Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature on society - families marriages

Africa OverviewAngolaBenin
BotswanaBurkina FasoBurundi
CameroonCentral African RepublicChad
D.R. Congo / ZaireDjiboutiEquatorial Guinea
EritreaEthiopiaGabon
GambiaGhanaGuinea
Guinea BisseauIvory CoastKenya
LesothoLiberiaMadagascar
MalawiMaliMauritius
MozambiqueNamibiaNiger
NigeriaRwandaSenegal
Sierra LeoneSomaliaSouth Africa
South SudanSudanSwaziland / Eswatini
TanzaniaThe CongoTogo
UgandaZambiaZimbabwe

Africa Overview

Abbas, Dey Jennie (1997): Gender asymmetries in intrahousehold resource allocation in Sub-Saharan Africa, Some policy implications for land and labour productivity, in: Haddad, Lawrence / Hoddinott, John / Alderman, Harold (eds.): Intrahousehold resource alloction in developing countries, Models, methods, and policy, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, pp. 249-262. [8500]

Adepoju, Aderanti (ed.) (1997): Family, population and development in Africa, Zed Books, London. [8501]

Aguilar, Mario (ed.) (2007): Rethinking age in Africa, Colonial, post-colonial, and contemporary interpretations of cultural representations, Africa World Press, Trenton. [8502]

Alber, Erdmute (ed.) (2007): Generations in Africa, Connections and conflicts, Lit-Verlag, Berlin. [8503]

Alber, Erdmute / Bochow, Astrid (2006): Familienwandel in Afrika, ein Forschungsüberblick, in: Paideuma, 52, pp. 227-250. [8504]

Baerends, Els (1998): Changing kinship, family and gender relations in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Risseeuw, Carla / Ganesh, Kamala (eds.): Negotiated social space, A gendered analysis of changing kin and security networks in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa,Sage Publishers, London, pp. 47-86. [8505]

Ballot, Julia (1985): Heiratstransaktionen in Afrika südlich der Sahara - zur Diskussion des "Brautpreises" in: Völger,G./von Welck, K. (eds.): Die Braut: geliebt, verkauft, getauscht, geraubt, zur Rolle der Frau im Kulturvergleich, Veröffentlichungen des Rautenstrauch-Joest Museums, Köln, pp. 80-87. [8506]

Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Gills (eds.) (1994): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Contemporary anthropological and demographic perspectives, Clarendon Press, Oxford. [8507]

Boserup, Ester (1996): The economis of polygamy, in: Grinker, Richard Roy / Steiner, Christopher (eds.): Perspectives on Africa, A reade in culture, history and representation, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, pp. 506-517. [8508]

Brabin, Loretta (1984): Polygyny, An indicator of nutritional stress in African agricultural societies? in: Africa, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 31-45. [8509]

Caldwell, J. et al. (1992): The family and sexual networking in sub-saharan Africa, Historical regional differences and present day implications, in: Population Studies, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 385-410. [8510]

Colson, Elizabeth (1970): Family change in contemporary Africa, in: Middleton, John (ed.): Black Africa, its peoples and their cultures, London, pp. 152-161. [8511]

Comaroff, John (ed.) (1980): The meaning of marriage payments, Academic Press, London. [8512]

Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo (1998): Marriage type and reproductive decisions: A comparative study in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Journal of Marriage and Family, vol. 60, pp. 232-242. [8513]

Dorjahn, Vernon (1959): The factor of polygyny in African demography, in: Bascom, William / Herscovits, Melville (eds.): Continuity and change in African cultures, pp. 87-112. [8514]

Douglas, Mary (1969): Is matriliny doomed in Africa? In: Douglas, Mary / Kaberry, Phyllis (eds.): Man in Africa, London, pp. 121-135. [8515]

Ekong, Julia Meryl (1992): Bridewealth, women and reproduction in Sub-Saharan Africa, Holos Verlag, Bonn. [8516]

Engelhardt, Eva (1994): “Wo es den Brautpreis gibt, kann es keine reproduktiven Rechte für Frauen geben” in: Blätter des IZ3W, Nr. 198, pp. 26-29. [8517]

Evans-Pritchard, E.E. (1931): An alternative term for ‘bride price’, in: Man, 31, pp. 36-39. [8518]

Ewulukwa, Uchechukwu (2002): Post-colonialism, gender and customary injustice, Widows in African societies, in: Human Rights Quarterly, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 424-486. [8519]

Frank, Odile (1988): The childbearing family in Sub-Saharan Africa, Structure, fertility and the future, World Health Organisation, Geneva. [8520]

Gastellu, Jean-Marc (1987): Matrilineages, economic groups and differentiation in West Africa, A note, in: Development and Change, vol. 18, pp. 271-280. [8521]

Geisler, Gisela (1985): Der Preis der Frauen, wirtschaftsethnologische Untersuchungen zum Brautpreis in Afrika, Frankfurt a.M. [8522]

Gonzalez, Ana Marta / Olo, Florence / De Rose, Laurie (eds.) (2011): Frontiers in globalization, Kinship and family structures in Africa, Africa World Press, Trenton. [8523]

Goody, Esther (1982): Parenthood and social reproduction, Fostering and occupational roles in West Africa, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [8524]

Goody, Esther (1986): Parental strategies: Calculation or sentiments? Fostering practicies among West Africans, in: Medick, Hans / Sabean, David Warren (eds.): Interest and emotion, Essays on the study of family and kinship, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. [8525]

Goody, Jack (1969): Comparative studies in kinship, London. [8526]

Goody, Jack (1973): Polygyny, economy and the role of women, in: Goody, Jack (ed.): The character of African kinship, Cambridge, pp. 175-190. [8527]

Hillmann, C.S.S.P. (1975): Polygyamy reconsidered, African plural marriages and the Christian churches, New York. [8528]

Howell, Signe / Melhuus, Marit (1991): The study of kinship, The study of person, A study of gender? in: Stolen, Kristi Ann (ed.): Gender, culture and power, vol. II, University of Oslo, SUM, Oslo, pp. 24-44. [8529]

Huber, Hugo (1968): ‘Women marriage’ in some East African societies, in: Anthropos, 63/64, pp. 745-752. [8530]

Isiugo-Abanihe, U. (1984): Child fosterage in West Africa, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 11, pp. 53-73. [8531]

Jackson, C. (2007): Resolving risk? Marriage and the creative conjugality, in: Development and Change, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 107-129. [8532]

James, Wendy (1978): Matrifocus on African women, in: Ardener, Shirley (ed.): Defining females, The nature of women in society, London, pp. 140-163. [8533]

Kayongo-Male, Diane (1984): The sociology of the African family, Longman Publishers, Harlow. [8534]

Kilbride, Philip / Kilbride, Janet (1990): Changing family life in East Africa, Women and children at risk, Pennsylvania State University Press, Philadelphia. [8535]

Kirk, Dudley / Pillet, Bernard (1998): Fertility levels, trends and differentials in Sub-Saharan Africa in the 1980s and 1990s, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 1-22. [8536]

Kirwen, Michael (1979): African widows, An empirical study to the problems of adapting Western Christian teaching on marriage and leviratic custom for the care of widows in four African rural societies, Orbis Books, New York. [8537]

Kisekka, Mere Nakaterregga (1976): Polygyny and the status of women, in: African Urban Notes, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 21-42. [8538]

Krige, Eileen Jensen / Comaroff, John (eds.) (1981): Essays on African marriage in Southern Africa, Juta Press, Heinemann. [8539]

Kyewelyanga, Francis Xavier (1977): Marriage customs in East Africa, Renner Publication, Hohenschäftlarn. [8540]

Lachenmann, Gudrun (1997): Selbstorganisation sozialer Sicherheit von Frauen in Entwicklungsländern, in: Braig, Marianne (Hg.): Begegnungen und Einmischungen, Akademischer Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 395-316. [8541]

Lachenmann, Gudrun (1998): Informal social security in Africa from a gender perspective, in: Baud, Isa / Smyth, Ines (eds.): Searching for security, Women’s responses to economic transformations, Routledge Publishers, London, pp. 45-66. [8542]

Little, Kenneth / Price, Anne (1967): Some trends in modern marriage among West Africans, in: Africa, 37, pp. 407-425. [8543]

Marks, Shula / Rathbone, Richard (1983): The history of the family in Africa, Introduction, in: Journal of African History, vol. 24, pp. 145-161. [8544]

Notermans, Catrien (2000): Polgygny and christianity, Local interpretations in Cameroon, in: Borsboom, A. / Kommers, J. (eds.): Anthropologists and the missionary endavour, Experiences and reflections, Verlag für Entwicklungspolitik, Saarbrücken, pp. 182-197. [8545]

Notermans, Catrien (2003): Lifetimes interwined, African grandparents and grandchildren, in: Africa, 74, 1, pp. 6-27. [8546]

Notermans, Catrien (2004): Sharing home, food and bed, Paths of grandmotherhood in East Cameroon, in: Africa, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 6-27. [8547]

Obbo, Christine (1976): Dominant male ideology and female options, Three East African case studies, in: Africa, vol. 46, pp. 371-389. [8549]

Ogbu, John (1978): African bridewealth and women's status, in: American Ethnologist, vol. 5, pp. 241-262. [8550]

Oppong, Christine (1976): Dominant male ideology and female options, Three East African case studies, in:Africa, vol. 46, pp. 371-389. [8551]

Oppong, Christine (1992): Traditional family systems in rural settings, in: Berquo, E. / Xenos, C. (ed.): Family systems and cultural change, Oxford University Press, Oxford. [8552]

Oppong, Christine (2006): Family roles and social transformations, Old men and women in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Research on Aging, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 654-668. [8553]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1978): Marriage, fertility and parenthood in West Africa, Canberra. [8554]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1983): Male and female in West Africa, George Allen and Unvin, London. [8555]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1989): Sex roles, population and development, Heinemann Publishers, Portsmouth. [8556]

Owen, Margaret (ed.) (1998): A world of widows, London, Zed Books. [8557]

O’Brien, Denise (1977): Female husbands in Southern Bantu societies, in: Schlegel, Alice (ed.): Sexual stratification, A cross-cultural view, New York, pp. 109-126. [8548]

Palriwala, Rajni / Risseeuw, Carla (eds.) (1996): Shifting circles of support, Contextualizing kinship and gender in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, Sage Publications, London/New York. [8558]

Parkin, David / Nyamwaya, David (eds.) (1987): Transformations of African marriages, Manchester University Press, Manchester. [8560]

Pool, Janet (1972): A cross-comparative study of aspects of conjugal behaviour among women of three West African countries, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. VI, no. ii, pp. 233-259. [8559]

Potash, Betty (ed.) (1986): Widows in African societies, Stanford University Press, Stanford. [8561]

Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. / Forde, Daryll (eds.) (1987): African systems of kinship and marriage, London. [8562]

Reynolds Whythe, Susan / Alber, Erdmute / Geissler, Wenzel P. (2004): Lifetimes intertwined, African grandparents and grandchildren, in: Africa, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 1-5. [8563]

Risseeuw, C. / Ganesh, K. (eds.) (1998): Negotiations and social space - A gendered analysis of changing kin and security networks in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, Sage Publications, Dehli / London. [8565]

Rwomire, Apollo (ed.) (2001): African women and children, Crisis and response, Praeger Publishers, Westport. [8564]

Rwomire, Appollo (ed.) (2001): African women and children, Crisis and response, Praeger Publishers, Westport. [8566]

Sabean, Warren David (1983): The history of the family in Africa and Europe, Some comparative perspectives, in: Journal of African History, vol. 24, pp. 163-171. [8567]

Sahn, David / Stiefel, David (2002): Parental preferences for nutrition of boys and girls, Evidence from Africa, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 21-45. [8568]

Smith, Daniel Jordan (2001): Romance, parenthood, and gender in a modern African society, in: Ethnology, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 129-151. [8570]

Sono, Themba (1994): African family and marriage under stress, CDA Publication, Pretoria. [8569]

Sudarkasa, Niara (1985): Female employment and family organization in West Africa, in: Steady, Filomina Chioma (ed.): The black woman cross-culturally, Schenkman Books, Rochester. [8571]

Sween, J. / Clingnet, R. (1978): Female matrimonial roles and fertility in Africa, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Marriage, fertility and parenthood in West Africa, Canberra, Australian National University Press, pp. 562-600. [8572]

Sweetman, Caroline (ed.) (2003): Gender, marriage and development, Focus on Gender, Oxfam Publications, Oxford. [8573]

Takyi, Baffour / Broughton, Christopher (2006): Marital stability in Sub-Saharan Africa, Do women’s autonomy and socio-economic situation matter? in: Journal of Family and Economic Issues, vol. 27, S.1, pp. 113-132. [8574]

Therborn, Göran (ed.) (2004): African families in a global context, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [8575]

Tietmeyer, Elisabeth (1985): Frauen heiraten Frauen, Eine vergleichende Studie zur Gynaegamie in Afrika, Klaus Renner Verlag, Hohenschäftlarn. [8576]

Tietmeyer, Elisabeth (1991): Gynaegamie im Wandel, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [8577]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen / Strobrel, Margaret (eds.) (1985): Family history in Africa, in: Trends in History, vol. 3, pp. 127-149. [8578]

Udvary, Monica / Cattell, M. (eds.) (1992): Gender, aging and power in Sub-Saharan Africa, Challenges and puzzles, Kluwer Academics, Dordrecht. [8579]

Weisner, Thomas / Bradley, Candice / Kilbride, Philip (eds.) (1997): African families and the crisis of social change, Bergin and Garvey Publishers, Westport. [8580]

White, Douglas (1988): Re-thinking polygyny, Co-wives, codes and cultural systems, in: Current Anthropology, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 529-572. [8581]

WLSA (2002): Reconceptualizing the family in a changing Southern African environment, written by Sara Mvududu and Patricia McFadden, WLSA, Harare. [8582]

Young, K. (2006): Widows without rights, Challenging marginalisation and dispossession, in: Gender and Development, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 199-209. [8583]


Angola

Hilton, Anne (1983): Family and kinship among the Congo south of the Zaire river from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries, in: Journal of African Studies, vol. 24, pp. 189-206. [8584]

MacGaffey, Wyatt (1983): Lineage structures, marriage and the family among the central Bantu, in: Journal of African History, vol. 24, pp. 173-187. [8585]

Nzatuzola, Jo Baptista Lukombo (2005): Gender and family life in Angola: Some aspects of the post-war conflict concerning displaced persons, in: African Sociological Review, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 106-133. [8586]


Benin

Alber, Erdmute (2003): Denying biological parenthood, child fosterage in North Benin, in: Ethnos, 68, 4, pp. 487-506. [8587]

Alber, Erdmute (2004): Ethnologische Anmerkungen zum Kinderhandel in Benin, in: Beck, Kurt (ed.): Arbeit, Konsum, Globalisierung, Festschrift für Gerd Spittler zum 65. Geburtstag, Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, Köln, pp. 145-158. [8588]

Alber, Erdmute (2003): Großeltern als Pflegeeltern, Veränderungen der Pflegschaftsbeziehungen zwischen Großeltern und Enkeln bei den Baatombu in Nordbenin, in: Anthropos, no. 98, pp. 445-460. [8589]

Alber, Erdmute (2004): Grandparents as forster parents, Transformations of foster relations between grandparents and grantchildren in Northern Benin, in: Africa, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 28-46. [8590]

Bohannan, Laura (1949): Dahomean marriage, A revaluation, in: Africa, vol. 19, pp. 272-287. [8591]

Elwert, Georg (1985): Ehekonflikte als politische Konflikte, die Entwicklung der Heiratsallianzen bei den Ayizo Benins, Westafrika, in: Völger, G. / von Welck, K. (eds.): Die Braut – Geliebt, verkauft, geraubt – Zur Rolle der Frau im Kulturvergleich, Veröffentlichungen des Rautenstrauch Joest Museums, Köln, pp. 546-555. [8592]

Falen, Douglas (2008): Polygyny and Christian marriage in Africa, The case of Benin, in: African Studies Review, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 51-75. [8593]

Löffler, Irene (1983): Vom Frauentausch zur Liebesheirat, in: Peripherie, Nr. 13, pp. 38-44. [8594]

Martin, Jeannett (2007): Yakubas neues Leben, Zum Wandel der Kindpflegschaftspraxis bei den ländlichen Fée (Mokollé) in Nordbenin, in: Afrika Spectrum, 42, 2, pp. 219-249. [8595]


Botswana

Ingstad, Benedicte (2004): The value of grandchildren, Changing relations between generations in Botswana, in: Africa, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 62-75. [8596]

Kidd, P., Makgekgenene, K. et al. (1997): Botswana families and women's rights in a changing environment, WLSA Publication, Gaborone. [8597]


Burkina Faso

Büchi, Silvia (1997): Geschlecht und Macht bei den Lobi in Burkina Faso, in: Sottas, Beat / Hammer, Thomas / Roost Vischer, Lilo (eds.): Werkschau Afrikastudien, Bd. 11, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp. 185-197. [8598]

Mason, Kathryn (1988): Co-wife relationships can be amicable as well as conflictual: The case of Mosse of Burkina Faso, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 615-624. [8599]

Roost Vischer, Lilo (1997): Mütter zwischen Herd und Markt, Das Verhältnis von Mutterschaft, sozialer Elternschaft und Frauenarbeit bei den Mosse (Mossi) in Ouagadougou/Burkina Faso, Basel. [8600]

Roost Vischer, Lilo (1997): Mütter und Vaterschwestern, Matrifokale Aspekte der patrilinearen Gesellschaft der Mosse (Burkina Faso), in: Sottas, Beat / Hammer, Thomas / Roost Vischer, Lilo (eds.): Werkschau Afrikastudien, Bd. 11, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp. 177-184. [8601]

Roth, Claudia (1994): Und sie sind stolz. Zur Ökonomie der Liebe. Die Geschlechtertrennung be iden Zara in Bobo-Diolasso, Burkina Faso, Frankfurt a.M., Brandes und Apsel Verlag. [8602]

Roth, Claudia (1995): Wehe, wenn die Frauen sich schmücken, Ein ethnologischer Beitrag, in: Ethnopsycholanalyse, 4, (Arbeit, Alltag, Feste). [8603]

Roth, Claudia (1997): „Was ist Liebe?“ Zum Wandel der Ehe in Bobo-Diolasso, ein Beispiel, in: Sottas, Beat / Hammer, Thomas / Roost Vischer, Lilo (eds.): Werkschau Afrikastudien, Bd. 11, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp. 198-208. [8604]

Roth, Claudia (2000): Der unerfüllte Heiratswunsch, Erzählungen einer jungen Frau in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, in: de Jong, Willemijn / Möwe, Illona / Roth, Claudia (Hg.): Bilder und Realitäten der Geschlechter, Argonaut Verlag, Zürich, pp. 155-176. [8605]

Roth, Claudia / de Jong, Willemijn / Perlik, Manfred et al. (eds.) (2018): Urban dreams, Transformation of family life in Burkina Faso, Berghahn Publishers, Oxford. [8606]


Burundi

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Cameroon

Bah, Njakoi John (1998): Marriage and divorce in Oku, in: Baessler Archiv, Neue Folge, Band XLVI, pp. 31-57. [8607]

Calvès, A.E. (1999): Marginalization of African single mothers in the marriage market, Evidence from Cameroon, in: Population Studies, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 291-301. [8608]

Calvès, A.E. (2000): Premarital childbearing in urban Cameroon: Paternal recognition, child care and financial support, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 31, no.4, pp. 443-461. [8609]

Calvès, A.E. (2002): Abortion risk and decision-making among young people in urban Cameroon, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 33, noi. 3, pp. 249-260. [8610]

Calves, Anne-Emmanuele / Meekers, Dominique (1999): The advantages of having many children for women in formal and informal unions in Cameroon, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 617-639. [8611]

Diduk, Susan (2000): A woman's pillow and the political economy of Kedjom family life in Cameroon, in: Houseknecht, Sharon K. / Pankhurst, Jerry G. (eds.): Family, religion, and social change in diverse societies, Oxford University Press, Oxford. [8612]

Geary, Christraud (1986): On legal change in Cameroon, Women, marriage and bridewealth, Working Paper, no. 113, African Studies Centre, Boston University, Boston. [8613]

Guyer, Jane (1995): The value of Beti bridewealth, in: Guyer, Jane (ed.): Money matters: Instability, values and social payments in the modern history of West Africa communities, James Currey, London, pp. 23-32. [8614]

Hamisu, Danpullo Rabiatu Ibrahim (2000): Customary bride-price in Cameroon, Do women have a say? in: Southern African Feminist Review, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 65-71. [8615]

Notermans, Catrien (2004): Sharing home, food, and bed, Paths of grandmotherhood in East Cameroon, in: Africa, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 16-27. [8616]

Ottinger, Nadja (1996): Die Ökonomie der Geschlechter, Kooperation und Konflikt bei den Mmen im Kameruner Grasland, Argonaut Verlag, Zürich. [8617]


Central African Republic

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Chad

Reyna, Stephen (1977): Marriage payments, household structure, and the domestic labour supply among the Barma of Chad, in: Africa, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 81-89. [8618]

Reyna, Stephen (1984): Barma bridewealth - Socialization and the reproduction of labour in a domestic African economy, in: Africa, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 58-72. [8619]

Reyna, Stephen (1985): Bridewealth revisited, Socialization and the production of labour in a domestic African economy, Working Paper no. 80, Women in International Development, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [8620]


D.R. Congo / Zaire

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Djibouti

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Equatorial Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Eritrea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ethiopia

Abate, Mammo / Philip, Morgan (1986): Childlessness in rural Ethiopia, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 12, no. 3, pp.533-546. [8621]

Bekele, H. Selassie (1997): Settlement of matrimonial disputes in case of divorce: A case comment on Civil Appeal no. 2133/78, in: Journal of Ethiopian Law, vol. 18, pp. 81-95. [8622]

Berhane, Yemane (2004): Ending domestic violence against women in Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 131-132. [8623]

Christiaensen, Luc / Alderman, Harold (2004): Child malnutrition in Ethiopia, Can maternal knowledge augment the role of income? in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 52, pp. 287-312. [8624]

Crummey, Donald (1983): Family and property amongst the Amhara nobility, in: Journal of African History, vol. 24, pp. 207-220. [8625]

Dagne, Haile (1994): Early marriage in Northern Ethiopia, in: Reproductive Health Matters, vol. 4, pp. 35-38. [8626]

Deyessa, N. and Kassaye, M. and Demeke, B. and Taffa, N. (1998): Magnitude, type and outcomes of physical violence against married women in Butajira, Southern Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Medical Journal, vol. 36, pp.83-92. [8627]

Ezra, Markos / Gurmu, Eshetu (2002): Correlates of marriage and family patterns in Southern Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, vol. 24, pp.28-57. [8628]

Fafchamps, Marcel / Quisumbing, Agnes (2005): Assets at marriage in rural Ethiopia, in: Journal of Development Economics, vol. 77, pp. 1-25. [8629]

Fafchamps, Marcel / Quisumbing, Agnes (2005): Marriage, bequest, and assortative matching in rural Ethiopia, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 347-380. [8630]

James, Wendy (1986): Lifelines: Exchange marriage among the Gumuz, in: Donham, Donald / James, Wendy (eds.): The Southern marches of imperial Ethiopia, Essays in history and social anthropology. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 119-147. [8631]

Jedrej, M.C. (1979): Some structural features of Ingessana marriage and affinity, in: Africa, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 377-387. [8632]

Kidane, Asmeron, Haile, Azbaha (1998): Determinants and consequences of marital instability in Northwestern Ethiopia, in: East Africa Social Science Research Review, vol. 4, pp. 57-68. [8633]

Poluha, Eva (2007): The world of girls and boys in rural Ethiopia, Forum for Social Studies, Addis Abeba [8634]

Sereke-Brhan, Heran (2005): ‘Like adding water to milk’, Marriage politics in Nineteenth Century Ethiopia, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 38, pp. 49-77. [8635]

Sereke-Brhan, Heran (2005): ‘Like adding water to milk’, Marriage politics in Nineteenth Century Ethiopia, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 38, pp. 49-77. [8637]

Tilson, Dana / Larsen, Ulla (2000): Divorce in Ethiopia, The impact of early marriages and childlessness, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 355-372. [8636]


Gabon

Jean-Baptiste, Rachel (2008): ‘I took my husband for my father’, Child marriage, sexuality, girls, and the law in colonial Gabon, 1939-1960, in: Roberts, Richard (ed.): Law, colonialism and children in Africa, Stanford University Press, Stanford. [8638]

Jean-Baptiste, Rachel (2008): ‘These laws should be made by us’, Customary marriage law, codification and political authority in twentieth-century Gabon, in: Journal of African History, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 17-240. [8639]

Jean-Baptiste, Rachel (2014): “A black girl should not be with a white man”, Sex, race, and African women’s social and legal status in colonial Gabon, c.1900-1946, in: Journal of Women’s History, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 56-82. [8640]

Jean-Baptiste, Rachel (2014): Conjugal rights, Marriage, sexuality, and urban life in colonial Libreville, Ohio University Press, Athens. [8641]


Gambia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ghana

Abu, Katharine (1989): The separateness of the spouses: Conjugal resources in an Ashanti town, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Female and male in West Africa, George Allan and Unwin, London, pp. 156-168. [8642]

Allman, Jean (2004): Rounding up spinsters: Gender chaos and unmarried women in colonial Asante, in: Journal of African History, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 62-82. und in: Hodgson, Dorothy / McCurdy, Sheryl (eds.): „Wicked“ women and the reconfiguration of gender, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 130-148. [8643]

Bochow, Astrid (2007): Valentinstag in Kumasi, Ghana, Sexualität und Generationenbeziehungen im Wandel, in: Afrika Spectrum, 2, pp. 195-218. [8644]

Boni, Stefano (2001): Twentieth-century transformations in notions of gender, parenthood, and marriage in Southern Ghana, A critique of the hypothesis of „retrograde steps“ for Akan women, in: History in Africa, vol. 28, pp. 14-41. [8645]

Forster, Hannelore (1986): Heirat und Ehe bei den Akan in Ghana: Ein Vergleich traditioneller und städtischer Gesellschaftsformen, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken. [8646]

Hanson, Kobena (2004): Rethinking the Akan household, Aknowledging the importance of culturally and linguistically meaningful images, in: Africa Today, vol. 51, no. 1. [8647]

Meier, Barbara (1996): Doglientiri, Frauengemeinschaften in westafrikanischen Verwandtschaftssystemen, dargestellt am Beispiel der Bulsa in Nordghana, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [8648]

Meier, Barbara (1999): Doglientriri: An institutionalised relationship between women among the Bulsa of Nothern Ghana, in: Africa, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 89-107. [8649]

Oppong, Chistine (1974): Marriage among a matrilineal elite, A family study of Ghanaian senior civil servants, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [8650]

Oppong, Chistine (1980): From love to institution, Indicators of change in Akan marriage, in: Journal of Family History, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 197-209. [8651]

Oppong, Chistine (2001): Globalization and the disruption of mothercare, in: Research Review vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 25-47. [8652]

Oppong, Chistine (2004): Demographic innovation and nutritional catastrophe: Change, lack of change and difference in Ghanaian family systems, in: Therborn, Goran (ed.): African families in a global context, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 49-78. [8653]

Oppong, Christine (2004): Demographic innovation and nutritional catastrophe, Change, lack of change and difference in Ghanaian family systems, in: Therborn, Göran (ed.): African families in a global context, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 49-78. [8658]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1983): Female and male in West Africa, Garwill and Unwin, London. [8659]

Oppong, Christine / Abu, Katharine (1984): The changing maternal role of Ghanaian women: Impact of education, migration and employment, Working Paper, 14, World Employment Programme, Geneva. [8655]

Oppong, Christine / Abu, Katharine (1987): Seven roles of women, Impact of education, migration and employment on Ghanaian mothers, ILO-Publications, Geneva. [8656]

Oppong, Christine / Abu, Katharine (1988): The seven roles framework: Focused biographies and family size in Ghana, in: Caldwell, John C. / Hill, A.G. / Hull, V. (eds.): Micro-approaches to demographic research, Kegan Paul International, London, pp. 146-166. [8657]

Oppong, Christine / Bleek, Wolf (1982): Economic models of having children, some evidence from Kwahu, Ghana, in: Africa, vol. 65. no. 4, pp. 16-32. [8654]

Oppong, Christine / Oppong, Yaa / Odotei, Irene (eds.) (2006): Sex and gender in an era of AIDS, Ghana at the turn of the Millenium, Sub-Saharan Publishers, Accra. [8660]

Takyi, Baffour K. / Oheneba-Sakti, Yaw (1997): Gender differentials in family size among Ghanaian couples, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 32, no. 3-4, pp. 296-306. [8661]

Van der Geest (2004): Grandparents and grandchildren in Kwahu, Ghana, The performance of respect, in: Africa, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 47-61. [8662]

Vellenga, Dorothy (1983): Who is a wife? Legal expressions of conjugal conflicts in Ghana, in: Oppong, Christine (eds.): Male and female in West Africa, Routledge Publishers, London, pp. 144-155. [8663]

Vellenga, Dorothy (1986): Matriliny, patriliny, and class formation among women cocoa farmers in two rural areas of Ghana, in: Robertson, Claire / Berger, Iris (eds.): Women and class in Africa, Africana Publishing Company, New York, pp. 2-77. [8664]


Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Guinea Bisseau

Temudo, Marina Padrao (2019): Between ‚forced marriage’ and ‚free choice’, Social transformation and perceptions of gender and sexuality among the Balanta in Guinea Bisseau, in: Africa, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 1-20. [8665]


Ivory Coast

Etienne, Mona (1979): The case for social maternity, Adoption of children by urban Baule women, in: Dialectical Anthropology, vol. 4, no. 3. [8666]

Etienne, Mona (1986): Contradictions constraints and choices: Widow remarriage among the Baule of Ivory Coast, in: Potash, Betty (ed.): Widows in African Societies: Choices and constraints, Stanford University Press, Stanford, pp. 241-282. [8667]

Etienne, Mona (1983): Gender relations and conjugality among the Baule, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Female and male in West Africa, George Allen and Unwin, London, pp. 303-319. [8668]

Etienne, Mona (1993): The case of social maternity: Adoption of children by urban Baule women, in: Brettell, Caroline / Sargent, Carolyn (eds.): Gender in cross-cultural perspective, Eaglewood Cliffes, New Jersey, pp. 25-30. (auch in: Dialectical Anthropology, 4, 1979, pp. 237-242) [8669]

Gastellu, Jean-Marc (1987): Matrilineages, economic groups and differentiation in West Africa, A note, in: Development and Change, vol. 18, pp. 271-280. [8670]

Lewis, Barbara (1977): Economic activity and marriage among Ivorian urban women, in: Schlegel, Alice (eds.): Sexual stratification, A cross-cultural view, Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 161-191. [8671]


Kenya

Adams, Bert / Mburugu, Edward (1994): Kikuyu bridewealth and polygyny today, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 25, pp. 159-166. [8681]

Best, Günther (1982): Zum Wandel der Endogamie und Exogamie zweier Nomadengruppen in Ost- und Westafrika: Turkana und Fulbe, in: Anthropos, 77, pp. 264-269. [8682]

Cronk, Lee (1990): Stratification, bridewealth, and marriage patterns among the Mukogodo and their neighbors, Laikipia District, Kenya, in: Research in Economic Anthropology, vol. 12, pp. 89-109. [8683]

Curtin, Patricia Romero (1984): Weddings in Lamu, Kenya, An example of social and economic change, in: Cahiers d’ Etudes Africaines, 94, 24, pp. 131-145. [8684]

Geissler, Wenzel P. / Prince, Ruth (2004): Shared lives, Exploring practices of amity between grandmothers and grandchildren in western Kenya, in: Africa, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 95-108. [8685]

Gwako, Edwin Laban Moogi (1997): Married women’s ideal family size preferences and family planning practices, Evidence from rural Kenya, in: Social Science Journal, vol. 34, pp. 369-382. [8686]

Gwako, Edwin Laban Moogi (1998): Widow inheritance among the Maragoli of Western Kenya, in: Journal of Anthropological Research, vol. 54, pp. 173-198. [8687]

Gwako, Edwin Laban Moogi (1998): Polygyny among the Logoli of Western Kenya, in: Anthropos, no. 93, pp. 331-348. [8688]

Hakansson, Thomas (1988): Bridewealth, Women and land, Social change among the Gusii of Kenya, Almqvist and Wiksell, Uppsala. [8689]

Hakansson, Thomas (1994): The detachability of women, Gender and kinship in processes of socio-economic change among the Gusii of Kenya, in: American Ethnologist, 21, pp. 516-538. [8690]

Hakansson, Thomas / Le Vine, Robert (1997): Gender and life courses strategies among the Gusii, in: Weisner, Thomas / Bradley, Candice / Kilbride, Philip (eds.): African families and the crisis of social change, Bergin and Garvey Publishers, Westport, pp. 253-267. [8691]

Hetherington, Penelope (2001): Generational changes in marriage pattern in the Central Province of Kenya, 1930-1990, in: Journal of African and Asian Studies, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 163-179. [8692]

Jensen, An-Margritt (1991): Economic change, marriage and fertility in a rural area of Kenya, in: Stolen, Kristi Ann / Yaa, Mariken (eds.): Gender and change in developing countries, Oslo, pp. 67-88. [8693]

Le Vine, Sarah (1979): Mothers and wives, Gusii women of East Africa, Chicago. [8694]

Mayambala, Ester (1996): Changing the terms of the debate: Polygamy and the rights of women in Kenya and Uganda, in: East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights, 3, 2, pp. 200–238. [8695]

Mutongi, Kenda (1999): Worries of the heart: Widowed mothers, daughters and masculinities in Maragoli, Western Kenya, 1950-1960, in: Journal of African History, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 67-86. [8696]

Mutongi, Kenda (2007): Worries at heart, Widows, family and community in Kenya, Chicago University Press, Chicago. [8697]

Njambi, Wairimu / O’Brien, William (2000): Revisiting „woman-woman-marrige“, Notes on Gikuyu women, in: National Women’s Studies Journal, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1-23. [8699]

Nyambedha, Erick Otieno / Aagaard-Hansen, Jens (2007): Practices of relatedness and the re-invention of duol as a network of care for orphans and widows in Western Kenya, in: Africa, vol. 77, no. 4. [8698]

Paolisso, Michael / Braksh, Michael / Thomas, Conley (1989): Women’s agricultural work, child care and infant diarrhea in rural Kenya, in: Leslie, Joanne / Paolisso, Michael (eds.): Women, work, and child welfare in the third world, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 217-236. [8700]

Parkin, David (1995): Disputing human passion, The negotiation of the meaning of love among the Giriama of Kenya, in: Caplan, Pat (ed.): Understanding disputes, The politics of argument, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp. 161-180. [8701]

Potash, Betty (1978): Some aspects of marital instability in a rural Luo community, in: Africa, 48, 4, pp. 380-397. [8702]

Potash, Betty (1986): Wives of the grave, Widows in rural Luo community, in: Pottash, Betty (ed.): Widows in African societies, Choises and constraints, Stanford University Press, Stanford, pp. 44-65. [8703]

Reynolds Whyte (1979): Wives and co-wives in Marachi, Kenya, in: Folk, 21-22, pp. 134-144. [8704]

Shadle, Brett (2003): Bridewealth and female consent, Marriage disputes in African courts, Gusiiland, Kenya, in: Journal of African History, vol. 44, pp. 241-262. [8705]

Shadle, Brett (2006): Girls cases, Marriage and colonialism in Kenya, 1890-1970, Heinemann,Oxford. [8706]

Smith Oboler, Regina (1980): Is a female husband a man? Women/women marriage among the Nandi of Kenya, in: Ethnology, 19, pp. 69-88. [8707]

Swartz, Marc (1982): The isolation of men and the happiness of women, Sources and uses of power in Swahili marital relations, in: Journal of Anthropological Research, vol. 38, pp. 26-44. [8708]

Tietmeyer, Elisabeth (1985): Frauen heiraten Frauen, Eine vergleichende Studie zur Gynaegamie in Afrika, Klaus Renner Verlag, Hohenschäftlarn. [8709]

Tietmeyer, Elisabeth (1991): Gynaegamie im Wandel, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [8710]

Weisner, Thomas / Bradley, Candice / Kilbride, Philip (eds.) (1997): African families and the crisis of social change, Bergin and Garvey Publishers, Westport. [8711]


Lesotho

Ansell, Nicola / van Blerk, Lorraine (2004): Children’s migration as a household/family strategy, Coping with AIDS in Lesotho and Malawi, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 673-690. [8672]

Murray, Colin (1977): High bridewealth, migrant labour and the position of women in Lesotho, in: Journal of African Law, vol. 21, pp. 79-96. [8713]

Murray, Colin (1976): Marital strategy in Lesotho: The redistribution of migrant earnings, in: African Studies, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 99-121. [8673]

Murray, Colin (1977): High bridewealth, migrant labour and the position of women in Lesotho, in: Journal of African Law, vol. 21, pp. 79-96. [8674]

Murray, Colin (1978): Migration, differentiation and the development cycle in Lesotho, in: Binsbergen, W. van / Meilink, H. (Hg.): Migration and the transformation of modern African society, Leiden. [8675]

Murray, Colin (1979): Migrant labour and changing family structures in the rural periphery of Southern Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 139-156. [8676]

Murray, Colin (1979): The work of men, women and the ancestors: Social reproduction in the periphery of Southern Africa, in: Wallman, Sandra (ed.): Social anthropology of work, Academic Press, London, New York, pp. 337-363. [8677]

Murray, Colin (1981): Families divided, The impact of labour migration in Lesotho, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [8678]

Murray, Colin (1987): Class, gender and the household: The development cycle in Southern Africa, in: Development and Change, vol. 18, pp. 235-249. [8679]

Ntimo-Makara, Matora (2009): Living with divorce, Expectations and Contradictions within the Lesotho, OSSREA, Addis Abeba. [8712]


Liberia

David, Magdalean Soniia (1997): ‘You become one in marriage’: Domestic budgeting among the Kpelle of Liberia, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies,vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 144-169. [8680]


Madagascar

Astuti, Rita (2000): Kindreds and descent groups, New perspectives from Madagascar, in: Carsten, Jane (ed.): Cultures of relatedness, New approaches to the study of kinship, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 90-104. [8714]

Gezon, Lisa (2002): Marriage, kin, and compensation, A socio-political ecology of gender in Ankarana, Madagascar, in: Anthropological Quarterly, Vol. 75, No. 4, pp. 675-706. [11778]


Malawi

Ansell, Nicola / van Blerk, Lorraine (2004): Children’s migration as a household/family strategy, Coping with AIDS in Lesotho and Malawi, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 673-690. [8720]

Biran, Adam / Abbot, Joanne / Marce, Ruth (2004): Families and firewood, A comparative analysis of the costs and benefits of children in firewood collection and use in two rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Human Ecology, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 1-25. [8721]

Hansen, J.D. / Luckert, M.K. et al. (2005): Tree planting under customary tenure systems in Malawi: Impacts of marriage and inheritance patterns, in: Agricultural Systems, vol. 84, pp. 99-118. [8722]

Hirschmann, David / Vaughan, Megan (1983): Food production and income generating in a matrilineal society: Rural women in Zomba, Malawi, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 86-99. [8723]

Kaler, Amy (2001): ‘Many divorces and many spinsters’: Marriage as an invented tradition in southern Malawi, 1946-1999, in: Journal of Family History, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 529-556. [8726]

Leach, Martin / Kamangira, John (1997): Shortgun wedding or happy marriage? Integrating PRA and sample survey in Malawi, in: PLA Notes, vol. 28, pp. 42-46. [8724]

Lovett, M.E. (1997): From sisters to wives and slaves, Redefining matriliny and the lives of Lakeside Tonga women, 1885-1955, in: Critique of Anthropology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 171-187. [8725]

Marshall, A. (1989): Malawi campaigns for smaller families, in: Population, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 13-19. [8727]

Miller, Kate / Zulu, Eliya Msiyaphazi / Watkins, Susan Cotts (2001): Gender and husband-wife survey responses in Malawi, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 161-163. [8728]

Mtika, Mike Mathambo (2003): Family transfers in a subsistence economy and under a high incidence of HIV/AIDS, The case of rural Malawi, in: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 69-92. [8729]

Phiri, Kings, M. (1983): Some changes in the matrilineal family system of Malawi since the 19th century, in: Journal of African History, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 257-283. [8730]

Reniers, Georges (2003): Divorce and remarriage in rural Malawi, in: Demographic Research, Special Collection, 1, pp. 175-206. [8731]

Ueyama, Mika / Yamauchi, Futoshi (2008): Marriage behaviour response to prime-age adult mortality, Evidence from Malawi, IFPRI Discussion Paper, no. 764, IFPRI, Washington DC. [8732]


Mali

Burgess, Thomas (2007): Have you heard the words of the elders? Senior Bamana women’s adaptations to cultural change in rural Mali, in: Aguilar, Mario (ed.): Rethinking age in Africa, Colonial, post-colonial and contemporary interpretations of cultural represenations, Africa World Press, Trenton. [8715]

Castle, Sarah / Konate, Mamadou Kani (1995): Child fostering and children's nutritional outcomes in rural Mali: The role of female status in directing child transfers, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 40, pp. 679-693. [8716]

Grosz-Ngaté, Maria (1988): Monetization of bridewealth and the abandonment of "kin roads" to marriage in Sana, Mali, in: American Ethnologist, vol. 15, pp. 501-514. [8717]

Grosz-Ngaté, Maria (1989): Hidden meanings: Explorations Into a Bamanan construction of gender, in: Ethnology, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 167-183. [8718]

Roberts, Richard (1999): Representation, structure and agency: Divorce in the French Soudan during the early twentieth century, in: Journal of African History, vol. 40, pp. 389-410. [8719]


Mauritius

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Mozambique

Arnaldo, Carlos (2004): Ethnicity and marriage patterns in Mozambique, in: African Population Studies, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 143-164. [8733]

Bentzon, Agnete (1994): European family law confronting the extended family in developing countries: The cases of Greenland and Mozambique, in: Law and Anthropology, vol. 7, pp. 311-329. [8734]

Oya, Carlos / Sender, John (2009): Divorced, separated, and widowed women workers in rural Mozambique, in: Feminist Economics, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 1-31. [8735]

Sheldon, Kathleen (1991): Sewing clothes and sorting cashew nuts: Factories, families and women in Beira, Mozambique, in: Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 14, no. 1/2, pp. 27-36. [8736]

Sheldon, Kathleen (1992): Chreches, titias, and mothers: Working women and child care in Mozambique, in: Hansen, Karen Tranberg (ed.): African encounters with domesticity, New Brunswick, pp. 290-310. [8737]

Welch, Gita H. et al. (1987): Transforming family law: New directions in Mozambique, in: Armstrong, Alice K. (ed.): Women and law in Southern Africa, Zimbabwe Publishing House, Harare, pp. 105-124. [8738]


Namibia

McKittrick, Meredith (1996): The ‘burden’ of young men: Property and generational conflict in Namibia, 1880-1945, in: African Economic History, 24, pp. 115-129. [8739]

McKittrick, Meredith (1998): Generational struggle and social mobility in Western Ovambo communities, 1915-1954, in: Hayes, Patricia et al. (eds.): Namibia under South African rule, Mobility and containment, 1915-1946, James Currey, Oxford. [8740]

Pauli, Julia (2010): The female side of male patronage, Gendered perspectives on elite formation processes in Northwest Namibia, in: Journal of Namibian Studies, vol. 8, no. 27-47. [8741]

Thomas, Felicity (2007): Global rights, local realities, Negotiating gender equality and sexual rights in the Caprivi Region, Namibia, in: Culture, Health and Society, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 599-614. [8742]

Thomas, Felicity (2008): Remarriage after spousal death, Options facing widows and implications for livelihood security, in: Gender and Development, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 73-83. [8743]


Niger

Cooper, Barbara (1995): Women’s worth and wedding gift exchange in Maradi, Niger, 1907-1989, in: Journal of African History, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 121-140. [8744]

Cooper, Barbara (1997): Marriage in Maradi: Gender and culture in a Hausa society in Niger, 1900-1989, James Currey Publications, Oxford. [8745]

Masquelier, Adeline (2005): The scorpions sting: Youth, marriage and the struggle for social maturity in Niger, in: Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, vol. 11, pp. 59-83. [8746]

Rasmussen, Susan J. (1987): Interpreting androgynous women, Female aging and personhood among the Kel Ewey Tuareg, in: Ethnology, vol. 26, pp. 17-29. [8747]

Rasmussen, Susan J. (1994): Female sexuality, social reproduction, and the politics of medical intervention in Northern Niger, in: Culture, Medicine and Psychatry, vol. 19, pp. 1-20. [8748]

Rasmussen, Susan J. (1997): Politics and poetics of Tuareg aging, Life course and personal dignity in Niger, Northern Illinois Press, De Kelb. [8749]

Rasmussen, Susan J. (2000): From childbearers to culture-bearers: Transition to postchildbearing among Tuareg women, in: Medical Anthropology, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 91-116. [8750]

Rasmussen, Susan J. (2000): Exhaulted mothers, Gender, aging and post childbearing experience in a Tuareg community, in: Hodgson, Dorothy (ed.): Rethinking pastoralism in Africa, Gender, culture and the myth of the patriarchal pastoralist, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 186-206. [8751]

Rasmussen, Susan J. (2001): Wedding of calm and wedding of noise, Aging performed and aging misquoted in Tuareg rites of passage, in: Journal of Anthropological Research, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 277-304. [8752]


Nigeria

Aborampah, Osei-Mensah (1987): Plural marriage and fertility differentials: A study of the Yoruba of Western Nigeria, in: Human Organization, vol. 46, 1, pp. 28-38. [8753]

Adeoku, Lawrence (1982): Marital sexual relationships and birth spacing among two Yoruba sub-groups, in: Africa, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 1-14. [8754]

Akande, Jade / Kuyu, Priscilla (1986): Nigeria, Family law project, in: Schuler, Margaret (ed.): Empowerment and the law, Strategies of third world women, OEF Publications, Washington, pp. 335-341. [8755]

Akpan, Eno-Obong (2003): Early marriage in Eastern Nigeria and the health consequences of vesico-vaginal fistulae (VVF) among young mothers, in: Sweetman, Caroline (ed.): Gender, marriage and development, Focus on Gender, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp. 70-76. [8756]

Amnesty International (2005): Nigeria: Unheard voices, Violence against women in the family, London. [8757]

Andrae, Gunilla (1997): A women worker in a Lagos factory, Her power base in family, community, labour market, and union, in: Rosander, Eva Evres (ed.): Tranforming female identities, Women’s organisational forms in West Africa, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 69-84. [8758]

Bender, Donald, R. (1971): De facto families and de jure households in Ondo, (Yoruba), in: American Anthropologist, vol. 73, pp. 223-241. [8759]

Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Giles (eds.) (1994): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Oxford University Press, New York. [8760]

Byfield, Judith (1996): Women, marriage, divorce and the emerging colonial state in Abeokuta (Nigeria) 1892-1914, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 32-51. (and published in: Hodgson, Dorothy / McCurdy, Sheryl (eds.): „Wicked“ women and the reconfiguration of gender, James Currey, Oxford, 2001, pp. 27-46.) [8761]

Caldwell, J.C. / Caldwell, P. (1977): The role of marital sexual abstinence in determing fertility, A study of the Yoruba in Nigeria, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 7, pp. 193-253. [8762]

Callaway, Barbara (1984): Ambigiuos consequences of the socialization and seclusion of Hausa women, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, 22, pp. 429-450. [8763]

Callaway, Barbara (1988): Contrasting socialization of Igbo and Hausa women and political efficacy, in: Women and Politics, vol. 8, pp. 45-68. [8764]

Callaway, Barbara (1994): Hausa socialisation, in: Brettell, Caroline / Sargent, Carolyn (eds.): Gender in cross-cultural perspective, Prentice Hall, pp. 116-129 (aus: Callaway, Barbara: Muslim Hausa women in Nigeria - Tradition and change, New York, 1987, pp. 28-25.) [8765]

Chalifoux, Jean-Jacques (1980): Secondary marriage and levels of seniority among the Abisi (PITI), Nigeria, Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. XI, no. 3, pp. 325-338. [8766]

Coles, Catherine (1990): The older women in Hausa society, Power and authority in urban Nigeria, in: Sokolovsky, Jay (ed.): The cultural context of aging, World-wide perspectives, Bergin and Garvey Publishers, New York, pp. 57-81. [8767]

Coles, Catherine (1996): Three generations of Hausa women in Kaduna, Nigeria, 1925-1985, in: Sheldon, Kathleen (ed.): Courtyards, markets, city streets, Urban women in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 73-102. [8768]

Di Domenico, Catherine / de Cola, Lee / Leishman, Jennifer (1989): Urban Yoruba mothers, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa, Heinemann Publishers, Portsmouth, pp. 118-132. [8769]

Driesen, I.H. van den (1972): Some observations on the family unit, religion and the practice of polygyny in the Ife division of Western Nigeria, in: Africa, no. 42, pp. 44-56. [8770]

Ekong, Sheilah Clarke (1984): Continuity and change in Nigerian family patterns, in: Afonja, Simi / Olu Pearce, Tola (eds.): Social change in Nigeria, Longman, London. [8771]

Emenyonu, Ernest N. (1988): Technique and language in Buchi Emecheta’s The Bride Price, The Slave Girl and The Joys of Motherhood, in: Journal of Commonwealth Literature, vol. 23, 1, pp. 130-141. [8772]

Eno-Obong, Akpan (2003): Early marriage in Eastern Nigeria and the health consequences of vesico-vaginal fistulae (VVF) among young mothers, in: Sweetman, Caroline (ed.): Gender, marriage and development, Focus on Gender, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp. 70-76. [8773]

Ewelukwa, Uche (2002): Post-colonialism, gender, customary injustice, Widows in African societies, in: Human Rights Quarterly, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 424-486. [8774]

Ezeokana, Jude Obinna (1999): Divorce, It’s psychological effects on the divorced women and their children, A study on the Igbos of Southern Nigeria, Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M. [8775]

Fapohunda, Eleanor / Todaro, M. (1988): Family structure, implicit contracts, and the demand for children in Southern Nigeria, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 571-596. [8776]

Imam, A. / Pittin, R. / Omole, H. (eds.) (1989): Women and the family in Nigeria, CODESRIA Publications, Dakar. [8777]

Ipaye, Oluwatoyin (1998): The changing pattern of family structure in Nigeria: Issues, problems and strategies for family support, in: Eekelaar, J. / Nhlapo, R.T. (eds.): The changing family: International perspectives on the family and family law, Hart Publishing, Oxford. [8778]

Isiugo-Abanihe, Uche (1994): Consequences of bridewealth changes on nuptiality patterns among the Ibo of Nigeria, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Gilles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Contemporary anthropological and demographic perspectives, Claredon Press, Oxford, pp. 74-91. [8779]

Iyam, D. (1996): „Full“ men and powerful „women“: The reconstruction of gender status among the Biase of Southeastern Nigeria, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 30, pp. 387-408. [8780]

Izzett, Alison (1961): Family life among the Yoruba, in: Southall, Aidan (ed.): Social change in Modern Africa, Oxford University Press, London. [8781]

Karanja, Wambui Wa (1983): Conjugal decision-making: Some data from Lagos, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Female and Male in West Africa, Routledge Publishers, London, pp. 236-241. [8782]

Karanja, Wambui Wa (1987): ‘Outside wives’ and ‘inside wives’ in Nigeria, A study of changing perceptions in marriages, in: Parkin, David / Nyamwaya, David (eds.): Transformations of African marriage, Manchester University Press, Manchester, pp. 247-261. [8783]

Lawuyi, Olatunde (1987): Ethnic identity and sex, in: Anthropos, 82, pp. 226-232. [8784]

Lloyd, Peter (1968): Divorce among the Yoruba, in: American Anthropologist, vol. 70, pp. 67-81. [8785]

Mann, Kristin (1982): Women’s land rights in law and practice, Marriage dispute settlement in colonial Lagos, in: Hay, Margaret / Wright, Marcia (eds.): African women and the law, Historical perspectives, Boston University Papers, Boston, pp. 151-171. [8787]

Mann, Kristin (1983): The daughters of dependence, Christian marriage among elite women in Lagos colony, 1880-1915, in: Journal of African History, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 37-56. [8788]

Mann, Kristin (1985): Marrying well: Marriage, status and social change among the educated elite in colonial Lagos, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [8789]

Mann, Kristin (1994): The historical roots and cultural consequences of outside marriage in colonial Lagos, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Giles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 167-193. [8790]

McCarthy, J. / Oni, G. (1987): Desired family size and its determinants among urban Nigerian women, A two-stage analysis, in: Demography, vol. 24, pp. 279-290. [8786]

Muller, Jean-Claude (1972): Ritual marriage, symbolic fatherhood and initiation among the Rubuka, Plateau-Benue State, Nigeria, in: Man, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 283-295. [8791]

Muller, Jean-Claude (1975): Preferential / rescriptive marriage and the function of kinship systems, The Rukuba case (Benue-Plateau State) Nigeria, in: American Anthropologist, 75, pp. 1563-1576. [8792]

Muller, Jean-Claude (1978): On bridewealth and meaning among the Rukuba, Plateau State, Nigeria, in: Africa, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 161-175. [8793]

Muller, Jean-Claude (1980): On the relevance of having two husbands, Contribution to the study of polygynous/polyandrous marital forms of the Jos Plateau, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 359-369. [8794]

Netting, Robert (1969): Marital relations among the Jos Plateau of Nigeria, The politics of domesticity among the Kofyar, in: American Anthropologist, vol. 71, pp. 1037-1047. [8795]

Newell, Stephanie (2005): Devoting to domesticitiy, The reconfiguration of gender in popular christian pamphlets from Ghana and Nigeria, in: Journal of Religion in Africa, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 296-323. [8796]

Nwakeze, Ngozi M. (2007): The demand for children in Anambra State of Nigeria: A logit analysis, in: African Population Studies, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 167-193 [8797]

Nwokocha, Ezebunwa E. (2007): Maternal crises and the role of African men: The case of a Nigerian community, in: African Population Studies, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 39-62. [8798]

Obikeze, D.S. (1987): Education and the extended family ideology: The case of Nigeria, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 18, pp. 25-45. [8799]

Okpala, Amon (1989): Female employment and family size among urban Nigeria women, in: Journal of Developing Areas, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 439-456. [8800]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1989): Sex roles, population and development, Heinemann Publishers, Portsmouth. [8801]

Oruwari, Yomi (1991): The changing role of women in families and their housing needs: A case study of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, in: Environment and Urbanization, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 6-12. [8802]

Renne, Elisha (1990): If men are talking, they blame it on women: A Nigerian woman’s comments on divorce and child custody, in: Feminist Issues, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 37-49. [8803]

Renne, Elisha (1993): Gender ideology and fertility strategies in an Ekiti Yourba village, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 343-353. [8804]

Renne, Elisha (1993): Condome use and the popular press in Nigeria, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 41-56. [8805]

Renne, Elisha (1993): Changes in adolescent sexuality and the perception ofvirginity in a southwestern Nigerian village, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 3, pp. 121-133. [8806]

Renne, Elisha (1996): The pregnancy that doesn't stay: The practice and perception of abortion by Ekiti Yoruba women, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 42, pp. 483-494. [8807]

Renne, Elisha (2005): Childhood memories and contemporary parenting in Ekiti, Nigeria, in: Africa, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 63-82. [8808]

Robson, Elsbeth (2000): Wife seclusion and the special praxis of gender ideology in Nigerian Hausaland, in: Gender, Place and Culture, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 179-199. [8809]

Salamone, F.A. (1976): The arrow and the bird, Proverbs in the solution of Hausa conjugal conflict, in: Journal of Anthropological Research, vol. 32, pp. 358-371. [8810]

Sangree, Walter (1969): Going home to mother, Traditional marriage among the Irigwe of Benue-Plateau State, Nigeria, in: American Anthropologist, vol. 71, no. 6, pp. 1046-1057. [8811]

Sangree, Walter (1972): Secondary marriage and tribal solidarity in Iringwe, Nigeria, in: American Anthropologist, 74, pp. 1234-1243. [8812]

Sangree, Walter (1992): Grandparenthood and modernization: The changing status of male and female elders in Tiriki, Kenya, and Irigwe, Nigeria, in: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, vol. 7, pp. 331-361. [8813]

Schildkrout, Enid (1986): Widows in Hausa society, Ritual phase or social status, in: Potash, B. (eds.): Widows in African societies, Choises and constraints, Stanford, Stanford University Press, pp. 131-152. [8814]

Schildkrout, Enid (1982): Dependency and autonomy: The economic activities of secluded Hausa women in Kano, Nigeria, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 55-82. [8815]

Smith, Daniel Jordan (2001): Romance, parenthood and gender in a modern African society, in: Ethnology, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 129-152. [8817]

Smith, Daniel Jordan (2010): Promiscous girls, good wives, and cheating husbands, Gender inequality, transitions to marriage, and infidelity in Southeastern Nigeria, in: Anthropological Quarterly, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 123-152. [8818]

Smith, Mary (1953): Secondary marriage in Northern Nigeria, in: Africa, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 298-323. [8819]

Solivetti, L.M. (1994): Family, marriage and divorce in a Hausa community, in: Africa, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 252-271. [8816]

Southall, A.W. (1961): The position of women and the stability of marriage, in: Southall, A.W. (ed.): Social change in modern Africa, London, pp. 46-66. [8820]

Stephans, Connie (1991): Marriage in the Hausa Tatsuniya tradition, a cultural and cosmic balance, in: Coles, Catherine / Mack, Beverly (eds.): Hausa women in the twentieth century, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, pp. 221-231. [8821]

Togonu-Bickersteth, Funmi (1997): Gender differences in expressed satisfaction with care from adult children among older rural Yoruba, in: Southern African Journal of Gerontology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 3-6. [8822]

Trevor, Jean (1975): Family change in Sokoto, a traditional Fulani/Hausa city, in: Caldwell, John (ed.): Population growth and socio-economic change in West Africa, Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 236-253. [8823]

Uchendum, Victor (1965): Concubinage among Ngwa Igbo of Southern Nigeria, in: Afirca, vol. 35, pp. 187-196. [8825]

Udegbe, Bola (2004): Female (in)dependence and male dominance in contemporary Nigerian families, in: Therborn, Goran (ed.): African families in a global context, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 79-97. [8824]

Uyanga, Joseph (1976): Family size and participation of women in the labour force, A Nigerian case study, in: African Urban Notes, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 59-72. [8826]

Uzoma, A.C. (1971): The changing position of married women of one Ibo community (Nkwerre) in township and village - A socio-economic analysis, in: Vierteljahresberichte, vol. 44, pp. 58-81. [8827]

Verdon, Michael (1982): Divorce in Abutia, in: Africa, vol. 52, pp. 48-66. [8828]

Wa Karanja, Wambui (1983): Conjugal decision-making, Some data from Lagos, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Female and male in West Africa, Allen and Unwin, London, pp. 236-241. [8829]

Wall, Lewis (1998): The social context of maternal mobidity and morality among the Hausa of Northern Nigeria, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 61-89. [8830]

Ware, Helen (1979): Polygyny, Women’s views in a transitional society, Nigeria, 1975, in: Journal of Marriage and the Family, vol. 41, pp. 185-195. [8831]

Watts, Susan (1983): Marriage migration, a neglected factor of long-term mobility: A case study from Ilorin, Nigeria, in: International Migration Review, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 682-698. [8832]

Zabel, Shirley (1969): Legislative history of the Gold Coast and Nigerian Marriage Ordinance, part 1 and 2, in: Journal of African Law, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 64-79 and vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 158-217. [8833]


Rwanda

Bohmer, Caro (1980): Modernziation, divorce and the status of women, in: African Studies Review, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 81-87. [8834]


Senegal

Antoine, Philippe / Nanitelamio, Jeanne (1996): Can polygyny be avoided in Dakar, in: Sheldon, Kathleen (ed.): Courtyards, markets, city streets, Urban women in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.129-152. [8835]

Aubel, J. / Toure, I. / Diagne, M. (2004): Senegalese grandmothers promote improved maternal and child nutrition practices, The guardians of tradition are not avese to change, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 945-959. [8836]

Aubel, Judi / Toure, Ibrahima / Diagne, Mamadou et al. (2001): Strengthening grandmother networks to improve community nutrition, Experience from Senegal, in: Gender and Development, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 62-73. [8837]

Bloch, Marianne N. (1988): The effect of seasonal maternal employment on young Senegalese children's behaviour, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 19, pp. 397-417. [8838]

Enel, Catherine / Pison, Gilles / Lefebvre, Monique (1994): Migration and marriage chance, A case study of Mlomp, A Joola village in Southern Senegal, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Gilles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Contemporary anthropological and demographic perspectives, Claredon Press, Oxford, pp. 92-116. [8839]

Garenne, Michael / van de Wall, Etienne (1989): Polygyny and fertility among the Serer of Senegal, in: Population Studies, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 41-59. [8840]

Horowitz, Michael M. (1993): River basin development policy, women and children, A case study from the Senegal Rifer Valley, in: Salem-Murdock, Muneera (ed.): Women and children first, Schenkman Books, Rochester, pp.317-338. [8841]

Jones, Hilary (2005): From `mariage a la mode' to weddings at town hall, Marriage, colonialism and mixed-race society in nineteenth-century Senegal, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 38, no.1, pp. 27-48. [8842]

Linares, Olga F. (1988): Kuseek and Kuriimen: Wives and kinswomen in Jola Society, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 22, no.3, pp. 472-490. [8843]

Makward, Edris (1986): Marriage, tradition and women’s pursuit of happiness in the novels of Mariama Bâ. in: Davies, Carole Boycs / Graves, Anne Adams (eds.): Ngambika - Studies of women in African literature, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 271-181. [8844]

Reinwald, Brigitte (1995): Der Reichtum der Frauen, Leben und Arbeit der weiblichen Bevölkerung der Siin/Senegal unter dem Einfluß der französischen Kolonialisation, Lit-Verlag, Hamburg. [8845]

Reinwald, Brigitte (1997): Changing family strategies as a response to colonial challenge, Microanalytic observations on Siin/Senegal, 1890-1960, in: History of the Family, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 183-195. [8846]

Villalón, L.A. (1999): Generational changes, political stagnation, and the evolving dynamics of religion and political change in Senegal, in: Africa Today, 3, 4, pp. 129-147. [8847]

Whittemore, Robert D. / Beverly, E.A. (1996): Mandinka mothers and nurslings, Power and reproduction, in: Medical Anthropology Quarterly, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 45-62. [8848]


Sierra Leone

Bledsoe, Caroline (1980): Women and marriage in Kpelle society, University of California Press, Standford. [8849]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1989): Strategies of child-fosterage among Mende grannies in Sierra Leone, in: Lesthaeghe, Ron (ed.): Reproduction and social organization in Sub-Saharan Africa, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 442-474. [8850]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1990): The politics of children, Fosterage and social management of fertility among the Mende in Sierra Leone, in: Handwerker, Penn (ed.): Birth and power, Social change of reproduction, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 82-100. [8851]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1990): School fees and the marriage process for Mende girls in Sierra Leone, in: Sanday, Peggy / Goodenough, Ruth (eds.): Beyond the second sex, New directions ni the anthropology of gender, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelophia, pp. 283-309. [8852]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1993): The politics of polygyny in Mende education and child forsterage tansactions, in: Miller, Barbara Diane (ed.): Sex and gender hierachies, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 170-192. [8853]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1995): Marginal members, Children of previous unions in Mende households in Sierra Leone, in: Grennhalgh, S. (ed.): Situating fertility, Anthropological and demographic inquiry, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 130-153. [8854]

Dorjahn, V.K. (1958): Fertility, polygyny and their interrelation in Temne society, in: American Anthropologist, 60, pp. 838-859. [8855]

Dorjahn, V.K. (1988): Changes in Temne polygyny, in: Ethnology, vol. 27, pp. 367-389. [8856]

Gage, Anastasia / Bledsoe, Caroline (1994): The effects of education and social stratification on marriage and the transition to parenthood in Freetown, Sierra Leone, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Gilles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 148-164. [8857]

Issac, Barry (1980): Female fertility and marital form among the Mende of Rural Upper Bambara Chiefdom, Sierra Leone, in: Ethnology, pp. 297-313. [8858]

Little, Kenneth (1966): Attitudes of marriage and the family among educated young Sierra Leonians, in: Lloyd, P.C. (ed.): The new elites of tropical Africa, Oxford University Press, London, pp. 139-162. [8859]

Little, Kenneth / Price, Anne (1967): Some trends in modern marriage among West Africans, in: Africa, 37, pp. 407-425. [8860]

Steady, Filomina Chioma (1987): Polygamy and the household economy in a fishing village in Sierra Leone, in: Parkin, David /Nyamwaya, David (eds.): Transformation of African marriage, Manchester University Press, Manchester, pp. 211-230. [8861]

Thompson, Bankole (1991): Child abuse in Sierra Leone, Normative disparities, in: International Journal of Law and the Family, 5, pp. 13-23. [8862]


Somalia

Besteman, Catherine (1995): Polygyny, women’s land tenure and the mother-son-partnership in Southern Somalia, in: Journal of Anthropological Research, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 193-213. [8863]

Lewis, I.M. (1994): Blood and bone, The call of kinship in Somali society, Red Sea Press, Lawrencevielle. [8864]


South Africa

Bak, Maren (2008): Townships in transition, Women’s caring keeps the township together, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 255-267. [8865]

Bhana, Deevia / Clowes, Lindsay / Morrell, Richard / Shefer, Tamara (2008): Pregnant girls and young parents in South African schools, in: Agenda, no. 76, pp. 78-89. [8866]

De Koker, Jeanne (1998): African customary family law in South Africa, A legacy of many pasts, in: Eekelaar, John / Nhlapo, Thandabantu (eds.): The changing family – International perspectives on the family and family law, Hart Publishing, Oxford, pp. 321-340. [8867]

Dooling, Wayne (2005): The making of a colonial elite: Property, family and landed stability in the Cape Colony, c. 1750-1834, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 147-162. [8868]

Duflo, Esther (2003): Grandmothers and granddaughters, Old age pensions and intrahousehold allocation in South Africa, in: World Bank Economic Review, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1-25. [8869]

Goolam, Nazeem (1998): Constitutional interpretations of the “best interests” principle in South Africa in relation to custody, in: Eekelaar, John / Nhlapo, Thandabantu (eds.): The changing family – International perspectives on the family and family law, Hart Publishing, Oxford, pp. 369-380. [8870]

Hochfeld, Tessa (2008): ‘Influencing … it is our role, it is our duty’, How social workers unintentionally reinforce conservative ideas of the family, in: Agenda, no. 76, pp. 92-103. [8871]

Hunter, Marc (2004): Fathers without 'amandla'? Gender and fatherhood among isiZulu speakers, in: The Journal of Natal and Zulu History, vol. 22, pp. 149-160. [8872]

Jeannes, Lisa / Shefer, Tamara (2003): Discourses of motherhood among a group of South African mothers, in: Jenda, 5. [8873]

Kotze, J.C. / van der Waal, C.S. (1995): Violent social relationships and family life in two Transvaal lowveld settlements, HSCR Publication, Pretoria. [8874]

Krige, Eileen (1936): Changing conditions in marital relations and parental duties among urbanized natives, in: Africa, vol. 9, pp. 21-23. [8875]

Longmore, Laura (1959): The dispossessed, A study of the sex-life of Bantu women in urban areas in and around Johannesburg, Jonathan Cape Publishers, Cape Town. [8876]

Marwick, Max (1978): Household composition and marriage in a Witwatersrand African township, in: Argyle, W.J / Preston Whythe, E.M. (eds.): Social system and tradition in Southern Africa, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, pp. 36-54. [8877]

Nhlapo, Thandabantu (1998): African family law under an undecided constution, The challenge of law reform in South Africa, in: Eekelaar, John / Nhlapo, Thandabantu (eds.): The changing family – International perspectives on the family and family law, Hart Publishing, Oxford, pp. 617-625. [8878]

Phoofolo, Pule (2005): Female extramarital relationships and their regulation in early colonial Thembuland, South Africa, 1875-1895, in: Journal of Family History, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 3-47. [8879]

Sathiparsad, Reshma / Taylor, Myra / Dlamini, Siyabonga (2008): Patriarchy and family life, Alternative views of male youth in rural South Africa, in: Agenda, vol. 76, pp. 4-16. [8880]

Sloth-Nielsen, Julia / van Heerden, Belinda (1998): Signposts on the road to equality, Towards the new millenium for parents, children and families in South Africa, in: Eekelaar, John / Nhlapo, Thandabantu (eds.): The changing family – International perspectives on the family and family law, Hart Publishing, Oxford, pp. 353-368. [8881]

Steyn, Elsa (1998): From closet to constitution, The South African gay family rights odyssey, in: Eekelaar, John / Nhlapo, Thandabantu (eds.): The changing family – International perspectives on the family and family law, Hart Publishing, Oxford, pp. 405-432. [8882]

Urdang, S. (2006): Women and the politics of care in Southern Africa, The care economy. Gemder and the silent AIDS crisis in Southern Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 165-177. [8883]

Van Zyl, Mikki (2011): Are same-sex marriages unAfrican? Same-sex relationships and belonging in post-apartheid South Africa, in: Journal of Social Issues, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 335–357. [11789]

Walker, Cheryl (2005): Conceptualizing motherhood in twentieth century South Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 417-437. [8884]

Woodhouse, Barbara Bennett (1998): Constitutional interpretation and the re-constitution of the family in the United States and South Africa, in: Eekelaar, John / Nhlapo, Thandabantu (eds.): The changing family – International perspectives on the family and family law, Hart Publishing, Oxford, pp. 463-482. [8885]

Ziel, Susan (2004): Globalization and family patterns, A view from South Africa, in: Therborn, Goran (ed.): African families in a global context, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 98-118. [8886]

Ziel, Susan (2005): Families in South Africa, in: Adam, B. / Trost, J. (eds.): Handbook of world families, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks. [8887]


South Sudan

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Sudan

Badri, Balghis (1980): Sex socialization and conjugal roles in Omdurman, in: Pons, V. (ed.): Urbanization and urban life in the Sudan, Hull Publishers, Khartoum, pp. 629-645. [8888]

Casciarri, Barbara (1995): The role of women in the changing family and social organization of Ahamda pastoralists, Central Sudan, in: Nomadic People, vol. 36/37, pp. 105-118. [8889]

Evans-Pritchard, Edward (1934): Social character of bridewealth, with special reference to the Azande, in: Man, vol. 34, pp. 172-174. [8890]

Evans-Pritchard, Edward (1946): Nuer bridewealth, in: Africa, vol. 16, pp. 247-257. [8891]

Evans-Pritchard, Edward (1970): Zande bridewealth, in: Africa, vol. 40, pp. 115-124. [8892]

Evans-Pritchard, Edward (1973): Kinship and marriage among the Nuer, Claredon Press, Oxford. [8893]

Hutchinson, Sharon (1980): Relations between the sexes among the Nuer, 1930, in: Africa, 50, pp. 371-388. [8894]

Hutchinson, Sharon (1990): Rising divorce among the Nuer, 1936-1983, in: Man, 25, pp. 393-411. [8895]

Hutchinson, Sharon (1992): The cattle of money and the cattle of girls among the Nuer, 1930-1983, in: American Ethnologist, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 294-315. [8896]

Schultz, Ulrike (2005): Er muss für uns sorgen, ich behalte mein Geld, Einkommensverteilung und innerfamiliäres Verhandeln in sudanesischen Familien, in: Kössler, Reinhart / Kumitz, D. / Schultz, Ulrike (Hrsg.): Gesellschaftstheorie und Provokation der Moderne, Peripherie Sonderband, Das Westfälische Dampfboot, Münster, pp. 225-240. [8897]

Schultz, Ulrike (2007): Autonomie oder Sicherheit, Das Aushandeln von Familienormen in sudanesischen Familien, in: Afrika Spectrum, 42, 2, pp. 167-194. [8898]

Schultz, Ulrike (2010): Geschlecht, Macht, Familie, Lokalisierung und Aushandlung von „Moderne“ in sudanesischen Haushalten und Familien, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [8899]

Willemse, Karin / Osman, Nawal / Bijleveld, Catrien (1998): One from the heart, Between family and friends in Al-Halla, West Sudan, in: Risseeuv, Carla / Ganesh, Kamala (eds.): Negotiated social spaces, A gendered analysis of changing kin and security networks in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, Sage Publications, London, pp. 313-323. [8900]


Swaziland / Eswatini

Miles, Miranda (1996): For the sake of the children: Coping strategies of women in Swaziland’s domestic service sector, in: Geo Journal, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 81-88. [8901]

Russell, Mango (1993): Women, children and marriage in Swaziland, in: International Journal of Sociology of the Family, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 43-57. [8902]


Tanzania

Abrahams, R.G. (1978): Aspects of the distriction between the sexes in the Nyamwezi and some other African systems of kinship and marriage, in: LaFontain, S. (ed.): Systems of sex and age as principles of social differentiation, London, pp. 67-87. [8903]

Caplan, Patricia (1995): Law and ‘custom’, Marital disputes on Northern Mafia Island, Tanzania, in: Caplan, Pat (ed.): Understanding disputes, The politics of argument, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp. 203-222. [8904]

Huber, Hugo (1984): Die polygnye Gehöftgemeinschaft der Simbete (Tansania), Zentrale Autorität und Matrisegmente, in: Anthropos, 79, pp. 25-38. [8905]

Rwezaura, Bart (1998): The proposed abolition of de facto unions in Tanzania: A case of sailing against the social current, in: Eekelaar, John and Nhlapo, T. (ed.): The changing family: Family forms and family law, Hart Publishing, Oxford. [8906]

Stambach, Amy (1998): Education is my husband, Marriage, gender and reproduction in Northern Tanzania, in: Bloch, M. / Beoku-Betts, J.A. / Tabachnick, B.R. (eds.): Women and education in Sub-Saharan Africa, Power, opportunities and constraints, Boulder, Lynne Rienner Publications, pp. 185-200. [8907]

Stiles, Erin (2003): When is a divorce a divorce? Determining intention in Zanzibar’s Islamic courts, in: Ethnology, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 273-288. [8908]

Stiles, Erin (2005): 'There is no stranger to marriage here!' Muslim women and divorce in rural Zanzibar, in: Africa, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 582-598 [8909]

Tanner, R.E.S. (1962): The relationships between the sexes in a costal Islamic society, Pangani District, Tanzania, in: African Studies, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 70-82. [8910]


The Congo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Togo

Locoh, Therese (1994): Social change and marriage arrangements, New types of union in Lome, Togo, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Giles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 215-230. [8911]

Locoh, Therese (1995): Divorce and remarriage in West Africa, The situation in Togo, in: Population, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 61-93. [8912]

Pilon, Mark (1994): Types of marriage and marriage stability, The case of Mobo-Gurma of Togo, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Giles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Oxford University Press, New York, pp.215-230. [8913]


Uganda

Atekyereza, Peter (2001): Bride wealth in Uganda: A reality of contradictions, in: Uganda Journal, vol. 47, pp. 49-66. [8914]

Carlson, K. / Mazurana, D. (2008): Forced marriages with the Lord’s Resistance Army, Uganda, Feinstein International Centre, New York. [8915]

Mayambala, Ester (1996): Changing the terms of the debate: Polygamy and the rights of women in Kenya and Uganda, in: East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights, 3, 2, pp. 200–238. [8916]

Nabaitu, Januario / Bachengana, Cissy / Seeley, Janet (1994): Marital instability in a rural population in South-West Uganda, Implications for the spread of HIV-1 infection, in: Africa, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 243-251. [8917]

Nkwaka, Apollo (2009): Maternal employment and fatherhood, What influences paternal involvement in child care work in Uganda, in: Gender and Development, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 255-267. [8918]

Perlman, M.L. (1975): Children born out of the wedlock and the status of women in Toro, Uganda, in: Rural Africana, 21, pp. 95-117. [8919]

Roys, Chris (1996): Widows and orphans property disputes: The impact of AIDS in Rakai district, Uganda, in: Development in Practice, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 346-351. [8920]

Whythe, Susan Reynolds / Whythe, Michael (2004): Children’s children, Time and relatedness in Eastern Uganda, in: Africa, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 76-94. [8921]


Zambia

Beck, Josephine / Dorlöcher, Sabine (1990): Die Instabilität der Ehebeziehungen als Motor weiblicher Einkommensstrategien im Lebenslauf zambischer Kleinbäuerinnen, in: Elwert, Georg / Kohle, Martin / Müller, Herald (Hrsg.): Im Lauf der Zeit, Stuttgart, pp. 156-168. [8922]

Chuulu, B., Chileshe, P., et al. (1997): The changing family in Zambia, WLSA Publication, Lusaka. [8923]

Cliggett, Lisa (2005): Grains from grass, Aging, gender and famine in rural Africa, Cornell University Press, Ithaca. [8924]

Coldham, Simon (1990): Customary marriage and the urban local courts in Zambia, in: Journal of African Law, vol. 34, pp. 67-75. [8925]

Crehan, Kate (1997): Of chicken and guinea fowls: Living matriliny in North-Western Zambia in the 1980s, in: Critique of Anthropology, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 211-227. [8926]

Geisler, Gisela (1992): Moving with tradition: The politics of marriage amongst the Toka of Zambia, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 437-461. [8927]

Geisler, Gisela (2000): Women are women or how to please your husband, Initiation ceremonies and the politics of “tradition” in Southern Africa, in: Goddard, Victoria Ann (ed.): Gender, agency and change, Anthropological perspectives, Routledge, London, pp. 56-85. [8928]

Gluckman, Max (1959): Kinship and marriage among the Lozi of Northern Rhodesia and the Zulu of Natal, in: Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. / Forde, D. (eds.): African systems of kinship and marriage, Oxford University Press, London, pp. 166-206. [8929]

Himonga, Chuma (1995): Family and the succession laws in Zambia, Development since independence, Münster, Lit-Verlag. [8930]

Jackson, Cecile (2007): Resolving risk? Marriage and creative conjugality, in: Development and Change, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 107-129. [8931]

Jules-Rosette, Benetta (1989): The women potters of Lusaka, Urban migration and socio-economic adjustment, in: Lindsay, Beverly (ed.): African marriage and national development, Pennsylvania University Press, Pennsylvania, pp. 82-112. [8932]

Kankasa, Chipepo, Siwale, Margret et al. (2005): Socioeconomic and reproductive factors associated with condome use within and outside of marriage among urban pregnant women in Zambia, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 128-136. [8933]

Keller, Bonnie (1978): Marriage and medicine, Women’s search for love and luck, in: African Social Research, vol. 26, pp. 489-505. [8934]

Keller, Bonnie (1979): Marriage by elopement, in: African Social Research, pp. 565-584. [8935]

Kimuna, Sitawa / Djamba, Yanyi (2005): Wealth and extramarital relations among men in Zambia, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 83-89. [8936]

Malungo, Jacob R. (1999): Challenges to sexual behavioural changes in the era of AIDS, Sexual cleansing and levirate marriage in Zambia, in: Caldwell, John et al. (eds.): Resistances to behavioural change to reduce HIV/AIDS infection in predominantly heterosexual epidemics in Third World countries, Canberra, pp. 41-57. [8937]

Malungo, Jacob R. (2001): Sexual cleansing (Kusalazya) and levirate marriage (Kunjilila mung’anda) in the era of AIDS, Changes in perception and practices in Zambia, in: Social Sciences and Medicine, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 371-382. [8938]

Maurick, Madelaine (1998): Theft or tradition, Property grabbing in Zambia, in: Netherland Institute for Southern Africa (ed.): Women challenging society, Stories of women’s empowerment in Southern Africa, Amsterdam. [8939]

Mendenhall, E. / Muzizi, L. et al. (2007): Property grabbing and will writing in Lusaka, Zambia, An examination of wills of HIV infected cohabiting couples, in: AIDS Care, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 369-374. [8940]

Mitchell, Clyde J. (1961): Social change and the stability of African marriage in Northern Rhodesia, in: Southall, A.W. (ed.): Social change in modern Africa, London, pp. 316-330. [8941]

Munachonga, Monica (1988): Income allocation and marriage options in urban Zambia, in: Dwyer, Daisy / Bruce, Judith (eds.): A home divided: Women and Income in the Third World, Stanford, Stanford University Press, pp. 173-194. [8942]

Parpart, Jane (1991): Gender, ideology and power: Marriage in the colonial copper belt towns of Zambia, African Studies Seminar Paper No. 284, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. [8944]

Parpart, Jane (1994): Where is your mother? Gender, Urban marriage, and colonial discource on the Zamiban Copperbelt, 1924-1945, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 241-270. [8945]

Poewe, Karla (1978): Matriliny in the throes of change: Kinship descent and marriage in Luapula, Zambia, part one, in: Africa, part 1: 48, 3, pp.205-218, part 2: in: Africa, 48, 4, 1978, pp.353-377. [8946]

Poewe, Karla (1978): Religion, matriliny and change Jehovahs witnesses and seventh day adventists in Luapula, Zambia, in: American Ethnologist, 5, 2, pp. 303-321. [8947]

Poewe, Karla (1980): Marriage, descent and kinship, in: Africa, vol. 50, pp. 73-93. [8948]

Poewe, Karla (1980): Matriarchal ideology, The economic achievers of women in Luapula, Zambia, in: Cordell, Linda / Beckerman, Stephen (eds.): The visibility of kinship, Academic Press, New York, pp. 333-357. [8949]

Poewe, Karla (1981): Matrilineal ideology, Male-female dynamics in Luapula, Zambia, Academic Press, New York/London. [8950]

Price, Neil / Thomas, Neil (1999): Continuity and change in the Gwembe Tonga family and their relevance to demography’s nucleation thesies, in: Africa, vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 511-534. [8943]

Price, Neil / Thomas, Neil (1999): Continuity and change in the Gwembe Tonga family and their relevance to demography’s nucleation thesies, in: Africa, vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 511-534. [8951]

Schuster, Ilsa (1987): Kinship, life cycle and education in Lusaka, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 363-384. [8952]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1975): Married women and work: Expectations from an urban case study, in: African Social Research, 20, pp. 777-799. [8953]

Tranberg Hansen, Karen (1999): The cook, his wife, the madam and their dinner, Cooking, gender and class in Zambia, in: Lentz, Carola (ed.): Changing food habits, Case studies from Africa, South America and Europe, Harwood Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 73-90. [8954]

Wright, Marcia (1983): Technology, marriage and women’s work in the history of maize growers in Mazabuka, Zambia, A reconnaissance, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 71-85. [8955]


Zimbabwe

Adamchak, D.J. et al. (1991): Elderly support and intergenerational transfer in Zimbabwe, An analysis by gender, marital status and place of residence, in: The Gerontologist, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 505-513. [8956]

Armstrong, Alice (1992): Struggling over scare resources - Women and maintenance in Southern Africa, SAFERE Publications, Harare. [8957]

Armstrong, Alice (1994): School and sadza, child custody in Zimbabwe, in: Journal of International Law and Family, vol. 8, pp. 151-170. [8958]

Armstrong, Alice / Himonga, Chuma (1993): Uncovering realtity: Excarvating women’s rights in African family law. WLSA Working Paper, No. 7, Harare. [8959]

Batisai, Kezia (2017): Pushing the limits of motherhood, Narratives of older women in rural Zimbabwe, in: African Studies, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 44-63. [8960]

Bull-Christiansen, Lene (2013): ‘Respectable women’ versus ‘small houses’, Feminist negotiations of sexual morality, marriage and the challenge of HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 511-526. [8961]

Debrabandere, Regina / Desmet, Arnout (1998): Brides have a price, Gender dimensions of objective oriented project planning in Zimbabwe, in: Guijt, Irene / Shah Kaul, Meena (eds.): The myths of community, Gender issues in participatory development, Intermediate Technology Publications, London, pp. 1000-109. [8962]

Dorsey, Betty (1989): Academic women at the university of Zimbabwe, Career prospects, Aspirations and family role constraints, in: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 342-376. [8963]

Folta, Jeanette / Deck, Edith (1987): Elderly black widows in rural Zimbabwe, in: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, vol. 2, pp. 321-342. [8964]

Folta, Jeanette / Deck, Edith (1988): The impact of children’s death on Shona mothers and families, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 433-451. [8965]

Goebel, Allison (2002): ‘Men these days, they are the problem’, Husband-taming herbs and gender wars in rural Zimbabwe, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 460-489 [8966]

Jackson, Cecile (2007): Resolving risk? Marriage and creative conjugality, in: Development and Change, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 107-129. [8967]

Jackson, Helen (1992): Aids home care: A baseline survey in Zimbabwe, School of Social Work, Research Unit Series No. 3, Harare. [8968]

Jackson, Helen (1994): Family coping and Aids in Zimbabwe, School of Social Work, Research Unit Series No. 4, Harare. [8969]

Jacobs, Susan (1996): Structures and processes: Land, families, and gender relations, in: Gender and Development, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 35-42. [8970]

Jeater, Diana (1993): Marriage, perversion, and power, The construction of moral discourse in Southern Rhodesia, 1894-1930, Claredon Press, Oxford. [8971]

Kirkwood, Deborah (1984): Settler wives in Southern Rhodesia: A case study, in: Ardener, Shirley / Callan, Hilary (eds.): The incorporated wife, Berg Publishers, Oxford, London, pp. 143-164. [8972]

Magaisa, Ishmael (2001): Prostitution, patriarchy, and marriage: A Zimbabwean case study, in: Rwomire, Apollo (ed.): African women and children, Crisis and response, Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp. 121-135. [8973]

Meekers, D. (1993): The noble custom of roora, The marriage practices of the Shona in Zimbabwe, in: Ethnology, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 35-54. [8974]

Mhloyi, M. (1993): Perceptions on communication and sexuality in marriage in Zimbabwe, in: Women and Therapy, vol. 10, pp. 61-73. [8975]

Moss, Barbara A. (2002): Mai Chaza and the politics of motherhood in colonial Zimbabwe, in: Higgs, Catherine / Moss, Barbara / Ferguson, Earline (eds.): Stepping forward, Black women in Africa and the Americas, Ohio University Press, Athens, pp. 143-157. [8976]

Muzvidziwa, Victor (2001): Marriage as a survival strategy, The case of Masvingo, Zimbabwe, in: Zambesia, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 147-165. [8977]

Muzvidziwa, Victor (2002): Heads of households or simply breadwinner? A case study of married women in Masvingo, Zimbabwe, in: Le Beau, Debie / Gordon, Robert (eds.): Challenges for anthropology in the ‘African renaissance’, A Southern African perspective, University of Namibia Press, Windhoek, pp. 163-176. [8978]

Ncube, Welshman (1998): Defending and protecting gender equality and the family under a decidedly undecided constitution in Zimbabwe, in: Eekelaar, John / Nhlapo, Thandabantu (eds.): The changing family – International perspectives on the family and family law, Hart Publishing, Oxford, pp. 509-528. [8979]

Osrim, Mary Johnson (1995): Trade, economy, and family in urban Zimbabwe, in: House-Midamba, Bessie / Ekechi, Felix (Hg.): African market women and economic power: The role of women in African economic development, Westport, pp. 157-176. [8980]

Paradza, Gamuchirai Gaynor (2009): Intergenerational struggles over urban housing, The impact on livelihoods of the elderly in Zimbabwe, in: Gender and Development, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 417-426. [8981]

Rwezaura, Bart / Armstrong, Alice et al. (1995): Parting the long grass: Revealing and reconceptualising the African family, Women and Law in Southern Africa Research Trust, Working Paper no. 12, Harare. [8982]

Schmidt, Elizabeth (1990): Negotiated spaces and contexted terrain: Men, women and the law in colonial Zimbabwe, 1890-1939, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 622-648. [8984]

Schmidt, Elizabeth (1992): Peasants, traders and wives - Shona women in the history of Zimbabwe, 1870-1939, London. [8985]

Schäfer, Rita (1997): Witwen in Zimbabwe - Begrenzungen von Handlungsmöglichkeiten und neue Überlebensstrategien, in: Bertels, Ursula / Eylert, Sabine (eds.): Familienformen im Kulturvergleich, Westfälisches Dampfboot, Münster 1997, pp. 183-190. [8983]

Shenje-Peyton, Angeline (1997): Balancing gender, equality, and cultural identity, Marriage payments in post-colonial Zimbabwe, in: Harvard Human Rights Journal, 9, pp. 107-144. [8986]

Summers, Carol (1999): Mission boys, civilized men and marriage, Educated African men in the missions of Southern Rhodesia, 1920-1945, in: Journal of Religious History, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 75-91. [8987]

WLSA - Woman and Law in Southern Africa Research Trust (1994): Changing families – Changing laws. Women and Law in Southern Africa Working Paper, no. 9, Harare. [8988]

WLSA - Woman and Law in Southern Africa Research Trust (1995): Parting the long grass, Revealing and reconceptualizing the African family, WLSA Publications, Harare. [8989]

ZWRCN - Zimbabwe Women’s Resource Centre and Network (1994): Women and the family, ZWRCN Bibliographies, no. 16, Harare. [8990]

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