)African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 189-203. [9475]

Sommers, Marc (2001): Young, male and pentecostal, Urban refugees in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in: Journal of Refugee Studies, vol. 14, pp. 347-370 [9476]


The Congo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Togo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Uganda

Dolan, Chris (1999): Peace research and the reconciliation agenda, Conference report, ACORD and the Acholi religious leaders peace initiative, Gulu. [9478]

Dolan, Chris (2000): Do weak states undermine masculinities?, IDS Insights, Issue 35, Brighton. [9479]

Dolan, Chris (2002): Collapsing masculinities and weak states, A case study of Northern Uganda, in: Cleaver, Frances (ed.): Masculinities matter! Men, gender and development, Zed Books, London, pp. 57-83. [9480]

Heald, Suzette (1986): The ritual use of violence, Circumcision among the Gisu of Uganda, in: Rich, David (ed.): The anthropology of violence, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, pp. 70-85. [9481]

Heald, Suzette (1999): Manhood and morality, Sex, violence and ritual in Gisu society, Routledge, London. [9482]

Janmyr, Maja (2019): Military recruitment of Sudanese refugee men in Uganda, A tale of national patronage and international failure, in: Buckley-Zistel, Susanne / Krause, Ulrike (eds.): Gender, violence and refugees, Berghahn Books, London, pp. 219-238. [9483]

Jones, Adam (ed.) (2006): Men of the global South, A reader, Zed Books, London. [9484]

Krause, Ulrike (2016): Hegemonie von Männern? Flüchtlingslager, Maskulinitäten und Gewalt in Uganda, in: Soziale Probleme, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 119-145. [9485]

Wyrod, Robert (2008): Between women’s rights and men’s authority, Masculinity and shifting discourses on gender difference in urban Uganda, in: Gender and Society, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 799-823. [9486]


Zambia

Doves, Paul (2005): Gender and embodiment, Expectations of manliness in a Zambian village, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.)African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 173-187. [9487]

Simpson, Anthony (2005): Sons and fathers / boys to men the time of AIDS, Learning masculinity in Zambia, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 569-586. [9488]


Zimbabwe

Burke, Timothy (1996): Lifeboy men, lux women - Commodification, consumption and cleanliness in modern Zimbabwe, Duke University Press, Lanham. [9489]

Epprecht, Marc (1999): The gay oral history project in Zimbabwe, Black empowerment, human rights and the research process, in: History in Africa, vol. 26, pp. 25-41. [9490]

Epprecht, Marc (2000): The ‘unsaying’ of homosexualities among indigenous black Zimbabweans, Mapping a blind spot in an African masculinity, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 24, pp. 631-651. [9491]

Goebel, Allison (1999): „Here it is our land, the two of us“: Women, men and land in a Zimbabwean resettlement area, in: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, vol.17, no. 1, pp. 75-96. [9492]

Goebel, Allison (2002): ‘Men these days, they are the problem’, Husband-taming herbs and gender wars in rural Zimbabwe, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 460-489. [9493]

Holland, Kathryn (2005): The troubled masculinities in Tsitsi Dangarembga’s Nervous Conditions, in: Ouzgane, Lahoucine / Morrell, Robert (eds.): African masculinities, Men in Africa from the nineteenth century to the present, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp. 121-136. [9494]

Mbizvo, M. / Adamchak, D. (1991): Family planning knowledge, attitudes and practices of men in Zimbabwe, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 22, pp. 31-38. [9495]

McCulloch, Jock (2000): Black peril, White virtue, Sexual crime in Southern Rhodesia, 1902-1935, Indiana University Press, Bloomington. [9496]

Pattman, Rob (1999): The beer drinkers say I had a nice prostitute but the church goers talk about things spiritual, Learning to be a man at the teachers’ college in Zimbabwe, in: Morrell, Robert (ed.): Changing men in Southern Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 225-238. [9497]

Shire, Chenjerai (1994): Men don’t go to the moon, Language, space and masculinities in Zimbabwe, in: Cornwall, Andrea / Lindisfarne, Nancy (eds.): Dislocating masculinity - Comparative ethnographies, London, pp. 147-158. [9498]

Summers, Carol (1999): Mission boys, civilized men and marriage, Educated African men in the missions of Southern Rhodesia, 1920-1945, in: Journal of Religious History, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 75-91. [9499]

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