Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature on arts and culture

Africa OverviewAngolaBenin
BotswanaBurkina FasoBurundi
CameroonCentral African RepublicChad
D.R. Congo / ZaireDjiboutiEquatorial Guinea
EritreaEthiopiaGabon
GambiaGhanaGuinea
Guinea BisseauIvory CoastKenya
LesothoLiberiaMadagascar
MalawiMaliMauritius
MozambiqueNamibiaNiger
NigeriaRwandaSenegal
Sierra LeoneSomaliaSouth Africa
South SudanSudanSwaziland / Eswatini
TanzaniaThe CongoTogo
UgandaZambiaZimbabwe

Africa Overview

Achebe, Nwando / Robertson, Claire (ed.) (2019): Holding the world together, African women in changing perspective, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. [11592]

Arronson, Lisa (1984): Women in the arts, in: Hay, Jean Margaret / Stichter, S. (eds.): African women south of the Sahara, MacMillan, London, pp. 119-138. [1400]

Arronson, Lisa (1991): African women and the visual arts, in: Signs, Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 550-574. [1401]

Arson, Lisa (1991): African women in the visual arts, in: Signs, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 19-43. [1402]

Bisschoff, Lizelle / van de Peer, Stefanie (2020): Women in African cinema, Beyond body politics, Routledge, London. [1403]

Dipio, Dominica (2019): Gender terrains in African cinema, African Books Collective, Oxford. [1404]

Ebron, Paulla (2007): Constructing subjects through performative acts, in: Cole, Catherine / Manuh, Takyiwaa / Miescher, Stephan (eds.): Africa after gender? Indiana Unviersity Press, Bloomington, pp. 171-190. [1405]

Ellerson, Beti (2018): African women of the screen as cultural producers, An overview by country, in: Black Camera, vol. 10, no 1, pp. 245-287. [11572]

Ellerson, Beti (2021): African women professionals in cinema, Manifestos, communiqués, declarations, statements, resolutions, in: Black Camera, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 536-590. [11574]

Ellerson, Beti / Gbadamassi, Falila (2019): African women on the film festival landscape, Organizing, showcasing, promoting, networking, in: Black Camera, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 424-456. [11573]

Green-Simms, Lindsey / Z´étoile Imma (2021): The possibilities and intimacies of Queer African screen cultures, in: Journal of African Cultural Studies Volume 33, pp. 1-19. [11760]

Hale, Thomas (2007): Griots and griottes, Indiana University Press, Bloomington. [1406]

Hale, Thomas et al. (eds.) (2013): Women’s songs in West Africa, Indiana University Press, Bloomington. [1407]

Harrow, Kenneth (ed.) (1997): With open eyes, Women and African cinema, Matatu, vol. 19, Rodipi Publishers, Amsterdam. [1409]

Hassan, Salah (ed.) (1997): Gendered visions, The art of contemporary African women artists, Africa World Press, New Jersey. [1410]

Herbert, Eugenia (1994): Iron, gender and power, Rituals of transformation in African societies, Indiana University Press, Bloomington. [1408]

Irobi, Esiaba (2007): Feminist aesthetics in Africn theatre of the colonial period, in: African Performance Review, vol. 1, pp. 56-74. [1411]

Jules-Rosette, Bennetta (1977): The potters and painters, Art by and about women in urban Africa, in: Studies in Anthropology and Visual Communication, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 112-127. [1412]

Migraine-George, Therese (2008): African women and representation, From Performance to Politics, Africa World Press, Trenton. [1413]

Mistry, Jyoti / Schumann, Antje (eds.) (2015): Gaze regimes, Film and feminisms in Africa, University of Witwatersrand Press, Johannesburg. [1414]

Mule, Katiwa (2007): Women’s spaces, women’s visions, Politics, poetics and resistance in African women’s drama, Africa World Press, Trenton. [1415]

Perani, Judith / Smith, Fred (1998): The visual arts of Africa: Gender, power, and life cycle rituals, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River. [1416]

Perkins, Kathy (ed.) (2009): African women playwrights, University of Illinois Press. [1417]

Rizzo, Lorena / Newbury, Darren / Thomas, Kylie (eds.) (2020): Women and Photography in Africa, Creative Practices and Feminist Challenges, Routledge, London. [11656]

Salmons, Jill (1977): Mamy Water, in: African Arts, vol. 3, pp. 8-15. [1418]

Scamina, Lida / Eicher, Joanne (eds.) (1998): Beads and beadmakers, Berg Publishers, Oxford. [1419]

Smith, Fred (1986): Male and female artistry in Africa, in: African Arts, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 28-29. [1420]

Smith, Fred (1986): Compound entry decoration, Male space and female creativity, in: African Arts, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 52-58. [1421]

Uzoamaka Ada Azodo / Maureen Ngozi Eke (eds.) (2006): Gender and sexuality in African literature and film, Africa World Press, Trenton. [1422]

Veit-Wild, Flora (2005): Tsitsi Dangarembga’s film “Kare Kare Zvako”, The survival of the butchered women, Review, in: Research in African Literatures, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 132-138. [11575]

White, Luise (1994): Anthologies about women in Africa, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 127-138. [1423]


Angola

Moorman, Marissa (2004): Dueling bands and good girls, Gender, music, and nation in Luanda,’s Musseques, 1961-1974, in: The International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 255-288. [1424]

Moorman, Marissa (2004): Putting on a pano and dancing like our grandparents: Nation and dress in late colonial Angola, in: Allman, Jean M. (ed.): Fashioning Africa: Power and the politics of dress, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 84-103. [1425]


Benin

Kaplan, Flora E.S. (1993): Iyoba, the Queen Mother of Benin: Images and ambiguity in gender and sex roles in Court Art, in: Art History, vol. 16, pp. 386-407. [1426]

Kaplan, Flora E.S. (1993): Images of the Queen Mother in Benin Court Art, in: African Arts, vol. 26, no. 3 pp. 54-63. [1427]

Kaplan, Flora E.S. (1997): In splendor and seclusion, Art and royal women at the court of Benin, Nigeria, Thames and Hudson, Lodon. [1428]

Scott, Joyce H. (1997): Daughters of Yennenga: ‘Le Mal de Peau’ and feminine voice in the literature of Burkina Faso, in: Women's Studies Quarterly, vol. 25, no.3-4, pp. 83-96. [1430]

Wildemann, Heike (2004): Hirsemahllieder – vergessene Tränenworte? Fragen zu einer weiblichen Gesangsform zwischen Leben und Ahnenwerdung, in: Dilger, Hansjörg / Wolf, Angelika / Frömming, Urte Undine / Volker-Saad, Kerstin (Hg.): Moderne und postkoloniale Transformation, Weißensee-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 54-79. [1431]


Botswana

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Burkina Faso

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Burundi

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Cameroon

Argenti, Nicolas (2005): Dancing in the borderland, The forbidden masquerades of Oku youth and women, Cameroon, in: Honwana, Alicinda / De Boeck, Filip (eds.): Children and youth in postcolonial Africa, James Currey, Oxford, pp. 121-149. [1432]

Barley, Nigel (1997): Designing women Cameron, in: Kaplan, Flora E.S. (ed.): Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestesses, and power: Case studies in African gender. New York Academy of Sciences Publications, New York, pp. 371-380. [1433]

Biyong, Pauline (1998): Urban and community development, Text to accompany a video on women’s networking in urban Cameroon, in: Agyemang-Mensah, Nana (ed.): Maintaining the momentum of Beijing, The contribution of African gender NGOs, Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, pp. 165-169. [1434]

Gosselain, Olivier (1992): Technology and style: Potters and pottery making among the Bafia of Cameroon, in: Man, vol. 27, no. 3 pp. 559-586. [1435]

LaDuke, Betty (1997): Earth magic: The pottery of Mali, Cameroon, and Togo, in: LaDuke, Betty: Africa: Women's art, Women's lives, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 41-62. [1436]

LaDuke, Betty (1997): Cameroon: Beads, Anlu, and Social Change, in: LaDuke, Betty: Africa: Women's art, Women's lives, Africa World Press, Trention, pp. 63-84. [1437]

Muller, Jean-Claude (2001): Inside, outside, and inside out: Masks, rulers and gender among the Dii and their neighbours, in: African Arts, vol. 34, pp. 58-71. [1438]

Röschenthaler, Ute (1993): Zur Komplementarität von Nacktheit und Maskierung bei den Ejagham im Südwesten Kameruns, Berlin. [1439]

Röschenthaler, Ute (1998): Der nackte und der dekorierte Körper, Performative Ausdrucksformen von Frauen im Cross-River Gebiet, Kamerun, in: Schröter, Susanne (ed.): Körper und Identität, Ethnologische Ansätze zur Konstruktion von Geschlecht, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp. 11-35. [1440]

Röschenthaler, Ute (1998): Honoring Ejagham women, in: African Arts, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 38-49. [1441]

Samba, Emelda (2005): Women in theatre for development in Cameroon: Participation, contributions and limitations, African Studies, 74, Bayreuth. [1442]


Central African Republic

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Chad

no entries to this combination of country and topic


D.R. Congo / Zaire

Gondola, Didier (1997): Popular music, urban society, and changing gender relations in Kinshasa, Zaire (1950-1990), in: Grosz-Ngate, Maria and Kokole, Omari H. (eds.): Gendered Encounters: Challenging cultural boundaries and social hierarchies in Africa, Routledge, London, pp. 65-84. [1443]

Matumba-Ngoma, Mabala (1989): Frauen, Kunsthandwerk und Kultur bei den Yombe, Edition Re, Göttingen. [1444]

Remer, Abby (2001): The power of cloth: Kuba Kasai textiles, rank, and prestige, in: Remer, Abby: Enduring visions: Women's artistic heritage around the world. Davis Publications, Worcester. [1445]

Schildkrout, Enid (1999): Gender and sexuality in Mangbetu art, in: Phillips, Ruth / Steiner, Christopher (eds.): Unpacking culture: Art and commodity in colonial and postcolonial worlds, University of California Press, Berkeley. [1446]


Djibouti

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Equatorial Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Eritrea

Kimberlin Tse, Cynthia (2000): Women, music, and ‘chains of the mind’: Eritrea and the Tigray region of Ethiopia, 1972-93, in: Moisala, Pirkko / Diamond, Beverley (eds.): Music and gender, University of Illinois Press, Urbana. [1447]

LaDuke, Betty (1997): Eritrea: Artisits/fighters with new visions, in: LaDuke, Betty. Africa: Women's art, Women lives, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 147-187. [1448]

Matzke, Christine (2002): Of Suwa and singing contests, Eerly urban women performers in Asmara, Eritrea, in: Banham, Martin / Gibbs, James / Osofisan, Femi (eds.): African theatre, Women, James Currey, London, pp. 29-46. [1449]

Matzke, Christine (2002): Comrades in arts and arms, Stories of war and watercolours from Eritrea, in: Matatu, no. 25-26, pp. 21-54. [1450]

Matzke, Christine (2003): Engendering theatre in Eritrea: The roles and representations of women in the performing arts, Bruchhaus, Eva-Marie (ed.): Hot spot Horn of Africa, Between integration and disintegration, Lit-Verlag, Münster/Berlin. [1451]


Ethiopia

Bassi, Marco (1999): Every woman an artist: The milk containers of Elema Boru, in: Silverman, Raymond A. (ed.): Ethiopia: Traditions of creativity, Michigan State University Museum/University of Washington Press, Seattle, pp. 64-87. [1452]

Biasio, Elizabeth (1994): The burden of women: Women artists in Ethiopia, in: Marcus, Harold G. (ed.): New trends in Ethiopian Studies: Papers from the 12th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Red Sea Press. Trenton, pp. 304-334. [1453]

Kassam, Aneesa / Megersa, Gemetchu (1989): Iron and beads: Male and female symbols of creation, A study of ornament among Booran Oromo, in: Hodder, Ian (ed.): The meaning of things: Material culture and symbolic expression, Unwin Hyman, London. [1454]

Kimberlin, Cynthia T. (2000): Women, music, and `Chains of the Mind': Eritrea and the Tigray region of Ethiopia, 1972-93, in: Moisala, Pirkko / Diamond, Beverley (eds.): Music and gender, University of Illinois Press, Urbana. [1455]


Gabon

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Gambia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ghana

Adjei, Godwin (2007): Reducing the male monopoly of state drumming in Ghana, The Axim experience, in: Research Review, vol. 23, no.2, pp. 71-79. [1456]

Anyidoho, Akosua (1994): Tradition and innovation in Nnwonkoro: An Akan female verbal genre, in: Research in African Literatures, vol. 25, pp. 141-159. [1457]

Asante-Darko, N. / Sjaak van der Geest (1983): Male chauvinism: Men and women in Ghanaian highlife songs, in: Oppong, Ch. (ed.): Female and male in West Africa, Routlege Publications, London, pp. 242-255. [1458]

Burns, James M. (2009): Female voices from an Ewe dance-drumming community in Ghana, Our music has become a divine spirit, Ashgate Publishing, London. [1459]

Cole, Catherine (2007): “Give her a slap to warm her up”, Post-gender theory and Ghana’s popular culture, in: Cole, Catherine / Manuh, Takyiwaa / Miescher, Stephan (eds.): Africa after gender? Indiana Unviersity Press, Bloomington, pp. 270-284. [1460]

Collins, John (2003): Ghanaian women enter into popular entertainment, in: Humanities, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1-10. [1461]

Dankwa Owusua, Serena (2009): Juggling Femininties: Mzbel and Ghana’s Gendered Popular Music, in: Ineichen, Martina, Anna K. Liesch, Anja Rathmann-Lutz und Simon Wenger (eds.): Gender in Trans- it: Transkulturelle und transnationale Perspektiven, Chronos Verlag, Zürich, pp. 147 – 57. [11610]

Dogbe, Esi (2002): Visibility, eloquence and silence, Women and theatre for development in Ghana, in: Banham, Martin / Gibbs, James / Osofisan, Femi (eds.): African theatre, Women, James Currey, London, pp. 83-98. [1462]

Lawrence, Sidra (2011): Sounds of development? Race, authenticity, and tradition among Dagara female musicians in Northwestern Ghana, in: African Music Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 206-220. [1463]

Stuffelbeam, Katherine (2012): Performing advocacy, Women’s music and dance in Dagbon, Northern Ghana, in: African Music Journal, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 154-169. [1464]


Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Guinea Bisseau

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Ivory Coast

Adams, Monni (Marie-Jeanne) (1986): Women and masks among the Western We of Ivory Coast, in: African Arts, vol. 19, pp. 46-55 [1465]

Adams, Monni (Marie-Jeanne) (1993): Women's art as gender strategy among the We of Canton Boo, in: African Arts, vol. 26, pp. 32-43. [1466]

Glaze, Anita (1986): Dialectics of gender in Senufo Masquerades, in: African Arts, vol. 19, pp. 30-39. [1467]


Kenya

Frederikson, Bodil Folke (1994): Gender, ethnicity and popular culture in Kenya, in: European Journal of Development Research, 6, 2, pp. 52-62. [1468]

Frederikson, Bodil Folke (2000): Popular culture, gender relations and the democracy of everyday life in Kenya, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 209-222. [1469]

Johnstone, Lyn (2021): Queer worldmaking in Wanuri Kahiu’s Film Rafiki, in: Journal of African Cultural Studies, vol. 33, issue 1, pp.39-50. [11813]

Kapteijins, Lidwien (1999): Women`s voices in a men`s world, Women and the pastrol traditions in Northern Somali Orature, 1899-1980, Heinemann, London. [1474]

Ndati, Ndeti (2012): HIV and AIDS, Communication and secondary education in Kenya, Nairobi. [1470]

Ntarangwi, Mwenda (2003): Gender, identity and performance, Understanding Swahili cultural realities through song, Africa World Press, Trenton. [1471]

Opondo, Patricia Achieng (2002): Strategies for survival by Luo female artists in the rural environment in Kenya, in: Higgs, Catherine / Moss, Barbara / Ferguson, Earline (eds.): Stepping forward, Black women in Africa and the Americas, Ohio University Press, Athens, pp. 205-226. [1472]

Prince, R.J. (2005): Popular music and Luo youth in western Kenya, Ambiguities of modernity, moral and gender relations in the era of AIDS, in: Christiansen, C. / Vigh, H. (eds.): Children and youth in contemporary Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [1473]

Thiong’o, Ngugi wa (1982): Women in cultural work: The fate of Kamiriithu people’s theatre in Kenya, in: Development Dialogue, 1-2, pp. 115-133. [1475]


Lesotho

Green-Simms, Lindsey / Z´étoile, Imma (2021): The possibilities and intimacies of Queer African screen cultures, in: Journal of African Cultural Studies Volume 33, pp. 1-19. [11762]

Van Wyk, Gary (1998): The mural art of Basotho women, in: African Arts, vol. 31, pp. 58-65. [1478]


Liberia

Adams, Monni (Marie-Jeanne) (1993): Women's art as gender strategy among the We of Canton Boo, in: African Arts, vol. 26, pp. 32-43. [1476]

Siegmann, William (2000): Women's hair and Sowei masks in Southern Sierra Leone and Western Liberia, in: Sieber, Roy / Herreman, Frank (eds.): Hair in African art and culture, Museum of African Art. New York. [1477]


Madagascar

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Malawi

Gilman, Lisa (2001): Purchasing praise: Women, dancing, and patronage in Malawi party politics, in: Africa Today, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 43-64. [1479]

Gilman, Lisa (2004): The traditionalization of women's dancing: Hegemony and politics in Malawi, in: Journal of Folklore Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 33-60. [1480]

Lwanda, John (2003): Mother's songs: Male appropriation of women's music in Malawi and Southern Africa, in: Journal of African Cultural Studies, vol. 16, pp. 119-141. [1481]

Mkamanga, Emily (2000): Suffering in silence, Malawi women’s thirty year dance with Dr. Banda, Dudu Nsomba Publications, Blantire. [1483]

Mvula, Enoch (1986): Chewa women's songs: A verbal strategy in Manipulating social tensions, in: Women's Studies International Forum, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 265-272. [1482]


Mali

Brett-Smith, Sarah (1994): The making of Bamana sculpture, Creativity and gender, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [1484]

Diawara, Mamadou (1990): ‘Dienerinnen’ und die Weitergabe mündlicher Überlieferungen im Königreich Jaara (Mali), in: Jones, Adam (ed.): Außereuropäische Frauengeschichte, Centaurus Verlag, Pfaffenweiler, pp. 159-174. [1485]

Duran, Lucy (1995): Jelimusow: The superwomen of Malian music, in: Furniss, Graham / Gunner, Liz (eds.): Power, Marginality and African Oral Literature, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [1486]

Duran, Lucy (2003): Women, music, and the ‘mystique’ of hunters in Mali, in: Monson, Ingrid T. (ed.): The African diaspora: A musical perspective. Routledge, London. [1487]

Frank, Barbara (1994): More than wives and mothers: The artistry of Mande potters, in: African Arts,vol. 27, pp. 26-37. [1488]

Frank, Barbara (2002): Thoughts on who made the Jenne terra-cottas: Gender, craft specialization, and Mande art history, in: Mande Studies, vol. 4, pp. 121-132. [1489]

Imperato, Pascal (1994): The depiction of beautiful women in Malian youth association masquerades, in: African Arts, vol. 27, pp. 58-65. [1490]

La Violette, Adria (1995): Women craft specialists in Jenne: The manipulation of Mande social categories, in: Conrad, David C. / Frank, Barbara E. (eds.): Status and identity in West Africa: Nyamakalaw of Mande, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 170-181. [1493]

LaDuke, Betty (1991): Pama Sinatoa: Malian mud-cloth paintings, in: LaDuke, Betty (ed.): Africa through the eyes of women artists, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 55-64. [1491]

LaDuke, Betty (1997): Earth magic: The pottery of Mali, Cameroon, and Togo, in: LaDuke, Betty (ed.): Africa: Women's art, Women's lives, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 41-62. [1492]

Okagbue, Osita (2007): Through other eyes and voices: women in 'Koteba' and 'Mmonwu' performances, in: African Performance Review, vol. 1, no. 2/3, pp.114-129 [1494]

Schulz, Dorothea (1999): Territorial displacement and moral relocation, Voices and images of women in televised ladili performances in Mali, Sozialanthropologische Arbeitspapiere, Nr. 80, FU-Berlin, Berlin. [1496]

Schulz, Dorothea (2002): The world is made by talk: Female youth culture, pop music consumption, and mass-mediated forms of sociality in urban Mali, in: Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines, vol. 42, no. 4 (168). [1497]

Short, Julianne (2000): ‘Have you heard the words of our elders?’ Senior Bamana women's Sidikou, in: Aissata G. (ed.): Recreating words, reshaping worlds: The verbal art of women in Niger, Mali and Senegal, in: Africa World Press, Trenton. [1495]

Short, Julianne (2000): ‘Have you heard the words of our elders?’ Senior Bamana women's Sidikou, in: Aissata G. (ed.): Recreating words, reshaping worlds: The verbal art of women in Niger, Mali and Senegal, in: Africa World Press, Trenton, [1498]

Sidikou, Aissata (2001): Recreating worlds, reshaping worlds, The verbal art of women from Niger, Mali and Senegal, Africa World Press, Trenton. [1499]

Van Dyke, Kristina (2002): Gender objectified: Revealing bodies in Bamana sculpture, in: Mande Studies, vol. 4, pp. 101-119. [1500]

Zobel, Clemens (2002): Clients or critics? Politics, griots and gender in postcolonial Mali, in: Mande Studies, vol. 4, pp. 45-64. [1501]


Mauritius

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Mozambique

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Namibia

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Niger

Cooper, Barbara (2001): The strength in the song, Muslim personhood, audible capital, and Hausa women’s performance of the Hajj, in: Hodgson, Dorothy (ed.): Gendered modernities, Ethnographic perspectives, Palgrave Publications, New York, pp. 79-104. [1502]

Rasmussen, Susan (1997): Politics and poetics of Tuareg aging, Life course and personal dignity in Niger, Northern Illinois Press, De Kelb. [1503]

Rasmussen, Susan (2003): Gendered discourses and mediated modernities, Urban and rural performances of Tuareg smith women, in: Journal of Anthropological Research, vol. 59, pp. 487-509. [1504]


Nigeria

Azuonye, Chukwuma (1997): Power, marginality and womenbeing in Igbo oral narratives, in: Granquistraou, L. / Inyama, Nnadozie (eds.): Power and powerlessness of women in West African orality, Umea, pp. 1-31. [1505]

Barber, Karin (1990): Oríkì, women and the proliferation and merging of the oriisa, in: Africa, 60, 3, pp. 313-337. [1506]

Barber, Karin (1991): I could speak until tomorrow: Oriki, women and the past in a Yoruba town, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh. [1507]

Barber, Karin (1994): Polyvocality and the individual talent, Three women Oriki Singers, in: Abiodun, Rowland / Drewal, Henry J. / Pemberton, John (eds.): The Yoruba artist, New theoretical perspectives on African art, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, pp. 151-160. [1508]

Beik, Janet (1987): Women’s roles in contemporary Hausa theatre of Niger, in: Coles, Catherine / Mack, Beverly (eds.): Hausa women in the twentieth century, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, pp. 232-244. [1509]

Bivins, Mary (1997): Daura and gender in the creation of a Hausa national epic, in: African Languages and Cultures, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1-28. [1510]

Boyd, Jean / Mack, Beverly (1996): Women's Islamic literature in Northern Nigeria, 150 years of tradition, in: Harrow, Kenneth W. (ed.): The marabout and the muse: New aspects of Islam in African literature, Heinemann, Portsmouth. [1511]

Boyd, Jean / Mack, Beverly (1997): Collected works of Nana Asmaù, Daughter of Usman dan Fodio (1793-1864), University of Michigan Press, East Lansing. [1512]

Cooper, Barbara (2001): The strength in the song, Muslim personhood, audible capital, and Hausa women’s performance of the Hajj, in: Hodgson, Dorothy (ed.): Gendered modernities, Ethnographic perspectives, Palgrave Publications, New York, pp. 79-104. [1513]

Drewal, Henry (1968): Art and the perception of women in Yoruba culture, in: Cahiers d’Etudes Africaines, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 545-567. [1514]

Drewal, Henry (1988): Mermaids, mirrors and snake charmers, Igbo Mammi Water shrines, in: African Arts, vol. XXI, no. 2, pp. 38-45. [1515]

Drewal, Henry (1988): Performing the other, Mammy Water worship in West Africa, in: Drama Review, 118, pp. 160-185. [1516]

Drewal, Henry John / Drewal, Margaret Thompson (1983): Gelede, Art and female power among the Yoruba, Indiana University Press, Bloomington. [1517]

Dunton, Chris (2002): Contemporary Nigerian theatre, The plays of Stella Oyedepo, in: Banham, Martin / Gibbs, James / Osofisan, Femi (eds.): African theatre, Women, James Currey, London, pp. 99-108. [1518]

Gillow, John (2003): Nigerian woman's vertical looms, in: Gillow, John. African textiles: Colour and creativity across a continent, Thames and Hudson, London, pp. 56-59. [1519]

Kalu, Anthonia (1999): Women and development in West Africa: Traditional views in contemporary literature, in: James, Valentine / Etim, James S. (eds.): The feminization of development processees in Africa: Current and future perspectives Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp. 199-214. [1524]

Kaplan, Flora Edouwaye (1993): Iyoba, the Queen Mother of Benin: Images and ambiguity in gender and sex roles in Court Art, in: Art History, vol. 16, pp. 386-407. [1520]

Kaplan, Flora Edouwaye (1993): Images of the Queen Mother in Benin Court Art, in: African Arts, vol. 26, no. 3 pp. 54-63. [1521]

Kaplan, Flora Edouwaye (1997): In splendor and seclusion, Art and royal women at the court of Benin, Nigeria, Thames and Hudson, Lodon. [1522]

Kaplan, Flora Edouwaye (1997): Iyoba, The Queen Mother of Benin, Images and ambiguity in gender and sex roles in court art, in: Kaplan, Flora Edouwaye (ed.): Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestresses, and power, Case studies in African gender, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, New York, pp. 73-102. [1523]

Kassam, Margaret Hauwa (1996): Some aspects of women’s voices from Northern Nigeria, in: African Languages and Cultures, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 111-125. [1525]

LaDuke, Betty (1991): Nike Davies: Nigerian batik artist, in: LaDuke, Betty: Africa through the eyes of women artists, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 33-40 [1526]

LaDuke, Betty (1991): Princess Elizabeth Olowu: Nigerian sculptor, in: LaDuke, Betty: Africa through the eyes of women artists, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 21-32. [1527]

Lawal, Babatunde (1996): The Gelede spectacle, Art, gender and social harmony in an African culture, University of Washington Press, Seattle. [1528]

Lawuyi, Olatunde / Olupuna, Jacob (1987): Making sense of the Aje festival, Wealth politics and the status of women among the Ondo of Southwestern Nigeria, in: Journal of Ritual Studies, vol. 1, pp. 97-102. [1529]

Layiwola, A. (1997): Gender tempered through metal: Women in metal-casting in Benin City, Nigeria, in: Newell, Stephanie (ed.): Writing African women, Gender, popular culture and literature in West Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 191-197. [1530]

Lopasic, Alexander (1997): Gender and traditional village art in Benin Province, Nigeria, in: Kaplan, Flora Edouwaye (ed.): Queens, Queen Mothers, Priestresses, and power, Case studies in African gender, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, New York, pp. 425-442. [1531]

MacIain, Adrienne (2007): Let us be united in purpose, Variations on gender relations in the Yorùbá theatre, in: Cole, Catherine / Manuh, Takyiwaa / Miescher, Stephan (eds.): Africa after gender? Indiana Unviersity Press, Bloomington, pp. 108-124. [1532]

Mack, Beverly (1983): ‘Waka daya ba ta kare nika’, one song will not finish the grinding, Hausa women’s oral literature, in: Wylie, Hal (ed.): Contemporary African literature, Three Continents Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 15-46. [1533]

Mack, Beverly (1986): Songs from silence, Hausa women’s poetry, in: Davies Boyce, Carole / Graves, Anne Adams (eds.): Ngambika, Studies of women in African literature, Africa World Press, New Jersey, pp. 181-190. [1534]

Obafemi, Olu (1994): Towards feminist aesthetics in Nigerian drama: The plays of Tess Onwueme, in: African Literature Today, vol. 19, pp. 84-100. [1535]

Odugbesan, Clara (1969): Femininity in Yoruba religious art, in: Douglas, Mary / Kaberry, Phyllis (esd.): Man in Africa, London, pp. 199-211. [1536]

Olaoba, O.B. (2002): The female factor in Yoruba traditional festivals, in: Humanities Review Journal, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 21-31. [1537]

Oluwole, Sophie (2001): Womanhood in Yoruba traditional thought, in: Ogundele, Wole / Obafemi / Abodunrin, Femi (eds.): Character is beauty: Redefining Yoruba culture and identity (Iwalewa-Haus, 1981-1996), Africa World Press, Trenton. [1538]

Omari-Obayemi, Mikelle (1996): An indigenous anatomy of power and art, A new look at Yoruba women in society and religion, in: Dialectical Anthropology, vol. 21, pp. 89-98. [1539]

Opefeyitimi, Ayo (1998): Myths and women of power in Yoruba orature, in: Kolawole, Mary E.M. (ed.): Gender perceptions and development in Africa, Arabon Academic Publishers, Lagos. [1540]

Ottenberg, Simon (1997): Ada Udechukwu: Poetic and personal lines, in: Ottenberg, Simon. New Traditions From Nigeria: Seven Artists of the Nsukka Group. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. pp. 203-221. [1541]

Oyelola, Pat (1992): The beautiful and the useful: The contribution of Yoruba women to indigo-dyed textiles, in: Nigerian Field, vol. 57, 1-2, pp. 61-66. [1542]


Rwanda

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Senegal

Ellerson, Beti / Faye, Safi (2004): Africa through a woman's eyes, Safi Faye's cinema, in: Pfaff, Francoise (ed.): Focus on African Films, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 185-202. [1543]

Fall, F. (2002): Senegal: The place of women in the museum of Saint Louis, in: Adande, A. / Arinze, E. (eds.): Museums and urban culture in West Africa, James Currey for the International African Institute, Oxford, pp. 143-150. [1544]

Heath, Deborah (1994): The politics of appropriateness and appropriation, Recontextualizing women’s dance in urban Senegal, in: American Ethnologist, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 88-103. [1545]

Lagoutte, Christine (1988): L’artisant féminin dans la région du Fleuve Sénegal, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 466-471. [1546]

Langeveld, Kirsten (2002): Gender and the ´kankurang´ mask: An analysis of myth and female ritual, in: Mande Studies, no. 4, pp. 83-100. [1547]

Langeveld, Kirsten (2004): Initiation rituals as the stage of interaction between genders, in: Mande Studies, no. 6, pp. 113-137. [1548]

Mushengyezi, Aaron (2004): Reimaging gender and African tradition? Ousmane Sembène’s Xala revisited, in: Africa Today, vol. 51, no. 1. [1549]

Orlando, Valerie K. (2004): African feminine transformative consciousness in francophone cinema, Moussa sene absa's `Tableau ferraille (1996)', in: African Identities, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 189-202. [1550]

Short, Julianne (2000): ‘Have you heard the words of our elders?’ Senior Bamana women's Sidikou, in: Aissata G. (ed.): Recreating words, reshaping worlds: The verbal art of women in Niger, Mali and Senegal, in: Africa World Press, Trenton, [1552]

Sidikou, Aissata (2001): Recreating worlds, reshaping worlds, The verbal art of women from Niger, Mali and Senegal, Africa World Press, Trenton. [1551]


Sierra Leone

Boone, Sylvia Ardyn (1986): Radiance from the waters, Ideals of feminine beauty in Mende art, Yale University Press, New Haven. [1553]

MacCormack, Carol (1979): Sande, The public face of a secret society, in. Jules-Rosette, B. (ed.): New religions of Africa, Ablex Publishers, Norwood, pp. 27-37. [1554]

MacCormack, Carol (1980): Art and symbolism in Thoma ritual among the Sherbro, Sierra Leone, in: Ethnologische Zeitschrift Zürich, 1, pp. 151-161. [1555]

Phillips, Ruth (1978): Masking in Mende society initiation ritual, in: Africa, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 265-277. [1556]

Phillips, Ruth (1980): The iconography of the Mende Sowei mask, in: Ethnologische Zeitschrift Zürich, 1, pp. 113-132. [1557]

Richards, J.V.O. (1974): The Sande mask, in: African Arts, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 48-51. [1558]

Schäfer, Rita (1990): Die Sande-Frauengeheimgesellschaft der Mende in Sierra Leone. Ihre Organisation und Masken im zeitlichen, intra- und interethnischen Vergleich, Mundus Reihe Ethnologie, Bd. 36, Holos Verlag, Bonn. [1559]

Siegmann, William (2000): Women's hair and Sowei masks in Southern Sierra Leone and Western Liberia, in: Sieber, Roy / Herreman, Frank (eds.): Hair in African art and culture, Museum of African Art. New York. [1560]


Somalia

Hassan, Dahabo Farah / Adan, Amina (1995): Somalia, Poetry as resistance against colonialism and patriarchy, in: Wieringa, Saskia (ed.): Subversive women, in: Wieringa, Saskia (ed.): Subversive women, Women’s movements in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Carribean, Kali for Women, New Delhi, pp. 165-182. [1561]

Kapteijins, Lidwien (1994): Women and the crisis of communal identity, The cultural construction of gender in Somali history, in. Samatar, Ahmed (ed.): The Somali challenge, From catastrophe to renewal, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp. 211-232. [1562]

Kapteijins, Lidwien (1999): Women`s voices in a men`s world, Women and the pastrol traditions in Northern Somali Orature, 1899-1980, Heinemann, London. [1563]


South Africa

Andrews, Grant (2021): YouTube Queer communities as heterotopias, Space, identity and `Realness´ in Queer South African Vlogs, in: Journal of African Cultural Studies, vol. 33, issue 1, pp. 84-100. [11814]

Arnold, Marion / Schmahmann, Brenda (eds.) (2005): Between union and liberation, Women artists in South Africa, 1910-1944, Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot. [1564]

Barnard-Naudé, J. (2010): Post-apartheid fraternity, post-apartheid democracy, post-apartheid sexuality, Queer reflections on Jane Alexander’s Butcher Boys, in: Leckey, R, Brooks, K (eds.), Queer Theory, Law, Culture, Empire, Routledge, London, pp. 69–85. [11796]

Barnes, Hazel (2005): White men writing women, Issues of power, gender and ownership in a collaborative creation, in: South African Theatre Journal, vol. 19, pp. 93-115. [1565]

Comley, Robin (ed.) (2006): Women by women, 50 years of women’s photography in South Africa, Wits University Press, Johannesburg. [1566]

Dawes, Nicholas (2003): Sue Williamson, Selected works, Double Storey Books, Cape Town. [1567]

Goodman, Lizbeth / Dike, Fatima (1999): Women, politics and performance in South African Theatre today, in: Contemporary Theatre Review, vol. 9, no. 1. [1568]

Horn, Anette et al. (eds.) (1994): Like a house on fire, Contemporary women’s writing, art and photography, COSAW Publishing, Johannesburg. [1569]

Lewis, Desiree / Baderoon, Gabeda (eds.) (2021): Surfacing, On being black and feminist in South Africa, Wits University Press, Johannesburg. [11924]

Loots, Lliane (1996): Re-membering protest theatre in South Africa, a gendered review of the historical and cultural production of knowledge in two plays, ‘The hungry earth’ and ‘you strike the women, you strike the rock’, in: Critical Arts, vol. 11, no. 2-3. [1570]

Marco, Derilene / Willoughy-Herald, Tiffany / Zegeye, Abebe / Siselpha, Futhi (2021): Black feminist approaches to cultural studies in South Africa´s twenty-five years since 1994, Africa World Press, Trenton. [11923]

Muholi, Zanele (2010): Phases and phases, Prestel Verlag, München. [1571]

Perkins, Kathy (ed.) (1998): Black South African women, An anthology of plays, Routledge Publishers, London. [1572]

Radhakrishnan, Smitha (2003): ‘African dream’, the imaginary of nations, race, and gender in South African intercultural dance, in: Feminist Studies, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 529-537. [1573]

Scott, Lwando (2021): Inxeba (The Wound), Queerness and Xhosa culture, in: Journal of African Cultural Studies, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp. 26-38. [11818]

Wylie, Diana (2008): Art and revolution, The life and death of Thami Mnyele, South African Artist Jacana Media, Cape Town. [1574]


South Sudan

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Sudan

Carlisle, Connick Rosane (1973): Women singers in Dafur, Sudan Republic, in: Anthropos, vol. 68, pp. 785-800. [1575]

Elbashir, Nagwa (2002): Agani al-Banat – die Lieder der Frauen im Kontext ihrer Symbolik, in: Frauensolidarität, Nr. 2, pp. 12-13. [1576]


Swaziland / Eswatini

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Tanzania

Fair, Laura (2001): Identity, difference and dance, Female initiation in Zanzibar, 1890-1930, in: Frontiers, A Journal of Women’s Studies, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 146-172. [1577]

Fair, Laura (2002): “It is just no fun anymore”, Women’s experience of Taraab before and after the 1964 Zanzibar revolution, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 61-81. [1578]


The Congo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Togo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Uganda

Ntangaare, Mercy Mirembe (2002): Portraits of women`s in contemporary Uganda theatre, in: Banham, Martin / Gibbs, James / Osofisan, Femi (eds.): African theatre, Women, James Currey, London, pp. 58-65. [1579]


Zambia

Cameron, Elizabeth (1998): Women – masks, Initiation art in North-Western Province, Zambia, in: African Arts, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 50-61. [1580]

Jules-Rosette, Benetta (1989): The women potters of Lusaka, Urban migration and socio-economic adjustment, in: Lindsay, Beverly (ed.): African marriage and national development, Pennsylvania University Press, Pennsylvania, pp. 82-112. [1581]

Phiri, D. et al. (2008): Masks and dances, Mwanapwebo and Maliya, A representation of women at the Center of Social Change in Zambia, in: Signs, Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 449-456. [1582]


Zimbabwe

Boltz, Kerstin (2007): Women as artists in contemporary Zimbabwe, Bayreuth African Studies, Bayreuth. [1583]

Chitauro, Moreblessings / Dube, Caleb / Gunner, Liz (2001): Song, story and nation, Women as singers and actresses in Zimbabwe, in: Gunner, Liz (ed.): Politics and performance, Theatre, poetry and song in Southern Africa, Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg, pp. 111-138. [1584]

Dewey, William (1986): Shona male and female artistry, in: African Arts, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 64-67. [1585]

Mugambi, Helen Nabasuta (2008): Zimbabwean feminist art and the politics of representation, in: Signs, Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 424-430. [1586]

Schäfer, Rita (2000): Zimbabwischen Steinbildhauerei aus der Perspektive der Geschlechterforschung - zum Leben und Werk zimbabwischer Steinbildhauerinnen, in: Tribus, Bd. 49, pp. 173-190. [1587]

Veit-Wild, Flora (2005): Tsitsi Dangarembga’s film “Kare Kare Zvako”, The survival of the butchered women, Review, in: Research in African Literatures, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 132-138. [11576]

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