Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature on health - reproduction and fertility

Africa OverviewAngolaBenin
BotswanaBurkina FasoBurundi
CameroonCentral African RepublicChad
D.R. Congo / ZaireDjiboutiEquatorial Guinea
EritreaEthiopiaGabon
GambiaGhanaGuinea
Guinea BisseauIvory CoastKenya
LesothoLiberiaMadagascar
MalawiMaliMauritius
MozambiqueNamibiaNiger
NigeriaRwandaSenegal
Sierra LeoneSomaliaSouth Africa
South SudanSudanSwaziland / Eswatini
TanzaniaThe CongoTogo
UgandaZambiaZimbabwe

Africa Overview

Adepoju, Aderanti (ed.) (1997): Family, population and development in Africa, Zed Books, London. [4201]

Adepoju, Aderanti / Oppong, Christine (eds.) (1994): Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, James Currey, Oxford/London. [4202]

Adjetey, Fitnat Naa-Adjeley (1995): Religious and cultural rights: Reclaiming the African woman’s individuality: The struggle between women’s reproductive autonomy and African society and culture, in: American University Law Review, 44. [4200]

Agadjanian, Victor (2005): Reproductive intension and contraceptive choices in a Sub-Saharan fertility transition, in: Population Research and Policy Review, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 617-645. [4203]

Agyei Mensah, Samuel (ed.) (2004): Reproduction and social context in Sub-Saharan Africa, Greenwood Press, Westport. [4204]

Ahlberg, Beth Maina (1991): Adolescents, sexuality and socio-economic and cultural change, Impact on reproductive health in an African setting, in: Stolen, Kristi Ann (ed.): Gender, culture and power, vol. II, University of Oslo, SUM, Oslo, pp. 38-54. [4206]

Ainsworth, Martha (1996): The impact of women’s schooling on fertility and contraceptive use, A study of fourteen Sub-Saharan African countries, in: World Bank Economic Review, vol. 10. no. 1. pp. 85-122. [4205]

Arnfred, Signe (ed.) (2004): Re-thinking sexualities in Africa, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [4207]

Ashenafi, M. (2004): Advocacy for legal reform for safe abortion, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, pp. 79-84. [4208]

Banwell, Suzanna Stout (1993): Law, women’s status, and family planning in Sub-Saharan Africa, Working Paper no. 237, Women and International Development, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [4209]

Barry, Herbert / Schlegel, Alice (1986): Cultural customs that influence sexual freedom in adolescence, in: Ethnology, 15, pp. 151-162. [4210]

Basu, Alaka (ed.) (2003): The socio-cultural and political context of abortion from an anthropological perspective, Claredon Press, Oxford. [4211]

Benefo, Kofi (1995): The determinants of the duration of postpartum abstience in West Africa, A multilevel analysis, in: Demography, vol. 32, pp. 139-157. [4212]

Berger, Iris (1995): Fertility as power: Spirit mediums, priestesses and the pre-colonial state in Interlacustrine East Africa, in: Anderson, D.M. / Johnson, D.H. (eds.): Revealing prophets, Prophecy in Eastern African History, London, pp. 65-82. [4213]

Blacker, John (1994): Some thoughts on the evidence of fertility decline in Eastern and Southern Africa, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 200-205. [4214]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1990): Transformations in Sub-Saharan African marriage and fertility, in: Annales of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, pp. 115-125. [4215]

Bledsoe, Caroline (1994): ‘Children are like young bamboo trees': Potentiality and reproduction in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Lindahl-Kiessling, Kerstin / Landberg, Hans (eds.): Population, economic development, and the environment, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 105-138. [4216]

Bledsoe, Caroline (ed.) (1999): Contingent lives, Fertility, life and aging in West Africa, University of Chicago Press, Chicago. [4218]

Bledsoe, Caroline / Cohen, Barney (eds.) (1993): Social dynamics of adolescent fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa, National Academy Press, Washington D.C. [4219]

Bledsoe, Caroline / Lerner, Susana / Guyer, Jane (eds.) (2000): Fertility and male life-cycle in the era of fertility decline, Oxford University Press, Oxford. [4220]

Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Gills (eds.) (1994): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Contemporary anthropological and demographic perspectives, Clarendon Press, Oxford. [4221]

Bledsoe, Caroline H. / Banja, Fatoumatta / Hill, Allan G. (1998): Reproductive mishaps and Western contraception: An African challenge to fertility theory, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 24, pp. 15-57. [4217]

Boerma, Ties / Mgalla, Zaida (eds.) (2001): Women and infertility in Sub-Saharan Africa, A multi-disciplinary perspective, Publicatoin of the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), Amsterdam. [4222]

Caldwell, J.C. / Oruboloye, I. / Caldwell, P. (1992): Fertility decline in Africa, A new type of transition, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 211-242. [4225]

Caldwell, John C. / Caldwell, Pat (1994): Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa, Status and prospection: Population and Development Review, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 179-187. [4223]

Caldwell, John C. / Caldwell, Pat (1995): Male gender roles and sexuality, Some implications for women’s AIDS risk and prevention, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 4, 2, pp. 197-210. [4224]

Clark, Shelly (2004): Early marriage and HIV risks in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 149-160. [4226]

Cohen, Barney (1998): The emerging fertility transition in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: World Development, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1431-1461. [4228]

Conklin, Alice (1998): Redefining “frenchness”, Citizenship, race regneration, and imperial motherhood in France and West Africa, 1914-1940, in: Clancy-Smith / Gouda, Frances (eds.): Domesticating the Empire - Race, gender and family life in French and Dutch colonialism, University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville. [4229]

Cook, Rebecca / Dickens, Bernard (1981): Abortion laws in African commonwealth countries, in: Journal of African Law, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 60-79. [4227]

Cornwall, Andrea / Welbourne, Alice (ed.) (2002): Realizing rights, Transforming approaches to sexual and reproductive well-being, Zed Books, London. [4230]

Coutsoudis, Anna (2002): New perspectives on the breastfeeding dilemma for HIV-infected women in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Agenda, vol. 51, pp. 33-42. [4231]

CRLP (1997): Women of the world: Laws and policies affecting their reproductive lives: Anglophone Africa, Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, New York. [4232]

CRLP (2001): Women of the world: Laws and policies affecting their reproductive lives: Anglophone Africa 2001 Progress Report, Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, New York. [4233]

Davi-Floyd, Robbie / Sargent, Carolyn (eds.) (1997): Childbirth and autorative knowledge, Cross-cultural perspectives, Berkeley. [4234]

Djamba, Yanyi et al. (eds.) (2005): Sexual behaviour of adolescents in contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa, Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston. [4237]

Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo (1996): Women and the fertility question in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: African Studies Review, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 29-41. [4235]

Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo (1998): Marriage type and reproductive decisions: A comparative study in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Journal of Marriage and Family, vol. 60, pp. 232-242. [4236]

Ekouevi, Koffi / Adepoju, Aderanti (1995): Adjustment, social sectors and demographic change in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Journal of International Development, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 47-59. [4238]

Ezeh, Alex (1997): Polygyny and reproductive behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa: A contextual analysis, in: Demography, vol. 34, pp. 355-368. [4239]

Foote, Karen / Hill, Kenneth / Martin, Linda (eds.) (1993): Demographic change in Sub-Saharan Africa, National Academy Press, Washington D.C. [4240]

Frank, O. (1983): Infertility in Sub-Saharan Africa, Etimates and implications, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 137-144. [4241]

Frank, O. (1988): The childbrearing family in Sub-Saharan Africa, ICRW Publications, Washington D.C. [4242]

Frank, O. (1991): Behavioural and biological determinants of fertility transition in sub-Saharan Africa, in: Statistics in Medicine, vol. 10, pp. 161-175. [4243]

Gage, Anastasia J. / Meekers, Dominique (1994): Sexual activity before marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Social Biology, vol. 41, 1-2, pp. 44-60. [4244]

Goody, Esther (2007): Parenthood and social reproduction, Fostering and occupational roles in West Africa, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (first edition 1982) [4245]

Greenlagh, Susan (ed.) (1995): Situating fertility, Anthropology and demographic inquiry, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [4246]

Handwerker, W.P. (ed.) (1986): Culture and reproduction, Lynne Rienner, Boulder. [4247]

Handwerker, W.P. (ed.) (1990): Birth and power, social change and the politics of reproduction, Westview Press, Boulder. [4248]

Hill, Allan (ed.) (1985): Population, health and nutrition in the Sahel, Kegan Paul Publishers, London. [4249]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (2005): Fertility fires and empty wombs in recent Africanist writing, in: Africa, vol. 75, no. 3, pp. 421-435. [4250]

International Federation of Women Lawyers (1997): Women of the world, Laws and policies affecting their reproductive lives, Anglophone Africa, Centre for Reproductive Law and Policy, New York. [4251]

Jacobson-Widding, Anita (ed.) (1991): Body and space, Symbolic models of unity and division in African cosmology and experience, Stockholm Studies in Anthropology 16, University of Stockholm, Stockholm. [4252]

Jacobson-Widding, Anita / Beek, van Walter (ed.) (1991): Creative communication, African folk models of fertility and the regeneration of life, Stockholm Studies in Cultural Anthropology 15, University of Stockholm, Stockholm. [4253]

Kirchengast, Sylvia (1999): Frauen in den Wechseljahren, eine interkulturelle Studie, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt a.M. [4254]

Kirk, Dudley / Pillet, Bernard (1998): Fertility levels, trends, and determinants in Sub-Saharan Africa in the 1980s and 1990s, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 1-22. [4255]

Klepp, Knut-Inge / Flisher, Alan / Kaaya, Sylvia (eds.) (2008): Promoting adolescent and reproductive health in East and Southern Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [4256]

Knieper, Barbara (2000): Zur Kritik einer westlichen Familienplanung in Afrika, Westfälisches Dampfboot, Münster. [4257]

Kravdal, Oystein (2002): Education and fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Demography, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 233-250. [4258]

Larsen, Ulla (1994): Sterility in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Population Studies, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 459-474. [4259]

Lestaeghe, Ron / Jolly, Carole (1995): The start of the Sub-Saharan fertility transition, Some answers and questions, in: Journal of International Development, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 25-45. [4261]

Lesthaeghe, Ron (ed.) (1989): Reproduction and social organisation in Sub-Saharan Africa, University of California Press, Berkeley. [4260]

Levine, Robert / Dixon, Suzanne / LeVine, Sarah et al. (1994): Child care and culture, Lessons from Africa, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [4262]

Lewis, Barbara (1982): Fertility and employment, An assessment of role incompartibility among African urban women, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 249-276. [4263]

Lloyd, Cynthia (1994): Adolescent fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 194-199. [4264]

Locoh, T. / Hertrich, V. (eds.) (1995): The onset of fertility transition in Sub-Saharan Africa, Ordina Edition, Liege. [4265]

Lucas, D. (1992): Fertility and family planning in Southern and Central Africa, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 145-.158. [4266]

Luig, Ute (1997): Ethnographische Anmerkungen zum Verhältnis von Fruchtbarkeit, Macht und Geschlecht in Afrika, in: Braig, Marianne et al. (Hg.): Begegnungen und Einmischungen, Akademischer Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 246-267. [4267]

Luig, Ute (1997): Fruchtbarkeit und die Macht der Frauen, Sozialanthropologische Arbeitspapiere, Nr. 69, Berlin. [4268]

Luke, Nancy (2003): Age and economic asymmetries in the sexual relationships of adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 167-184. [4269]

MacCormack, Carol (ed.) (1980): Ethnography of fertility and birth, Academic Press, London. [4270]

Makinwa, Paulina / Jensen, An-Margit (eds.) (1995): Women’s position and demographic change in Sub-Saharan Africa, IUSSP Publishers, Liege, Belgium. [4272]

Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor / Tiemoko, Richard / Makinwa-Adebusoye, Paulina (eds.) (2008): Human sexuality in Africa, Beyond reproduction, Fanele Publishers, Johannesburg / Cape Town. [4273]

Mbacke, Cheikh (1994): Family planning programs and fertility transistion in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 188-193. [4271]

Meekers, Dominique (1994): Sexual initiation and premarital childbearing in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Population Studies, vol. Volume 48, no. 1, pp. 47-64. [4274]

Miller, Robert / Stein, Karen et al. (1996): Measuring reproductive health care after Cairo, Findings from four situation analysis studies in Africa, in: African Journal of Fertility, Sexuality and Reproductive Health, vol. 1, pp. 92-100. [4275]

Moore, Henrietta (1999): Those who play with fire, gender, fertility and transformation in East and Southern Africa, Athlone Press, New York. [4276]

Mott, Frank / Mott, Susan (1985): Household fertility decisions in West Africa, A comparison of male and female survey results, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 197-208. [4277]

Ngom, Pierre (1997): Men’s unmet need for family planning, Implications for African fertility in transitions, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 192-202. [4278]

Obono, Oka (ed.) (2010): A tapestry of human sexuality in Africa, Fanele, New York. [4279]

Oheneba-Sakyi, Yaw / Awusabo-Asare, Kofi (1999): Female autonomy, Family decision making, and demographic behavior in Africa, Edwin Mellen Press, New York. [4281]

Oheneba-Sakyi, Yaw / Takyi, Baffour K. (1997): Effects of couples' characteristics on contraceptive use in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Ghanaian Example, in: Journal of Biosocial Science. Volume 29 #1 January, 1997. pp. 33-49. [4280]

Olukoya, Peju (2004): Reducing maternal mortality from unsafe abortion among adolescents in Africa, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 57-62. [4282]

Onuoha, Nelson C. / Timaeus, Ian M. (1995): Has a fertility transition begun in West Africa? in: Journal of International Development, vol. 7, pp. 93-116. [4283]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1978): Marriage, fertility and parenthood in West Africa, Australian University Press, Canberra. [4284]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1987): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa: Policy-related studies on work and demographic issues, Heinemann, Portmouth. [4285]

Page, H. / Laesthageghe, R. (eds.) (1981): Child spacing and fertility in tropical Africa, Traditions and hange, Academic Press, London. [4287]

Page, Hilary (1989): Childrearing versus childbearing: Coresidence of mother and child in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Lesthaeghe, Ron (ed.): Reproduction and social organization in Sub-Saharan Africa, Universtiy of Californis Press, Berkeley, pp. 401-441. [4286]

Perkins, Annabel (1998): Media inluence and differential fertility preference formation of couples in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 2, pp. 66-81. [4288]

Potts, Deborah (2001): Fertility in Southern Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 189-302. [4289]

Radloff, Scott / Selingman, Barbara et al. (1989): Reproductive risks and intentions in six countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 136-143. [4290]

Raphael, Dane (ed.) (1975): Being female, Reproduction, power and change, The Hague. [4291]

Rwomire, Apollo (ed.) (2001): African women and children, Crisis and response, Praeger Publishers, Westport. [4292]

Shah, I. (1998): Sexual and reproductive health in Sub-Saharan Africa, An overview, in: African Journal of Reproductive Heath, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 98-107. [4293]

Shapiro, David (2008): Fertility transition in sub-saharan Africa, Falling and stalling, in: African Population Studies, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 3-23. [4294]

Sonko, S. (1994): Fertility and culture in Sub-Saharan Africa, A review, in: International Social Science Journal, 46, 3, pp. 397-413. [4295]

Sween, J. / Clingnet, R. (1978): Female matrimonial roles and fertility in Africa, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Marriage, fertility and parenthood in West Africa, Canberra, Australian National University Press, pp. 562-600. [4296]

Uchudi, Joseph M. (2001): Spouses' socioeconomic characteristics and fertility differences in Sub-Saharan Africa: Does spouse's education matter?" Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 33, no.4, pp. 481-502. [4297]

van der Waale, Etienne / van der Walle, Francine (1993): Post-partum sexual abstinence in Tropical Africa, in: Gary, Ronald / Leridon, Henri / spira, Alfred (eds.): Biomedical and demographic determinants of reproduction, Claredon Press, Oxford, pp. 446-460. [4298]

Ware, Helen (1976): Motivations for the use of birth control, Evidence from West Africa, in: Demography, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 479-494. [4299]

Westhoff, Charles (2000): Effects of birth spacing preferences on fertility and child health in Africa, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 99-110. [4300]


Angola

Agadjanian, Victor / Prata, Ndola (2001): War and reproduction, Angola’s fertility in comparative perspective, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 329-347. [4301]

Agadjanian, Victor / Prata, Ndola (2002): War, peace and fertility in Angola, in: Demography, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 215-231. [4302]

Blier, Preston Suzanne (1995): The path of the leopard, Motherhood and majesty in early Dahomey, in: Journal of African History, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 391-418. [4305]

Capo-Chichi, Vigile / Juarez, Fatima (2001): Is fertility declining in Benin? in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 25-40. [4306]

Elisabeth Jangsten, Roland Strand, Engracia da Gloria Gomez de Freitas, Anna-Lena Hellström, Annika (2005): (Afr J Reprod Health 2005 2005, 9[3]:148-158) African Journal of Reproductive Health, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2005, pp. 148-158 [4303]

Sargent, Carolyn (1986): Prospects for the professionalisation of indigenous midwifery in Benin, in: Last, Murray / Chavunduka, G.L. (eds.): The professionalisation of African Medicine, Mancester University Press, Manchester, pp. 137-149. [4307]

Sargent, Carolyn (1988): Born to die, Witchcraft and infanticide in Bariba culture, in: Ethnology, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 79-85. [4308]

Sargent, Carolyn (1989): Maternity, medicine and power, Reproductive decisions in urban Benin, University of California Press, Berkeley. [4309]

Sargent, Carolyn (1990): The politics of birth: Cultural dimensions of pain virtue and control among the Bariba of Benin, In: Handwerker, W. Penn (ed.): Births and power: Social change and the politics of reproduction, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 69-79. [4310]


Benin

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Botswana

Campbell, Eugene K. / Campbell, Puni G. (1997): Family size and sex preferences and eventual fertility in Botswana, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 29, pp. 191-204. [4311]

Gaisie, Samuel Kwesi (1998): Fertility transition in Botswana, in: Journal of Contempory African Studies, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 277-296. [4312]

Gaisie, Samuel Kwesi (1998): Family structure, gender and fertility in Botswana, in: Pula: Botswana Journal of African Studies, vol. 14, pp. 130-147. [4313]

Jones, Nicholas B (1986): Bushman birthspacing: A test for optimal interbirth intervals, in: Ethnology and Sociobiology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 91-105. [4314]

Letamo, Gobopamang (1996): Contributions of the proximate determinants to fertility change in Botswana, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 28, pp. 325-338. [4315]

Potts, Deborah (2001): Fertility in Southern Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 189-302. [4316]

Quansah, E.K. (1995): Is the right to get pregnant a fundamental human right in Botswana? in: Journal of African Law, vol. 39, no.1, pp. 97-102. [4317]

Ramalefo, Cally / Modisaotsile, Innocent M. (1996): The state of unsafe abortion in Botswana: Evidence from proxy indicators, in: African Journal of Fertility, Sexuality, and Reproductive Health, vol. 1, pp. 38-41. [4318]

Rutenberg, Naomi / Diamond, Ian (1993): Fertility in Botswana: The recent decline and future prospects, in: Demography, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 143-157. [4319]

Tautz, S. / Jahn, A. / Molokomme, I. et al. (2000): Between fear and relief, How pregnant women experience foetal ultrasound in a Botswana hospital, in: Social Science and Medicine, no. 50, pp. 689-701. [4320]

Upton, Rebecca (2001): ‘Infertility makes you invisible’, Gender, health, and the negotiation of fertility in Northern Botswana, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 349-362. [4321]

Upton, Rebecca (2010): ‘Fat eggs’, Gender and fertility as important factors in HIV/AIDS prevention in Botswana, in: Gender and Development, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 515-524. [4322]

Way, Ann A. / Cross, Anne R. / Kumar, Sushil (1987): Family planning in Botswana, Kenya, and Zimbabwe, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 13, pp. 7-11. [4323]


Burkina Faso

Babalola, S. / Vonrasek, C. (2005): Communication, ideation and contraceptive use in Burkina Faso: An application of the propensity score matching method, in: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 207-212. [4324]

Dehne, Karl L. (1999): Abortion in the north of Burkina Faso, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 40-50. [4325]

Dehne, Karl L. (2003): Knowledge of, attitudes towards, and practices relating to child-spacing methods in northern Burkina Faso, in: Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 55-66. [4326]

Görgen, Regina / Maier, Birga / Diesfeld, Hans Jochen (1993): Problems related to schoolgirl pregnancies in Burkina Faso, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 283-294. [4327]

Le Grand, Thomas / Mbacké, Cheikh (1993): Teenage pregnancy and child health in the urban Sahel, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 137-149. (Burkina Faso and Mali) [4328]

Longue, Siaka et al. (2015): Women forgotten after childbirth, Evidence from comparative analysis of maternal mortality before and after delivery in Burkina Faso, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 520-532. [4329]

Trussell, James / Van de Walle, Etienne / Van de Walle, Francine (1989): Norms and behavior in Burkinabe fertility, in: Population Studies, vol. 43, no.3, pp. 429-454. [4330]

Van de Walle, Francine / Ouaidou, N. (1985): Status and fertility among urban women of Burkina Faso, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 11, pp. 60-64. [4331]

Van de Walle, Francine / Traore, Baba (1986): Attitudes of women and men towards contraception in Bobo-Dioulasso, African Demography Working Paper 13, Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. [4332]

Van de Walle, Francine / Van de Walle, Etienne (1993): Urban women's autonomy and natural fertility in the Sahel Region of Africa, in: Federici, Nora / Mason, Karen O. / Sogner, Solvi (eds.): Women's position and demographic Change, in: Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 61-79. [4333]


Burundi

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Cameroon

Akum, Achidi / Kuoh, Anchang et al. (1996): Bakweri fertility and marriage, in: Ardener,Shirley (ed.): Kingdom on Mount Cameroon: Studies in the history of the Cameroon Coast, 1500-1970. Berghahn Books, Oxford, pp. 227-242. [4335]

Calves, Anne-Emmanuele (1999): Marginalization of African single mothers in the marriage market: Evidence From Cameroon, in: Population Studies, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 291-301. [4336]

Calves, Anne-Emmanuele (2000): Premarital childbearing in urban Cameroon: Paternal recognition, child care and financial support, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 31, no.4, pp. 443-461. [4337]

Calves, Anne-Emmanuele (2002): Abortion risk and decision-making among young people in urban Cameroon, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 33, noi. 3, pp. 249-260. [4338]

Calves, Anne-Emmanuele / Meekers, Dominique (1999): The advantages of having many children for women in formal and informal unions in Cameroon, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 617-639. [4339]

Cheka, C. (1997): How law and custom serve to disempower women in Cameroon." Reproductive Health Matters, vol.8, pp. 41-46. [4340]

Ekani-Bessala, M.M. / Carre, Nicolas et al. (1998): Prevalence and determinants of current contraceptive method use in a palm oil company in Cameroon, in: Contraception, vol. 58, no. 1 pp. 29-34. [4341]

Feldman-Savelsberg, P. (1994): Plundered kitchens and empty wombs, Fear and infertility in Cameroonian grassfields, in: Social Science and Medicine, 39, pp. 463-474. [4342]

Feldman-Savelsberg, P. (1995): Cooking inside: Kinship and gender in Bangangte idioms of marriage and procreation, in: American Ethnologist, vol. 22, pp. 483-501. (and in: Maynes, Mary Jo (ed.). Gender, kinship, power: A comparative and interdisciplinary history, Routledge, New York, pp. 176-197). [4343]

Feldman-Savelsberg, P. (1999): Plundered kitchens and empty wombs, Fear and infertility in Cameroonian grassfields, The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. [4344]

Feldman-Savelsberg, P. (2002): Is fertility an unrecognized public health and population problem? The view from the Cameroon grassfields, in: Inhorn, Marcia C. / Van Balen, Frank (eds.): Infertility around the globe, New thinking on childlessness, gender, and reproductive technologies, University of California Press, Berkeley. [4345]

Feldman-Savelsberg, Pamela / Ndonko, Flavien / Schmidt-Ehry, Bergis (2000): Sterilizing vaccancies or the politics of the womb, A retrospective study of a rumor in Cameroon, in: Medical Anthropology Quarterly, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 159-179. [4346]

Feldman-Savelsberg, Pamela / Ndonko, Flavien / Yang, Song (2005): Remembering ‘the troubles’, Reproductive insecurity and the management of memory in Cameroon, in: Africa, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 10-29. [4347]

Getui, Mary (1994): Traditional fertility regulating practices and child spacing, in: African Anthropology, vol. 1, no. 1-2, pp. 87-93. [4348]

Jato, M. (1994): Using focus group discussion to explore the role of women's groups (Tontines) in family-planning information dissemination in Yaounde, Cameroon, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 90-94. [4351]

Jean-Robert, R.M. (2004): Gender and sexuality of youths at Bafoussam and Mbalmayo, Cameroon, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 145-163. [4349]

Johnson-Hanks, Jennifer (2002): The lesser shame: Abortion among educated women in Southern Cameroon, In: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 55, no. 8 pp. 1337-1349. [4350]

Khumbah, Paulina / Pillai, Vijayan K. (1998): Adolescent sexual activity, Early pregnancy and quality of life in Cameroon, in: International Journal of Sociology of the Family, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 23-33. [4352]

Larsen, Ulla A. (1995): Differentials in infertility in Cameroon and Nigeria, in: Population Studies, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 329-346. [4353]

Lee, B.S. (1992): The influences of rural-urban migration on migrant’s fertility behaviour in Cameroon, in: International Migration Review, vol. 26, pp. 1416-1446. [4354]

Lee, B.S. (1998): Effect of marital dissolution on fertility in Cameroon, in: Social Biology, vol. 35, no. 3-4, pp. 293-306. [4355]

Mbuh, Rosemary (1992): Fertility and female education in Cameroon, in: UNESCO Africa, no.4, pp. 54-60. [4356]

Mburano, Rwenge / Robert, Jean (2003): Poverty and sexual risk behaviour among young people in Bamenda, Cameroon, in: African Population Studies, vol. 18, pp. 91-104. [4357]

Meekers, Dominique / Calves, Anne-Emmanuele (1990): Gender differentials in adolescent sexual activity and reproductive health risks in Cameroon, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 3, pp. 51-67. [4358]

Meekers, Dominique / Calves, Anne-Emmanuele (1997): `Main' girlfriends, girlfriends, marriage, and money: The social context of HIV risk behaviour in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 7, pp. 361-375. [4359]

Meekers, Dominique / Klein, Megan (2002): Understanding gender differences in condom use self-efficacy among youth in urban Cameroon, in: AIDS Education and Prevention, vol. 14, pp. 62-72. [4360]

Mosoko, J.J. / Delvaux, T. et al. (2004): Induced abortion among women attending antenatal clinics in Yaounde, Cameroon, in: East African Medical Journal, vol. 81, pp. 71-77. [4361]

Muko, K.N. / Tchangwe, G.K. (2004): Preventing mother-to-child transmission: Factors affecting mothers' choice of feeding, A study from Cameroon, in: Sahara: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance, vol. 1, pp. 132-138. [4362]

Mutia, Babila (2005): Performer, audience, and performance context of Bakweri pregnancy rituals and Incantations, in: Cahiers d'études Africaines, vol. 45, cah. 177, pp.217-237. [4363]

Nana-Fabu, Stella (2001): High fertility and development in Cameroon, in: Journal of Social Development in Africa, vol. 16, pp. 23-42. [4364]

Njikam, Savage / Olayinka, M. (1996): ‘Children of the rope' and other aspects of pregnancy loss in Cameroon, in: Cecil, Rosanne (ed.): The anthropology of pregnancy loss: Comparative studies in miscarriage, childbirth and neonatal Death, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp. 95-109. [4365]

Richards, Sarah (1999): Planning a family in Bali Nyonga: Concepts and practices in the context of medical pluralism, Working Papers in African Studies 220, African Studies Center, Boston University, Boston. [4366]

Rwenge, Mburano (2007): Statut de la femme, planification familiale et fécondité à Mbalmayo et Bafoussam, Cameroun, in: African Population Studies, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 63-93. [4367]

Valente, T.W. / Watkins, S.C. et al. (1997): Social network associations with contraceptive use among Cameroonian women in voluntary associations, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 677-678. [4368]

Wultoff, Bangha (1996): The fertility performance of polygynous marriages in Cameroon, in: African Anthropology, vol. 3, pp. 45-64. [4369]


Central African Republic

Larsen, Ulla (2001): Primary and secondary infertility in Central African Republic, in: Boerma, J. Ties / Mgalla, Zaida (eds.): Women and infertility in Sub-Saharan Africa: A multi-disciplinary perspective, Publications of the Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam. [4370]

Larsen, Ulla A. / Yan, Sharon (2000): Does female circumcision affect infertility and fertility? A study of the Central African Republic, Cote d'Ivoire, and Tanzania, in: Demography, vol.37, pp. 313-321. [4371]


Chad

Larsen, Ulla A. / Yan, Sharon (2000): Does female circumcision affect infertility and fertility? A study of the Central African Republic, Cote d'Ivoire, and Tanzania, in: Demography, vol.37, pp. 313-321. [4372]

Leonard, Lori (2002): ‘Looking for children': The search for fertility among the Sara of southern Chad, in: Medical Anthropology, vol. 21, pp. 79-112. [4373]

Leonard, Lori (2002): Problematizing fertility: "Scientific" accounts and Chadian women's narratives, in: Inhorn, Marcia C. / Van Balen, Frank (eds.): Infertility around the globe: New thinking on childlessness, gender, and reproductive technologies, University of California Press, Berkeley. [4374]

O’Laughlin, Bridget (1974): Mediation of contradictions Why Mbum women do not eat chicken, in: Rosaldo, Michelle Zimbalist / Lamphere, Louise (eds.): Women, culture and society, Stanford University Press, Stanford, pp. 301-318. [4375]


D.R. Congo / Zaire

Bertrand, Jane et al. (1986): Strategies for family planning service delivery in Bas, Zaire, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 12, pp. 108-115. [4376]

Bertrand, Jane et al. (1991): Sexual behavior and condom use in ten sites in Zaire, in: Journal of Sex Research, vol. 28, pp. 347-364. [4377]

Bertrand, Jane et al. (1993): Community-based distribution of contraceptives in Zaire, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 19, pp. 84-91. [4378]

Bertrand, Jane et al. (1996): The male versus the female perspective in family planning in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: Journal of Biological Science, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 37-55. [4379]

Hassig, S.E. / Bertrand, Jane T. et al. (1991): Duration and correlates of post-partum abstinence in four sites in Zaire, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 32, pp. 343-347. [4380]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (1988): Le bébé on brouse: European women, African birth spacing and colonial interventions in breast feeding in the Belgian Congo, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 21, no 3, pp. 401-423, (und in: Cooper, Frederick / Stoler, Ann Laura (eds.): Tensions of empire, Colonial cultures in a bourgeoise world, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 287-321.) [4381]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (1999): A colonial lexicon of birth ritual, medicalization, and mobility in the Congo, Duke University Press, Durham. [4382]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (2006): Colonial anthropology and the making of the Central African infertility belt, in: Tilley, Helen / Gordon, Robert (eds.): Anthropology, European imperialism and the ordering of Africa, Manchester University Press, Manchester. [4383]

Shapiro, David (1996): Fertility decline in Kinshasa, in: Population Studies, vol. 50, pp. 89-103. [4384]

Shapiro, David (2003): Kinshasa women in transition, Women’s education, employment and fertility, Chicago University Press, Chicago. [4385]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (1994): The impact of women's employment and education on contraceptive use and abortion in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 2, pp. 96-110 [4386]


Djibouti

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Equatorial Guinea

Jimoh, A.A. (2003): Utilisation of antenatal services at the provincial hospital, Mongomo, Guinea Equatoria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 7, pp. 49-54. [4529]

Jimoh, A.A. (2004): Prevalence of HIV antibodies amongst apparently healthy pregnant women in Mongomo, Guinea Equatoria, in: Nigerian Journal of Medicine, vol. 13, pp. 114-117. [4530]


Eritrea

Bahl, R. / Bhandari, N. et al. (1999): Women's fears and men's anxieties, The impact of family planning on gender relations in Northern Ghana, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 30, pp. 54-66. [4419]

Blanc, Ann (2004): The role of conflict in the rapid fertility decline in Eritrea and prospects for the future, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 353, pp. 236-245. [4418]


Ethiopia

Abate, Mammo / Philip, Morgan (1986): Childlessness in rural Ethiopia, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 12, no. 3, pp.533-546. [4387]

Abdella, A. (1996): Demographic characteristics, socioeconomic profile and contraceptive behaviour in patients with abortion at Jimma Hospital, Ethiopia, in: East African Medical Journal, vol. 73, pp. 660-664. [4388]

Abdulahl, H. (1990): Breastfeeding practices and fertility in Mettu Alemaya and Addis Ababa, in: Population Bulletin, vol. 1, pp. 1-8. [4389]

Alene, Getu D. / Wheeler, J.G. (2004): Adolescent reproductive health and awareness of HIV among rural high school students, North Western Ethiopia, in: AIDS Care, vol. 16, pp. 57-68. [4390]

Bisrat, F. / Pickering, J. (1994): High school students' knowledge, attitude, and practice of contraception in Harer Town, Eastern Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Medical Journal, vol. 32, pp. 151-159. [4392]

Dagne, Haile (1994): Early marriage in Northern Ethiopia, in: Reproductive Health Matters, vol. 4, pp. 35-38. [4393]

Demissie, T. / Muroki, N.M. / Kogi-Makau, W. (1998): Food aversions and cravings during rregnancy: Prevalence and significance for maternal nutrition in Ethiopia, in: Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 19, pp. 20-26. [4394]

Duncan, Elizabeth (1997): STDs in women attending family planning clinics, Case studies in Addis Ababa, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 441-454. [4395]

Eshetu, Melaku (1996): The level of maternal mortality in Mafud District of Northern Shewa, Central Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research,vol. 18, pp. 79-93. [4396]

Ezra, Markos / Gurmu, Eshetu (2002): Correlates of marriage and family patterns in Southern Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, vol. 24, pp. 28-57. [4397]

G/selassie, Tesfayi (1996): Determinants of contraceptive use among urban youth in Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 10, pp. 97-104. [4401]

Gebre, Solomon (1990): Sexual behavior and knowledge of AIDS and Other STDs: A survey of senior high school students, in: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 4, pp. 123-131. [4398]

Gemeda, Hirut Terefe (2000): A study of female genital mutilation and reproductive health, The Case of Arsi Oromo, Ethiopia, Edition RE, Göttingen. [4399]

Genet, Mengistu (1989): Fertility and child mortality in rural Ethiopia: Gondar and Hararge Regions, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 21, pp. 115-121. [4402]

Gibson, Mhairi A. / Mace, Ruth (2002): The impact of labor-saving technology on first birth intervals in rural Ethiopia, in: Human Biology, vol. 74, pp. 111-128. [4400]

Hailemariam, Assefa (1992): An overview of the determinants of high fertility in Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, vol. 14, pp. 1-30. [4403]

Hogan, Dennis et al. (1999): Household organisation, women’ autonomy and contraception behaviour in Southern Ethiopia, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 302-314. [4404]

Hogan, Dennis et al. (2004): Social identity and community effects on contraceptive use and intentions in Southern Ethiopia, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 79-90. (and in: Agyei Mensah, Samuel (ed.): Reproduction and social context in Sub-Saharan Africa, Greenwood Press, Westport, pp. 37-63. [4405]

Kaba, Mirgissa (2004): Fertility regulation among women in rural communities around Jimma, Western Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Health and Development, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 17-22. [4406]

Kibret, Mulugeta (2003): Reproductive health knowledge, attitude and pratice among high school students in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 245-276. [4407]

Kiros, Fassil (1979): A critical evaluation of the family planning prescriptions for rural Wollo and Tigrai, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, vol. 3, pp. 1-9. [4408]

Lindstrom, D. / Berhanu, Betemariam (1999): The impact of war, famine and economic decline on marital fertility in Ethiopia, in: Demography, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 247-326. [4409]

Mammo, Abate / Morgan, S. Philip (1986): Childlessness in rural Ethiopia, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 12, pp. 533-546. [4410]

Sibanda, Amson / Woubalem, Zedwu (2003): The proximate determinants of the decline to below replacement fertility in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 1-7. [4411]

Taffa, Negussie / Sundby, Johanne et al. (2004): HIV prevalence and socio-cultural contexts of sexuality among youth in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in: Djamba, Yanyi K. (ed.): Sexual behavior of adolescents in contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa, Edwin Mellen Press, New York. [4412]

Tamene, Wossenyelesh / Mesganaw Fantahun (2007): Fertility desire and family-planning demand among HIV-positive women and men undergoing antiretroviral treatment in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in: African Journal of AIDS Research: vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 223-227. [4413]

Terefe, Almaz / Larson, Charles (1993): Modern contraception in Ethiopia, Does involving husbands make a difference? in: American Journal of Public Health, vol. 83, no. 11, (1), pp. 567-571. [4414]

Tirussew, T. (1990): Onset bodily reactions and psycho-social consequences of menarche among a group of Ethiopian girls, in: Ethiopian Journal of Education, vol. 11, pp. 1-27. [4415]

Tsegaye, Demissie / Muroki, Nelson / Kogi-Makau, Wamboi (1998): Food taboos among pregnant women in Hadiya Zone, Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 12, pp. 45-49. [4416]

Wouhabe, Maria (2007): Sexual behaviour, knowledge and awareness of related reproductive health issues among single youth in Ethiopia, in: Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 14-21. [4417]


Gabon

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Gambia

Barrett, Hazel / Browne, Angela (1996): Health, hygiene and maternal education: Evidence from The Gambia, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 43, pp. 1579-1590. [4420]

Bledsoe, Caroline (2002): Contingent lives, Fertility, time and aging in West Africa, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago. [4421]

Bledsoe, Caroline / Hill, Allan et al. (1994): Constructing natural fertility, The use of Western contraceptive technology in rural Gambia, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 81-113. [4422]

Bledsoe, Caroline / Hill, Allan et al. (1998): Social norms, natural fertility, and the resumption of postpartum `contact' in the Gambia, in: Basu, Alaka / Aaby, Peter (eds.): The methods and uses of anthropological demography, Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 268-297. [4423]

Ceesay-Egli, Katja (2000): Viele Mütter – Strategien kinderloser Frauen bei den Mandingo in Gambia, in: de Jong, Willemijn / Möwe, Illona / Roth, Claudia (Hg.): Bilder und Realitäten der Geschlechter, Argonaut Verlag, Zürich, pp. 177-196. [4424]

Kane, Thomas / Buysscher, Rose et al. (1993): Sexual activity, family life education, and contraceptive practice among young adults in Banjul, the Gambia, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 50-61. [4425]

Luck, Margaret / Jarju, Ebrima / Nell, Diane / George, Melville (2000): Mobilizing demand for contraception in rural Gambia, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 325-332. [4426]

Menendez, Clara (1993): The contribution of Gambian traditional birth attendants to field research, in: Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 96, pp. 175-178. [4427]

Miles, K. / Shaw, Matthew et al. (2001): Sexual health seeking behaviours of young people in the Gambia, in: Journal of Adolescence, vol. 24, pp. 753-764. [4428]

Pickering, H. et al. (1993): Do unmarried women in African towns have to sell sex, or is it a matter of choice? in: Health Transition Review, vol. 3, Supplement, pp. 17-27. [4429]

Radcliffe, Amy et al. (2002): Reporting fertility events by men and women in rural Gambia, in: Demography, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 573-586. [4430]

Semega-Janneh, I.J. et al. (2001): Promoting breastfeeding in rural Gambia, Combining traditional and modern knowledge, in: Health Policy and Planning, vol. 16, pp. 199-205. [4431]

Sundby, Johanne / Mboge, Reuben / Sonko, Sheriff (1998): Infertility in the Gambia, Frequency and health care seeking, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 47, pp. 891-899. [4432]

Telfer, M.L. / Rowley, J.T. / Walraven, Gijs E. (2002): Experiences of mothers with antenatal, delivery and postpartum care in Rural Gambia, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health,vol. 6, pp. 74-83. [4433]

Turner, R. (1992): Gambian religious leaders teach about Islam and family planning, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 150-151. [4434]

Valente, Thomas / Kim, Young Mi / Lettenmaier, Cheryl / Glass, William (1994): Radio promotion of family planning in the Gambia, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 96-104. [4435]

Walraven, Gijs E. et al. (2002): Menstrual disorders in rural Gambia, in: Studies in Family Planning,vol. 33, pp. 261-268. [4436]

Weil, Peter (1976): The staff of life, Food and female fertility in a West African society, in: Africa, vol. 46, pp. 182-194. [4437]


Ghana

Abu, Katharine (1994): Family planning and welfare in northern Ghana, in: Adepoju, Aderanti / Oppong, Christine (eds.): Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, James Currey Publications, London, pp. 191-208. [4438]

Adanu, Richard (2004): Reasons, fears, and emotions behind induced abortions in Accra, Ghana, in: Research Review, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1-9. [4439]

Addai, Isaac (1999): Ethnicity and sexual behavior in Ghana, in: Social Biology, vol. 46, no. 1-2, pp. 17-32. [4440]

Adjaye, Joseph K. (1999): Dangerous crossroads: Liminality and contested meaning in Krobo (Ghana), Dipo girls' initiation, in: Journal of African Cultural Studies, vol. 12, pp. 5-26. [4441]

Adomako Ampofo, Akosua (2002): Does women’s education matter? A casestudy of reproductive decision making from Urban Ghana, in: Ghana Studies, vol. 5, pp. 123-157. [4442]

Adongo, Philip / Akweongo, Patricia et al. (1997): Cultural factors constraining the introduction of family planning among the Kassena-Nankana of Northern Ghana, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 45, pp. 1789-1804. [4443]

Adongo, Philip B. / Phillips, James F. et al. (1998): The influence of traditional religion on fertility regulation among the Kassena-Nankana of Northern Ghana, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 29, pp. 23-40. [4444]

Agadjanian, Victor S. / Ezeh, Alex C. (2000): Polygyny, gender relations, and reproduction in Ghana, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 31, pp. 427-441. [4445]

Agula Bawah, A. / Akweongo, P. / Simmons, R. / Phillips, J.F. (1991): Women's fears and men's anxieties: The impact of family planning on gender relations in Northern Ghana in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 54-66. [4446]

Agyei-Mensah, Samuel / Aase, Asbjorn / Awusabo-Asare, Kofi (2004): Social setting, birth timing, and subsequent fertility in the Ghanaian south, in: Agyei Mensah, Samuel (ed.): Reproduction and social context in Sub-Saharan Africa, Greenwood Press, Westport, pp. 89-108. [4447]

Agyeman, Dominic / Casterline, John (2004): Social organisation and reproduction behaviour in Southern Ghana, in: Agyei Mensah, Samuel (ed.): Reproduction and social context in Sub-Saharan Africa, Greenwood Press, Westport, pp. 7-35. [4448]

Akuffo, Felix Odei (1987): Teenage pregnancy and school drop outs: The relevance of family life education and vocational training to girls’ empolyment opportunities, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa, London, James Currey, pp. 154-165. [4449]

Akyeampong, Emmanuel (1997): Sexuality and prostitution among the Akan of the Gold Coast, c.1650-1950, in: Past and Present, no.156, pp. 144-173. [4450]

Allman, Jean (1991): Of „spinsters“, „concubines“ and „wicked women“: Reflections on gender and social change in colonial Asante, in: Gender and History, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 176-189. [4451]

Allman, Jean (1996): Adultery and the state in Asante, Reflections on gender, class and power from 1800 to 1950, in: Hunwick, J.O./ Lawler, N. (eds.): The cloth of many coloured silks, Papers on history and society, Northwestern University Press, Evanston, pp. 27-66. [4452]

Allman, Jean (1997): Fathering, mothering, and making sense of ntamoba: Reflections on the economy of child-rearing in colonial Asante, in: Africa, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 296-312. [4453]

Allotey, P. (1999): Where there's no tradition of traditional birth attendants: Kassena Nankana District, Northern Ghana, in: Berere, Marge / Sundari Ravindran, T.K. (eds.): Safe motherhood initiatives, Critical issues, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, pp. 147-154. [4454]

Amoateng, Acheampong (1990): Sociodemographic correlates of the timing of family formation in Ghana, in: South African Journal of Sociology, vol. 21, pp. 145-151. [4455]

Anarfi, John K. / Antwi, P. (1995): Street youth in Accra City: Sexual networking in a high-risk environment and its implications for the spread of HIV/AIDS, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 5, Supplement, pp. 131-152. [4456]

Anarfi, John K. / Fayorsey, Clara K. (2000): Male protagonists in the `commercialization' of aspects of the female life-cycle in Ghana, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Lerner, Susana / Guyer, Jane I. (eds.): Fertility and the male life-cycle in the era of fertility decline, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 144-160. [4457]

Andam, Aba A.B. (1994): Towards a gender free science education: A situation analysis from Ghana, in: Discovery and Innovation, vol. 6, pp. 25-28. [4458]

Ankomah, Augustine (1992): Premarital sexual relationships in Ghana in the era of AIDS, in: Health Policy Planning, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 135-143. [4459]

Ankomah, Augustine (1996): Premarital relationships and livelihoods in Ghana, in: Gender and Development, vol. 4, pp. 39-47. [4460]

Ankomah, Augustine (1998): Condom use in sexual exchange relationships among young single adults in Ghana, in: AIDS Education and Prevention, vol. 10, pp. 303-316. [4461]

Ankomah, Augustine (1999): Sex, love, money and AIDS: The dynamics of premarital sexual relationships in Ghana, in: Sexualities, vol. 2, pp. 291-308. [4462]

Ardayfio-Schandorf, Elizabeth (1994): Family planning and welfare in northern Ghana, in: Adepoju, Aderanti / Oppong, Christine (eds.): Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, James Currey Publications, London, pp. 191-208. [4464]

Ardayfio-Schandorf, Elizabeth / Amissah, Margaret (1996): Incidence of child fostering among school children in Ghana, in: Momsen, Henshall Janet / Kinnaird, Vivian (eds.): Different places, different voices, Gender and development in Africa, Asia and Latin America, Routledge Publications, London, pp. 179-200. [4465]

Arthur, Alexina (1987): Family planning communication and the African women's liberation: A Ghana case study, in: Africa Media Review, vol. 2, pp. 38-51. [4463]

Bahl, R. / Bhandari, N. et al. (1999): Women's fears and men's anxieties, The impact of family planning on gender relations in Northern Ghana, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 30, pp. 54-66. [4466]

Bawah, Ayaga (2002): Spousal communication and family planning behaviour in Navrongo, A longitudial assessment, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 185-194. [4468]

Bawah, Ayaga Agula / Akweongo, Patricia / Simmons, Ruth (1999): Women’s fears and men’s anxities: The impact of family planning on gender relations in Northern Ghana, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 54-66. [4469]

Benefo, Kofi D. / Tsui, Amy O. / De Graft Johnson, Joseph (1994): Ethnic differentials in child-spacing ideals and practices in Ghana, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 26, pp. 311-326. [4470]

Binka, Fred / Nazzar, Alex / Phillips, James (1995): The Navrongo community health and family planning project, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 121-139. [4471]

Blanc, Ann / lloyd, C.B. (1994): Women’s work, child bearing and rearing over the life cycle in Ghana, in: Adepoju, Aderanti / Oppong, Christine (eds.): Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, James Currey Publications, London, pp. 112-131. [4472]

Bleek, R.W. (1978): Induced abortion in a Ghanaian family, in: African Studies Review, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 103-120. [4467]

Bleek, W.R. (1976): Sexual relations and birth control in Ghana, A case study of a rural town, University of Amsterdam Press, Amsterdam. [4473]

Bleek, W.R. (1978): Induced abortion in a Ghanaian family, in: African Studies Review, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 103-120. [4474]

Bleek, W.R. (1981): The unexpected repression, How family planning discriminates against women in Ghana, in: Review of Ethnography, vol. 7, no. 25, pp. 193-198. [4475]

Bleek, W.R. (1987): Family and family planning in Southern Ghana, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa, Routledge, London, pp. 136-153. [4476]

Boni, Stefano (2001): Twentieth-century transformations in notions of gender, parenthood, and marriage in Southern Ghana, A critique of the hypothesis of „retrograde steps“ for Akan women, in: History in Africa, vol. 28, pp. 14-41. [4477]

Caldwell, John C. (1967): Fertility attitudes in three economically contrasting rural regions of Ghana, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 15, pp. 217-238. [4478]

Cammaert, Jessica (2016): Undesireable practices, Women, children, and the politics of the body in Northern Ghana, 1930-1972, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln. [4479]

Clark, Gracia (2001): ‘Nursing-mother work’ in Ghana, Power and frustration in Akan market women’s lives, in: Seligman, Linda (ed.): Women traders in cross-cultural perspective, Mediating identities, marketing wares, Stanford University Press, Stanford, pp. 103-126. [4480]

Codjoe, Samuel Nii Ardey (2007): The role of proximate and other determinants in Ghana's fertility transition, in: African Population Studies, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 127-146. [4481]

Darkwah, Akosua (2006): (A)sexualizing Ghanaian youth? A case study of Virgin Clubs in Accra and Kumasi, in: Ghana Studies, vol. 9, pp. 123-149. [4482]

Debpuur, Cornelius et al. (2002): The impact of the Navrongo Project on contraceptive knowledge and use, reproductive preferences, and fertility, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 141-164. [4483]

DeRose, Laurie F. (2002): Continuity of women's work, Breastfeeding, and fertility in Ghana in the 1980s, in: Population Studies, vol. 56, pp. 167-180. [4484]

DeRose, Laurie F. / Dodoo, F.N-A. / Patil, V. (2002): Fertility desires and perceptions of power in reproductive conflict in Ghana, in: Gender and Society, vol. 16, pp. 53-73. [4485]

DeRose, Laurie F. / Ezeh, Alex (2005): Men's influence on the onset and progress of fertility decline in Ghana, 1988-98, in: Population Studies, vol. 59, pp. 197-210. [4486]

Dijk, Rijk van (2004): Negotiating marriage: questions of morality and legitimacy in the Ghanaian Pentecostal diaspora, in: Journal of Religion in Africa, vol. 34, no. 4, pp.438-467. [4487]

Doctor, Henry V. (2007): Has the Navrongo Project in Northern Ghana been successful in altering fertility preferences? in: African Population Studies, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 95-116. [4488]

Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo (1992): Female education age parity and reproduction cessation in Ghana, in: Social Biology, vol. 39, no. 1-2, pp. 102-108. [4489]

Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo (1993): Education and changing reproductive behavior in Ghana, in: Sociological Perspectives, vol. 36, no. 3 pp. 241-256. [4490]

Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo (1995): Contraceptive behavior in Ghana: A two-sex model, in: International Journal of Sociology of the Family, vol. 25, pp. 43-61. [4491]

Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo / Seal, Arna (1994): Explaining spousal differences in reproductive preferences: A gender inequality approach, in: Population and Environment, vol. 15, pp. 379-394. [4493]

Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo / van Landewijk, P. (1996): Men, women and the fertility question in Sub-Saharan Africa, An example from Ghana, in: African Studies Review, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 29-42. [4492]

Dzegede, S.A. (1981): Urbanization and fertility decline in West Africa, Ghana, Sierra Leone and Liberia, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 12, pp. 232-244. [4494]

Ezeh, Alex Chika (1993): The influence of spouses over each others contraceptive attitudes in Ghana, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 163-173. [4495]

Fayorsey, Clarke Korkor (1992): Commodization of childbirth: Female strategies towards autonomy among the Ga of Southern Ghana, in: Cambridge Anthropology, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 19-45. [4496]

Goody, Esther (1982): Parenthood and social reproduction, Fostering and occupational roles in West Africa, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [4497]

Goody, Esther / Good Jack (1967): The circulation of women and children in Northern Ghana, in: Man, 2, pp. 226-248. [4498]

Greenstreet, Miranda / Banibensu, R.A. (1997): Cross-generational knowledge transfer on reproductive health among women in Ghana, in: Harcort, Wendy (ed.) Power, reproduction and gender: Intergenerational transfer of knowledge, Zed Books, London, pp. 58-72. [4500]

Greenstreet, Miranda / Banibensu, R.A. (1997): Cross-generational knowledge transfer on reproductive health among women in Ghana, in: Harcort, Wendy (ed.) Power, reproduction and gender: Intergenerational transfer of knowledge, Zed Books, London, pp. 58-72. [4501]

Greenstreet, Mirinda (1990): Education and reproductive choices in Ghana, Gender issues in population policy, in: Development, vol. 1, pp. 40-47. [4499]

Kannae, Lawrence / Pendleton, Brian (1994): Fertility attitudes among male Ghanaian government employees, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 29, pp. 65-76. [4502]

Koster, A. / Kemp, J. / Offei, A. (2001): Utilisation of reproductive health services by adolescent boys in the Eastern Region of Ghana, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 40-49. [4504]

Kotoh, Agnes Millicent (2008): Traditional menstrual practices: Sexual and reproductive health and gender implications for adolescent girls, in: Research Review, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 37-51. [4503]

Kwankye, Stephen O. (2007): Media exposure and reproductive health behaviour among young females, in: African Population Studies, vol. 22, no. 2, p. 77-106. [4505]

Lithur, Nana (2004): Destigmatising abortion: Expanding community awareness of abortion as a reproductive issue in Ghana, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, pp. 70-73. [4506]

Mensch, Barbara / Bagah, Daniel (1999): The changing nature of adolenscence in the Kassena-Nankana District of Northern Ghana, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 95-111. [4507]

Ohenaba-Sakyi, Yaw / Takyi, Baffour (1997): Effects of couples’ characteristics on contraceptive use is sub-Saharan Africa, The Ghanaian example, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 29, pp. 33-49. [4508]

Oppong, Christine (2004): Demographic innovation and nutritional catastrophe: Change, lack of change and difference in Ghanaian family systems, in: Therborn, Goran (ed.): African families in a global context, Publications of the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 49-78. [4509]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1978): Marriage, fertility and parenthood in West Africa, Australian University Press, Canberra. [4510]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1989): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa, Policy-related studies on work and demographic issues, Heinemann Publishers, Portsmouth. [4511]

Oppong, Christine / Abu, Katharine (1984): The changing maternal role of Ghanaian women: Impact of education, migration and employment, Working Paper, 14, World Employment Programme, Geneva. [4513]

Oppong, Christine / Bleek, Wolf (1982): Economic models of having children, some evidence from Kwahu, Ghana, in: Africa, vol. 65. no. 4, pp. 16-32. [4512]

Oppong, Christine / Oppong, Yaa / Odotei, Irene (eds.) (2006): Sex and gender in an era of AIDS, Ghana at the turn of the Millenium, Sub-Saharan Publishers, Accra. [4514]

Parr, Nicholas (2002): Family planning promotion, Contraception and fertility decline in Ghana, in: African Population Studies, vol. 17, pp. 83-101. [4515]

Pheneba-Sakyi, Y. (1992): Determinants of current contraceptive use among Ghanaian women at highest risk of pregnancy, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 24, pp. 463-475. [4516]

Pool, D.I. (1967): Ghana, A survey on fertility and attitudes to family limitations, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 25, pp. 10-15. [4517]

Pool, D.I. (1970): Social change and interest in family planning in Ghana, An exploratory analysis, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 207-227. [4518]

Pool, D.I. (1972): A cross-comparative study of aspects of conjugal behaviour among women of three West-African countries, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 234-259. [4519]

Salway, Sarah (1994): How attitudes toward family planning and discussion between wives and husbands affect contraceptive use in Ghana, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 44-47. [4520]

Takyi, Baffour K. / Oheneba-Sakti, Yaw (1997): Gender differentials in family size among Ghanaian couples, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 32, no. 3-4, pp. 296-306. [4521]


Guinea

Gorgen, Regina / Yansane, Mohamed L. et al. (1998): Sexual behavior and attitudes among unmarried urban youths in Guinea, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 24, pp. 65-71. [4522]

Levin, E. (2000): Women's childbearing decisions in Guinea: Life course perspectives and historical change, in: Africa Today, vol 47, pp. 62-81. [4523]

Levin, E. (2001): The meaning of menstrual management in a high fertility society: Guinea, West Africa, in: Van de Walle, Etienne et al. (eds.):Regulating menstruation: Beliefs, pactices and interpretations, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 157-171. [4524]

Mock, Nancy B. (1993): The relationship between maternal and child nutritional status in rural Guinea, in: Ecology of Food and Nutrition, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 39-49. [4525]

Oliver, R. (1995): Contraceptive use in Ghana, The role of service availability, quality and price, World Bank working paper no. 111, The World Bank, Washington D.C. [4526]


Guinea Bisseau

Einarsdottir, Jonina (2004): Tired of weeping, Mother love, child death, and poverty in Guinea Bisseau, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. [4527]

Peleikis, Anja (1994): „Ohne Kind bist Du keine Frau“, Frausein, Ritual und Autonomie bei den Jola-Frauen in Guinea-Bisseau, Sozialanthropologische Arbeitspapiere, Nr. 59, Institut für Ethnologie, Schwerpunkt Sozialanthropologie, FU-Berlin, Berlin. [4528]


Ivory Coast

Adams, Monni (Marie-Jeanne) (1991): Celebrating women: Girls' initiation in Canton Boo, We/Guere Region, Cote d' Ivoire, in: L'Ethnographie, vol. 87, no. 110, pp. 81-115. [4531]

Ainsworth, Martha (1989): Socioeconomic determinants of fertility in Cote d'Ivoire, Living Standards Measurement Study Working Paper 53, World Bank, Washington D.C. [4532]

Ali, Mohamed / Cleland, John (2001): The link between postnatal abstinence and extramarital sex in Cote d’Ivoire, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 214-220. [4533]

Anarfi, John K. (1998): Ghanaian women and prostitution in Cote d'Ivoire, in: Kempadoo, Kamala / Doezema, Jo (eds.): Global sex workers, Rights, resistance, and redefinition, Routledge Publications, New York, pp. 104-113. [4534]

Atto, Ursula (1996): Verpflichtung, Belastung, Freude, Pflegekinder in Abidjan und ihr Verständnis der Hausarbeit, in: Beck, Kurt / Spittler, Gert (Hg.): Arbeit in Afrika, Lit-Verlag, Hamburg, pp. 225-242. [4535]

Babalola, Stella et al. (2005): Parental factors and sexual risk-taking among young people in Cote d’Ivoire, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 49-65. [4536]

Deluz, Ariane (1987): Social and symbolic values of feminine KNE initiation among the Guro of the Ivory Coast, in: Parkin, D. / Nyamwaya, D. (eds.): Transformations of African marriage, Manchester University Press, Manchester, pp. 113-135. [4537]

Deluz, Ariane (1994): Incestuous fantasy and kinship among the Guro, in: Heald, Suzette / Deluz, Ariane (ed.): Anthropology and psychoanalysis: An encounter through culture, Routledge, London, pp. 40-53. [4538]

Diop-Sidibé, Nafissatou (2005): Siblings´ premarital childbearing and the timing of first sex in three major cities of Cote d’Ivoire, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 54-62. [4539]

Etienne, Mona (1979): The case for social maternity, Adoption of children by urban Baule women, in: Dialectical Anthropology, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 237-242. [4540]

Etienne, Mona (1993): The case of social maternity: Adoption of children by urban Baule women, in: Brettell, Caroline / Sargent, Carolyn (eds.): Gender in cross-cultural perspective, Eaglewood Cliffes, New Jersey, pp. 25-30. (auch in: Dialectical Anthropology, 4, 1979, pp. 237-242) [4541]

Gottlieb, Alma (1982): Sex, fertility and menstruation among the Beng of the Ivory Coast, A symbolic analysis, in: Africa, vol. 52, pp. 35-47. [4542]

Gottlieb, Alma (1986): Cousin marriage, birth order and gender: Alliance models among the Beng of Ivory Coast, in: Man, vol. 21, pp. 697-722. [4543]

Gottlieb, Alma (1988): Sexual cosmology among the Beng of Ivory Coast, in: Buckley, Thomas / Gottlieb, Alma (eds.): Blood magic, The anthropology of menstruation, University of California Press, Berkeley. [4544]

Gottlieb, Alma (1990): Rethinking female pollution: The Beng case, in: Sanday, Peggy R. / Goodenough, Ruth G. (eds.): Beyond the second sex: New directions in the anthropology of gender, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, pp. 113-138. (and published in: Dialectical Anthropology, vol. 12, no. 2, 1989, pp.65-79.) [4545]

Gottlieb, Alma (2005): Babies baths, babies’ remembrances, A Beng theory of development, history and memory, in: Africa, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 105-118. [4546]

Guillaume, Agnes / Desgrees-Du-Lou, Annabel (2002): Fertility regulation among women in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire: Contraception, abortion or both? In: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 28, pp. 159-166. [4547]

Haddad, Lawrence J. / Hoddinott, John (1994): Women's income and boy-girl anthropometric status in the Cote d'Ivoire, in: World Development, vol. 22, pp. 543-553. [4548]

Lewis, Barbara (1982): Fertility and employment: An assessment of role incompartibility among African urban women, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder. [4549]

Luig, Ute (1991): Körpermetaphorik, Sexualität und Macht der Frauen: Das Beispiel der Baule in der Elfenbeinküste, in: Lenz, Ilse / Luig, Ute (eds.): Frauenmacht ohne Herrschaft, Fischer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 255-279. [4550]

Meekers, Dominique (1994): The implications of premarital childbearing for infant mortality, The case of Cote d’Ivoire, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Gilles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Conemporary anthropological and demographic perspectives, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 296-312. [4551]

Ravenhill, Philip (1978): The interpretation of symbolism in Wan female initiation, in: Africa, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 66-78. [4552]


Kenya

Ahlberg, Beth (1991): Women, sexuality and the changing social order: The impact of government policies on reproductive behaviour in Kenya, Gordon and Beach, Philadelphia. [4554]

Ahr, Christina (1991): Fruchtbarkeit und Respekt, Filmethnologische Untersuchung eines Geschlechterkonfliktes um ein Ritual bei den Maasai, Arbeiten aus dem Mainzer Institut für Ethnologie, Edition Re, Göttingen. [4553]

Ajayi, A.A. / Maranyu, L. / Miller, J. (1991): Adolescent sexuality and fertility in Kenya, A survey of knowledge perceptions and practices, in: Studies in Family Planning, 22, 4, pp. 205-216. [4555]

Akong'a, Joshua (1988): Functional communication model for family planning extension services in Kenya, in: Journal of Eastern African Research and Development, vol. 18, pp. 88-107. [4556]

Amuyunzu-Nyamongo, Mary (1998): Willing the spirits to reveal themselves: Rural Kenyan mother's responsibility to restore their children's health, in: Medical Anthropology Quarterly, vol. 12, pp. 490-502. [4557]

Baker, J. / Khasiani, S. (1992): Induced abortion in Kenya, Case histories, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 34-44. [4558]

Blacker, John (2007): The demography of Mau Mau, Fertility and mortality in Kenya in the 1950s, A demographer’s viewpoint, in: African Affairs, 106, pp. 205-227. [4559]

Brandley, Cynthia (1995): Women’s empowerment an fertility decline in Western Kenya, in: Greenhalgh, S. (ed.): Situating fertility, Anthropological and demographic enquiry, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 157-178. [4560]

Dodoo, F.N. (1998): Men matter, Additive and interactive gendered preferences and reproductive behaviour in Kenya, in: Demography, vol. 35, pp. 229-242. [4561]

Dodoo, Nii-Amoo F. / Tempenis, Maria (2002): Gender, power, and reproduction, Rural-urban differences in the relationship between fertility goals and contraceptive use in Kenya, in: Rural Sociology, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 46-70. [4562]

Doodo, Nii-Ammo F. / Sloan, Melissa / Zulu, Eliya Msiyaphazi (2004): Space, context, and hardship, Socializing children into sexual activity in Kenyan slums, in: Agyei Mensah, Samuel (ed.): Reproduction and social context in Sub-Saharan Africa, Greenwood Press, Westport, pp. 147-160. [4563]

Erulkar, Annabel / Onoka, Charles / Phiri, Alford (2005): What is youth-friendly? Adolescents’ preference for reproductive health services in Kenya and Zimbabwe, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 51-58. [4565]

Erulkar, Annabel et al. (2004): Behaviour change evaluation of a culturally consistent reproductive health programme for young Kenyans, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 58-66. [4564]

Goldberg, Howard / McNeil, Malcolm / Spitz, Alison (1989): Contraceptive use and fertility decline in Chogorina, Kenya, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 20. no. 1, pp. 17-25. [4566]

Hakansson, Thomas (1990): The appropriation of fertility: Descent and sex among the Gusii, in: Jacobson-Widding, A. / van Bleek, W. (eds.): The creative communication, African folk models of fertility and regeneration of life, Acta Universitatis Uppsaliensis, Uppsala. [4567]

Jensen, An-Margritt (1991): Economic change, marriage and fertility in a rural area of Kenya, in: Stolen, Kristi Ann / Yaa, Mariken (eds.): Gender and change in developing countries, Oslo, pp. 67-88. [4568]

Johnson-Odim, Raikes (1990): Pregnancy, birth and family planning in Kenya, Copenhagen. [4569]

Kanogo, Tabitha (2001): The medicalization of maternity in colonial Kenya, in: Odhiambo, Atieno (ed.): African historians and African voices, Basler Afrika Bibliographien, Basel, pp. 75-113. [4570]

Kielmann, Karina (1997): ‘Prostition’ ‘risk’, and ‘responsibility’, Paradigms of AIDS prevention and women’s identities in Thika, Kenya, in: Inhorn, Marcia / Brown, Peter (eds.): The anthropology of infectious disease, International health perspectives, Gordon and Breach Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 375-411. [4571]

Kiragu, Karungari / Zabin, Laurie (1995): Contraceptive use among high school students in Kenya, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 103-113. [4572]

Lasee, A. / Becker, Stan (1997): Husband-wife communication about family planning and contraception use in Kenya, in: International Family Planning, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 15-20. [4573]

Lura, Russell (1985): Population change in Kericho District, Kenya, An example of fertility increase in Africa, in: African Studies Review, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 45-56. [4574]

Magadi, Monica / Curtis, Sian (2003): Trends and determinants of contraceptive method choice in Kenya, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 149-159. [4575]

Miller, R. et al. (1991): The situation analysis study of the family planning program in Kenya, in: Studies in Family Planning, 22, 3, pp. 131-143. [4576]

Mulongo, Ngutuku Mulewa Elizabeth (2006): Young single motherhood, Contested notions of motherhood and sexuality in policy discourses / program intervention, ISS Woking Papers, no. 423, Institute of Social Studies, Den Haag. [4577]

Nasirumbi, Henrice (2000): Gender sensitivity and development in health policies, A case study of HIV/AIDS policies in Kenya, in: Prah, Kwaa Kwesi / Mohammed Ahmed / Ghaffar, Abdel (eds.): Africa in transformation, Addis Abeba, pp. 75-99. [4578]

Nyambedha, Erick Otieno / Simiyu, Wandibba / Aargaard-Hansen, Jens (2003): Changing patterns of orphan care due to the HIV epidemic in Western Kenya, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 301-311. [4579]

Nzioka, Charles (2004): Unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection among young women in rural Kenya, in: Culture, Health and Sexuality, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 31-44. [4580]

Nzioka, Charles (2009): Willing fathers, reluctant parents, Young men’s perspectives on unwanted pregnancies and abortion in Kenya, OSSREA, Addis Abeba. [4581]

Omondi, Odhiambo Charles / Ayiemba, E.H.O. (1997): Men’s participation in family planning decisions in Kenya, in: Population Studies, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 29-40. [4582]

Omondi, Odhiambo Charles / Ayiemba, E.H.O. (2003): Contraceptive use dynamics among migrant women in Kenya, in: African Population Studies, vol. 18, pp. 69-90. [4583]

Omwanda, Lewis (2000): Beyond the economic calculus: Risk factors associated with high order births among Kenyan women up to the 1990s, in: African Population Studies, vol. 15, pp. 1-21. [4584]

Paolisso, Michael / Braksh, Michael / Thomas, Conley (1989): Women’s agricultural work, child care and infant diarrhea in rural Kenya, in: Leslie, Joanne / Paolisso, Michael (eds.): Women, work, and child welfare in the third world, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 217-236. [4585]

Pedersen, Susan (1991): National bodies, unspeakable acts, The sexual politics of colonial policy making, in: Journal of Modern History, vol. 63, pp. 647-680. [4586]

Price, Neil (1996): The changing value of children among the Kikuyu of central province, Kenya, in. Africa, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 411-436. [4587]

Reynolds, H.W. / Toroitich-Ruto, C. / Nasution, M. et al. (2008): Effectiveness of training supervisors to improve reproductive health quality of care, A cluster randomized trial in Kenya, in: Health Policy and Planning, vol. 23, pp. 56-66. [4588]

Rubin, D.S. (1990): Women’s work and children’s nutrition in south-western Kenya, in: Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 269-281. [4589]

Rutenberg, Naomi / Watkins, Susan Cotts (1997): The buzz outside the clinics, Conversations and contraception in Nyanza Province, Kenya, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 290-307. [4590]

Stoskopf, Carleen et al. (2002): Factors related to condome use among young people in Kenya, in: International Quarterly of Community Health Education, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 193-208. [4591]

Talle, Aud (1998): Female and male in Maasai life, Aging and fertility, in: Aguilar, Mario (ed.): The politics of age and gerontocracy in Africa, Ethnographies of the past and memories of the present, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 125-137. [4592]

Talle, Aud (2007): 'Serious games', Licences and prohibitions in Maasai sexual life, in: Africa, vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 351-370. [4593]

Thomas, Lynn (1997): Ngaitana (I will circumcise myself): The gender and generational politics of the 1956 ban on clitoridectomy in Meru, Kenya, in: Hunt, Nancy Rose / Lui, Tessie / Quataert, Jean (eds.): Gendered colonialisms in African history, pp. 16-41. (und in: Gender and History, 8, 1996, pp. 338-363). [4594]

Thomas, Lynn (1998): Imperial concerns and „women’s affairs“: State efforts to regulate clitorydectomy and eradicate abortion in Meru, Kenya, c.1910-1950, in: Journal of African History, vol. 39, pp. 121-145. [4595]

Thomas, Lynn (2003): Politics of the womb - Women, reproduction and the state in Kenya, University of California Press, Berkeley. [4596]

Udvary, Monica (1991): Gender, power and fragmentation of fertility among the Giriama of Kenya, in: Jacobson-Widding, Anita (ed.): Body and space, Symbolic models of unity and division in African cosmology and experience, Stockholm - Uppsala, pp. 143-173. [4597]

Way, Ann A. / Cross, Anne R. / Kumar, Sushil (1987): Family planning in Botswana, Kenya, and Zimbabwe, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 13, pp. 7-11. [4598]

Westhoff, Charles (1995): The mass media and family planning in Kenya, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 26-31. [4599]

Zulu, Eliya M. / Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo / Ezeh, Alex (2004): Urbanization, poverty and sex, Roots of risky sexual behaviour in slum settlements in Nairobi, Kenya, in: Kalipeni, Ezekiel / Craddock, Susan et al. (eds.): HIV & AIDS in Africa, Beyond epidemiology, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, pp. 167-174. [4600]


Lesotho

Huss-Ashmore, Rebecca (1988): Seasonal patterns of birth and conception in rural highland Lesotho, in: Human Biology, vol. 60, pp. 493-506. [4612]

Makatjane, Tiisetso (2002): Pre-marital sex and childbearing in Lesotho, in: African Population Studies, vol. 17, pp. 99-112. [4613]

Makatjane, Tiisetso J. / Chaka-Toeba, Nthabiseng (1999): Labour migration and duration of breastfeeding in Lesotho, in: Review of Southern African Studies, vol. 3, pp. 19-36. [4614]

Mturi, Akim (2003): Parents’ attitudes to adolescent sexual behaviour in Lesotho, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 25-33. [4615]

Mturi, Akim / Moerane, William (2001): Premarital childbearing among adolescents in Lesotho, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 259-276. [4616]

Mturi, Akim J. / Diamond, Ian D. / Tuoane, Maletela (2001): Patterns of sexual behaviour among young Basotho women, in: African Population Studies, vol. 16, pp. 71-86. [4617]

Potts, Deborah (2001): Fertility in Southern Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 189-302. [4618]

Tuoane, Maletela (2003): Use of family planning in Lesotho, The importance of quality of care and access, in: African Population Studies, vol. 18, pp. 105-132. [4619]


Liberia

Dzegede, S.A. (1981): Urbanization and fertility decline in West Africa, Ghana, Sierra Leone and Liberia, in: Jounral of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 12, pp. 232-244. [4601]

Gray, Ronald H. et al. (1993): Evaluation of natural family planning programmes in Liberia and Zambia, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 25, pp. 249-258. [4602]

Green, Edward (1992): The anthropology of sexually transmitted disease in Liberia, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 35, pp. 1457-1468. [4603]

Handwerker, W. (1986): ‘Natural fertility’ as a balance of choice and behavioral effect: Policy implications for Liberian farm households, in: Handwerker, W. Penn (ed.): Culture and reproduction: An anthropological critique of demographic transition theory, Westview Press, Boulder pp. 90-111. [4604]

Kambic, Robert T. / Lanctot, C.A. / Wesley, R. (1994): Trial of a new method of natural family planning in Liberia, in: Advances in Contraception, vol. 10, pp. 111-119. [4605]

Kirk, Dudley / Pillet, Bernard (1998): Fertility levels, trends, and differentials in Sub-Saharan Africa on the 1980s and 1990s, in: Studies in Family Planning,vol. 29, pp. 1-22. [4606]

Kollehlon, Konia T. (1986): Migration and fertility: The case of Liberian Women, in: Liberian Studies Journal, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 97-116. [4608]

Kollehlon, Konia T. (1994): Religious affiliation and fertility in Liberia, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 26, no.4, pp. 493-507. [4609]

Kollehlon, Konia T. (1984): Women’s role and fertility in Liberia, in: Africa, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 31-54. [4607]

Nichols, Douglas J. et al. (1987): Sexual behavior contraceptive practice and reproductive health among Liberian adolescents, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 18, pp. 169-176. [4610]

Parr, N.J. (1995): Pre-marital fertility in Liberia, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 1-10. [4611]


Madagascar

Astuti, Rita (1993): Food for pregnancy: Procreation, marriage and images of gender among the Vezo of Western Madagascar, in: Social Anthropology, vol. 1, pp. 277-290. [4620]

Astuti, Rita (1998): ‘It's a boy', ‘It's a girl': Reflections on sex and gender in Madagascar and beyond, in: Lambek, Michael / Strathern, Andrew (eds.): Bodies and persons: Comparative perspectives from Africa and Melanesia, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 29-52. [4621]

Graeber, David (1996): Love magic and political morality in central Madagascar, 1875-1990, in: Gender and History, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 416-439. [4622]

Morris, Jessica et al. (2014): Maternal health practices, Beliefs and traditions in Southeast Madagascar, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 101-117. [11776]

Sharp, Lesley (2002): Girls, sex, and the dangers of urban schooling in coastal Madagascar, in: Bond, George C. / Gibson, Nigel C. (eds.): Contested terrains and constructed categories: Contemporary Africa in focus, Westview Press, Boulder. [4623]


Malawi

Barden-O'Fallen, Janine L. et al. (2005): Associates of self-reported fertility status and infertility treatment-seeking in a rural district of Malawi, in: Human Reproduction, vol. 20, pp. 2229-2236. [4624]

Cohen, Barney (2000): Family planning programs, socioeconomic characteristics, and contraceptive use in Malawi, in: World Development, vol. 28, No. 5, pp. 843-860. [4625]

Helitzer-Allen, Deborah L. / Kendall, C. / Wirima, J.J. (1997): Beliefs and practices during pregnancy in a Yao community in Malawi, in: Kalipeni, Ezekiel / Thiuri, Philip (eds.): Issues and perspectives on health care in contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa, Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston. [4626]

Hogg, Angela / Makwiza, Berlina et al. (2005): Finding a curriculum that works under trees: Literacy and health education for adolescent girls in rural Malawi, in: Development in Practice, vol. 15, pp. 655-667. [4627]

Kaler, Amy (2001): ‘Many divorces and many spinsters’: Marriage as an invented tradition in southern Malawi, 1946-1999, in: Journal of Family History, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 529-556. [4628]

Kaler, Amy (2004): The moral lens of population control: Condoms and controversies in southern Malawi, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 35, pp. 105-115. [4629]

Kalipeni, Ezekiel (1997): Population pressure, social change, culture and Malawi’s pattern of fertility transition, in: African Studies Review, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 173-208. [4630]

Kalipeni, Ezekiel / Harrington, Luke (1995): Regional variations of fertility in Malawi, in: Scandinavian Journal of Development Alternatives, vol. 14, pp. 222-247. [4631]

Kalipeni, Ezekiel / Zulu, E. (1993): Gender differences in knowledge and attitudes toward modern and traditional methods of child spacing in Malawi, in: Population Reserach and Policy Review, vol. 12, pp. 103-121. [4632]

Kishindo, Paul (1994): Family planning and the Malawian male, in: Journal of Social Development in Africa, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 61-70. [4633]

Mair, Lucy (1951): A Yao girl’s initiation, in: Man, vol. 51, pp. 60-63. [4635]

Manda, Samuel (1999): Birth intervals, breastfeeding and determinants of childhood mortality in Malawi, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 48, pp. 301-312. [4634]

Mark, Tiffany E. / Latulipe, Ryan J. et al. (2020): Seasonality, food insecurity, and clinical depression in post-partum women in a rural Malawi setting, in: Maternal and Child Health Journal, pp. 1-8. [4636]

Marshall, A. (1989): Malawi campaigns for smaller families, in: Population, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 13-19. [4637]

Miller, Kate / Zulu, Eliya Msiyaphazi / Watkins, Susan Cotts (2001): Gender and husband-wife survey responses in Malawi, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 161-163. [4638]

Ndekha, MacDonald / Kulmala, Teija / Ashorn, Per (2000): Seasonal variation in the dietary sources of energy for pregnant women in Lungwena, rural Malawi, in: Ecology of Food Nutrition, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 605-622. [4639]

Palamuleni, Martin Enock (2008): An analysis of the proximate determinants of fertility in Malawi, 1992-2004, in: Eastern African Social Science Research Review, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 15-40. [4640]

Silver, Rachel (2019): `Nothing but Time´, Middle figures, student pregnancy policy, and the Malawian state, in: African Studies Review, vol. 62, issue 4, pp. 110 - 133. [11770]

Soldan, Valerie Paz (2004): How family planning ideas are spread within social groups in rural Malawi, in: Journal of Family Planning, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 275-290. [4641]

Zulu, Msiyaphazi Eliya / Kalipeni, Ezekiel (2004): Changes in reproduction ideology and its control from natural to limited fertility regimes in Malawi, in: Agyei Mensah, Samuel (ed.): Reproduction and social context in Sub-Saharan Africa, Greenwood Press, Westport, pp. 109-125. [4642]


Mali

Barnett, Barbara et al. (1999): The impact of family planning on women's lives: Findings from the women's studies project in Mali and Zimbabwe, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 3, pp. 27-38. [4643]

Castle, Sarah (2001): Perception, verbalisation and manipulation of morality and fertility regimes in rural Mali, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 52, pp. 1827-1841. [4644]

Castle, Sarah / Konate, Mamadou Kani (1995): Child fostering and children's nutritional outcomes in rural Mali: The role of female status in directing child transfers, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 40, pp. 679-693. [4645]

Castle, Sarah / Konate, Mamadou Kani (1999): A qualitative study of clandestine contraceptive use in urban Mali, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 30, pp. 231-248. [4646]

Castle, Sarah / Konate, Mamadou Kani (2002): (Re)defining reproductive health with and for the community, An example of participatory research from Mali, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 20-31. [4647]

Castle, Sarah / Konate, Mamadou Kani (2003): Factors influencing young Malians' reluctance to use hormonal contraceptives, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 34, pp. 186-199. [4648]

Castle, Sarah / Konate, Mamadou Kani (2004): Economic transactions associated with sexual intercourse among Malian adolescents, Implications for sexual health, in: Agyei Mensah, Samuel (ed.): Reproduction and social context in Sub-Saharan Africa, Greenwood Press, Westport, pp. 161-186. [4649]

Dettwyler, Katherine (1988): More than nutrition: Breastfeeding in urban Mali, in: Medical Anthropology Quarterly, vol. 2, pp. 172-183. [4650]

Diallo, Assitan (2004): Paradoxes of female sexuality in Mali, On the practices of Magnonmaka and Bolokoli-kela, in: Arnfred, Signe (ed.): Rethinking sexualities in Africa, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp. 157-172. [4651]

Dicko, A. et al. (2003): Risk factors for Malaria infection and anemia for pregnant women in the Sahel area of Bandiagara, Mali, in: Acta Tropica, vol. 89, pp. 17-23. [4652]

Grigsby, William (1996): Women, descent, and tenure succession among the Bambara of West Africa, A changing landscape, in: Human Organization, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 93-98. [4653]

Gueye, Mouhamadou / Castle, Sarah / Konate, Mamadou (2004): Timing of first intercourse among Malian adolescents: Implications for contraceptive use, in: Djamba, Yanyi K. (ed.): Sexual behavior of adolescents in contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa, Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, pp. 123-148. (and published in: Studies in Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 56-62.). [4654]

Hollyman, Stephenie / Van Bleek, W.E.A. (2001): Man, woman, and fertility in Dogon, in: Hollyman, Stephenie (ed.). Dogon: Africa's people of the cliffs, Harry N, Abrams, New York, pp. 66-75. [4655]

Kane, Thomas T. et al. (1998): The impact of a family planning multimedia campaign in Bamako, Mali, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 29, pp. 309-323. [4656]

Lardoux, Solene (2004): Marital changes and fertility differences among women and men in urban and rural Mali, in: African Population Studies, vol. 19, pp. 89-123. [4657]

Le Grand, Thomas / Mbacké, Cheikh (1993): Teenage pregnancy and child health in the urban Sahel, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 137-149. [4658]

Madhaven, Sangeetha / Diarra, A. (2001): The blood that links: Menstrual regulation among the Bamana of Mali, in: Van de Walle, Etienne / Renne, Elisha P. (eds.): Regulating menstruation: Beliefs, practices and interpretations, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 172-186. [4659]

Simon, Dominique M. / Adams, Alayne M. / Madhaven, Sangeetha (2002): Women's social power, Child nutrition and poverty in Mali, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 193-214. [4660]

Slobin, Kathleen (1998): Repairing broken rules: Care seeking narratives for menstrual problems in rural Mali, in: Medical Anthropology Quarterly, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 363-383. [4661]

Strassmann, Beverly (1997): Polygyny as a risk factor for child mortality among the Dogon, in: Current Anthropology, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 688-695. [4662]

Turittin, Jane (2002): Colonial midwives and modernizing childbirth in French West Africa, in: Allman, Jean / Geiger, Susan / Musisi, Nakanyike (eds.): Women in colonial African histories, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, pp. 71-91. [4663]

Van de Walle, Francine / Maiga, Mariam (1991): Family planning in Bamako, Mali, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 17, pp. 84-90. [4664]


Mauritius

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Mozambique

Agadjanian, Victor (1998): Economic security, Informational resources, and women's reproductive choices in urban Mozambique, in: Social Biology, vol. 45, pp. 60-79. [4665]

Agadjanian, Victor (1998): Women's choice between indigenous and western contraception in urban Mozambique, in: Women and Health, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 1-17. [4666]

Agadjanian, Victor (1998): Trapped on the margins, Social characteristics, economic conditions and reproductive behaviour of internally displaced women in urban Mozambique, in: Journal of Refugee Studies, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 284-303. [4667]

Agadjanian, Victor (2001): Negotiating through reproductive change, Gendered social interaction and fertility regulation in Mozambique, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 291-310. [4668]

Agadjanian, Victor (2002): Men's talk about ‘women matters’: Gender, communication, and contraception in urban Mozambique, in: Gender and Society, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 194-215. [4669]

Chapman, Rachel (2004): A nova vida, The commoditization of reproduction in central Mozambique, in: Medical Anthropology, vol. 23, pp. 229-261. [4670]

Chapman, Rachel (2010): Family secrets, Risking reproduction in central Mozambique, Vanderbilt University Press, Nashville. [4671]

Connor, Teresa (2020): Reformulating identity in post war Mozambique, Sexuality and initiation of women in the Pafuri Triangle, in: New Contree, vol. 84, pp. 57-73. [11668]

Gerrits, Trudie (1997): Social and cultural aspects of infertility in Mozambique, in: Patient Education and Counseling, vol. 31, pp. 39-48. [4672]

Gerrits, Trudie (2002): Infertility and matrilineality: The exceptional case of the Macua of Mozambique, in: Inhorn, Marcia C. / Van Balen, Frank (eds.): Infertility around the globe: New thinking on childlessness, gender, and reproductive technologies, University of California Press, Berkeley. [4673]

Machungo, Fernando et al. (1997): Reproductive characteristics and post-abortion health consequences in women undergoing illegal and legal abortion in Maputo, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 45, pp. 1607-1613. [4674]

Manuel, S. (2005): Obstacles to condome use among secondary school students in Maputo City, Mozambique, in: Health and Society, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 293-302. [4675]

Potts, Deborah (2001): Fertility in Southern Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 189-302. [4676]


Namibia

Hailonga, Panduleni (2005): Adolescent sexuality and reproductive behaviour in Namibia, Shaker Verlag, Berlin. [4677]

La Font, Suzanne / Hubbard, Diane (eds.) (2007): Unravelling taboos, Gender and sexuality, Legal Assistance Centre, Windhoek. [4678]

Lindsay, Jenny (1991): The politics of population control in Namibia, in: Meredeth, Trushen (ed.): Women and health in Africa, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 143-168. [4679]

Notkola, Veijo / Siiskonen, Harri (2000): Fertility, mortality and migration in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case of Ovamboland in North Namibia, 1925-90, St. Martin's Press, New York. [4680]


Niger

Cotten, Niki et al. (1992): Early discontinuation of contraceptive use in Niger and The Gambia, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 18, pp. 145-149. [4681]

Heller, Alison (2018): Fistula politics, Birthing inujuries and the quest for continence in Niger, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick. [4682]

Jaffre, Yannick / Prual, Alain (1994): Midwives in Niger, An uncomfortable position between social behaviours and health care constraits, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 1069-1073. [4683]

Janssen, Gertie (2007): Solitary births in Téra, Niger, A local quest for safety, in: Bruijn, Miriam de / Dijk, Rijk van / Gewald, Jan-Bart (eds.): Strength beyond structure, Social and historical trajectoreis of agency in Africa, Brill Publishers, Leiden, pp. 240-262. [4684]

Peterson, Sara (1999): Marriage structure and contraception in Niger, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 31, pp. 93-104. [4685]

Rasmussen, Susan (1994): Female sexuality, social reproduction, and the politics of medical intervention in Northern Niger, in: Culture, Medicine and Psychatry, vol. 19, pp. 1-20. [4686]

Rasmussen, Susan (2000): From childbearers to culture-bearers: Transition to postchildbearing among Tuareg women, in: Medical Anthropology, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 91-116. [4687]

Soulemane, M. / Aibatoure, B. (1996): High risk abortions and their prevention in Niger, in: African Journal of Fertility, Sexuality, and Reproductive Health, vol. 1, pp. 76-79. [4688]

Usman, Hajara (1997): Reproductive health and rights, The case of Northern Nigerian Hausa women, in: Africa Development, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 79-94. [4689]

Vangeenderhuysen, C. et al. (2001): Pregnancy among single women in Niamey (Niger), in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 98-104. [4690]

Wawer, Maria J. (1990): Results of a contraceptive prevalence survey in Niamey, Niger, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 16, pp. 90-96. [4691]

Wynd, Shona (1999): Education, schooling and fertility in Niger, in: Heward, Christine / Bunwaree, Sheila (eds.): Gender, education and development, Beyond access to empowerment, Zed Books, London, pp. 101-116. [4692]


Nigeria

Abah, Steve Oga (2002): Playing in the dust, Gender games and women’s health in Nigeria, in: Cornwall, Andrea / Welbourn, Alice (eds.): Realizing rights, Transforming approaches to sexual and reproductive well-being, Zed Books, London, pp. 73-83. [4693]

Aborampah, Osei-Mensah (1985): Determnation of breastfeading and postpartum sexual abstinence: Analysis of a sample of Yourba women, Western Nigeria, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, 17, pp. 461-469. [4694]

Aborampah, Osei-Mensah (1987): Plural marriage and fertility differentials: A study of the Yoruba of Western Nigeria, in: Human Organization, vol. 46, 1, pp. 28-38. [4695]

Adamchak, Donald / Adebayo, Akinwumu (1987): Male fertility, a neglected dimension in Nigerian fertility research, in: Social Biology, vol. 34, pp. 57-67. [4696]

Adeokun, Lawrence (1982): Marital sexual relationships and birth spacing among two Yoruba sub-groups, in: Africa, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 1-14. [4697]

Adeokun, Lawrence (1983): Marital sexuality and birth spacing among the Yoruba, in: Oppong, Christine (ed.): Female and male in West Africa, George Allan and Unwin Publishers, London, pp. 141-159. [4698]

Adeokun, Lawrence (1986): Catering in Ile-Ife: Case study of male entrance into traditionally female dominated occupations, in: Anker, Richard / Hein, Catherine (eds.): Sex inequalities in urban employment in the third world, St. Martin's Press, New York, pp. 57-62. [4699]

Adepoju, Aderanti (1977): Rationality and fertility in SW-Nigeria, The traditional Yoruba society, in: Caldwell, John (ed.): Family and Fertility Series, vol. 1, part 1, Canberra, pp. 123-151. [4700]

Adesemowo, P.O. (1987): Adolescence sexuality: The need for sex education in Nigeria, in: Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies, vol. 29, pp. 61-75. [4701]

Ajuwon, Ademola et al. (2007): Evaluation of a school based reproductive health education program in rural South Western Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 47-59. [4702]

Akpan, Eno-Obong (2003): Early marriage in Eastern Nigeria and the health consequences of vesico-vaginal fistulae (VVF) among young mothers, in: Sweetman, Caroline (ed.): Gender, marriage and development, Focus on Gender, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp. 70-76. [4703]

Amoran, O.E. / Adenyi, J.d. (2005): Parental influcence on adolscent initiation practices in Ibadan, Nigeria, in: International Quarterly of Community Health Education, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 73-81. [4704]

Bankole, A. et al. (1995): Desired fertility and fertility behaviour among the Yoruba of Nigeria, A study of couple preferences and subsequent fertility, in: Population Studies, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 317-328. [4705]

Bankole, A. et al. (1996): Mass media messages and reproductive behaviour in Nigeria, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 227-239. [4706]

Barker, Gary Knaul / Rich, Susan (1992): Influences on adolescent sexuality in Nigeria and Kenya, Findings from a recent focus-group discussion, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 199-210. [4707]

Bosallac, Anke (1994): Kwatacce - ‘Schlafende Schwangerschaft’ bei den Hausa, in: Curare, 17, pp. 171-180. [4708]

Caldwell, J.C. (1976): Fertility and household economy in Nigeria, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 7, pp. 193-252. [4709]

Caldwell, J.C. (1977): The economic rationality of high fertility, An investigation illustrated with Nigerian survey data, in: Population Studies, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 5-27. [4710]

Caldwell, J.C. / Orubuloye, I.O. / Caldwell, P. (1991): The destabilization of the traditional Yoruba sexual system, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 229-262. [4712]

Caldwell, John / Caldwell, Pat (1977): The role of marital sexual abstinence in determining fertility, A study of the Yoruba in Nigeria, in: Population Studies, no. 31, pp. 193-213. [4711]

Chiwuzie, Jasper et al. (2001): Maternal mortality in a semi-urban community in Southern Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 75-82. [4713]

Ebijuwa, Temisanren (1993): Abortion, women and the national development, The Nigerian example, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 33-55. [4714]

Ekanem, EE et al. (2005): Sexual behaviour, HIV-related knowledge and condome use by intra-city commercial bus drivers and motor park assistants in Lagos, Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 78-87. [4715]

Emuveyan, Edward (1996): Profile of abortion in Nigeria, in: African Journal of Fertility, Sexuality, and Reproductive Health, vol. 1, pp. 8-13. [4716]

Ene, Ebele (1998): Family planning, fertility control and the law in Nigeria, The choices for a new century, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 2, pp. 82-95. [4717]

Eno-Obong, Akpan (2003): Early marriage in Eastern Nigeria and the health consequences of vesico-vaginal fistulae (VVF) among young mothers, in: Sweetman, Caroline (ed.): Gender, marriage and development, Focus on Gender, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp. 70-76. [4718]

Ezumah, Nkoli / Oreh, Kate (1999): Socio-cultural factors affecting the reproductive health of women at Obukpa, Nsukka in Engugu State, Nigeria, in: Tropical Journal of Medical Research, 3, pp. 80-87. [4719]

Ezumah, Nkoli / Oreh, Kate (2003): Nigeria, Gender issues in the prevention and control of STIs and HIV/AIDS, Lessons from Awka and Agulu, Anambra State, Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 89-99. [4720]

Familusi, Akin (2000): Population/family life education: Nigeria traditional practices and the reproductive health of women, in: Nigerian Journal of Gender and Development, vol. 1, no. 1-2, pp. 103-113. [4721]

Feyisetan, B.J. / Ainsworth, M. (1994): Contraceptive use and the quality, price and availability of family planning in Nigeria, World Bank Working Paper, no. 108, The World Bank, Washington D.C. [4722]

Ilika, A. /Anthony, I. (2004): Unintended pregnancy among unmarried adolescents and young women in Anambra State, South East Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 92-102. [4723]

Isigu-Abanihe, Uche (1994): Reproductive motivation and family-size preference among Nigerian men, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 163-174. [4724]

Isiugo-Abanihe, Uche / Oyediran, Kola (2004): Household socioeconomic status and sexual behaviour among Nigerian female youth, in: African Population Studies, vol. 19. [4725]

Iyun, Folosade / Oke, E.A. (1993): The impact of contraceptive use among urban traders in Nigeria, Ibadan traders and modernity, in: Momsen, Janet Henshall / Kinnaird, Vivian (eds.): Different places, different voices, Gender and development in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, Routledge, London, pp. 63-73. [4726]

Izugbara, C.Otutubikey / Ukwayi, J.K. (2003): The cultural context of geophagy among pregnant and lactating Ngwa women of southeastern Nigeria, in: African Anthropologist: vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 180-199. [4727]

Jordan Smith, Daniel (2005): Legacies of Biafra, Marriage, ‘home people’ and reproduction among the Igbo of Nigeria, in: Africa, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 30-45. [4728]

Kassam, Aneesa / Bashuna, Ali Balla (2004): Gendered ritual dualism in a patrilineal society, Opposition and complementary in Kulere fertility cults, in: Africa, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 217-240. [4729]

Larsen, Ulla A. (1995): Differentials in infertility in Cameroon and Nigeria, in: Population Studies, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 329-346. [4730]

Lazarus, Suleman Ibrahim et al. (2017): Gendered penalities of divorce on remarriage in Nigeria, A qualitative study, in: Journal of Family Planning, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 351-366. [4731]

MacLean, U. (1997): Folk medicine and fertility, Aspects of Yoruba medical practice affecting women, in: Harcort, Wendy (ed.) Power, reproduction and gender: Intergenerational transfer of knowledge, Zed Books, London, pp. 161-179. [4732]

Makinde, T. (2004): Motherhood as a source of empowerment of women in Yoruba culture, in: Nordic Journal of African Studies, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 164-174. [4733]

Mustapha, Duze et al. (2006): Male knowledge, attitudes, and family planning practices in Northern Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 53-65. [4734]

Nichols, Douglas / Oladipo, A. et al. (1986): Sexual behaviour, contraceptive practice, and reproductive health among Nigerian adolescents, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 17, no. 2, pp.100-106. [4735]

Nwakeze, Ngozi M. (2007): The demand for children in Anambra State of Nigeria: A logit analysis, in: African Population Studies, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 167-193. [4736]

Nwokocha, Ezebunwa E. (2007): Maternal crises and the role of African men: The case of a Nigerian community, in: African Population Studies, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 39-62. [4737]

Obikeze, Eunice (1989): Son preference among Nigerian mothers, Its demographic and psychological implications, in: International Journal of Sociology, vol. 25, no. 1-2, pp. 55-63. [4738]

Odimegwu, Clifford (2000): Influcence of religion on adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviour among Nigerian university students, Affiliation or committment: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 125-140. [4739]

Ogbuagu, Stella (1985): Women’s depo-provera use in Nigeria, Chosen or improved forms of birth control? In: Rural Africana, vol. 21, pp. 81-90. [4740]

Ogunjuyibge, O. Akinlo, Ambrose / Ebigboa, Joshua (2005): Violence against women, An examination of men’s attitudes and perceptions about wife beating and contraceptive use, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 40, pp.219-229. [4741]

Ogunlayi, Munirat Ayoka (2005): An assessment of the awareness of sexual and reproductive rights among adolescents in South Westen Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 99-105. [4742]

Okafor, Chinyelu B./ Rizzuto, Rahna R. (1994): Women's and health-care providers' views of maternal practices and services in rural Nigeria, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 353-361. [4743]

Okafor, Chinyelu B./ Rizzuto, Rahna R. (2003): Context of adolescent's first sexual experience in Enugu State: Evidence from focus-group discussions, in: Journal of Development Alternatives and Area Studies, vol. 22, no. 2-3, pp. 104-120. [4744]

Okereke, Grace (1994): The birth song as a medium for communicating women's maternal destiny in the traditional community, in: Research in African Literatures, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 19-32. [4745]

Okonofua, Friday E. et al. (1994): Pregnancy outcome after illegal induced abortion in Nigeria: A retrospective controlled historical study, in: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, vol. 23, pp. 165-169. [4748]

Okonofua, Friday E. et al. (1999): Assessing the prevalence and determinants of unwanted pregnancy and induced abortion in Nigeria, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 30, pp. 67-77. [4749]

Okoro, F. et al. (2005): Sexual harrassment, The experience of out-of-school teenagers in Benin City, Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 118-127. [4750]

Okpala, Amon (1989): Female employment and family size among urban Nigeria women, in: Journal of Developing Areas, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 439-456. [4746]

Okpani, A.O.U. (2000): Sexual activity an contraceptive use among female adolescents – A report from Port Harcourt, Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 4, pp. 40-47. [4747]

Olusanya, P.O. (1969): Rural-urban fertility differentials in Western Nigeria, in: Population Studies, vol. 23, pp. 363-378. [4753]

Olusanya, P.O. (1969): Cultural barriers towards family planning among the Yorubas, in: Studies in Family Planning, no. 37, pp.13-16. [4754]

Olusanya, P.O. (1970): Status differentials in the fertility attitudes of married women in two communities in Western Nigeria, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 19-34. [4755]

Omigbodun, Olayinka et. al. (2004): Unmet need for sexuality education among adolescent girls in Southwest Nigeria, A qualitative analysis, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 27-37. [4751]

Omoyibo, Kingsley (2002): Adolescent females' reproductive health in Nigeria: A study on the legislation and socio-cultural impediments to abortion and against female circumcision, Peter Lang Publishers, Frankfurt am Main. [4756]

Oni, G. / McCarthy, J. (1986): Use of contraceptives for birth spacing in a Nigerian city, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 17, no. 4, pp.165-171. [4752]

Oni, G. / McCarthy, J. (1986): Use of contraceptives for birth spacing in a Nigerian city, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 165-171. [4757]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1978): Marriage, fertility and parenthood in West Africa, Australian University Press, Canberra. [4758]

Oppong, Christine (ed.) (1989): Sex roles, population and development in West Africa, Policy-related studies on work and demographic issues, Heinemann Publishers, Portsmouth. [4759]

Orobaton, Nosa (2000): Dimensions of sexuality among Nigerian men, Implications for fertility and reproductive health, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Lerner, Susana / Guyer, Jane (eds.): Fertility and the male life-cycle in the era of fertility decline, Oxford University Press, Oxford. [4760]

Oroge, S.A. (2000): The national policy on population and its educational implications for women development, in: Nigerian Journal of Gender and Development, vol. 1, no. 1-2, pp. 67-74. [4761]

Orubuloye, I. Olatunji / Oguntimehin, Folakemi. / Sadiq, T. (1997): Women's role in reproductive health decision making and vulnerability to STD and HIV/AIDS in Ekiti, Nigeria, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 7, Supplement, pp. 329-336. [4762]

Orubuloye, J.O. / Caldwell, J.C. (1993): African women’s control over their sexuality in an era of AIDS, A study of the Yoruba of Nigeria, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 859-872. [4763]

Osagbemi, M.O. / Adepetu, A.A. (2001): Gender differences in the reasons for paticipation in spouse-sharing among the Okun in Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 5, pp. 36-55. [4765]

Osakue, Grace / Martin-Hilber, Adiane (1998): Women’s sexuality and fertility in Nigeria, Breaking the culture of silence, in: Petchesky, Rosalind / Judd, Karen (eds.): Negotiating reproductive rights, Zed Books, London, pp. 180-216. [4764]

Owoade, M. Adekunle (1988): The legal implication of contraception in contemporary Nigeria, in: Indian Socio-Legal Journal, vol. 14, no. 1-2, pp. 67-82. [4766]

Oye-Adeniran, Boniface / Adewole, Isaac et al. (2004): Community-based survey of unwanted pregancy in Southwestern Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 103-115. [4767]

Oyekanmi, Felicia Duropjaiye (1994): Women’s attitude toward sexually transmitted diseases in Nigeria, A case study in Osun State, in: Africa Development, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 147-165. [4768]

Panchaud, Christine et al. (2002): Gender and human rights dimensions of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 30-37. [4769]

Pearce, Tola (2001): Women, the state and reproductive health issues in Nigeria, in: Jenda: A Journal of Culture and African Women Studies, vol. 1, no. 1. [4770]

Rehan, N. (1984): Knowledge attitudes and practice in family planning in Hausa women, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 839-844. [4771]

Renne, Elisha (1993): Gender ideology and fertility strategies in an Ekiti Yourba village, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 343-353. [4772]

Renne, Elisha (1993): Condome use and the popular press in Nigeria, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 41-56. [4773]

Renne, Elisha (1993): Changes in adolescent sexuality and the perception of virginity in a southwestern Nigerian village, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 3, pp. 121-133. [4774]

Renne, Elisha (1996): Virginity cloths and vaginal coverings in Ekiti, Nigeria, in: Hendickson, Hildi (ed.): Clothing and difference, Embodied identities in colonial and post-colonial Africa, Duke University Press, Durham, pp. 19-33. [4775]

Renne, Elisha (1996): The pregnancy that doesn't stay: The practice and perception of abortion by Ekiti Yoruba women, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 42, pp. 483-494. [4776]

Renne, Elisha (1996): Percpeptions of population policy, development, and family planning programs in Northern Nigeria, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 127-136. [4777]

Renne, Elisha (2004): Gender roles and women’s status, What they mean to Hausa Muslim women in Northern Nigeria, in: Szreter, S. / Dharmalingam, A. / Sholkamy, H. (eds.): Qualitative demography, Categoreis and contexts in population studies, Oxford University Press, Oxford. [4778]

Sunmola, Adebgena et al. (2003): Reproductive knowledge, sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among adolescents in Niger State of Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 37-48. [4779]

Trevitt, Lorna (1973): Attitudes and customs in childbirth amongst the Hausa women in Zaria City, in: Savanna, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 223-226. [4780]

Wall, Lewis (1998): The social context of maternal mobidity and morality among the Hausa of Northern Nigeria, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 61-89. [4781]

Yahaya, Kuta Mohammed (2002): Analysis of women’s reproductive health situation in Bida Emirate of Nigeria, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 60-64. [4782]


Rwanda

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Senegal

Bob, Codou (2005): Islam and women’s sexual health and rights in Senegal, in: Muslim World Journal of Human Rights, no. 2, no. 1, pp.1-30. [4783]

Enel, Catherine / Pison, Gilles / Lefebvre, Monique (1994): Migration and marriage chance, A case study of Mlomp, A Joola village in Southern Senegal, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Gilles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Contemporary anthropological and demographic perspectives, Claredon Press, Oxford, pp. 92-116. [4784]

Garenne, Michael / van de Wall, Etienne (1989): Polygyny and fertility among the Serer of Senegal, in: Population Studies, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 41-59. [4785]

Goldberg, Howard I. / M'Bodji, Fara G. / Friedman, Jay S. (1986): Fertility and family planning in one region of Senegal, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 116-122. [4786]

Katz, Karen / Nare, Christine (2002): Reproductive health knowledge and use of services among young adults in Dakar, Senegal, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 215-231. [4787]

Nare, Christine / Katz, Karen / Tolley, Elizabeth (1997): Adolescents' access to reproductive health and family planning services in Dakar (Senegal), in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol.1, no. 2, pp. 15-25. [4788]

Posner, J.K. / Mbodji, F. (1989): Men's attitudes about family planning in Dakar, Senegal, in: Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 279-291. [4789]

Ronsmans, Carine (1996): Birth spacing and child survival in rural Senegal, in: International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 989-997. [4790]

Saila-Ngita, D. / Bravo-Ureta, B.E. / Perez-Escamilla, R. (2003): Fertility desires and sample selection bias, The case of Senegal, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1-16. [4791]

Whittemore, Robert D. / Beverly, E.A. (1996): Mandinka mothers and nurslings, Power and reproduction, in: Medical Anthropology Quarterly, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 45-62. [4792]


Sierra Leone

Bledsoe, Caroline (1990): The politics of children, Fosterage and social management of fertility among the Mende in Sierra Leone, in: Handwerker, Penn (ed.): Birth and power, Social change of reproduction, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 82-100. [4793]

Dorjahn, V.K. (1958): Fertility, polygyny and their interrelation in Temne society, in: American Anthropologist, 60, pp. 838-859. [4794]

Dzegede, S.A. (1981): Urbanization and fertility decline in West Africa, Ghana, Sierra Leone and Liberia, in: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, vol. 12, pp. 232-244. [4795]

Gage, Anastasia / Bledsoe, Caroline (1994): The effects of education and social stratification on marriage and the transition to parenthood in Freetown, Sierra Leone, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Gilles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 148-164. [4796]

Issac, Barry (1980): Female fertility and marital form among the Mende of Rural Upper Bambara Chiefdom, Sierra Leone, in: Ethnology, pp. 297-313. [4797]

Ketkar, S.L. (1978): Female education and fertility, Some evidence from Sierra Leone, in: Journal of Developing Areas, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 23-33. [4798]

MacCormack, Carol (1997): Health, fertility and birth in Moyamba District, Sierra Leone, in: Harcort, Wendy (ed.) Power, reproduction and gender: Intergenerational transfer of knowledge, Zed Books, London, pp. 75-114.(zuvor erschienen in: MacCormack, Carol (ed.): Ethnography of fertility and birth, Academic Press, London, 1982, pp.115-139.). [4799]


Somalia

Jaffer, Fowzia / Guy, Samantha / Niewczasinski, Jane (2004): Reproductive health care for Somali refugees in Yemen, in: Forced Migration Review, vol. 19, pp.33-34. [4800]


South Africa

Camlin, Carol S. / Garenne, Michel / Moultrie, Tom A. (2004): Fertility trend and pattern in a rural area of South Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 38-54. [4801]

Craig, A. / Strydom-Richter, L. (1983): Unplanned pregnancies among urban Zulu school children, A summary of the salient results from a preliminary investigation, in: Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 121, no. 4, pp. 239-246. [4802]

Du Toit, Brian (1987): Menarche and sexuality among a sample of black South African schoolgirls, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 561-571. [4803]

Dyer, S. J. / Abrahams, N. et al. (2004): You are a man because you have children, Experiences, reproductive health knowledge and treatment seeking behaviour among men suffering from couple infertility, in: Human Reproduction, 19, 4, pp. 960-967. [4804]

Dyer, S. J. / Abrahams, N. et al. (2005): Psychological distress among women suffering from couple infertility in South Africa, A quantitative assessment, in: Human Reproduction, 20, 7, pp. 1938-1943. [4805]

Gibson, Diana (2007): 'I have plans': Scrutinising the meaning, production and sustaining of hope in safe sexual practices among young men in Khayelitsha, Cape Town, in: Anthropology Southern Africa, vol. 30, no. 1-2, pp.1-10. [4806]

Henderson, Patti (1992): Silence, sex and authority, The contradictions of young girls’s sexuality in New Crossroads, Cape Town, in: VENA Journal, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 33-39. [4807]

Hlkatshwayo, Sihle (2004): Infertility among black South African women, in: Agenda, no. 60, pp. 146-153. [4808]

Human Science Research Council (2003): Fertility, Current South African issues on poverty, HIV/AIDS and youth, Publications of the Human Science Research Council, Pretoria. [4809]

Jewkes, Rachel / Brown, H. et al. (2002): Prevalence of morbidity associated with abortion before and after legislation in South Africa, in: British Medical Journal, 324, pp. 1252-1253. [4810]

Jewkes, Rachel / Brown, H. et al. (2003): Implementation of South Africa’s 1996 Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act, Service provisions after three years, in: Studies in Family Planning, 34, 4, pp. 277-284. [4811]

Jewkes, Rachel / Gumede, T. et al. (2005): Why are women still aborting outside designated facilities in metropolitan South Africa, in: British Journal of Obstetics and Gynaecology, 112, pp. 1236-1242. [4812]

Lewis, Desireé / Salo, Elaine (1993): Birth control, contraception and women’s rights in South Africa, in: Agenda, no. 17, pp. 59-68. [4813]

Lewis, Desireé / Salo, Elaine (1998): Teenage contraceptive needs in urban South Africa, A case study, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 180-183. [4814]

Longmore, Laura (1959): The dispossessed, A study of the sex-life of Bantu women in urban areas in and around Johannesburg, Jonathan Cape Publishers, Cape Town. [4815]

MacLeod, Catriona (2002): Economic security and the social science literature on teen pregnancy in South Africa, in: Gender and Society, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 647-664. [4816]

MacLeod, Catriona (2006): The management of risk, Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in South Africa, in: Critical Psychology, International Journal of Critical Psychology, Issue 17: Critical Psychology in Africa, pp. 77-96. [4817]

MacLeod, Catriona (2006): Early reproduction of gendered assumptions about adolescence, Scientific literature in South Africa, in: Childhood, Global Journal of Child Research, vol. 10, pp. 419-438. [4818]

MacLeod, Catriona/ Durrheim, Kevin (2002): Racializing teenage pregnancy, ‘Culture’ and ‘tradition’ in South African scientific literature, in: Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 778-801. [4819]

Mafanato, Constance S. (2004): Provision of abortion services by midwives in Limpopo Province of South Africa, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 75-78. [4820]

Maharaj, Pranitha (2000): Promoting male involvement in reproductive health, in: Agenda, no. 44, pp. 37-47. [4821]

Maharaj, Pranitha (2001): Male attitudes to family planning in the era of HIV/AIDS, Evidence from KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 245-258. [4822]

Masuku, Nokuthula (1998): Pregnant schoolgirls must ‘go’, in: Agenda, no. 37, pp. 37-38. [4823]

Mbananga, Nolwazi (2003): Towards a critical review of reproductive health information development in South Africa, in: Africanus, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 35-42. [4824]

Merali, Isafan (2000): Advancing women’s reproductive and sexual health rights, Using the international human rights system, in: Development in Practice, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 609-624. [4825]

Mkhwanazi, Nolwazi (2006): Partial truths: Representations of teenage pregnancy in research, in: Anthropology Southern Africa, vol. 29, no. 3/4, pp. 96-104. [4826]

Moultrie, Tom / Timaeus, Ian (2001): Fertility and living arrangements in South Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 207-224. [4828]

Mqhayi, Mmabatho M. / Smit, Jennifer A. / McFadyen, Margaret L. et al. (2004): Missed opportunities, Emergency contraception utilisation by young South African women, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 137-144. [4827]

Muller, Carol Ann (1999): Rituals of fertility and the sacrifice of desire, Nazarite women’s performance in South Africa, University of Chicago Press, Chicago. [4829]

Naidoo, Kammila (2002): Reproductive dynamics in the context of domestic violence and economic insecurity, Findings of a South African case study, in: Journal of Asian and African Studise, vol. 37, pp. 376-400. [4830]

Pick, William / Makhlouf-Obermeyer, C. (1996): Urbanisation, household composition and the reproductive health of women in a South African city, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 1431-1441. [4831]

Pick, William / Ross, Mary / Dada, Yasmin (2002): The reproductive and occupational health of women street vendors in Johannesburg, South Africa, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 54, pp. 193-204. [4832]

Potts, Deborah (2001): Fertility in Southern Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 189-302. [4833]

Schäfer, Rita (2016): Kontroversen über Verhütungsmittel im Kontext von gender, sex und race in Südafrika, in: Niethammer, Lutz / Satjukow, Silke et al. (Hrsg.), Wenn die Chemie stimmt, Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen, pp.369-384. [11599]

Thomas, Duncan (1999): Fertility, education and resources in South Africa, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Casterline, John / Johnson-Kuhn, Jennifer / Haaga, John (eds.): Critical perspectives on schooling and fertility in the developing world, National Academy Press, Washington, pp. 138-180. [4834]

Vincent, Louise (2008): Cutting tradition, The political regulation of traditional circumcision rites in South Africa’s liberal democratic order, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 77-91. [4835]


South Sudan

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Sudan

Casciarri, Barbara (1995): The role of women in the changing family and social organization of Ahamda pastoralists, Central Sudan, in: Nomadic People, vol. 36/37, pp. 105-118. [4836]

El Tahir Taha, Taha (1993): Family planning in Sudan, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 685-689. [4837]

Khalifa, Mona (1988): Attitudes of urban Sudanese men toward family planning, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 19, pp. 236-243. [4838]

Mustafa, M. / Mumford, S. (1984): Male attitudes towards family planning in Khartoum, Sudan, in: Journal of Biological Science, vol. 16, pp. 437-450. [4839]

Osman El-Rayah (2004): The fertility impact of the Rahad irrigation project, Sudan, in: Agyei Mensah, Samuel (ed.): Reproduction and social context in Sub-Saharan Africa, Greenwood Press, Westport, pp. 65-87. [4840]


Swaziland / Eswatini

Adepoju, Aderanti (1994): Women, work and fertility in Swaziland, in: Adepoju, Aderanti / Oppong, Christine (eds.): Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, James Currey Publications, London, pp. 157-172. [4841]

Astui, Rita (1988): ‘Cattle beget children’ – but women must bear them, Fertility, sterility and belonging among women in Swaziland, in: Tieleman, Henk (ed.): Scenes of change, Visions on development in Swaziland, African Studies Centre Leiden, Research Report, no. 33, Leiden, pp. 191-201. [4842]

Lech, M.M. / Mngadi, P.T. (2005): Swaziland’s traditional birth attendants survey, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 137-145. [4843]

Warren, C.W. /Z Johnson, J.T. et al. (1992): The determinants of fertility in Swaziland, in: Population Studies, vol. 46, pp. 5-17. [4844]


Tanzania

Ahr, Christina (1991): Fruchtbarkeit und Respekt, Filmethnologische Untersuchung eines Geschlechterkonfliktes um ein Ritual bei den Maasai, Arbeiten aus dem Mainzer Institut für Ethnologie, Edition Re, Göttingen. [4845]

Caplan, Pat (1976): Boys’ circumcision and girls’ puberty rites among the Swahili of Mafia Island, Tanzania, in: Africa, 46, 1. [4846]

Caplan, Pat (1995): Children are our wealth and we want them: A difficult pregnancy on Northern Mafia Island, in: Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (ed.): Women wielding the hoe, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp. 131-149. [4847]

Chen, Susan / Guikey, David (2003): Determinants of contraceptive method choice in rural Tanzania between 1991 and 1999, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 263-275. [4848]

Kielmann, Karina (1998): Barren ground, Contesting identities and infertile women in Pemba, Tanzania, in: Lock, Margaret / Kaufert, Patricia (eds.): Pragmatic women and body politics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 127-163. [4849]

Kravdal, O. (2001): Main and interaction effects of women’s education and fertility status, The case of Tanzania, in: European Journal of Population, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 107-135. [4850]

Larsen, Ulla A. / Yan, Sharon (2000): Does female circumcision affect infertility and fertility? A study of the Central African Republic, Cote d'Ivoire, and Tanzania, in: Demography, vol.37, pp. 313-321. [4851]

Lockwood, Matthew (1998): Fertility and household labour in Tanzania, Demography, economy, and society in Rufiji District, c. 1870-1986, Oxford University Press, Oxford. [4852]

Mabilia, Mara (2006): Breat feeding and sexuality, Behaviour beliefs and taboos among the Gogo mothers in Tanzania, Routledge, London. [4853]

Mpangile, G.S. et al. (1999): Induced abortion in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, The plight of adolescents, in: Mundigo, Alex / Indriso, Cynthia (eds.): Abortion in the developing world, Zed Books, London, pp. 387-403. [4854]

Nnko, S. / Ties Boerma, J.T.J. et al. (2004): Secretive females or swaggering males? Assessment of the quality of sexual partnership reporting in rural Tanzania, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 299-310. [4855]

Rasch, V. et al. (2000): Adolescent girls with illegally induces abortions in Dar es Salaam, the discrepancy between sexual behaviour and lack of access to contraception, in: Reproductive Health Matters, vol. 8, no. 15, pp. 52-62. [4856]

Richey, Lisa Ann (2003): Women’s reproductive health and population policy: Tanzania, in: Review of African Political Economy, no. 96, pp. 273-292. [4857]

Richey, Lisa Ann (2004): Construction, control and family-planning in Tanzania, Some bodies the same and some bodies different, in: Feminist Review, issue 78, pp. 56-79. [4858]

Richey, Lisa Ann (2008): Population politics and development, Palgrave Publishers, London. [4859]

Rogers, Everett / Vaughan, Peter et al. (1999): Effects of an entertainment-education radio soap opera on family planning behaviour in Tanzania, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 193-211. [4860]

Rwebangira, Magdalena / Liljeström, Rita (eds.) (1998): Haraka, Haraka… Look before you leap, Youth at the crossroads of custom and modernity, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala. [4861]

Silberschmidt, Margarethe / Rasch, Vibeke (2001): Adolescent girls, illegal abortions and „suggar daddies“ in Dar es Salaam: Vulnerable victims and active social agents, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 52, pp. 1815-1826. [4862]

Stambach, Amy (2003): Kutoa Mimba, Debates about schoolgirl abortion in Northern Tanzania, in: Basu, Alaka (ed.): The socio-cultural and political context of abortion from an anthropological perspective, Claredon Press, Oxford, pp. 79-102. [4864]

Stambach, Amy (1998): Education is my husband, Marriage, gender and reproduction in Northern Tanzania, in: Bloch, M. / Beoku-Betts, J.A. / Tabachnick, B.R. (eds.): Women and education in Sub-Saharan Africa, Power, opportunities and constraints, Boulder, Lynne Rienner Publications, pp. 185-200. [4863]

Tumbo-Masabo, Zubeida / Lileström, Rita (eds.) (1994): Chelewa, Chelewa - The dilemma of teenage girls, Publications of the African Studies Centre Institute, The Nordic Africa Insitute, Uppsala. [4865]


The Congo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Togo

Gage, Anastasia (1995): Women’s socio-economic position and contraceptive behaviour in Togo, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 264-277. [4866]

Lübbren, Julika (2000): ‘Kinderlos zu sterben, bedeutet keine Spuren zu hinterlassen’, Primäre und sekundäre Sterilität westafrikanischer Frauen und ihre individuellen und sozialen Auswirkungen, in: Curare, Nr. 23, 1, pp. 41-49. [4867]

Pilon, Mark (1994): Types of marriage and marriage stability, The case of Mobo-Gurma of Togo, in: Bledsoe, Caroline / Pison, Giles (eds.): Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 215-230. [4868]

Speizer, Ilene / Mullen, Stephanie et al. (2002): Gender differences in cues that affect condome use among adolescents in Lomé, Togo, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 70-81. [4869]


Uganda

Byamugisha, Joseph / Mirembe, Florence et al. (2009): Faced with a double-edged risk, Ugandan university students’ perception of the emergency contraception pill in Uganda, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 47-59. [4870]

Damalie, Nakkazi (2001): Communication between mothers and their adolescent daughters on the subject of sexuality and HIV/AIDS in Uganda, Gender Issues Research Report Series, no. 14, Addis Abeba. [4871]

Kinsman, John / Nyanzi, Stella / Pool, Robert (2000): Socializing influences and the value of sex: The experiences of adolescent school girls in rural Masaka, Uganda, in: Culture, Health and Sexuality, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 151-66. [4872]

Ndayanabangi, Bannet / Kipp, Walter / Diesfeld, Hans-Jochen (2004): Reproductive health behaviour among in school and out of school youth in Kabarole District, Uganda, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 55-67. [4873]

Ntozi, James (1995): High fertility in rural Uganda, The role of socio-economic and biological factors, Fountain Publishers, Kampala. [4874]

Ochieng, Ojiambo, Ruth (2003): Supporting women and girls’ sexual and reproductive rights, The Ugandan experience, in: Development, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 38-44. [4875]

Perlman, M.L. (1975): Children born out of the wedlock and the status of women in Toro, Uganda, in: Rural Africana, 21, pp. 95-117. [4876]

PickeringSummers, Carol (1991): Intimate colonialism, the imperial production of reproduction in Uganda, 1907-1925, in: Signs, vol. 16, pp. 787-807. [4877]

Twinomugisha, Ben K. (2007): Do the rights of poor women really matter? Globalization and the protection of reproductive health rights in Uganda, in: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 81-103. [4878]

Wolff, Brent / Blanc, Ann / Ssekamatte-Ssebuliba, John (2000): The role of couple negotion in unmet need for contraception and the decision to stop childbearing in Uganda, in: World Development, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 124-137. [4879]

Wolff, Brent / Blanc, Ann / Ssekamatte-Ssebuliba, John (2000): Who decides? Women's status and negotiation of sex in Uganda, in: Culture, Health and Sexuality, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 303-22. [4880]


Zambia

Biddlecom, Ann / Kaona, Frederick (2004): The nature of unmet need for contraception in Ndola, Zambia, in: Agyei Mensah, Samuel (ed.): Reproduction and social context in Sub-Saharan Africa, Greenwood Press, Westport, pp. 126-147. [4881]

Castle, M.A. / Likwa, R. / Whittaker, M. (1990): Observations on abortion in Zambia, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 231-235. [4882]

Dahlbäck, Elisabeth et al. (2003): ‚I am happy that god made me a boy’, Zambian adolescent boys’ perception about growing into manhood, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 49-62. [4883]

Dahlbäck, Elisabeth et al. (2006): Zambian male adolescents’ perceptions about premarital sexual relationships, in: African Journal of AIDS Research, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 257-264. [4884]

Djamba, Y.K. (1997): Financial capital and premarital sexual activity in Africa, The case of Zambia, in: Population Research and Policy Review, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 243-257. [4885]

Dover, P. (1995): ‘I want to play with a woman’, Gender relations, sexuality and reproductive health in rural Zambia, Stockholm, Development Studies Unit, Department of Anthropology, University of Stockholm. [4886]

Kankasa, Chipepo, Siwale, Margret et al. (2005): Socioeconomic and reproductive factors associated with condome use within and outside of marriage among urban pregnant women in Zambia, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 128-136. [4887]

Kapungwe, A. (2003): The traditional cultural practices of imparting sex education and the fight against HIV/AIDS, The case of initiation ceremonies for girls in Zambia, in: African Sociological Review, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 35-52. [4888]

Kimuna, Sitawa / Djamba, Yanyi (2005): Wealth and extramarital relations among men in Zambia, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 83-89. [4889]

Ndubani, P. / Hojer, B. (1999): Traditional healers and the treatment of sexually transmitted illnesses in rural Zambia, in: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 67, pp. 15-25. [4890]

Rasing, Thera (1995): Passing on the rites of passage, Girl’s initiation rites in the context of an urban roman catholic community on the Zambian Copperbelt, Amsterdam / Leiden, African Studies Centre, Ashagate Publishing, Aldershot. [4891]

Rasing, Thera (2001): The bush burnt, The stones remain, Female initiation rites in urban Zambia, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [4892]

Rasing, Thera (2004): The persistance of female initiation rites, Reflexivity and resilience of women in Zambia, in: African Dynamics, vol. 3, pp. 277-309. [4893]

Richards, Audrey (1995): Chisungu, A girl’s initiation ceremony among the Bemba of Zambia, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [4894]

UNPF (2005): Rapid socio-cultural research as a methodoloy for informing sexual and reproductive health, UNPF, Lusaka. [4895]

Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA) (2002): Lobola, Its implications for women’s reproductive rights in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe, Weaver Press, Harare. [4896]


Zimbabwe

Boohene, Ester et al. (1991): Fertility and contraception use among young adults in Harare, Zimbabwe, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 264-271. [4897]

Brooke, Johnson et al. (2002): Reducing unplanned pregnancy and abortion in Zimbabwe through postabortion contracepation, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 195-202. [4898]

Chigudu, Hope Bagyendera (2007): Deepening our understanding of community-based participatory research, Lessons from work around reproductive rights in Zimbabwe, in: Gender and Development, vol. 15, issue 2, pp. 259-270. [4899]

Chikovore, Jeremiah / Nystrom, Lennarth et al. (2003): Denial and violence, Paradoxes in men’s perspectives on premarital sex and pregnancy in rural Zimbabwe, in: African Sociological Review, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 53-72. [4900]

Cornwall, Andrea (2002): Body mapping: Bridging the gap between biomedical messages, popular knowledge and lived experience, in: Cornwall, Andrea / Welbourn, Alice (eds.): Realizing rights, Transforming approaches to sexual and reproductive well-being, Zed Books, London, pp. 219-231. [4901]

Erulkar, Annabel / Onoka, Charles / Phiri, Alford (2005): What is youth-friendly? Adolescents’ preference for reproductive health services in Kenya and Zimbabwe, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 51-58. [4902]

Feldman, Rayah / Manchester, Joanne / Maposhere, Caroline (2002): Positive women, Voices and choices in Zimbabwe, in: Cornwall, Andrea / Welbourn, Alice (eds.): Realizing rights, Transforming approaches to sexual and reproductive well-being, Zed Books, London, pp. 60-72. [4903]

Feldman, Rayah / Manchester, Joanne / Maposhere, Caroline (2003): Safe sex and reproductive choice, Findings from ‘positive women: Voices and choices’ in Zimbabwe, in: Reproductive Health Matters, vol. 11, no. 22, pp. 162-173. [4904]

Goebel, Allison (2002): ‘Men these days, they are the problem’, Husband-taming herbs and gender wars in rural Zimbabwe, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 460-489 [4905]

Grieser, Mira / Gittelsohn, Joel et al. (2001): Reproductive decision-making and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Zimbabwe, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 225-244. [4906]

Gwebu, Thando D. (2006): Intra-rural fertility determinants in Zimbabwe, A path analysis, in: African Population Studies, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 71-91. [4907]

Hansson, Gurli (1990): African women and religion, Religious rites in connection with childbirth in Mberengwa District, Zimbabwe, Uppsala. [11869]

Hellum, Anne (1992): Law’s forum, content and context: The case of changing and coexisting modes of regulation of human reproduction in Zimbabwe, Childless women’s perspectives, in: Adelman, S. / Paliwala, S.A. (Hg.): Law, crisis and underdevelopment, London. [4908]

Hellum, Anne (1993): Gender and legal change in Zimbabwe, Childless women and divorce from a socio-cultural and historical perspective, in: Adelman, Samy / Paliwals, Abdul (eds.): Law and crisis in the third world, Hans Zell Publications, London, pp. 243-269. [4909]

Hellum, Anne (1993): Gender, law and democratisation: Reproductive regulation and legal pluralism in Zimbabwe, in: Ofstad, Arve (ed.): Development theory: Recent trends, Report of the Chr. Michelsen Institute, Bergen, pp. 155-173. [4910]

Hellum, Anne (1999): Women's human rights and legal pluralism in Africa: Mixed norms and identities in infertility management in Zimbabwe, Tano Aschehoug, Mond Books Oslo. [4911]

Hof, C. / Richters, A. (1999): Exploring intersections between teenage pregnancy and gender violence, Lessons from Zimbabwe, in: Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 51-66. [4912]

Kaim, Barbara (2002): Involving young people in their reproductive health, A case study from Zimbabwe, in: Cornwall, Andrea / Welbourn, Alice (eds.): Realizing rights, Transforming approaches to sexual and reproductive well-being, Zed Books, London, pp. 181-190. [4913]

Kaler, Amy (1998): A threat to the nation and a threat to the men, The banning of Depo-Provera in Zimbabwe, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 347-376. [4914]

Kaler, Amy (2000): Who has told you this thing? Toward a feminist interpretation of contraceptive diffusion in Rhodesia, 1970-1980, in: Signs, Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 677-708. [4915]

Kaler, Amy (2002): Gender and fertility in a post-colonial moment, in: Woodward, Wendy / Minkley, Gary / Hayes, Patricia (eds.): Deep hiStories, Gender and colonialism in southern Africa, Rodopi Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 231-263. [4916]

Kaler, Amy (2003): Running after pills, Politics, gender and contraception in colonial Zimbabwe, Greenwood Publishers, Westport. [4917]

Mazur, Robert / Mhloyi, Marvellous (1994): Women’s work and fertility in Zimbabwe: Ending underdevelopment with change, in: Adepoju, Aderanti / Oppong, Christine (eds.): Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, Routledge, London, pp. 132-156. [4918]

Mbizvo, M. / Adamchak, D. (1991): Family planning knowledge, attitudes and practices of men in Zimbabwe, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 22, pp. 31-38. [4919]

Meekers, D. (2005): Factors associated with use of the female condome in Zimbabawe, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 30-37. [4920]

Meursing, K. / Sibindi, F. (1995): Condoms, family planning and living with HIV in Zimbabwe, in: Reproductive Health Matters, vol. 5, pp. 56-67. [4921]

Meursing, K. / Sibindi, F. (1995): Child sexual abuse in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 1693-1704. [4922]

Moyo, W. / Mbizvo, M.T. (2002): Desire for a future pregnancy among women in Zimbabwe in relation to their self-perceived risk of HIV infection, child mortality, and spontaneous abortion, in: AIDS and Behaviour, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 9-15. [4923]

Potts, Deborah (2001): Fertility in Southern Africa, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 189-302. [4924]

Rowley, Chishamiso (2000): Challenges to effective maternal health care delivery, The case of traditional certified nurse midwives in Zimbabwe, in: Journal of Asian and African Studies, vol. 35, pp. 251-263. [4925]

Siziya, S. et al. (1998): Adolescent pregnancy in Zimbabwe, Distribution of socio-geographic factors, in: African Journal of Health Science, 5, pp. 174-177. [4926]

Thomas, D. / Maluccio, J. (1995): Contraceptive choice, fertility and public policy in Zimbabwe, World Bank Working Paper no. 109, The World Bank, Washington D.C. [4927]

Way, Ann A. / Cross, Anne R. / Kumar, Sushil (1987): Family planning in Botswana, Kenya, and Zimbabwe, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 13, pp. 7-11. [4928]

Wekwete, Naomi (1994): The status of women and fertility in Zimbabwe, In: Muhwava, William (ed.): The demography of Zimbabwe, some research findings, Harare, pp. 5-27. [4929]

WLSA (2001): Pregnancy and childbirth: Joy or despair? Women and gender-generated reproductive crimes of violence. Written by Julie Stewart & Ellen Sithole et al., WLSA Publications, Harare. [4930]

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