Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature on agriculture ecology rural development climate change

Africa OverviewAngolaBenin
BotswanaBurkina FasoBurundi
CameroonCentral African RepublicChad
D.R. Congo / ZaireDjiboutiEquatorial Guinea
EritreaEthiopiaGabon
GambiaGhanaGuinea
Guinea BisseauIvory CoastKenya
LesothoLiberiaMadagascar
MalawiMaliMauritius
MozambiqueNamibiaNiger
NigeriaRwandaSenegal
Sierra LeoneSomaliaSouth Africa
South SudanSudanSwaziland / Eswatini
TanzaniaThe CongoTogo
UgandaZambiaZimbabwe

Africa Overview

Adeokunnu, Tomilayo (1984): Women and rural development in Africa, in: UNESCO (ed.): Women on the move, UNESCO Publications, Paris, pp.45-55. [1]

Agarwal, Bina (1985): Women and technological change in agriculture: The African and Asian experience, in: Ahmed, Iftikhar (ed.): Technology and rural women: Conceptual and empirical issues, George Allen and Unwin, London, pp.67-112. [2]

Aidoo, Agnes A. (1988): Women and food security: The opportunity for Africa, in: Development, vol. 2/3, pp.56-62. [3]

Akeroyd, Anne V. (1989): Gender, food production and property rights: Constraints on women farmers in Southern Africa, in: Afshar, Haleh (ed.): Women, development and survival in the Third World, Routledge Publications, London, pp.139-171. [4]

Baylies, Carolyn (2002): The impact of AIDS on rural households in Africa, A shock like any other? in: Development and Change, vol. 33, no. 4, pp.611-632. [5]

Behrman, Julia / Meinzen-Dick, Ruth / Quisumbing, Agnes (2011): The gender implications of large-scale land deals, IFPRI Discussion Paper 1056, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington D.C. [6]

Berkenstein, Alex / Murungi, Grace (2020): Skill transfer and women in Africa’s green transition, South African Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg. [7]

Biruk, Crystal / Trapence, Gift (2018): Community engagement in an economy of harms, Reflections from an LGBTI-rights NGO in Malawi, in: Critical Public Health, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 340-351. [11771]

Boserup, Ester (1970): Women's role in economic development, Earthscan Publications, London. [8]

Bradley, Candice (1990): Women weeding the plough, A comparative test of Boserup’s hypothesis, in: African Urban Quarterly, vol. 5, no. 3/4, pp.188-196. [9]

Bruchhaus, Eva-Maria (1988): Frauenselbsthilfegruppen: Schlüssel zur Entwicklung aus eigener Kraft oder Mobilisierung der letzten Reserve? in: Peripherie, Nr. 30/31, pp.49-61. [10]

Bruchhaus, Eva-Maria (1992): Der Mühlenmythos: durch Arbeitserleichterung zu Wohlstand und Freiheit, in: Rott, Renate (Hg.): Entwicklungsprozesse und Geschlechterverhältnisse, Über die Lebens- und Arbeitsräume von Frauen in Ländern der Dritten Welt, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken, pp.174-199. [11]

Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (1994): Easing rural women’s working day in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Development Policy Review, vol. 12, pp.59-68. [13]

Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (1995): African women hoe cultivation: Speculative origins and current enigmas, in: Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (ed.): Women wielding the hoe, Lessons from rural Africa for feminist theory and development practice, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.3-21. [14]

Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (1995): Wishful thinking, Theory and practice of Western donors efforts to raise women’s status in Africa, in: Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (ed.): Women wielding the hoe: Lessons from rural Africa for feminist theory and development practice, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.201-219. [15]

Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (1995): Burying the hoe, in: Bryceson, Deborah Faye (ed.): Women wielding the hoe, Lessons from rural Africa for feminist theory and development practice, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.257-271. [16]

Bryceson, Deborah Fahy / Howe, John (1993): Rural transport in Africa, Reducing the burden on women? in: World Development, vol. 21, no. 11, pp.1715-1728. [17]

Bryceson, Debroah Fahy / McCall, Michael (1994): Lightening the load: Women’s labour and appropriate rural technology in Sub-Saharan Africa, African Studies Centre, Working Paper, No. 21, University of Leiden, Leiden. [18]

Brydon, Lynne / Chant, Sylvia (1985): Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Brydon, Lynne / Chant, Sylvia (eds.): Women in the third world, Aldershot Publications, Hants, pp.82-86. [12]

Bryson, Judy C. (1981): Women and agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for development, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 17, no. 1, pp.29-46. (and published in: Nelson, Nici (ed.): African women in the development process, Frank Class Publishers, London, 1988, pp.28-46.) [19]

Budlender, Debbie / Alma, Eileen (2011): Women and land, Securing rights for better lives, IDRC Publication, Ottawa. [20]

Butegwa, Florence (2002): Mediating culture and human rights in favour of land rights for women in Africa, A framework for community-level action, in: An-Na’im, Abdullahi (ed.): Cultural transformation and human rights in Africa, Zed Books, London, pp.108-125. [21]

Calvo, Malmberg Christina (1994): Case study on the role of women in rural transport, Access of women to domestic facilities, Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program, The Africa Division, The World Bank, SSATP Working Paper no. 11, Washington D.C. [22]

Charman, A.J.E. (2008): Empowering women through livelihoods oriented agricultural service provision, A consideration of evidence from Southern Africa, Research Paper no. 1, UN University, Helsiniki. [23]

Chu, Jessica (2011): Gender and land grabbing in Sub-Saharan Africa, Women’s land rights and customary land tenure, in: Development, vol. 51, no. 1, pp.35-39. [24]

Clark, Gracia (1985): Fighting the African food crisis: Women food farmers and food workers, An overview of women’s position in African food systems, with emphasis on agriculture, and recommended policies and interventions to stimulate women’s food production, UNIFEM Occasional Paper no. 1, UNIFEM Publications, New York. [25]

Cloud, Kathleen (1986): Sex roles in food production and distribution systems in the Sahel, in: Creevey, Lucy (ed.): Women farmers in Africa, Rural development in Mali and the Sahel, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, pp.19-48. [26]

Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine (1994): Peasant women, in: Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine: African women, A modern history, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.9-20. [27]

Currey, John / Wiegers, Esther et al. (2006): Gender, HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods, Micro-level investigations in three African countries, WIDER Research Paper no. 110, World Institute for Development Economics, Helsinki. [28]

Daddieh, Kofie C. (1989): Production and reproduction: Women and agricultural resurgence in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Parpart, Jane (ed.): Women and development in Africa, Praeger Publications, New York, pp.165-193. [29]

David, Rosalind (ed. (1995): Changing places? Women, resource management and migration in the Sahel, SOS Sahel Publications, London. [30]

Davison, Jean (1988): Land and women’s agricultural production: The context, in: Davison, Jean (ed.): Agriculture, women, and land, The African experience, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.1-17. [31]

Dey, Jennie (1984): Women in food production and food security in Africa, FAO Publications, Rome. [32]

Dixon, Ruth (1985): A moving issue: Seeing the invisible farmers in Africa, in: Monson, Jamie / Kalb, Marion (ed.): Women as food producers in developing countries, UCLA Crossroads Press, Los Angeles, pp.19-36. [33]

Doran, Joanna (1990): Is low cost transport an appropriate intervention to alleviate women’s burden in Southern Africa? Gender analysis in development, Sub-Series, No. 1, School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich. [34]

Doss, Cheryl (2001): Engendering agricultural technology for Africa’s farmers, Promises and pitfalls, in: Kuiper, Edith / Barker, Drucilla (eds.): Feminist economics and the World Bank, History, theory, policy, Routledge, London, pp.79-93. [35]

Doss, Cheryl (2006): Designing agricultural technology for African women farmers, Lessons from 25 years of experiences, in: World Development, vol. 29, no. 12, pp.2075-2092. [36]

Doss, Cheryl (2008): Reclaiming our lives, HIV and AIDS, women’s land and property rights and livelihoods in Southern and East Africa, Narratives and responses, in: Feminist Economics, vol. 14, no. 4, pp.213-216. [37]

Drimie, Scott (2002): The impact of HIV/AIDS on rural households and land issues in Southern and Eastern Africa, in: World Development, vol. 29, no. 12, pp.2075-2092. [38]

Due, Jean (1991): Policies to overcome the negative effects of structural adjustment programs on African female-headed households, in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp.103-127. [39]

Due, Jean / Gladwin, Christina (1991): Impacts of structural adjustment programs on African women farmers and female-headed households, in: American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 73, no. 5, pp.1441-1439. [40]

Due, Jean / Magayane, F. (1990): Changes needed in agricultural policy for female-headed farm families in tropical Africa, in: Agricultural Economics, vol. 4, pp.239-253. [41]

Ekejiuba, Felicia (1995): Down to fundamentals: Women centred hearth-holds in rural West Africa, in: Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (ed.): Women wielding the hoe, Lessons from rural Africa for feminist theory and development practice, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.47-60. [42]

Endely, Joyce B. (1991): Strategies and programmes for women in Africa's agricultural sector, in: Suliman, Mohamed (ed.): Alternative development strategies for Africa, Institute for African Alternatives Publications, London, pp.132-139. [43]

Englert, Birgit / Daley, Elizabeth (eds.) (2008): Women’s land rights and privatisation in Eastern Africa, James Currey, Oxford. [44]

Englert, Birgit / Mansberger, Reinfried (2008): Vergleichsstudie zu Gender und Landrechten in den Schwerpunkt- und Kooperationsländern der Österreichischen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Wiener Institut für Internationalen Dialog und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Wien. [45]

European Consortium for Agricultural Research in the Tropics (ECART (1994): Women and food processing in Sub-Saharan Africa, ECART Publications, Accra. [46]

Evers, Barbara / Walters, Bernhard (2000): Extra-household factors and women farmers supply response in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: World Development, vol. 28, no. 7, pp.1341-1345. [47]

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO (1995): Women, agriculture and development, A synthesis report of the Africa region, FAO Publications, Rome. [48]

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO (1995): The effects of HIV/AIDS on farming systems in Eastern Africa, FAO Publications, Rome. [49]

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO (1998): Agricultural implements used by women farmers in Africa, FAO Publications, Rome. [50]

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO (2010): Gender dimensions of agriculture and rural employment, Differentiated pathways out of poverty, Status, trends and gaps, FAO/ILO Publications, Rome. [51]

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO (2011): Women and agriculture, Closing the gender gap, FAO Publications, Rome. [52]

Fortman, Louise (1981): The plight of the invisible farmer: The effect of national agricultural policy on women in Africa, in: Dauber, Roslyn / Cain, Melinda (eds.): Women and technological change in developing countries, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.205-214. [53]

Francis, Elizabeth (2002): Gender, migration and multiple livelihoods, Cases from Eastern and Southern Africa, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 38, no. 5, pp.167-190. [54]

Gbetnkom, Daniel (2007): Forest management, gender and food security of the rural poor in Africa, WIDER Research Paper no. 87, WIDER, Helsinki. [55]

Gengenbach, Heidi (2015): Living Ethnicity, Gender, Livelihood, and Ethnic Identity in Mozambique, in: Shetler, Jan Bender (ed.): Gendering Ethnicity in African Women´s Lives, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, pp. 57-83. [11860]

Gladwin, Christina / McMillan, Della (1989): Is a turnaround in Africa possible without helping African women to farm, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 37, no. 2, pp.345-369. [56]

Gladwin, Christina / Thomson, Anne / Peterson, Jennifer / Anderson, Andrea (2001): Addressing food security in Africa via multiple livelihood strategies of women farmers, in: Food Policy, vol. 26, pp. 177-207. [57]

Gladwin, Christina H. / Peterson, Jennifer S. / Uttaro, Robert (2002): Agroforestry innovations in Africa: Can they improve soil fertility on women farmers’ fields? in: African Studies Quarterly, vol. 6, no. 1-2. S.1-5. [58]

Goody, Jack / Buckley, Joan (1973): Inheritance and women’s labour in Africa, in: Africa, vol. 43, pp.108-121. [59]

Gordon, Gill (1984): Important issues for feminist nutrition research, A case study from the savanna from West Africa, in: Bulletin of the Institute of Development Studies (IDS Bulletin), vol. 15, no. 1, pp.38-44. [60]

Gray, Leslie / Kevane, Michael (1996): Land tenure status of African women, World Bank Background Paper on Gender and Property Rights in Africa, unpublished paper, World Bank, Washington D.C. [61]

Guèye, El Hadji Fallou (2000): Women and family poultry production in rural Africa, in: Development in Practice, vol. 10, no. 1, pp.98-102. [62]

Gugler, Josef (1989): Women stay on the farm no more, Changing patterns of rural-urban migration in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp.347-352. [63]

Guyer, Jane I. (1984): Naturalism in models of African production, in: Man, vol. 19, no. 3, pp.371-388. [64]

Guyer, Jane I. (1984): Women in the rural economy, contemporary variations, in: Hay, Jean / Stichter, Sharon (eds.): African women south of the Sahara, Longman Publishers, London, pp.19-32. [65]

Guyer, Jane I. (1986): Intra-household processes and farming systems research: Perspectives from anthropology, in: Moock, J.L. (ed.): Understanding Africa’s rural household and farming systems, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.92-104. [66]

Guyer, Jane I. (1988): The multiplication of labour, Historical methods in the study of gender and agricultural change in Africa, in: Current Anthropology, vol. 29, no. 2, pp.247-259. [67]

Guyer, Jane I. (1988): Dynamic approaches to domestic budgeting: Cases and methods from Africa, in: Dwyer, Daisy / Bruce, Judith (eds.): A home divided, Women and income in the third world, Stanford University Press, Stanford, pp.155-172. [68]

Guyer, Jane I. (1991): Female farming in anthropology and African history, in: Di Leonardo, Michaella (eds.): Gender at the crossroads of knowledge, Feminist anthropology in the post modern era, California University Press, Berkeley, pp.257-277. [69]

Harriss-White, Barbara (1998): Female and male grain marketing systems, Analytical and policy issues from West Africa and India, in: Jackson, Cecile / Pearson, Ruth (eds.): Feminist visions of development, Gender analysis and policy, Routledge Publications, London, pp.189-213. [70]

Henn, Jeanne (1983): Women in rural economy: Past, present, and future, in: Hay, Jean / Stichter, Sharon (ed.): African women south of the Sahara, Longman Publishers, London, pp.1-18. [71]

Henn, Jeanne (1983): Feeding the cities and feeding the peasants: What role for Africa's women farmers? in: World Development, vol. 11, no. 12, pp.1034-1055. [72]

Hesseling, Gerti (1997): Sahelian women as partners in contracts on the management of natural resources, in: Bruijn, Miriam de / Halsema, Ineke van / Hombergh, Heleen van (ed.): Gender and land use, Thela Publishers, Amsterdam, pp.147-159. [73]

Hillhorst, Thea (2000): Women’s land rights, Current developments in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Toulmin, Camilla / Quan, Julian (eds.): Evolving land rights, Policy and tenure in Africa, DFID/IIED/NRI Publication, London, pp.181-196. [74]

Holmes, Rebecca / Slater, Rachel (2008): Measuring progess on gender and agriculture in the 1982 and 2008 World Development Reports, in: Gender and Development, vol. 16, no. 1, pp.27-40. [75]

Hänke, Hendrik et al. (2017): Social-ecological traps hinder rural development in southwestern Madagascar, in: Ecology and Society, Vol. 22, No. 1, 42. [11777]

IFAD/FAO/FARMESA (1998): The potential for improving production tools and implements used by women farmers in Africa, IFAD/FAO Publications, Rome. [76]

Ikdahl, I. / Kameri-Mbote, Patricia et al. (2005): Human rights, formalisation of women’s land rights in Southern and Eastern Africa, IELRC Working Paper, no. 7, Nairobi. [77]

International Labour Organization (ILO (1988): Women’s access to land, The African experience, in: ILO (ed.): Women and land, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.6-12. [78]

Izumi, Kaori (1999): Liberalisation, gender, and the land question in sub-Saharan Africa, in: Gender and Development, vol. 7, no. 3, pp.9-18. [79]

Izumi, Kaori (2007): Gender based violence and property grabbing in Africa, in: Gender and Development, vol. 15, no. 1, pp.11-23. [80]

Jackson, Cecile (1996): Learning from rural women, in: Commonwealth Secretariat (ed.): Women and natural resource management, A manual for the Africa region, Commonwealth Secretariat Publications, London, pp.24-37. [81]

Jackson, Cecile (1996): Women’s organisations for conservation, in: Commonwealth Secretariat (ed.): Women and natural resource management, A manual for the Africa region, Commonwealth Secretariat Publications, London, pp.102-125. [82]

James, Valentine Udoh (ed. (1995): Women and sustainable development in Africa, Praeger Publishers, Westport. [83]

Kasmann, Elke / Körner, Markus (1992): Autonom und Abhängig, Westafrikanische Landfrauen zwischen Tradition und gesellschaftlicher Modernisierung, Bielefelder Studien zur Entwicklungssoziologie, 52, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken. [84]

Kaul, R.N. / Ali, A. (1992): Gender issues in African farming, A case study for developing farm tools for women, in: Journal of Farming System Research Extension, 3, 1, pp.35-46. [85]

Kevane, Michael (2003): Women and development in Africa, How gender works, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder. [86]

Kevane, Michael / Gray, L. (1999): A woman’s field is not made at night, in: Feminist Economics, vol. 5, no. 3, pp.1-27. [87]

Ki-Zerbo, Jacqueline (1980): Women and the energy crisis in the Sahel, FAO Publications, Rome. [88]

Koopman, Jeanne (1997): The hidden roots of the African food problem: Looking within the rural household, in: Visvanathan, Nalini et al. (eds.): The women, gender and development reader, Zed Books, London, pp.132-141. [89]

Kordylas, Maud (1991): The role of women in the adoption of food processing technology in Africa, Lessons from experience, in: Prah, Kwesi (ed.): Culture, Gender, Science and Technology in Africa, Harp Publications, Windhoek, pp.32-47. [90]

Lachenmann, Gudrun (1992): Entwicklungspolitische Konzeptionen in Afrika, in: Rott, Renate (ed.): Entwicklungsprozesse und Geschlechterverhältnisse, Über die Lebens- und Arbeitsräume von Frauen in Ländern der Dritten Welt, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken, pp.127-148. [91]

Lado, Cleophas (1992): Female labour participation in agricultural production and the implications for nutrition and health in rural Africa, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 34, pp. 789-807. [92]

Lastarria-Cornhiel, Susana (1997): Impact of privatization on gender and property rights in Africa, in: World Development, vol. 25, no. 8, pp.1317-1333. [93]

Lele, Uma (1989): The gendered impacts of structural adjustment programs in Africa: Discussion, in: American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 73, no. 5, pp.1452-1455. [94]

Lele, Uma (1991): Women structural adjustment, and transformation: Some lessons and questions from the African experiences, in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp.46-80. [95]

Made, Pat (1995): Women and desertification, Tillers of the land – keepers of knowledge, in: Southern African Feminist Review, vol. 1, no. 1, pp.32-38. [96]

Malena, C. (1994): Gender issues in integrated pest management in African agriculture, NRI Socio-economic series, 5, Natural Resource Institute, Chatham. [97]

Manji, Ambreena (2003): Remortaging women’s lives, The World Bank’s land agenda in Africa, in: Feminist Legal Studies, vol. 11, pp.139-162. [98]

Manji, Ambreena (2003): Capital, labour and land relations in Africa, A gender analysis of the World Bank’s Policy Research Report on land institutions and land policy, in: Third World Quarterly, vol. 24, no. 1, pp.97-114. [99]

Mayoux, Linda (ed. (1988): All are not equal, African women in cooperatives, Institute of African Alternatives Publications, London. [100]

Meinzen-Dick, Ruth / van Koppen, Barbara / Behrman, Julia et al. (2012): Putting gender on the map, Methods of mapping gender farm management systems in Sub-Saharan Africa, IFPRI Disussion Paper, Washington D.C. [101]

Monimart, Marie (1989): Women in the fight against desertification, IIED Dryland Programme, Issue Paper No. 12, London. [102]

Mueller, Tanja (2005): HIV/AIDS, gender and rural livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa, Wageningen Academic Press, Wageningen. [103]

Mulinge, Munyae / Melese, Getu (2013): Impacts of climate change and variability on pastoralist women in Sub-Saharan Africa, Fountain Publishers, Kampala. [104]

Mutangadura, Gladys (2005): Gender, health and rural livelihoods in Southern Africa, Addressing the challenges, in: Jenda, Journal of Culture and African Women Studies, 7, pp.1-10. [105]

Muylwijk, Joke / Smetsers, Maria (1996): Gender and agricultural engineering in Sub-Saharan Africa, Issues from the literature, in: Muylwijk, Joke / Smetsers, Maria: Gender and agricultural engineering, Department of Gender Studies in Agriculture and The Agricultural Engineering Branch of the FAO, AGSE Occasional Paper, Wageningen, pp.4-18. [106]

Mwagiru, Makumi (2001): Women’s land and property rights in three Eastern African countries, in: Buregeya, Alfred / Garling, Marguerite et al. (eds.): Women’s land and property rights in situations of conflict and reconstruction, UNIFEM Publications, New York, pp.18-23. [107]

Nelson, Nici (ed. (1988): African women in the development process, Frank Class Publishers, London. [108]

Nelson, Valerie (2011): Climate change and gender, What role for agricultural research among smallholder farmers in Africa? Natural Resources Institute, Greewich University, International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), CIAT Working Document no. 222, Greenwich/Kampala. [109]

Newman, Katherine (1981): Women and law, land tenure in Africa, in: Black, Naomi / Baker Cottrell, Ann (eds.): Women and world change, Equity issues in development, Sage Publications, Beverly Hills, pp.120-138. [110]

Nwomonoh, Jonathan (1995): African women in production: The economic role of rural women, in: James, Valentine Udoh (ed.): Women and sustainable development in Africa, Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp.171-182. [111]

Nyanteng, V.K. (1990): Women in West African rice production systems, Issues for research and development, in: Prasad, C. / Ram, pp. (eds.): Women in agriculture, Technological perspective, International Federation for Women in Agriculture, Krishi Anuasandhan Bhawan, Pusa, New Dehli, pp.25-36. [112]

Oglethorpe, Judy / Gleman, Nancy (2008): AIDS, women, land and natural resources in Africa, Current challenges, in: Gender and Development, vol. 16, no. 1, pp.85-100. [115]

Okelo, Mary (1992): The women’s view point, in: Obasanjo, Olusegun / D’Orville, Hans (eds.): The challenge of agricultural production and food security in Africa, Crane Russak Publications, Washington, pp.83-86. [116]

Osborn, Liz (1990): Women and trees: Indigenous relations and agroforestry development, in: Mc Dougall, Ann (eds.): Sustainable agriculture in Africa, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp.135-144. [117]

Osuala, Judith (1985): Extending appropriate technology to rural African women, in: Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 10, no. 3, pp.481-487. [118]

O’Laughlin, Bridget (2007): A bigger piece of a very small pie, Interhousehold resource allocation and poverty reduction in Africa, in: Development and Change, vol. 38, no. 1, pp.21-44. [113]

O’Laughlin, Bridget (2009): Gender justice, land and the agrarian question in Southern Africa, in: Akram-Lodhi, Haroon / Kay, Christobal (eds.): Peasants and globalization, Political economy, rural transformation and the agrarian question, Routledge, London, pp.190-213. [114]

Palmer, Ingrid (1991): Gender and population in the adjustment of African economics: Planning for change, ILO Publications, Geneva. [119]

Peters, Pauline (1995): Uses and abuses of the concept of „female headed households“ in research and agricultural transformation and policy, in: Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (ed.): Women wielding the hoe, Lessons from rural Africa for feminist theory and development practice, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.93-108. [120]

Picard, Mary Theresa (1993): Listening and learning from African women farmers, in: James, Valentine Udoh (ed.): Women and sustainable development in Africa, Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp.35-64. [121]

Purvis, Barbara (1985): Family nutrition and women’s activities in rural Africa, in: Food and Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 2, pp.28-36. [122]

Rathgeber, Eva (1995): Integrating gender into environmental education in Africa, in: Canadian Journal of Development Studies, special issue, pp.89-103. [123]

Roberts, Penelope A. (1988): Rural women's access to labour in West Africa, in: Stichter, Sharon / Parpart, Jane (eds.): Patriarchy and class, African Women in the home and the workforce, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp.97-114. [124]

Safilios-Rothschild, Constantina (1991): Women as a motor in agricultural development: Lessons learnt from Eastern and Southern Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Safilios-Rothschild, Constancia: Gender methodology in agricultural projects, Wageningen, pp.83-95. [125]

Safilios-Rothschild, Constantina (1994): Agricultural policies and women producers, in: Adejoju, Aderanti (ed.): Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, James Currey Publishers, London, pp.54-63. [126]

Sahn, David / Haddad, Lawrence (1989): The gendered impact of structural adjustment programs in Africa: Discussion, in: American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 73, no. 5, pp.1448-1451. [127]

Sahn, David / Stifel, David (2002): Parental preferences for nutrition of boys and girls, Evidence from Africa, in: Development Studies, vol. 39, no. 1, pp.18-34. [128]

Saito, Katrine / Mekonnen, Hailu / Spurling, Daphne (1994): Raising the productivity of women farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa, World Bank Discussion Papers, No. 230, Africa Technical Department Series, Washington D.C. [129]

Savané, Marie Angélique (1986): The effects of social and economic changes on the role and status of women in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Moock, Joyce Lewinger (ed.): Understanding Africa’s rural household and farming systems, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.124-132. [130]

Schmidt, Ellen (2010): Promising responses to HIV and AIDS in agriculture, rural development, self-help and social protection, Misereor, Aachen. [133]

Schäfer, Rita (1995): Frauenorganisationen und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit – Traditionelle und moderne afrikanische Frauenzusammenschlüsse im interethnischen Vergleich, Centaurus-Verlag, Pfaffenweiler. [131]

Schäfer, Rita (2002): Gender und ländliche Entwicklung in Afrika, in: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, Beilage der Wochenzeitung „das Parlament“, B 13 / 14, pp.31-38. [132]

Sharma, Anjali (1998): Contribution of rural women to environmentally sustainable development, An African experience, in: Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 17, no. 4, pp.681-701. [134]

Silberschmidt, Margarethe (2001): Disempowerment of men in rural and urban East Africa, Implications of male identity and sexual behaviour, in: World Development, vol. 29, no. 4, pp.657-671. [135]

Simard, Paul (1998): Assessing autonomy among Sahelian women: An analytical framework for women’s production work, in: Development in Practice, vol. 8, no. 2, pp.186-202. [136]

Spring, Anita (1986): Women farmers and food in Africa: Some considerations and suggested solutions, in: Hansen, Art / McMillan, Della (eds.): Food in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp.332-348. [137]

Spring, Anita (2001): Positive effects of agricultural commercialisation on women farmers, A new paradigm, Webb. Patrick / Weinberger, Katinka (eds.): Women’s farmers, Enhancing rights, recognition and productivity, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp.13-36. [138]

Spring, Anita (ed. (2000): Women farmers and commercial ventures, Increasing food security in developing countries, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder. [140]

Spring, Anita / Wilde, Vicki (1991): Women farmers, structural adjustment, and FAO’s plan of action for integration of women in development, in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp.387-408. [139]

Spurling, Daphne / Nebie, Ibrahim (1995): Rural women in the Sahel and their access to agricultural extension, Sector Study, Report no. 13532, West Africa Division, World Bank, Washington D.C. [141]

Stamp, Patricia (1990): Technology, gender and power in Africa, International Development Research Centre, Technical Study, 63, Ottawa. [142]

Staudt, Kathleen (1987): Uncaptured or unmotivated? Women and the food crisis in Africa, in: Rural Sociology, vol. 52, no. 1, pp.37-55. [143]

Staudt, Kathleen (1988): Women farmers in Africa: Research and institutional action, 1972-1987, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 22, no. 3, pp.567-582. [144]

Strickland, Richard (2004): To have and to hold, Women’s property rights in the context of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa, Working Paper, International Centre for Research on Women (ICRW), Washington D.C. [145]

Svedberg, Peter (1990): Undernutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa: Is there a gender bias? in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 26, no. 3, pp.469-486. [146]

Tadesse, Zenebeworke (1984): Studies on rural women in Africa, An overview, in: ILO (ed.): Rural development and women, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.65-95. [147]

Tempelman, D.E. (1998): Africa, in: FAO (eds.): Rural women and food security: Current situation and perspectives, FAO Publications, Rome, pp.14-33. [148]

Thomas-Slayter, Barbara / Sodikoff, Genese (2001): Sustainable investments, Women’s contribution to natural resource management projects in Africa, in: Development in Practice, vol. 11, no. 1, pp.45-61. [149]

Trenchard, Esther (1987): Rural women’s work in Sub-Saharan Africa and the implications for nutrition, in: Momsen, Janet Henshall / Townsend, Janet (eds.): Geography of gender and the third world, State University of New York Press, Hutchingson, pp.153-172. [150]

Tsikati, Dzodzi (2009): Gender, land and labour relations and livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa in the era of economic liberalisation, Towards a research agenda, in: Feminist Africa, vol. 12, pp.11-30. [151]

Walker, Cheryl (2002): Land reform in Southern and Eastern Africa, Key issues for strengthening women’s access to and rights in land, FAO Report, Rome/Harare. [152]

Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed. (2003): Women and land rights in Africa, Culture, religion and realizing women’s rights, Zed Books, London. [153]

Warner, M.W. / Al-Hassan, M. / Kydd, J.G. (1997): Beyond gender roles? in: Conceptualizing the social and economic lives of rural peoples in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Development and Change, vol. 28, pp.143-168. [154]

Weekes-Vagliani, Winifred (1985): Women, food and rural development, in: Rose, Tore (ed.): Crisis and recovery in Sub-Saharan Africa, OECED Publications, Paris, pp.104-110. [155]

Whitehead, Ann (1990): Food crisis and gender conflict in the African countryside, in: Bernstein, Henry / Crow, Ben et al. (eds.): The food question: Profits versus people, Earthscan Publications, London, pp.54-68. [156]

Whitehead, Ann (1990): Rural women and food production in Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Drèze, Jean / Sen, Amarthya (eds.): The political economy of hunger, Claredon Press, Oxford, pp.425-473. [157]

Whitehead, Ann (1991): Food production and the food crisis in Africa, in: Wallace, Tina / March, Candida (eds.): Changing perceptions, Writings on gender and development, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.68-78. [158]

Whitehead, Ann (1994): Wives and mothers: Female farmers in Africa, in: Adejoju, Aderanti (ed.): Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, James Currey Publishers, London, pp.35-53. [159]

Whitehead, Ann / Tsikata Dzodzi (2003): Policy discourses on women's land rights in sub-Saharan Africa, The implications of the re-turn to the customary, in: Journal of Agrarian Change, vol. 3, no. 1, pp.67-, 2003. [160]

Yngstrom, Ingrid (2002): Women, wives and land rights in Africa, Situating gender beyond the household in the debate over land policy and changing land tenure systems, in: Oxford Development Studies, vol. 30, no. 1, pp.21-40. [161]

Young, Kate (1993): Women in agriculture: The case of Sub-Saharan Africa, in: Young, Kate (ed.): Planning development with women, Making a world of difference, MacMillan Publishers, London, pp.45-65. [162]

Zdunnek, Gabriele / Ay, Peter (1999): Food production, transformation processes and change of gender-specific division of labour in rural Africa, in: Kracht, Uwe / Schulz, Manfred (eds.): Food security and nutrition, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.219-236. [163]


Angola

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Benin

Brüntrup, Michael (2001): Cashing in on technological change, Women and cotton in Benin, in: Webb, Patrick / Weinberger, Katinka (eds.): Women farmers, Enhancing rights, recognition and productivity, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp.37-55. [164]

Floquet, Anne (2001): Can technologies be targeted towards women’s needs? A case study from Benin, in: Webb, Patrick / Weinberger, Katinka (eds.): Women farmers, Enhancing rights, recognition and productivity, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp.159-178. [165]

Honagbode, Cyrille (2001): The role of off-farm income and gender issues in technology adoption in farming families in Southern Benin, Margraf Verlag Weikersheim, Germany. [166]

Kees, Marlis (1996): Herstellung und Vermarktung von Käse durch Frauen in Benin, Analyse und Empfehlungen zur Verbesserung und zum Transfer der Technologie, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [167]

Sodeik, Eva (1996): Natürliche Ressourcen als Einkommensquelle für Frauen in Benin, in: Bliss, Frank / Neumann, Stefan (Hrsg.): Ethnologische Beiträge zur Entwicklungspolitik, 3, Beiträge zur Kulturkunde, 16, Horlemann Verlag, Bonn, pp.129-144. [168]

Vodouhe, Simplice Davo (2003): Caught in the cotton trap, Women’s exposure and dependence in Benin, in: Jacobs, Miriam / Dinham, Barbara (eds.): Silent invaders, Pesticides, livelihoods and women’s health, Zed Books, London, pp.69-77. [169]


Botswana

Baker, Doyle / Feldstein, Hilary (1989): Botswana: Farming systems research in a drought prone environment, Central Region Farming Systems Research Project, in: Feldstein, Hilary Sims / Poats, Susan, V. (eds.): Working together, Gender analysis in agriculture, vol. 1: Case Studies, Kumarian Press, West Hartford, pp.43-74. [170]

Bishop, Josh / Sconnes, Ian (1997): The hidden harvest: The role of wild food in agricultural systems – Beer and baskets: The economics of women’s livelihoods in Ngamiland, Botswana, IIED Research Series, vol. 3, no. 1, IIED Publications, London. [171]

Driel, Francien van (1993): Commercialization of labour and its impact on gender relations in Botswana, in: Jonge, Huub de / Wolters, Willem (eds.): Commercialization and market formation in developing societies, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken, pp.162-185. [172]

Fortmann, Louise (1984): Economic status and women’s participation in agriculture: A Botswana case study, in: Rural Sociology, vol. 49, no. 3, pp.452-454. [173]

Kinsman, Margaret (1983): ‚Beasts of burden‘: The subordination of Southern Tswana women, ca. 1800-1840, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 10, no. 1, pp.39-54. [174]

Kossoudji, Sherie / Mueller, Eva (1983): The economic and demographic status of female-headed households in rural Botswana, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 31, no. 4, pp.831-859. [175]

Lesetedi, Gwen (2001): The feminization of poverty, Effects of the Arable Lands Development Program on women in Botswana, in: Rwomire, Apollo (ed.): African women and children, Crisis and response, Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp.105-120. [176]

Mrema, May (1996): Women’s contribution to the development of the agricultural sector and constraints faiced: The case of Botswana, in: Journal of Farming Systems Research and Extension, vol. 6, no. 1, pp.1-12. [177]

O’Laughlin, Bridget (1998): Missing men? The debate over rural poverty and women-headed households in Southern Africa, in: Journal of Peasant Studies, vol. 25, no. 2, pp.1-48. [178]

Palmer, Ingrid (1985): Botswana, in: Palmer, Ingrid: The impact of male out-migration on women in farming, Women's roles and gender differences in development, Cases for Planners, Kumarian Publishers, West Hartford, pp.26-35. [179]

Peters, Pauline (1986): Household crop management in Botswana: Cattle, crops and wage labour, in: Mook, Joyce Lewinger (ed.): Understanding Africa’s rural households and farming systems, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.133-154. [180]

Tlou, Sheila Dinotshe (1998): Outcomes of a community-based HIV/AIDS education programme for rural older women in Botswana, in: Journal of Gerontology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 23-36. [181]

Valentine, Theodore (1994): Female headed households, private transfer entitlements, and drought relief in rural Botswana, in: Kalipeni, Ezekiel (ed.): Population growth and environmental degradation in Southern Africa, Boulder, pp.119-146. [182]


Burkina Faso

Behrends, Andrea (1997): Konstruktion von Weiblichkeit. Eine vergleichende Studie städtischer und ländlicher Dagara-Frauen in Ghana und Burkina Faso, in: Triebel, Armin (Hg.): Die Pragmatik des Gesellschaftsvergleichs, Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig, pp.69-82. [183]

Cheyns, E. (2004): Qualification of small-scale food products on the market: Towards civic resources? How women's producer groups have adapted to urban demand in Burkina Faso, in: Economies et Societes, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 591-612. [184]

Compaore, Viviane Yolande (1991): Strategies and programmes for the promotion of women in the agricultural sector in Burkina Faso, in: Braunmühl, Claudia (ed.): International conference, Women in the cevelopment process, German Foundation for International Development, Berlin, pp. 45-55. [185]

Conti, Ana (1979): Capitalist organisation of production through non-capitalist relations: Women's role in a pilot resettlement in Upper Volta, in: Review of African Political Ecomnomy, vol. 15/16, pp. 75-92. [186]

Dankelman, Irene / Davison, Joan (1988): The women’s dam, Burkina Faso, in: Dankelman, Irene / Davison, Joan (eds.): Women and the environment in the Third World, Earthscan Publishers, London, pp.35-37. [187]

David, Rosalind / Yabré, Pauline / Traoré, Colette (1993): „Shouldering the workload, restricted in taking initiatives“, Effects of male out-migration on women’s management of the natural resource base in Passoré (Burkina Faso), in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben?: Veränderungen der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.157-190. (and in: David, Rosalind (eds.): Changing places? Women, resource management and migration in the Sahel, SOS Sahel Publications, London, 1995, pp.55-87.) [188]

Elias, Marlene / Carney, Judith (2005): Shea Butter, globalization, and women of Burkina Faso, in: Nelson, Lise / Seager, Joni (eds.): A companion to feminist geography, Blackwell Publishers, Malden. [189]

Evenson, Robert E. / Siegel, Michele (1999): Gender and agricultural extension in Burkina Faso, in: Africa Today, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 75-92. [190]

Haddad, Lawrence / Reardon, Thomas (1993): Gender bias in the allocation of resources within households in Burkina Faso, A disaggregated outlay equivalent analysis, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 29, no. 2, pp.260-276. [191]

Hemmings-Gapihan, Grace (1982): International development and the evolution of women's economic roles: A case study from Northern Gulma, Upper Volta, in: Bay, Edna G. (ed.): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder S.171-189. [192]

Henderson, Helen (1986): The grassroot women committee as a development strategy in an Upper Volta village, in: Creevey, Lucy (ed.): Rural development in Mali and the Sahel, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, pp.133-151. [193]

Heuler-Neuhaus, Werner (1994): „Mit den Frauen verliert auch die dörfliche Gemeinschaft die Initiative“, Gesellschaftliche und ökologische Auswirkungen von Emigration in der Provinz Yatenga (Burkina Faso), in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben?: Veränderungen der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.133-156. [194]

Hoven, Ingrid-Gabriela (1983): Traditionelles Handwerk als Überlebenssicherung? - Hirsebrauerinnen in ländlichen Regionen Obervoltas, in: Berninghausen, Jutta / Kerstan, Birgit (Hg.): Die unsichtbare Stärke, Frauenarbeit in der Dritten Welt, Entwicklungsprojekte und Selbsthilfe, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken, pp.89-103. [195]

Kane, Racine / Lo, Henri M (1999): The ZabrT Women Agro-Ecological Project, Burkina Faso: A Success story in desertification/land degradation control, in: Desertification Control Bulletin, vol.34, pp. 73-78. [196]

Kevane, Michael (2000): Extrahousehold norms and intrahousehold bargaining, Gender in Sudan and Burkina Faso, in: Spring, Anita (ed.): Small scale farmers and commercial ventures, Increasing food security in developing countries, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp. 89-112. [197]

Kevane, Michael / Gray, Leslie (1999): ‘A women’s field is made at night’, Gendered land rights and norms in Burkina Faso, in: Feminist Economics, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 1-27. [198]

Kompaore, Scholastique (1989): Women as managers of village water resources, in: Natural Resource Forum, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 319-321. [199]

Lawrence, Pareena G. / Sanders, John H. / Ramaswamy, Sunder (1999): The impact of agricultural and household technologies on women: A conceptual and quantitative analysis in Burkina Faso, in: Agricultural Economics, vol. 20, pp. 203-214. [200]

Nagy, Joseph G. / Ohm, Herbert W. / Sawadogo, Sibiri (1989): Burkina Faso: A case study of the Purdue University Farming Systems Project, in: Feldstein, Hilary S. / Poats, Susan V. (eds.): Working together: Gender analysis in agriculture, vol. 1: Case studies, Kumarian Press, West Hartford, pp.75-108. [201]

Ouedraogo, Amadou (2002): Gender needs in rural transport, Tuya, Yatenga Province, Burkina Faso, in: Fernanado, Priyanthi / Porter, Gina (eds.): Balancing the load, Women, gender and rural transport, Zed Books, London, pp.119-127. [202]

Poetzscher, Gabriele (1995): Sammelwirtschaft von Frauen im Süd-Sahel, Burkina Faso, in: Kahl, Mario / Klughardt, Doris / Ohe, Sven v.d. (Hrsg.): Seeing the people behind the trees, Studien zu Waldnutzung, Ressourcenmanagement und Naturschutz in Asien, Afrika und Zentralamerika, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken, pp.119-136. [203]

Ram, R. / Singh, R.D. (1988): Farm households in Burkina Faso, Some evidence on allocative and direct returns to schooling, and male-female labour productivity differentials, in: World Development, 16, 3, pp.419-424. [204]

Reardon, Thomas / Malton, Peter / Delgado, Christopher (1988): Coping with household-level food insecurity in drought-affected areas of Burkina Faso, in: World Development, vol. 16, no. 9, pp.1065-1074. [205]

Reardon, Thomas / Malton, Peter / Delgado, Christopher (1992): Determinants and effects of income diversification amongst farm households in Burkina Faso, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 28, no. 2, pp.264-296. [206]

Rodet, Marie (2007): Burkina Faso, Gender und Landrechte, Gender Box, VIDC, Wien. [207]

Rohatynskyi, Marta (1988): Women’s virtue and the structure of Mossi Zaka, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 22, no. 3, pp.528-551. [208]

Rohatynskyi, Marta (1993): The personhood of women and community development in a Burkinabe Village, in: Anthopologica, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 3-22. [209]

Ruppert, Uta (1995): Gegenwarten verbinden, Frauenarbeit und Frauenpolitik in Burkina Faso, Lit-Verlag, Hamburg. [210]

Sauerborn, Rainer / Berman, P. / Nougtara, A. (1996): Age bias, but no gender bias in the intra-household resource allocation for health care in rural Burkina Faso, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 131-146. [211]

Saul, Mahir (1981): Beer, sorghum and women: Production for the market in rural Upper Volta, in: Africa, vol. 51, no. 3, pp.746-764. [212]

Saul, Mahir (1989): Separateness and relation: Autonomous income and negotiation among rural Bobo women, in: Wilk, Richard (ed.): The household economy: Reconsidering the domestic mode of production, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.171-193. [213]

Saul, Mahir (1992): Matrilineal inheritance and post-colonial prosperity in Southern Bobo country, in: Man, vol. 27, no. 2, pp.341-362. [214]

Sawadogo, Jean-Pierre / Stamm, Volker (2000): Local perceptions of indigenous land tenure systems: Views of peasants, women and dignitaries in a rural province of Burkina Faso, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 279-294. [215]

Singh, Ram / Morey, Mathew (1987): The value of work-at-home and contributions of wives household service in polygynous families, Evidence from an African LDC, Burkina Faso, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, 4, pp.743-765. [216]

Standler, Karin (2000): Wie tief muss der Brunnen noch werden? Gartenprojekte in Burkina Faso auf Kosten von Frauen und Umwelt, in: Meyer-Renschhausen, Elisabeth / Holl, Anne (Hrsg.): Die Wiederkehr der Gärten, Kleinlandwirtschaft im Zeitalter der Globalisierung, Studien Verlag, Innsbruck, pp.85-103. [217]

Steinbrich, Sabine (1987): Frauen der Lyela, Die wirtschaftliche und soziale Lage der Frauen von Sanje (Burkina Faso), Klaus Renner Verlag, Hohenschäflarn. [218]

Thorsen, Dorte (2002): ‚We help our husbands!’ Negotiating the household budget in rural Burkina Faso, in: Development and Change, vol. 33, pp.129-146. [219]

Thorsen, Dorte / Reenberg, Anette (2000): Marginal producers of breadwinners, Women’s coping strategies and access to acgricultural key resources in Boulgou Province, Burkina Faso, in: Danish Journal of Geography, vol. 100, pp.47-59. [220]

Van Koppen, Barbara (2000): Gendered water and land rights in Rice Valley improvement, Burkina Faso, in: Bruns, Bryan R. / Meinzen-Dick, Ruth S. (eds.): Negotiating water rights, ITDG Publishing, London, pp. 83-111. [221]

Waibel, Gabi (1991): Frauen in Burkina Faso, Lebensverhältnisse, Handlungsperspektiven und Organisationsformen, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken. [222]

Zuidberg, Lida (1994): Burkina Faso, Integrated rural development: For whom and with whom? in: Gianotten, Vera / Groverman, Verona et al. (eds.): Assessing the gender impact of development projects, IT-Publications, London, pp.49-70. [223]

Zwarteveen, Margret (1996): A plot of one’s own, Gender relations and irrigated land allocation policies in Burkina Faso, CGIAR, Washington D.C. [224]


Burundi

Sabimbona, Sabine (2001): The problem of displaced and returnee women faced with current land tenure policies in Burundi, in: Buregeya, Alfred / Garling, Marguerite et al. (eds.): Women’s land and property rights in situations of conflict and reconstruction, UNIFEM Publications, New York, pp.69-81. [225]


Cameroon

Ajonina, P.U. / Ajonina, G.N. et al. (2005): Gender roles and economics of exploitation, Processing and marketing of bivalves and impacts on forest resources in the Sanaga Delta Region of Douala-Edea Wildlife Reserve, Cameroon, in: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 161-172. [226]

Balla, Essomba (1985): Rural women's associations in the Cameroons, in: Muntemba, Shimwaayi (ed.): Rural development and women: Lessons from the field, vol. II, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.131-145. [227]

Berg, Adri van den (1992): Women in Bamenda, Survival strategies and access to land, Leiden University Press, Leiden. [228]

Berg, Adri van den (1997): Women farmers in pursuit of land security – and what about sustainability? in: Bruijn, Miriam de / Halsema, Ineke van / Hombergh, Heleen van (eds.): Gender and land use, Diversity in environmental practices, Thela Publishers, Amsterdam, pp.87-105. [229]

Bigombe Logo, Patrice / Bikie, Elise-Henriette (2003): Women and land in Cameroon, Questioning women’s land status and claims for change, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land rights in Africa, Zed Books, London, pp.31-66. [230]

Brandt-Gerbeth, Elisabeth (1985): Frauen und Entwicklung in Kamerun, Die sozio-ökonomische Bedeutung der Frauenarbeit im Subsistenzsektor, dargestellt im Kontext der ländlichen Entwicklung des Staates Kamerun, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M. [231]

Bruchhaus, Eva-Maria (1984): Von der Bäuerin zur Hilfskraft? Oder: "Tierische Arbeitskraft erleichtert die Landwirtschaft", in: Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit, Heft 6, pp.19-21. [232]

Chilver, Elizabeth (1992): Women cultivators, cows and cash crops in Cameroon, in: Ardener, Shirley (ed.): Persons and powers of women in diverse cultures, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.105-133. [233]

De Lancey, M.W. (1987): Women’s cooperative in Cameroon: The cooperative experience of the Northwest and the Southwest Provinces, in: African Studies Review, vol. 30, no. 1, pp.1-18. [234]

De Lancey, Virginia (1978): Women at the Cameroon development corporation, How their money works, in: Rural Africana, 17, 2, pp.9-34. [235]

Diduk, Susan (1989): Women’s agricultural production and political action in the Cameroon grassfields, in: Africa, 59, no. 3, pp.338-356. [236]

Diduk, Susan (2004): The civility of incivility: Grassroots political activism, Female farmers, and the Cameroon State, in: African Studies Review, vol. 47, no. 2, pp.27-54. [237]

Elad, Renata L. / Houston, Jack E. (2002): Seasonal labor constraints and intra-household dynamics in the female fields of Southern Cameroon, in: Agricultural Economics, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 23-32. [238]

Endeley, Joyce (1998): Structural adjustment and the Cameroonian women's lifeline: 1986 to 1995, in: Risseeuw, Carla / Ganesh, Kamala (eds.): Negotiation and social space: A gendered analysis of changing kin and security networks in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, Sage Publications, London, pp.226-255. [239]

Endeley, Joyce / Sikod, Fondo (2007): The social impact of the Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline, How industrial development affects gender relations, land tenure and local culture, Edwin Mellen Press, New York. [240]

Est, Diny van (1997): The changing use and management of floodplain environment by Mousgoum women in north Cameroon, in: Bruijn, Miriam de / Halsema, Ineke van / Hombergh, Heleen van (eds.): Gender and land use – Diversity in environmental practices, Thela Publishers, Amsterdam, pp.9-26. [241]

Ferguson, Anne / Horn, Anne (1984): Resource guide: Women in agriculture: Cameroon, Working paper, Michigan State University, Michigan. [242]

Fisiy, Grace K. Forgwei (2004): Have men become women? Gender and agrarian change in Santa, North West Cameroon, Shaker Verlag, Maastricht. [243]

Fonchingong, Charles (1999): Structural adjustment, women, and agriculture in Cameroon, in: Gender and Development, vol. 7, no. 3, pp.73-79. [244]

Fonchingong, Charles (1999): Structural adjustment, women, and agriculture in Cameroon, in: Gender and Development, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 73-79. [245]

Fonchingong, Charles (2001): Fostering women's participation in development through non-governmental efforts in Cameroon, in: Geographical Journal, vol. 167, no. 3, pp. 223-234. [246]

Fonchingong, Charles (2004): Challenges and coping strategies of women food crops entrepreneurs in Fako Division, Cameroon, in: Journal of international Women's Studies, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 1-17. [247]

Fonchingong, Charles (2005): Nongovernmental organizations and the struggle for a new status for rural women in the North Western Cameroon, in: Thorne, Magdalena E. (ed.): Women in society: Achievements, risks, and challenges, Nova Science Publishers, New York, pp. 159-190. [248]

Fonchingong, Charles (2005): Negotiating livelihoods beyond Beijing: The burden of women food vendors in the informal economy of Limbe, Cameroon, in: International Social Science Journal, vol. 57, no. 184, pp. 243-253. [249]

Fonjong, Lotsmart (2012): Issues in women’s land rights in Cameroon, Duala and African Books Collective, Oxford. [250]

Gladwin, Christina (1991): Fertilizer subsidy removal programs and their potential impact on women farmers in Malawi and Cameroon, in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp.191-216. [251]

Gladwin, Christina (1992): Gendered impacts of fertilizer subsidy removal programs in Malawi and Cameroon, in: Agricultural Economics, vol. 7, pp.141-153. [252]

Goheen, Miriam (1991): Ideology, gender, and change: Social relations of production and reproduction in Nso, Cameroon, in: Downs, R.E. / Kerner, Donna / Reyna, Stephen (eds.): The political economy of African famine, Gordon and Breach Publishers, Philadelphia, pp.273-292. [256]

Goheen, Miriam (1996): Men own the fields, women own the crops - Gender and power in the Cameroon Grassfields, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. [257]

Goheen, Miriam (1988): Land accumulation and local control: The negotiation of symbols in Nso, Cameroon, in: Downs, Richard / Reyna, Steven (eds.): Land and society in contemporary Africa, University Press of New England, Hanover, N.H., pp.280-308. [253]

Goheen, Miriam (1988): Land and the household economy, Women of the Grassfield today, in: Davidson, Jean (ed.): Women, agriculture and land: The African experience, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.90-105. [254]

Goheen, Miriam (1991): The ideology and political economy of gender: Women and land in Nso, Cameroon, in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp.239-256. [255]

Goodridge, Richard (1995): Women and plantations in West Cameroon since 1900, in: Shepherd, V. / Brereton, B. / Bailey, B. (eds.): Engendering history: Current directions in the study of women and gender in Caribbean History, St. Martins Press, New York, pp. 384-402. [258]

Guyer, Jane (1978): Women's work in the food economy of the cocoa belt: A comparison, Boston. [259]

Guyer, Jane (1980): Female farming and the evolution of food production patterns amongst the Beti of South-Central Cameroon, in: Africa, vol. 50, no. 4, pp.341-356. [260]

Guyer, Jane (1980): Food, cocoa, and the division of labour by sex in two West African societies, in: Comparative Studies on Society and History, vol. 22, no. 3, pp.355-373. [261]

Guyer, Jane (1988): The multiplication of labour, Historical methods in the study of gender and agriculture in Africa, in: Current Anthropology, vol. 29, no. 2, pp.247-272. [262]

Haller, Tobias (2001): Leere Speicher, erodierte Felder und das Bier der Frauen, Umweltanpassung und Krise bei den Ouldeme und Platha in den Mandarabergen Nord-Kameruns, Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin. [263]

Hartwig, Elisabeth (1999): Frauenorganisationen und Selbsthilfegruppen: Ein Schritt in die Selbstständigkeit, in: Entwicklung und ländlicher Raum, 2, pp.10-12. [264]

Hartwig, Elisabeth (2002): Die Macht, aufzustehen und zu reden - Landfrauen im Nord-Westen Kameruns und ihre Vorstellungen über Handlungsmacht und Teilhabe, Landfrauen als Akteurinnen im Prozess des sozialen und politischen Wandels, in: Peripherie, Nr. 87, pp.315-336. [265]

Hartwig, Elisabeth (2004): ‘We get our sense and our sense will show us the way to do things’, Wissenskonzepte kamerunischer Landfrauen in ihrer Bedeutung für gesellschaftliche Veränderung, in: Schareika, Nikolaus / Bierschenk, Thomas (Hg.): Lokales Wissen – Sozialwissenschaftliche Perspektiven, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.163-183. [266]

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Kah, Henry Kam (2011): Women’s resistance in Cameroon Western Grassfields, The power of symbols, organization and leadership, 1957-1961, in: African Studies Review, vol. 12, no. 3, pp.67-93. [269]

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Koenings, Piet (1998): Women plantation workers and economic crisis in Cameroon, in: Jain, Shobhita / Reddock, Rhoda (eds.): Women plantation workers - International experiences, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.151-165. [271]

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Koopman Henn, Jean (1985): Economic ties between peasant and worker, The Beti women’s rural labour and the urban wage, in: Barbier, J.C. (ed.): Femmes du Cameroon, Orston Publications, Paris, pp.393-401. [273]

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Krieger, Judith (2000): Entrepreneurs and women’s well-being, Women’s agricultural and trading strategies in Cameroon, in: Spring, Anita (ed.): Small scale farmers and commercial ventures, Increasing food security in developing countries, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp.233-251. [275]

Lewis, Barbara (1990): Farming women, public policy, and the women’s ministry: A case study from Cameroon, in: Staudt, Kathleen (ed.): Women, international development, and politics, The Bureaucratic Mire, Temple University Press, Philadelphia, pp.180-200. [276]

Mope Simo, John A. (1992): Gender, agro-pastoral production and class formation in Bamunka, North-Western Cameroon, School of Development Studies, Ph.D. thesis No. 4, Part 1 and 2, University of East Anglia Publications, Norwich. [277]

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Ngwa, Emmanuel E. (1995): The role of women in environmental management, An overview of the rural Cameroonian situation, in: Geo Journal, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 515-520. [279]

Njoh, Ambe (1999): Gender biased transportation planning in Sub-Saharan Africa with special reference to Cameroon, in: Journal of African and Asian Studies, vol. 34, no. 2, pp.216-234. [280]

Orock, Rogers (2010): An assessment of the evolution of land tenure system in Cameroon and its effects on women’s land rights and food security, in: Perspectives on Global Development and Technology, vol. 9, no. 1-2, pp.154-169. [281]

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Ross, Deborah / Gladwin, Christina (2000): The differential effects of capitalism and patriarchy on women farmers’ access to markets in Cameroon, in: Spring, Anita (ed.): Small scale farmers and commercial ventures, Increasing food security in developing countries, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp.41-64. [283]

Ruiz Perez, Manuel / NDoye, Ousseynou et al. (2002): A gender analysis of forest product markets in Cameroon, in: Africa Today, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 97-126. [284]

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Santen, Jose van (1992): Der Autonomie-Ansatz in der niederländischen Entwicklungsdiskussion, Veränderungen der Frauenökonomie bei den Mafa (Nord Kamerun) im Zuge der Islamisierung, in: Peripherie, 47/48, pp.172-151. [286]

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Sikod, Fondo (2007): Gender division of labour and women's decision-making power in rural households in Cameroon, in: Africa Development, vol. 32, no. 3, pp.58-71. [288]

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Sunderlin, William / Pokam, Jacques (2002): Economic crisis and forest cover change in Cameroon, The role of migration, crop diversification, and gender division of labour, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 50, no. 3, pp.581-606. [290]

Walker, Tjip (1990): Innovative agricultural extension for women, A case study in Cameroon, World Bank Working Papers: Women in Development, WPS 403, Washington D.C. [291]

Westermann, Verene (1992): Die ökonomische Rolle der Frau, in: Westermann, Verena: Women’s disturbances, Der Anlu-Aufstand bei den Kom (Kamerun) 1958-1960, Lit-Verlag, Hamburg, pp.42-44. [292]

Zuiderwijk, Adri / Schaafsma, Juliette (1997): Male out-migration, changing women’s roles and consequences for environmental management – The case of Mafa in northern Cameroon, in: Bruijn, Miriam de / Halsema, Ineke van / Hombergh, Heleen van (eds.): Gender and land use – Diversity in environmental practices, Thela Publishers, Amsterdam, pp.87-105. [293]


Central African Republic

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Chad

Patterson, Brown, Ellen (1991): Sex and starvation: Famine in three Chadian societies, in: Downs, R.E. / Kerner, Donna / Reyna, Stephen (ed.): The political economy of African famine, Gordon and Breach Publishers, Philadelphia, pp.293-321. [294]

Weinberger, Kathinka (2001): The determinants of women’s participation in rural Chad, in: Webb, Patrick / Weinberger, Kathinka (eds.): Women farmers, Enhancing rights, recognition and productivity, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp.189-201. [295]


D.R. Congo / Zaire

Bargel, Gabriele (1995): Problemwissen und Entwicklungsvorstellungen von Bäuerinnen in Zaire, in: Honerla, Susan / Schröder, Peter (Hg.): Lokales Wissen und Entwicklung, Verlag für Entwicklungspolitik, Saarbrücken, pp.150-164. [296]

Dupré, Marie-Claude (1995): Mothers, healers and farmers in Congo, in: Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (ed.): Women wielding the hoe, Lessons from rural Africa for feminist theory and development practice, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.151-163. [297]

Grundfest Schoepf, Brooke / Schoepf, Claude (1988): Land, gender and food security in Eastern Kivu, Zaire, in: Davison, Jean (ed.): Agriculture, women and land, The African experience, Boulder, Westview Press, pp.106-130. [298]

Grundfest Schoepf, Brooke / Schoepf, Claude (1993): Gender, land and hunger in Eastern Zaire, in: Huss-Ashmore, Rebecca / Katz, Solomon (eds.): African food systems in crisis, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York, pp.75-106. [299]

Mputela, Mbongolo-Ndundu / Kraft, Steven (1994): Women farmers’ role in managing cassava production in Bandundu, Zaire, in: Journal of Farming System Research Extension, 4, 2, pp.57-70. [300]

Newbury, Catharine / Grundfest Schoepf, Brooke (1989): State, peasantry, and agrarian crisis in Zaire: Does gender make a difference, in: Parpart, Jane / Staudt, Kathleen (eds.): Women and the state in Africa, Lynne Rienner Publications, Boulder, pp.91-110. [302]

Newbury, Catherine (1984): Ebutumwa Bw’Emiogo: The tyranny of cassava – A women’s tax revolt in Eastern Zaire, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 18, no. 1, pp.35-54. [301]

Schoepf, Brooke / Engundu, Walu (1991): Women and structural adjustment in Zaire in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp.151-168. [303]

Shapiro, David (1990): Farm size, household size and composition, and women’s contribution to agricultural production, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 27, no. 1, pp.1-21. [304]


Djibouti

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Equatorial Guinea

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Eritrea

Burgess, Doris (1991): Women and health in Eritrea, in: Wallace, Tina / March, Candida (eds.): Changing perceptions, Writings on gender and development, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp.210-209. [305]

Christman, Stefanie (1996): Landwirtschaft, food for work-programme und Selbsthilfegruppen, in: Christman, Stefanie: Die Freiheit haben wir nicht von den Männern, Frauen in Eritrea, Horlemann Verlag, Bad Honnef, pp.65-73. [306]

Dempf, Martina (1994): Women and food security, A case study on the Nara and Kunama societies in Eritrea, GTZ-Studie, Eschborn. [307]

Gebremedhin, Tesfa (2002): Women, tradition and development, Africa World Press, Trenton. [308]

Tekle, Tsehainesh (2001): Women’s access to land and property rights in Eritrea, in: Buregeya, Alfred / Garling, Marguerite et al. (ed.): Women’s land and property rights in situations of conflict and reconstruction, UNIFEM Publications, New York, pp.104-112. [309]


Ethiopia

Belay, Membrahtom / Deressa, Wakgari (2008): Use of insecticide treated nets by pregnant women and associated factors in a predominantly rural population in Northern Ethiopia, in: Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 13, no. 10, pp.1303-1313. [310]

Berhane, Betemariam / White, Michael (2000): War, famine, and female migration in Ethiopia, 1960-1989, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 49, pp.91-113. [311]

Berhane, Yemane / Gossaye, Y. / Emmelin, M. / Hogberg, U. (2001): Women's health in a rural setting in societal transition in Ethiopia, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 53, pp.1525-1539. [313]

Berhane-Selassi, Tsehai (1997): Ethiopian rural women and the state, in: Mikell, Gwendolyn (ed.): African feminism, The politics of survival in Sub-Saharan Africa, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, pp.183-205. [312]

Buchy, Marlene / Basaznew, Felekech (2005): Gender blind organizations deliver gender-biased services, The case of Asawa Bureau of Agriculture in Ethiopia, in: Gender, Technology and Development, vol. 9, no. 2, pp.235-251. [314]

Chesoni, Atango / Githaiga, Grace (2003): Enhancing Ethiopian women’s access and control over land, The second workshop, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land in Africa, Culture, religion and realizing women’s rights, Zed Books, London, pp.340-374. [315]

Dankelman, Irene / Davison, Joan (1990): Gartenbau in der Golgotta Siedlung, Äthiopien, in: Dankelman, Irene / Davison, Joan: Frauen und Umwelt in den südlichen Kontinenten, Peter Hammer Verlag, Wuppertal, pp.47-48. [316]

Dicks, Barbara (1995): Socio-cultural aspects of Ethiopian women’s contributions to agriculture, in: James, Valentine Udoh (ed.): Women and sustainable development in Africa, Praeger Publishers, pp.85-100. [317]

Donham, Donald (1983): Elders, juniors and women in Malle, Southwest Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, vol. 5-7, pp.13-22. [318]

Dougherty, Michael (2002): Gender scripts and declining soil fertility in Southern Ethiopia, in: African Studies Review, vol. 6, no. 1-2, pp.1-34. [319]

Eshetu, Melaku (1996): The level of maternal mortality in Mafud District of Northern Shewa, Central Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research,vol. 18, pp. 79-93. [320]

Fafchamps, Marcel / Quisumbing, Agnes Mary R. (2005): Marriage, bequest, and assortative matching in rural Ethiopia, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 53, no. 2, pp.347-380. [321]

Flintan, Fiona (2010): Securing benefits for pastoral women from land tenure reform in Ethiopia, in: Journal of Eastern African Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp.153-178. [322]

Gaesing, Karin (2004): Sir’ate Tsota heißt Gender, Gender, Entwicklung und Kultur in Äthiopien, in: Entwicklungsethnologie, vol. 13, 1-2, pp.123-137. [323]

Hogan, Dennis / Berhanu, Betemariam / Hailemariam, Assefa (1999): Household organisation, women’ autonomy and contraception behaviour in Southern Ethiopia, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 30, no. 4, pp.302-314. [324]

Holden, S. / Deininger, Klaus / Ghebru, Hosaena (2011): Tenure security, gender, low-cost land certification and land rental market participation in Ethiopia, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 47, no. 1, pp.31-47. [326]

Holden, S. / Tefera, Tewodros (2008): From being property to men to becoming equal owners? Early impacts of land registration and certification on women in Southern Ethiopia, Research Paper, Helsinki/Addis Abeba. [325]

Kaba, Mirgissa (2004): Fertility regulation among women in rural communities around Jimma, Western Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Health and Development, vol. 14, no. 2, pp.17-22. [327]

Kagoiya, Rachel / Chesoni, Atsango / Wanyeki, Muthoni (2003): Women’s access to and control over land in Ethiopia, The first workshop, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land in Africa, Culture, religion and realizing women’s rights, Zed Books, London, pp.319-339. [328]

Knoll, Karin (2006): Äthiopien, Gender und Landrechte, Gender Box, Wiener Institut für Entwicklungsfragen und Zusammenarbeit, VIDC, Wien. [329]

Mamo, Tekaling / Ayele, Gezahegn (2003): Poverty, land resource management and gender participation in Libokemkem District of Northern Ethiopia, in: Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, vol. 104, no. 1, pp.51-64. [330]

Mariam, Dagmawi (1983): Education and training for women in rural Ethiopia, FAO: National workshop: Women in agricultural development, Working Paper, Rome. [332]

Massow, von Fra (2002): ‘We are forgotten on earth’, International development targets, poverty, and gender in Ethiopia, in: Sweetman, Caroline (ed.): Gender in the 21th century, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp.45-54. [331]

Narrowe, Judith (1989): ”All you have to do is teach me”, Reflections on women, education, and training in the Dodota Water Supply Project in Arssi, Ethiopia, Development Studies Unit, Working Paper No. 13, University of Stockholm, Stockholm. [333]

Olmstead, Judith (1975): Farmers wife, weavers wife, Women and work in two Southern Ethiopian communities, in: African Studies Review, vol. 18, no. 3, pp.85-97. [334]

Olmstead, Judith (1997): Women between two worlds, Portrait of a Ethiopian rural women leader, Routlege Publications, New York. [335]

Pankhurst, Helen (1992): Household economy, Beyond the plough and ox, in: Pankhurst, Helen: Gender, development and identity, An Ethiopian case study, Zed Books, London, pp.75-109. [336]

Poluha, Eva (1988): The producer’s cooperative as an option for women – A case study from Ethiopia, in: Hedlund, Hans (ed.): Cooperatives revisited, Scandinavian University Press, Uppsala, pp.139-152. [337]

Poluha, Eva (eds. (2009): The world of girls and boys in rural Ethiopia, Forum for Social Studies, Addis Abeba. [338]

Quisumbing, Agnes Maria R. (2003): Food aid and child nutrition in rural Ethiopia, in: World Development, vol. 31, no. 7, pp.1309-1324. [339]

Quisumbing, Agnes Maria R. / Maluccio, John (2000): Intrahousehold allocation and gender relations, International Food Policy Research Programme, Discussion Paper no. 84, Washington D.C. [340]

Quisumbing, Agnes Maria R. / Yisehac, Y. (2004): How fair is workfare? Gender, public works, and employment in rural Ethiopia, International Food Policy Research Programme, Working Paper no. 3492, Washington D.C. [341]

Selassie, Alasebu Gebra (1983): Women on settlement sites, FAO: National workshop: Women in agricultural development, Working Paper, Rome. [342]

Selassie, Alasebu Gebra (1991): An experience in the improvements of employment conditions of rural women in Ethiopia, the case of Golgotta settlement horticultural initiative and DANA I settlement goat raising project for women, in: ILO (ed.): Rural Development and women, Lessons from the field, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.7-20. [343]

Tadesse, Zenabaworke (1982): The impact of land reform on women: The case of Ethiopia, in: Beneria, L. (ed.): Women and development, Praeger Publishers, Lanham, pp.203-222. [344]

Tadesse, Zenabaworke (2003): Women and land rights in the Third World, The case of Ethiopia, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land rights in Africa, Culture, religion and realizing women’s rights, Zed Books, London, pp.67-95. [345]

Teklu, Askale (2005): Land registration an women’s land rights in Amhara region, Ethiopia, SOS Sahel, Research Report 4, Addis Abeba. [346]

Tiruneh, Addis / Tesfaye, Teklu / Verkuijl, Hugo / Mwangi, Wilfred (2000): Gender differences in agricultural productivity among smallhodes in Ada, Lume, Gimbichu Weredas of the Central Highlands of Ethiopia, in: Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, vol. 22, pp.1-24. [347]

Torkelsson, Asa / Tassew, Bekele (2008): Quantifying women’s and men’s rural resource portfolios, Empirical evidence from Western Shoa in Ethiopia, in: European Journal of Development Research, vol. 20, pp.462-481. [348]

Uraguchi, Zenebe Bashaw (2010): Food price hikes, food security, and gender equality: assessing the roles and vulnerability of women in households of Bangladesh and Ethiopia, in: Gender and Development, vol. 18, no. 3, pp.49-501. [349]

World Bank / International Food Policy Research Institute (2010): Gender and governance in rural services, Insights from India, Ghana and Ethiopia, Wold Bank / IFPRI, Washington D.C. [350]

Wubneh, Haile (1983): Health and nutritional aspects of women in agricultural development, National workshop: Women in agricultural development, Working Paper, FAO, Rome. [351]

Zeleke, Meron (2010): The mother and the bread winner, The socio-economic role and status of Gumez women, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [352]

Zwede, Bahru (ed. (2003): Land, gender and the periphery, Themes in the history of Eastern and Southern Africa, OSSREA Publications, Addis Ababa. [353]


Gabon

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Gambia

Baaba Folson, Rose (1997): Experiences with women’s projects in The Gambia, in: Altmann, Uta / Teherani-Krönner, Parto (eds.): What have women’s projects accomplished so far? Humboldt University Berlin, Berlin, pp.239-250. [354]

Baker, Kathleen (2000): Ecological possibilities and political constraints: Adjustments of farming to protracted drought by women and men in the Western Division of the Gambia, in: Stott, Philip A. / Sullivan, Sian (eds.): Political Ecology: Science, Myth and Power, Arnold Publishers, Oxford, pp.157-178. [355]

Barrett, Hazel / Browne, Angela (1989): Time for development? The case of women’s horticultural schemes in rural Gambia, in: Scottish Geographical Magazine, vol. 105, no. 1, pp.4-11. [356]

Barrett, Hazel / Browne, Angela (1993): The impact of labour-saving devices on the lives of rural African women: Grain mills in The Gambia, in: Momsen, Henshall Janet / Kinnaird, Vivian (eds.): Different places, different voices, Gender and development in Africa, Asia and Latin America, Routledge Publications, London, pp.52-62. [357]

Beckerleg, S. (1994): Gender, work and illness: The influence of a research unit on an agricultural community in the Gambia, in: Health Policy and Planning, vol. 9, pp. 419-428. [358]

Bledsoe, Caroline / Hill, Allan et al. (1994): Constructing natural fertility, The use of Western contraceptive technology in rural Gambia, in: Population and Development Review, vol. 20, no. 1, pp.81-113. [359]

Carney, Judith / Watts, Michael (1990): Manufacturing dissent: Work, gender and the politics of meaning in a peasant society, in: Africa, vol. 60, no. 2, pp.207-241. [363]

Carney, Judith / Watts, Michael (1991): Disciplining women? Rice, mechanization, and the evolution of Mandinka gender relations in Senegambia, in: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 16, no. 4, pp.651-681. [364]

Carney, Judith A. (1988): Struggles over land and crops in an irrigated rice scheme: The Gambia, in: Davison, Jean (ed.): Agriculture, Women, and Land, The African experience, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.59-78. (and published in: Journal of Peasant Studies, vol. 15, 3, pp.334-349.) [360]

Carney, Judith A. (1992): Peasant women and economic transformation in The Gambia, in: Development and Change, vol. 23, no. 2, pp.67-90. [361]

Carney, Judith A. (1993): Converting the wetland, engendering the environment: the intersection of gender with agrarian change in The Gambia, in: Economic Geography, vol. 69, pp.329-348. [362]

Dey, Jennie (1981): Gambian women: Unequal partners in rice development projects? in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 17, no. 1, pp.109-122. [365]

Dey, Jennie (1983): Women in rice farming systems with a focus on Africa, FAO, Rome. [366]

Elcoat, Michelle Jeanne (1988): The place of women in rural development - Examples from East and West Africa, A direct approach of NGO’s in Gambia, in: Poulton, Robin / Harris, Michel (eds.): Putting people first, Voluntary organisations and third world development, London, pp.98-112. [367]

Gunnarsson, Björn (2011): The influence of male migration on female resources, independence, and development in Gambian villages, in: Gender and Development, vol. 19, no. 1, pp.115-128. [368]

Kea, Pamela (2004): Maintaining difference and managing change, Female agrarian clientelist relations in a Gambian community, in: Africa, vol. 74, no. 3, pp.361-383. [369]

Kea, Pamela (2007): Girl farm labour and double-shift schooling in The Gambia: The paradox of development intervention, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 258-288. [370]

Kea, Pamela (2010): Land, labour and entrustment, West African female farmers and the politics of difference, Brill Publishers, Leiden. [371]

Nath, Kamla (1985): Women and vegetable gardens in the Gambia: Action and Rural Development, Working Paper no. 109, African Studies Centre, Boston University, Boston. [372]

Nath, Kamla (1985): Labour-saving techniques in food processing: Rural women and technological change in The Gambia, Working Papers no. 108, African Studies Centre, Boston University, Boston. [373]

Norem, Margaret / Russo, Sandra / Sambou, Marie / Marlett, Melanie (1988): The women’s program of the Gambian mixed farming project, in: Poats, Susan / Schmink, Marianne / Spring, Anita (eds.): Gender issues in farming systems research and extension, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.303-314. [374]

Schroeder, Richard (1993): Shady practice: Gender and the political ecology of resource stabilization in Gambian garden/orchards, in: Economic Geography, vol. 69, no. 4, pp.349-365. [377]

Schroeder, Richard (1996): „Gone to their second husbands“: Marital metaphors and conjugal contracts in The Gambia’s female garden sector, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 30, no. 1, pp.69-87. [378]

Schroeder, Richard (2000): `Re-claiming' land in the Gambia, Gendered property rights and environmental intervention, in: Broch-Due, Vigdis / Schroeder, Richard A. (eds.): Producing nature and poverty in Africa, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp.268-292. [379]

Schäfer, Rita (1995): Frauenzusammenschlüsse der Mandinka, in: Schäfer, Rita: Afrikanische Frauenorganisationen und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Traditionelle und moderne afrikanische Frauenorganisationen im interethnischen Vergleich, Centaurus Verlag, Pfaffenweiler, pp.189-204. [375]

Schäfer, Rita (1995): Geschlechteraspekte der Wissenssysteme und Wissenskommunikation in westafrikanischen Agrarkulturen, in: Honerla, Susan / Schröder, Peter (Hg.): Lokales Wissen und Entwicklung, Zur Relevanz kulturspezifischen Wissens für Entwicklungsprozesse, Verlag für Entwicklungspolitik, Saarbrücken, pp.279-293. [376]

Weil, Peter (1973): Wet rice, women and adaptation in the Gambia, in: Rural Africana, no. 19, pp.20-29. [380]

Weil, Peter (1976): The staff of life: Food and the female fertility in a West African society, in: Africa, vol. 46, pp.182-195. [381]


Ghana

Abane, Henrietta (2004): ‘The girls do not learn hard enough so they cannot do certain types of work’, Experiences from an NGO sponsored gender sensitisation workshop in a Southern Ghanaian community, in: Community Development Journal, vol. 39, no. 1, pp.49-61. [382]

Adzawla, William / Baumüller, Heike (2021): Effects of livelihood diversification on gendered climate vulnerability in Northern Ghana, in: Environment, Development and Sustainability, vol. 23, pp. 923–946 [11640]

Akudugu, Mamadu / Egyir, Irene / Mensah-Bonsu, Akwasi (2009): Women farmers’ access to credit from rural banks in Ghana, in: Agricultural Finance Review, vol. 69, no. 3, pp.284-299. [383]

Akurang-Parry, Kwabena (2002): The loads are heavier than usual": Forced labor by women and children in the Central Province, Gold Coast (colonial Ghana), ca. 1900-1940, in: African Economic History: no. 30, pp.31-51. [384]

Apusigah, Atia Agnes (2009): The gendered politics of farm household production and the shaping of women’s livelihood in Northern Ghana, in: Feminist Africa, vol. 12, pp.51-68. [385]

Ardiayfio-Schandorf, Elizabeth (1993): Household energy supply and rural women’s work in Ghana, in: Momsen, Henshall Janet / Kinnaird, Vivian (eds.): Different places, different voices, Gender and development in Africa, Asia and Latin America, Routledge Publications, London, pp.15-29. [386]

Asare, Benjamin (1995): Women in the commercial agriculture: The cocoa economy in Southern Ghana, in: James, Valentine Udoh (ed.): Women and sustainable development in Africa, Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp.101-112. [387]

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Awumbila, Mariama (1997): Gender and structural adjustment, A case study in North-Eastern Ghana, in: Awotona, Adenrele / Teymur, Necdet (eds.): Tradition, location and community, Place-making and development, Avebury, Aldershot, pp.161-172. [388]

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Guinea

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Guinea Bisseau

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Ivory Coast

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Kenya

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Liberia

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Madagascar

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Malawi

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Kennedy, Eileen / Peters, Pauline (1992): Household food security and child nutrition: The interaction of income and gender of household head, in: World Development, vol. 20, No. 8, pp.1077-1085. [651]

Kerr, Rachel Bezner (2005): Food security in Northern Malawi, Gender, kinship relations and entitlements in historical context, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 31, no. 1, pp.53-74. [652]

Kerr, Rachel Bezner (2005): Informal labor and social relations in northern Malawi: The theoretical challenges and implications of Ganyu labor for food security, in: Rural Sociology, vol. 70, pp. 167-187. [653]

Kranzer, Katharina / McGrath, Nuela / Saul, Jacky (2008): Individual, household and community factors associated with HIV test refusal in rural Malawi, in: Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 1341-1350. [654]

Malindi, Grace Margaret (1995): Participation of rural women in Malawi national rural development program, in: James, Valentine Udoh (ed.): Women and sustainable development in Africa, Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp.113-132. [655]

Mandala, Elias (1982): Peasant cotton agriculture, gender and intergenerational relationships: The Lower Tchiri (Shire) valley of Malawi, 1906-1940, in: African Studies Review, 25, no.2-3, pp.27-44. [656]

Mandala, Elias (1984): Capitalism, kinship and gender in the Lower Shire Valley of Malawi, 1860-1960, in: African Economic History, vol. 13, pp.137-169. [657]

Miller, Kate / Zulu, Eliya Msiyaphazi / Watkins, Susan Cotts (2001): Gender and husband-wife survey responses in Malawi, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 32, no. 2, pp.161-163. [658]

Mkandawire, Mulomboji (1984): Customary land, the state and agrarian change in Malawi: The case of the Chewa peasantry in the Lilongwe Rural Development Project, in: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, vol. 3, no. 3, pp.109-128. [659]

Mkandawire, Mulomboji Richard (1989): Invisible farmers: Women in agriculture in Southern Africa, A case study of Malawi, in: Journal of Extension Systems, 5, 1, pp.23-33. [660]

Mtika, Mike Mathambo (2000): Social and cultural relations in economic action, The embeddedness of food security in rural Malawi admist the AIDS epidemic, in: Environment and Planning, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 32, no. 2, pp.345-360. [661]

Mtika, Mike Mathambo (2003): Family transfers in a subsistence economy and under a high incidence of HIV/AIDS, The case of rural Malawi, in: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, vol. 21, no. 1, pp.69-92. [662]

Muylwijk, Joke (1995): Gender ideology and differences in access to animal draught power for women farmers in Malawi and Zimbabwe, in: Agrarian Questions, Proceedings, vol.4, Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen, pp.1-20. [663]

Orr, Alastair / Mwale, Blessings (2001): Adapting to adjustment, Smallholder livelihood strategies in Southern Malawi, in: World Development, vol. 29, no. 8, pp.1325-1343. [664]

Osterhaus, Juliane (1992): Promotion of women in rural areas, Critical review of five years project experiences in business promotion and recommendations for a future concept, GTZ-Studie, Eschborn. [665]

Paul, Sabine / Reichenbach, Gabi (1996): Das Gender-Thema in Studien der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit mit Malawi, GTZ Publikationen, Universum Verlag, Wiesbaden. [666]

Peters, Pauline (1997): Against many odds: Matriliny, land and gender in the Shire highlands of Malawi, in: Critique of Anthropology, vol. 17, pp.189-210. [667]

Riley, Pamela Johnson (1995): Gender issues and the training of agricultural extensionalists in Malawi, in: Agriculture and Human Values, vol. 12, no. 1, pp.31-38. [668]

Rose, Laurel (2002): Women’s strategies for customary land access in Swaziland and Malawi: A comparative study, in: Africa Today, vol. 49, no. 2, pp.123-149. [669]

Seljeskog, Line / Sundby, Johanne / Chimango, Jane (2006): Factors influencing women’s choice of place of delivery in rural Malawi, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 10, no. 3, pp.66-75. [670]

Sigman, Vickie (1995): Increasing female household-head participation in agricultural extension in Malawi, in: James, Valentine Udoh (ed.): Women and sustainable development in Africa, Praeger Publishers, Westport, pp.133-158. [671]

Soldan, Paz Valerie / DeGraft-Johnson, Joseph / Bisika, Thomas / Tsui, Amy (2007): Economic and demographic determinants of sexual risk behaviours among men in rural Malawi, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 11, pp.33-46. [673]

Soldan, Valerie Paz (2004): How family planning ideas are spread within social groups in rural Malawi, in: Journal of Family Planning, vol. 35, no. 4, pp.275-290. [672]

Spittler, Anna E. (1987): Training promotes self-confidence, Practical experience in technical and commercial training of rural women in Malawi, in: GATE, Heft 3, pp.14-20. [674]

Spring, Anita (1986): Men and women smallholder participants in a stall feeder livestock program in Malawi, in: Human Organization, vol. 45, no. 2, pp.154-162. [675]

Spring, Anita (1986): Trials and errors: Using farming systems research in agricultural programs for women, in: Jones, Jeffry / Wallace, Ben (eds.): Social sciences and farming systems research, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.123-143. [676]

Spring, Anita (1988): Putting women on the development agenda: Agricultural development in Malawi, in: Brokensha, David W. / Little, Peter D. (eds.): Anthropology of development and change in East Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.13-42. [677]

Spring, Anita (1988): Using male extension and research personnel to target women farmers, in: Poats, Susan / Schmink, Marianne / Spring, Anita (eds.): Gender issues in farming systems research and extension, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.407-426. [678]

Spring, Anita (1993): Profiles of men and women smallholders in Malawi, in: Huss-Ashmore, Rebecca / Katz, Solomon (eds.): African food systems in crisis, Part two: Contending with change, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York, pp.107-136. [679]

Spring, Anita (1995): WIADP and a decade of work on women in agriculture: Lessons learned, in: Spring, Anita (ed.): Agricultural development and gender issues in Malawi, University of America Press, Lanham, pp.269-283. [680]

Swaminathan, H. / Findeis, J.L. (2003): Access to credit and women's work decision: An empirical study in rural Malawi, in: Journal of Population, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1-50. [681]

Uttaro, Robert (2002): Diminishing choices, Gender, small bags of fertilizer, and household food security decisions in Malawi, in: African Studies Quarterly, vol. 6, no. 1, pp.16-34. [682]

Van den Borne, Francine (2005): ‚It is better for me to die’, How structural violence kills HIV prevention efforts for women in Malawi, in: Medische Antropologie, Jg. 17, No. 1, pp.73-90. [686]

Vaughan, Megan (1982): Food production and family labour in Southern Malawi: The Shire Highlands and Upper Shire Valley and the early colonial period, in: Journal of African History, vol. 23, no. 3, pp.351-364. [683]

Vaughan, Megan (1986): Household units and historical process in Southern Malawi, in: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 34, pp.35-45. [684]

Vaughan, Megan (1987): The story of an African famine: Gender and famine in twentieth century Malawi, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. (new edition: 2007). [685]


Mali

Barbeau, Silva / Sissoko, H. et al. (1998): Addressing child feeding concers of women farmers in Mali, in: Ecology of Food and Nutrition, vol. 37, no. 1, pp.1-19. [687]

Becker, Laurence (1996): Access to labour in rural Mali, in: Human Organization, vol. 55, pp.279-288. [688]

Broetz, Gabriele (1988): Ihr könnt uns nicht den Regen bringen, Der tägliche Überlebenskampf der Songhay-Frauen im nördlichen Sahel von Mali, in: Beiträge zur feministischen Theorie und Praxis, 23, pp.41-52. [689]

Broetz, Gabriele (1992): Uns bleibt nur der Hunger, Zur Handlungsrationalität von Bäuerinnen in Mali, Lebens- und Arbeitsverhältnisse im Vallée du Niger, Arbeiten aus dem Institut für Afrika-Kunde, Hamburg. [690]

Castle, Sarah / Konate, Mamadou Kani (1995): Child fostering and children's nutritional outcomes in rural Mali: The role of female status in directing child transfers, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 40, pp.679-693. [691]

Castle, Sarah / Konate, Mamadou Kani (2001): “The tongue is venomous”, Perception, verbalisation and manipulation of morality and fertility regimes in rural Mali, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 52, pp.1827-1841. [692]

Creevey, Lucy (1986): The role of women in Malian agriculture, in Creevey, Lucy (ed.): Women farmers in Africa, Rural development in Mali and the Sahel, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, pp.51-66. [693]

Creevey, Lucy (1991): Supporting small-scale enterprises for women farmers in the Sahel, in: Journal of International Development, vol. 3, no. 4, pp.355-386. [694]

De Groote, Hugo (1998): Increasing women’s income through credit in Southern Mali, in: Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture, Zeitschrift für Ausländische Landwirtschaft, vol. 37, no. 1, pp.72-87. [696]

De Groote, Hugo / Coulibaly, N’golo (1998): Gender and generation: An intra-household analysis on access to resources in Southern Mali, in: African Crop Science Journal, vol. 6, pp.79-95. [697]

Defoer, Toon / Kamara, Abdoula / De Groote, Hugo (1997): Gender and variety selection: Farmers‘ assessment of local maize varieties in Southern Mali, in: African Crop Science Journal, vol. 5, no. 1, pp.65-76. [695]

Ernegger, Helga (1994): „Ohne die Hilfe der Migranten müßten wir auch fortgehen ...“, Migration in Samé, Region Kayes (Mali), in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben?: Veränderungen der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.119-130. [698]

Fuhriman, Addi et al. (2006): Meaningful learning? Gendered experiences with an NGO-sponsored literacy program in rural Mali, in: Ethnography and Education, vol. 1, no. 1, pp.103-124. [699]

Hayden, Kether (2009): Issues of gender mainstreaming in photovoltaic installations for health clinic illumination in rural Malian communities, in: Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, vol. 11, no. 3, pp.280-292. [700]

Koenig, Dolores (1997): Women’s roles in settlement and resettlement in Mali, in: Mikell, Gwendoly (ed.): African feminism, the politics of survival in Sub-Saharan Africa, University of Pennesylvania Press, Philadelphia, pp.159-181. [701]

Lilja, Nina / Sanders, John et al. (1996): Factors influencing the payments of women in Malian agriculture, in: American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 78, pp.1340-1345. [702]

Puchner, Laurel (2003): Women and literacy in rural Mali, A study of the socio-economic impact of participating in literacy programms in four villages, in: International Journal of Educational Development, vol. 23, pp. 439-458. [703]

Ruthven, Orlanda / Koné, Mahmadou (1995): Mali: Consequences of migration on natural resource management, in: David, Rosalind (ed.): Changing places? Women, resource management and migration in the Sahel, SOS Sahel Publications, London, pp.115-123. [704]

Schulz, Dorothea (1990): „Ni wari T’i Bòlò“, oder „wenn Du kein Geld hast“, Handlungsspielräume von Bäuerinnen in der Sahelzone, Pöapö-Presse, Mainz. [706]

Schäfer, Michaela (2010): Weißes Gold malischer Frauen – oder was Entwicklung bedeuten kann, Karitébutter auf dem Weg in die Welt vom ‚traditionellen’ Fett zum Eliteprodukt, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [705]

Simard, Paul (1998): Assessing autonomy among Sahelian women: An analytical framework for women’s production work, in: Development in Practice, vol. 8, no. 2, pp.186-202. [707]

Soumaré, Hawa (2000): Femmes rurales et décentralisation au Mali, Quelles perspectives d’avenir? in: Recht in Afrika, Heft 1, pp.57-70. [708]

Thiam, Mariam (1986): The role of women in rural development in the Segou region of Mali, in: Creevey, Lucy (ed.): Women farmers in Africa, Rural development in Mali and the Sahel, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, pp.67-79. [709]

Toulmin, Camilla (1986): Access to food: Dry season strategies and household size amongst the Bambara of Central Mali, in: Bulletin of the Institute of Development Studies, (IDS Bulletin), vol. 17, no. 3, pp.58-66. [710]

Toulmin, Camilla (1992): Cattle, women, and wells, Managing household survival in the Sahel, Claredon Press, Oxford. [711]

Turrittin, Jane (1988): Men, women and market trade in rural Mali, West Africa, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 22, no. 3, pp.583-604. [712]

Wooten, Stephen (2003): Women, men and market gardens, Gender relations and income generation in rural Mali, in: Human Organization, vol. 62, no. 2, pp.166-177. [713]

Wooten, Stephen (2003): Losing ground, Gender relations, commercial horticulture and threats to local plant diversity in rural Mali, in: Howard, Patricia (ed.): Women and plants, Gender relations in biodiversity management and conservation, Zed Books, London, pp.227-241. [714]

Zoomers, Annelies (1995): From service delivery to business development: Experiences of a rice-milling project for women in Mali, in: Zoomers, A. (ed.): Supporting small-scale enterprise: Case studies in SME interventions, Kit-Publications, Amsterdam, pp.39-48. [715]


Mauritius

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Mozambique

Arndt, Channing / Benfica, Rui / Thurlow, James (2011): Gender implications of biofuels expansion in Africa, The case of Mozambique, in: World Development, vol. 39, no. 9, pp.1649-1662. [717]

Arndt, Channing / Tarp, Finn (2000): Agricultural technology, risk and gender: A CGE analysis of Mozambique, in: World Development, vol. 28, no. 7, pp.1307-326. [716]

Ayisi, Ruth Ansah (1995): Supporting women farmers in the Green Zones of Mozambique, in: Leonard, Ann (ed.): Seeds 2: Supporting women’s work around the world, The Feminist Press, New York, pp.41-63. [718]

Bonate, Liazzat (2003): Women’s land rights in Mozambique, Cultural, legal and social contexts, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land rights in Africa, Culture, religion and realizing women’s rights, Zed Books, London, pp.96-132. [719]

Crush, Jonathan (ed. (2011): Migration-induced HIV and AIDS in rural Mozambique and Swaziland, IDASA Publication, Cape Town. [720]

Davison, Jean (1987): Gender relations of production in collective farming in Mozambique, A case study from Sofala Province, Working Paper, no. 153, Women in International Development, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [721]

Davison, Jean (1988): Land redistribution in Mozambique and its effects on women’s collective production: Case studies from Sofala Province, in: Davison, Jean (ed.): Agriculture, women and land – The African experience, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 228-249. [722]

Gawaya, Rose (2008): Investing in women farmers to eliminate food insecurity in Southern Africa, Policy related research from Mozambique, in: Gender and Development, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 147-159. [723]

Gengenbach, Heidi (2019): From Cradle to Chain? Gendered meanings of cassava commercialization in Mozambique, in: Canadian Journal of Development Studies, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 224-242. [11856]

Gengenbach, Heidi (1998): ‘I’ll bury you in the border!’: Women’s land struggles in post-war Facazisse (Magude District), Mozambique, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 24, no. 1, pp.7-36. [724]

Gotschi, Elisabeth / Njuki, Jemimah / Delve, Robert (2009): Equal numbers, equal chances? A case study of gender differences in the distribution of social capital in smallholder farmer groups in Búzi District, Mozambique, in: European Journal of Development Research, vol. 21, pp.264-282. [725]

Heinrich Böll Stiftung (2010): Gender and Climate Change, Mozambique Case Study, Cape Town, Berlin. [726]

Jochems, Hiltrud / Hippler, Michael (1990): Frauen als Trägerinnen der Entwicklung. Genossenschaftliche Frauenförderung in Mosambik, in: Bornhorst, Bernd (Hg.): Entwicklungszusammenarbeit auf dem Land: Beispiele aus drei Kontinenten, Brimberg Druck, Aachen, pp.139-170. [727]

Kanji, Nazneen / Vijfhuizen, Carin (2004): Cracking cashew nut myths? The challenges of gendered policy research in the cashew sector in Mozambique, in: IDS Bulletin, vol. 35, no. 4, pp.51-59. [728]

Kruks, Sonia /Wisner, Ben (1984): The state, the party and female peasantry in Mozambique, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 11, no. 1, pp.106-127. [729]

Oya, Carlos / Sender, John (2009): Divorced, separated, and widowed women workers in rural Mozambique, in: Feminist Economics, vol. 15, no. 2, pp.1-31. [730]

Penvenne, Jeanne Marie (2015): Women, Migration, and the Cashew Economy in Southern Mozambique 1945–1975, James Currey, Oxford. [11862]

Pitcher, Anne M. (1996): Conflict and cooperation: Gendered roles and responsibilities within cotton households in Northern Mozambique, in: African Studies Review, vol. 39, no. 3, pp.81-112. [731]

Rodet, Marie (2007): Gender und Landrechte, Mosambik, Genderbox, Internet-Recherche/Deskstudie zu Gender und Landrechten, Wiener Institut für Entwicklungsfragen und Zusammenarbeit, Wien. [732]

Sender, John / Oya, Carlos / Cramer, Christopher (2006): Women working for wages, Putting flesh on the bones of a rural labour market survey in Mozambique, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 32, no. 2, pp.313-334. [733]

Sheldon, Kathleen (2002): Pounders of grain, A history of women, work and politics in Mozambique, Heinemann Publishers, Portsmouth. [734]

UN Habitat (2006): Mozambique, Land tenure and gender review, UN Habitat, Nairobi. [735]

Vijfhuizen, Carin / Braga, Carla (2003): Gender, markets and livelihoods in the context of globalization, A study of the cashew sector in Mozambique, International Institute for Environment and Development, IIED, London. [736]

Waterhouse, Rachel (2001): Women’s land rights in post-war Mozambique, in: Buregeya, Alfred / Garling, Marguerite et al. (eds.): Women’s land and property rights in situations of conflict and reconstruction, UNIFEM Publications, New York, pp.45-53. [737]

Waterhouse, Rachel / Vijfhuizen, Carin (eds. (2001): Strategic women - gainful men, Gender, land and natural resources in different rural contexts in Mozambique, UEM, Maputo. [738]

Young, Sherilyn (1977): Fertility and famine: Women’s agricultural history in Southern Mozambique, in: Palmer, Robin / Parsons, Neil (eds.): The roots of rural poverty in Central and Southern Africa, Heinemann Publishers, London, pp.66-81. [739]


Namibia

Andima, Jochbeth (1992): The integration of women in the rural development process, Namibian Economic Policy Research Unit, NEPRU Working Paper, No. 4, Windhoek. [740]

Andima, Jochbeth (1993): Women’s role in the development process with special reference to factors of production, NEPRU Working Paper, No. 17, Namibian Economic Policy Research Unit, Windhoek. [741]

Becker, Heike (2006): ‘New things after independence’, Gender and traditional authorities in post-colonial Namibia, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 32, no. 1, pp.29-48. [742]

Girvan, Lori Ann (1995): Namibia: National report on women, agriculture, and rural development for the Fourth World Conference on women, Working Paper No. 10, Namibian Economic Policy Research Unit, Windhoek. [743]

Iken, Adelheid (1996): Female-headed households as a response to, and consequence of, social change: The situation of single mothers in Southern Namibia, Working Paper No. 7, Basler Afrika Bibliographien, Basel. [744]

Marcus, Rachel / Baden, Sally (1992): Gender and development in Namibia, A country study, Bridge Report, No. 6, Publications of the Institute of Development Studies, Brighton. [746]

Mayer-Himmelheber, Clara / Meyer-Bauer, Dorothea (1996): ‘I am a woman who does many businesses’: Concepts of crafts promotion versus indigenous strategies of income generation in Northern Namibia, in: Entwicklungsethnologie, 5, 2, pp.58-70. [745]

Mufune, Pempelani (2005): Myths about condoms and HIV/AIDS in rural northern Namibia, in: International Social Science Journal, vol. 57, pp.657-686. [747]

Namibian Economic Policy Research Unit (NEPRU (1995): Land reform and the situation of women, unpublished paper, NEPRU-Briefing Paper 10, Windhoek. [748]

Schneider, Monika / Westphal, Ute (1995): Erfahrungen mit Frauen in der Anwendung partizipativer Methoden zur Situationsanalyse und zur Planung von Projektaktivitäten in den kommunalen Gebieten Namibias, in: Altmann, Uta / Teherani-Krönner, Parto (Hg.): Frauen in der ländlichen Entwicklung, Heft 1, HU-Publikationen, Berlin, pp.70-75. [750]

Schäfer, Rita (2002): Transformationen der Ovambo-Gesellschaft und Veränderungen der Anbausysteme in Nord-Namibia, Geschlechterverhältnisse und tradiertes agrar-ökologisches Wissen, in: Anthropos, 97, 1, pp.73-87. [749]

Thomas, Felicity (2008): Remarrige after spousal death, Options facing widows and implications for livelihood security, in: Gender and Development, vol. 16, no. 1, pp.73-83. [751]

UN Habitat (2006): Namibia: Law, land tenure and gender review, Southern Africa, UN-Habitat, Nairobi. [752]

Wanzala, Winnie (1994): Welche Rolle können städtische Frauenorganisationen bei der Emanzipation von Frauen in ländlichen Gebieten spielen? Eine theoretische Untersuchung, in: Peripherie, 53, pp.75-90. [753]

Westphal, Ute / Bergmeier, Uwe u.a. (1994): Participatory methods for situation analysis and planning of project activities, Experiences with women and youth in the communal areas of Namibia, Publikationen des Seminars für ländliche Entwicklung, Berlin. [754]


Niger

Creevey, Lucy (2002): Structural adjustment and the empowerment (or disempowerment) of women in Niger and Senegal, in: Datta, Rekha / Kornberg, Judith (eds.): Women in developing countries: Assessing strategies for empowerment, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp.93-112. [755]

Diarra, Mathe (2006): Landless women, hopeless women? Gender, land and decentralisation in Niger, IIED, London. [756]

Hopkins, Jane / Levin, Carol / Haddad, Lawrence (1994): Women’s income and household expenditure patterns: Gender or flow? Evidence from Niger, in: American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 76, no. 5, pp.1219-1225. [757]

Hulshof, Marian / Sagnia, Sagnia (2003): Women, pesticide use and access to information: Experiences from Niger, in: Jacobs, Miriam / Dinham, Barbara (eds.): Silent invaders, Pesticides, livelihoods and women’s health, Zed Books, London, pp.58-68. [758]

Knissel-Weber, Anja (1989): Zwischen Subsistenz- und Marktwirtschaft - Haussa-Dorfgemeinschaften, Familienbudgets und Märkte in Niger, Arbeiten aus dem Institut für Afrika-Kunde, Hamburg. [759]

Lamers, J.P.A. et al. (1994): Trees for agroforestry systems in Niger: Researchers' gains through local knowledge of men and women, in: Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture, vol. 33, no. 2, pp.179-191. [760]


Nigeria

Abdullah, Hussaina / Hamza, Ibrahim (2003): Women and land in Northern Nigeria, The need for independent ownership, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land rights in Africa, Culture, religion and realizing women’s rights, Zed Books, London, pp.133-175. [761]

Achebe, Nwando (2005): Farmers, traders, warriors, and kings: Female power and authority in Northern Igboland, 1900-1960, Heinemann, Portsmouth. [762]

Adedokun, Olaide / Akande, Oyetuni / Carim, Adeola / Nelson-Twakor, Nancy (2000): Economic liberalisation and women in the informal sector in rural Nigeria, in: Tsikata, Dzodozi / Kerr, Joanna (eds.): Demanding dignity, Economic reforms in Africa, Publications of the North South Institute, Ottawa, pp.181-198. [763]

Adekanye, Tomilayo (1984): Women in agriculture in Nigeria: Problems and prospects for development, in: Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 7, no. 6, pp.423-431. [764]

Adekanye, Tomilayo (1985): Innovation and rural women in Nigeria: Cassava processing and food production, in: Ahmed, Iftikhar (ed.): Technology and rural women: Conceptual and empirical issues, George Allen and Unwin, London, pp.252-283. [765]

Adelmola, Ade (1994): Women farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria, in: Journal of Anthropological Research, vol. 50, pp.311-326. [766]

Adeyemo, Remi (1984): Women in rural areas, A case study of Southwestern Nigeria, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 3, pp.563-572. [767]

Ajaero, J.P. / Imoh, A.N. (2007): Rural women’s involvement in dry season vegetable production and marketing in Ezinihitte local government area of Imo State, Nigeria, in: Global Approaches to Extension Practices, vol. 3, no. 2, pp.9-14. [768]

Ajayi, A.O. / Farinde, A.J. / Laogun, E.A. (2003): Women farmers training needs and their correlates for effective extension programme and poverty reduction in Oyo State of Nigeria, in: Journal of Extension Systems, vol. 19, no. 1, pp.91-102. [769]

Ajayi, Samuel (1997): Women in agriculture as a strategy for food security in Nigeria, in: Journal of Rural Development and Administration, vol. 29, no. 4, pp.11-17. [770]

Ajieh, P.C. / Uzokwe, U.N. (2007): Adoption of cassava production technologies among women farmers in Aniocha South Local Government Area (Lgl), Delta State, Nigeria, in: Global Approaches to Extension Practices, vol. 3, no. 2, pp.15-22. [771]

Akande, Jadesola (1984): Participation of women in rural development (Nigeria), in: ILO (ed.): Rural development and women in Africa, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.129-136. [772]

Akande, M. (1992): Enhancing the performance of women’s multiple roles: A case study of Isonya rural development project, Ile Ife, Nigeria, in: Community Development Journal, vol. 27, no. 1, pp.60-68. [773]

Akanji, Bola (2001): Traded and non-traded commodities in Nigeria’s “traditional agriculture”, in: Webb, Patrick / Weinberger, Katinka (eds.): Women farmers, Enhancing rights, recognition and productivity, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp.73-90. [774]

Anyakoha, Elizabeth / Ozoh, Rosemary (1999): Environmental awareness of rural Nigerian women in Enugu State through appropriate agricultural extension programs, African Rural Social Sciences Research Networks, Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, Issues in African Rural Development Monograph Series no. 13, Arlington. [775]

Aromolaran, Adebayo (2004): Household income, women’s income share and food calorie intake in South Western Nigeria, in: Food Policy, vol. 29, pp.507-530. [776]

Ay, Peter (1990): Women in food processing, Traditional palm oil production and changes through the introduction of appropriate technology, Book Builders Publications, Ibadan. [777]

Azikiwe, Uche (1992): Non-formal education programme for rural women in Nigeria, in: Nigerian Journal of Rural and Community Development, vol. 4, no. 2, pp.82-91. [778]

Babalola, O. / Dennis, Carolyne (1988): Returns to women’s labour in cash-crop production: Tobacco in Igboho, Oyo State, Nigeria, in: Davison, Jean (ed.): Agriculture, women and land, The African experience, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.79-89. [779]

Berry, Sara (1975): Cocoa, custom, and socio-economic change in rural Western Nigeria, Claredon Press, Oxford. [780]

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Rwanda

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Senegal

Ba, Fama Hane / Ndiays, Aminata et al. (1984): The impact of territorial administration reform on the situation of women in Senegal, in: ILO (ed.): Rural development and women in Africa, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.107-116. [876]

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Sierra Leone

Bah, Osman (1988): Women and water supply in rural Sierra Leone, in: Journal of Rural Development, vol. 11, pp.97-109. [897]

Beoku-Betts, Josephine (1990): Agricultural development in Sierra Leone: Implications for rural women in the aftermath of the women’s decade, in: Africa Today, 1, pp.19-35. [898]

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MacCormack, Carol (1982): Control of land, labour and capital in rural Sierra Leone, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.35-53. [908]

MacCormack, Carol (1982): Health, fertility and birth in Moyamba District, Sierra Leone, in: MacCormack, Carol (ed.): Ethnography of fertility and birth, Academic Press, London, pp.115-139. [909]

Safilios-Rothschild, Constantina (1985): The persistence of women's invisibility in agriculture: Theoretical and policy lessons from Lesotho and Sierra Leone, in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 33, no. 2, pp.299-317. [910]

Schäfer, Rita (1995): Geschlechteraspekte der Wissenssysteme und Wissenskommunikation in westafrikanischen Agrarkulturen, in: Honerla, Susan / Schröder, Peter (Hg.): Lokales Wissen und Entwicklung, Zur Relevanz kulturspezifischen Wissens für Entwicklungsprozesse, Verlag für Entwicklungspolitik, Saarbrücken, pp.279-293. [911]

Schäfer, Rita (2002): Hausgärten und Gartengruppen von Frauen in Zimbabwe und Sierra Leone, in: Meyer-Renschhausen, Elizabeth / Müller, Renate / Becker, Petra (Hg.): Die Gärten der Frauen, Zur sozialen Bedeutung von Kleinstlandwirtschaft in Stadt und Land weltweit, Centaurus Verlag, Herbolzheim, pp.99-110. [912]

Stevens, Yvette (1984): Technology for rural women’s activities, Problems and perspectives in Sierra Leone, in: ILO (ed.): Rural development and women in Africa, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.79-98. [913]

Stevens, Yvette (1985): Improved technologies for rural women: Problems and prospects from Sierra Leone, in: Ahmed, Iftikhar (ed.): Technology and rural women: Conceptual and empirical issues, George and Allen Publishers, London, pp.284-326. [914]


Somalia

Besteman, Catherine (1995): Polygyny, women’s land tenure and the mother-son-partnership in Southern Somalia, in: Journal of Anthropological Research, vol. 51, no. 3, pp.193-213. [915]

Kapteijins, Lidwien (1995): Gender relations and the transformation of Northern Somali pastoral tradition, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 28, no. 2, pp.241-259. [916]

Little, Peter (1994): Maidens and milk markets, The sociology of dairy marketing in Southern Somalia, in: Fraktin, Elliot / Galvin, Katheleen / Roth, Eric Abella (eds.): African pastoral systems, An integrated approach, Lynne Rienner, Boulder, pp.165-184. [917]


South Africa

Aggarwal, Rimjhim / Netanyahu, Sinaia / Romano, Claudia (2001): Access to natural resources and the fertility decision of women, The case of South Africa, in: Environment and Development Economics, vol. 6, pp.209-236. [918]

Andrew, Nancy (1998): More than a football field! Access to land among South African rural women, in: L’Afrique Politique, n.N., pp.87-106. (und in: Derman, B. et al. (eds.): Conflicts over land and water in Africa, James Currey, Oxford) [919]

Archer, Fiona / Meer, Shamim (1997): Women, tenure and land reform: The case of Namaqualand’s reserves, in: Meer, Shamim (ed.): Women, land and authority, David Phillip Publishers, Cape Town, pp.84-94. (und in: Cummings, Sarah / van Dam, Henk et al. (eds.): Gender perspectives on property and inheritance, A global source book, KIT Publishers, Amsterdam, 2001, pp.57-67). [920]

Babugura, Agnes (2010): Gender and climate change, South African case study, HBF, Cape Town. [921]

Bank, Leslie / Qambata, Linda (1999): No visible means of subsistence, Rural livelihoods, gender and social change in Mooiplaas, Eastern Cape 1950-1998, ASC working paper no. 34, African Studies Centre, Leiden. [922]

Beinart, William (1987): Women in rural politics: Herschel District in the 1920s and 1930s, in: Bozzoli, Belinda (ed.): Class, community and conflict - South African perspectives, Ravan Press, Johannesburg, pp.324-357. [923]

Bembridge, T.J. (1988): The role of women in agricultural and rural development in the Transkei, in: Journal of Contemporary African Studies, vol. 7, pp.149-182. [924]

Bob, Urmilla (1997): Gender struggles and social differentiation, in: Levin, Richard / Weiner, Daniel (eds.): ‘No more tears…’, Struggles for land in Mpumalanga, South Africa, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp.137-152. [925]

Bob, Urmilla (2002): Rural African women, food (in)security and agricultural production in the Ekutheleni land redistribution project, KwaZulu-Natal, in: Agenda, no. 51, pp.16-32. [926]

Bob, Urmilla (2004): Rural women and technology in South Africa, Case studies form KwaZulu-Natal Province, in: Geo Journal, vol. 61, no. 3, pp.291-300. [927]

Bradford, Helen (1987): ‘We are now the men’: Women’s beer protests in the Natal countryside, 1929, in: Bozzoli, Belinda (ed.): Class, community and conflict - South African perspectives, Ravan Press, Johannesburg, pp.292-323. [928]

Bradford, Helen (1992): „We women will show them“: Beer protests in the Natal countryside, 1929, in: Crush, Jonathan / Ambler, Charles (eds.): Liquor and labour in Southern Africa, Ohio University Press, Athens, pp.208-234. [929]

Budlender, Debbie (1992): Rural women, The „also runs“ in the development stakes, in: Agenda, Journal about Women and Gender, no. 12, pp.27-40. [930]

Byamyima, Winnie / Morna, Colleen Lowe et al. (2007): At the coalface, Gender and local government in Southern Africa, Gender Links, Johannesburg. [931]

Bydawell, Moya (1997): AFRA confronts gender issues: The process of creating a gender strategy, in: Gender and Development, vol. 5, no. 1, pp.43-48. [932]

Camlin, Carol / Garenne, Michel / Moultrie, Tom (2004): Fertility trends and patterns in a rural area of South Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS, in: Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 8, no. 2, pp.39-54. [933]

Claasen, Anika (2005): The Communal Land Rights Act and women, Does the act remedy or entrench discrimination and the distortion of the customary, Occasional Paper no. 28, PLAAS, Cape Town. [934]

Cloete, Laura (1992): Domestic strategies of rural Transkeian women, Development Studies Working Paper no. 54, Institute for Social and Economic Research, Rhodes University, Grahamstown. [935]

Cross, C.R. / Nzama, M.T. / Dlamini, O.S. (1998): When the rain came: Women of Thousand Hills in the 1987 flood disaster, in: Africanus, vol. 18, no. 1-2, pp.36-57. [938]

Cross, Catherine (1999): Women and land in the rural crisis, in: Agenda, Journal about Women and Gender, no. 42, pp.12-27. [936]

Cross, Catherine / Friedman, Michelle (1997): Women and tenure: Marginality and the left-hand power, in: Meer, Shamim (ed.): Women, land and authority, David Philip Publishers, Cape Town, pp.17-34. [937]

Dlamini, Phiwase (2000): Land and housing, women speak out, in: Agenda, vol. 43, pp.84-89. [939]

Drimie, Scott (2003): HIV/AIDS and land, Case studise from Kenya, Lesotho and South Africa, in: Development Southern Africa, vol. 20, no. 5, pp.647-658. [940]

Fürchtenicht, Meike (1997): „Women are doing anything!“ Potentials and constraints in rural development in the Transkei, in: Altmann, Uta / Therani-Krönner, Parto (Hrsg.): What have women’s projects accomplished so far? Humboldt University, Berlin, pp.99-107. [941]

Gordon, A. / Nkwe, D. / Graven, M. (1998): Gender and education in rural South Africa, in: Bloch, M. / Beoku-Betts, J.A. et al. (eds.): Women and education in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lynne Rienner Publications, Boulder, pp.229-245. [942]

Govender-Van Wyk, Sharmla (1999): Gender policy in land reform, in: Agenda, no. 42, pp.66-68. [943]

Hargreaves, Samantha (1996): The Land Reform Pilot Programme: Capturing opportunities for rural women, in: Agenda, Journal about Women and Gender, no. 30, pp.18-25. [944]

Hargreaves, Samantha (1999): Land reform: Putting gender at the centre, in: Agenda, Journal about Women and Gender, no. 42, pp.42-48. [945]

Harrison, Abigail / Montgomery, Elizabeth (2001): Life histories, reproductive histories, Rural South African women’s narratives of fertility, reproductive health and illness, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, pp.311-328. [946]

Hemson, David (2002): Women are weak when they are amongst men, Women’s participation in rural water committees in South Africa, in: Agenda, no. 52, pp.16-22. [947]

Hill-Lanz, Sandra / O’Grady, Kathy (1997): Western Cape fruit and wine farms: Land, labour and housing tenure, in: Meer, Shamim (eds.): Women, land and authority, David Philip Publishers, Cape Town, pp.111-120. [948]

Hutchings, Anne (2004): Problems of water, AIDS and home-based care, A case study from rural northern Kwa-Zulu Natal, in: Africanus, vol. 34, no. 2, pp.77-87. [949]

Izumi, Kaori (ed. (2007): Reclaiming our lives, HIV and AIDS, land and livelihoods, HSRC Press, Pretoria. [950]

Jacobs, Krista / Namy, Sophie et al. (2011): Gender differences in asset rights in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, International Centre for Research on Women (ICRW), Washington D.C. [952]

Jacobs, Susie (1998): Past wrongs and gender rights: Issues and conflicts in South Africa’s land reform, in: European Journal of Development Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp.70-87. [951]

Jewkes, R. / Dunkle, K. et al. (2006): Factors associated with HIV sero-status in young rural South African women, Connections between intimate partner violence and HIV, in: International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 35, vol. 6, pp.1461-1468. [953]

Kaarhus, Randi et al. (2005): Women’s land rights in Tanzania and South Africa, A human rights based perspective on formalisation, in: Forum for Development Studies, vol. 32, no. 2, pp.443-482. [954]

Kleinbooi, Karin (2009): Farming and familial relations, Women’s fragile land rights under communal tenure in Namaqualand, in: Agenda, vol. 23, issue 81, pp.35-47. [955]

Kritzinger, Andrienetta / Vorster, Jan (1996): Women farm workers on South African fruit farms: Gender relations and the structuring of work, in: Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 12, no. 4, pp.339-351. [956]

Laburn-Peart, Catherine (1997): Holding the knife on the sharp side, Rural women and planning in Mogopa, South Africa, in: Third World Planning Review, vol. 19, no. 1, pp.71-90. [957]

Lanz, Hill (1994): Women on farms, Lawyers for Human Rights, Cape Town. [958]

Lemke, Stephanie / Heumann, N. / Bellows, Anne (2009): Gender and sustainable livelihoods, Case study of South African farm workers, in: International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, vol. 42, no. 3, pp.195-205. [960]

Lemke, Stephanie / Vorster, H.H. et al. (2003): Empowered women, social networks and the contribution of qualitative research: Broadening our understanding of underlying causes for food and nutrition insecurity, in: Public Health Nutrition, vol. 6, no. 8, pp.759–764. [959]

Levin, Richard / Russon, Ray / Weiner, Daniel (1997): Class, gender and the politics of rural land reform, in: Levin, Richard / Weiner, Daniel (eds.): ‘No more tears…’, Struggles for land in Mpumalanga, South Africa, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp.117-136. [961]

Liebenberg, Alida (1997): Dealing with relations of inequality, Married women in a Transkei village, in: McAllister, Patrick, (ed.): Culture and the commonplace, Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg, pp.349-373. [962]

London, Leslie / Rother, Hanna-Andrea (2003): Failing laws, Assumptions and realities for women in South African agriculture, in: Jacobs, Miriam / Dinham, Barbara (eds.): Silent invaders, Pesticides, livelihoods and women’s health, Zed Books, London, pp.204-213. [963]

Mahapa, Sabina / Mashiri, Mac (2001): Social exclusion and rural transport, Gender aspects of a road improvement project in Tshitwe, Northern Province, in: Development Southern Africa, vol. 18, no. 3, pp.356-376. [964]

Marcus, Tessa (1990): Land reform: Considering national, class and gender issues, in: South African Journal on Human Rights, vol. 6, no. 2, pp.178-194. [965]

Mashiri, Mac / Mahapa, Sabina (2002): Social exclusion and rural transport, A road improvement project, Tshitwe, South Africa, in: Fernando, Priyanthi / Porter, Gina (eds.): Balancing the load, Women, gender and transport, Zed Books, London, pp.15-24. [966]

Matsetela, Ted (1982): The life story of Nkono Mma-Pooe, in: Marks, Shula / Rathbone, Richard (eds.): Industrialisation and social change in South Africa, Longman Publishers, London / New York, pp.212-237. [967]

McClendon, Thomas (2002): Genders and generations apart, Labour tenants and customary law in segregation-era South Africa, 1920s to 1940s, James Currey, Oxford. [968]

McIntosh, Alastair / Friedman, Michelle (1989): Women’s producer groups in rural Kwa Zulu Natal, Limits and possibilities, in: Development Southern Africa, vol. 6, no. 4, pp.438-453. [969]

Meer, Shamin (1991): Constraints to land reform and gender equity goals, in: Agenda, Journal about Women and Gender, Special Issue: Empowering women, pp.71-89. [970]

Meer, Shamin (1997): Gender and land rights, The struggle over resources in Post Apartheid South Africa, in: Bulletin of the Institute of Development Studies, (IDS-Bulletin), vol. 28, no. 3, pp.133-144. [971]

Meer, Shamin (1997): Introduction, in: Meer, Shamim (ed.): Women, land and authority, David Philip Publishers, Cape Town, pp.1-14. [972]

Mfono, Z.N. (1989): Women in rural development in Venda, in: Development Southern Africa, vol. 6, no. 4, pp.495-497. [973]

Mfono, Z.N. (2009): Analysis of changing rural women’s reproduction behaviour patterns in South Africa, OSSREA, Addis Abeba. [974]

Mhago, Fanelwa / Samson, Melanie (2001): A gender analysis of recent South African land reform, in: Buregeya, Alfred / Garling, Marguerite et al. (ed.): Women’s land and property rights in situations of conflict and reconstruction, UNIFEM Publications, New York, pp.113-120. [975]

Middleton, Sue (1997): Women’s land rights and needs, The case of Thornhill and Merino walk, in: Meer, Shamim (eds.): Women, land and authority, David Philip Publishers, Cape Town, pp.74-83. [976]

Mini, S.E. (1994): Gender relations of production in the Eastern Cape and the restructuring of rural apartheid, in: Africa Insight, vol. 24, pp.269-280. [977]

Mokgope, Kgopotso (2000): The mismatch between land policy and improved livelihood opportunities for women, in: Agenda, no. 46, pp.62-88. [978]

Mokgope, Kgopotso (2000): Land reform, sustainable livelihoods and gender relations, A case study of Gallawater A farm, University of the Western Cape, RR05/1, Bellville. [979]

Motala, Shirin (2000): Rural women demand meaningful representation in local government, in: Agenda, no. 45, pp.18-21. [980]

Mtshali, Sazile (2000): Monitoring and evaluation of women’s rural development extension services in South Africa, in: Development Southern Africa, vol. 17, no. 1, pp.65-73. [982]

Mutangadura, Gladys B. / Sandkjaer, Bjorg (2009): Mitigating the impact of HIV and AIDS on rural livelihoods in Southern Africa, in: Development in Practice, vol. 19, no. 2, pp.214-226. [981]

Nair, Yugi / Campbell, Catherine (2008): Building partnerships to support community-led HIV/AIDS management, A case study from rural South Africa, in: African Journal of AIDS Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp.45-53. [989]

National Land Committee (1998): Land update, Focus on Gender, no.66, Johannesburg. [983]

Naughton, Tracey (1996): Community radio: A voice for the voiceless, in: Agenda, no. 31, pp.12-18. [984]

Ndimande, P.S.M. (2001): Gender inequality: Still a critical issue in the development of rural KwaZulu-Natal, in: African Sociological Review, vol. 5, no. 2, pp.133-143. [985]

Nene, Sibongile (1988): Women caught in between, The case of rural women in KwaZulu, in: Africanus, vol. 18, pp.12-18. [986]

Ngqualeni, Malijeng / Makhura, Moraka (1996): Analysis of women’s status in agricultural development in the Northern Province, in: Lipton, Michael / Ellis, Frank / Lipton, Merle (eds.): Land, labour and livelihoods in rural South Africa, vol. 2, Kwa-Zulu Natal and Northern Province, Indicator Press, Durban, pp.335-356. [987]

Ngubane, Sizani (1999): Title to the land? in: Agenda, no. 42, pp.7-11. [988]

Oludele, Akinboade (2008): Gender, HIV/AIDS, land restitution and survial strategies in the Capricorn District of South Africa, in: International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 35, no. 11, pp.857-877. [990]

Oludele, Akinboade (2009): Gender, HIV/AIDS, land reform and survival stratgies in the Limpopo Province of South Africa, Research and Policy Brief, no. 15, CODESRIA, Dakar. [991]

Oni, S.A. / Obi, C.L. / Okorie, A. et al. (2002): The economic impact of HIV/AIDS on rural households in Limpopo Province, in: South African Journal of Economics, vol. 70, no. 7, pp.1173-1192. [992]

Oomen, Barbara (1999): We want to secure our hope, Women and land rights in South Africa, in: Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa, Women challenging society, Stories of women’s empowerment in Southern Africa, NIZA Publications, Amsterdam, pp.3-16. [993]

Peltzer, Karl / Mosala, Thabang / Sisana, Olive et al. (2007): Barriers to prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child (PMTCT) in a resource poor setting in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 11, no. 1, pp.57-66. [994]

Posel, Dori (1997): Counting the poor: Who gets what in which households? in: Agenda, no. 33, pp.49-59. [995]

Posel, Dori (2001): Women wait, men migrate, Gender inequality and migration decisions in South Africa, in: Webb, Patrick / Weinberger, Katinka (eds.): Women farmers, Enhancing rights, recognition and productivity, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp.91-117. [996]

Potgieter, Cheryl-Ann / Pillay, Renay / Rama, Sharmla (2007): Women, development and transport in rural Eastern Cape, South Africa, HSRC Press, Pretoria. [997]

Preston-Whyte, Eleanor / Nene, Sibongile (1991): Black women and the rural informal sector, in: Rogerson, Christian / Preston-Whyte, Eleanor (eds.): South Africa’s informal economy, Oxford University Press, Cape Town, pp.229-242. [998]

Rangan, Haripriya / Gilmartin, Mary (2002): Gender, traditional authority, and the politics of rural reform in South Africa, in: Development and Change, vol. 33, no. 4, pp.633-658. [999]

Redding, Sean (1992): Beer brewing in Umtata: Women, migrant labour, and social control in a rural town, in: Crush, Jonathan / Ambler, Charles (eds.): Liquor and labour in Southern Africa, Ohio University Press, Athens, pp.235-251. [1000]

Redding, Sean (1993): Legal minors and social children, Rural African women and taxation in the Trans-kei, South Africa, in: African Studies Review, vol. 36, pp.49-74. [1001]

Rulumenui-Ntlombeni, Nompumelelo (2000): Survival strategies of rural women, in: Malherbe, Jeanette / Kleijwegt, Marc / Koen, Elize (eds.): Women, society and constraints, A collection of contemporary South African Gender Studies, Unisa Press, Pretoria, pp.132-139. [1002]

Sender, J. / Johnston, D. (1996): Some poor and invisible women: Farm labourers in South Africa, in: Development Southern Africa, vol. 13, no. 4, pp.3-16. [1003]

Sharp, J. / Spiegel, A. (1990): Women and wages: Gender and the control of income in farm and Bantustan household, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 16, no. 3, pp.527-549. [1004]

Simon, Chris (1991): “Who is eating all my money?” Women and financial dependency in rural Transkei, in: Women’s Studies, vol. 3, no. 1, pp.7-15. [1005]

Skinner, Kate (1999): Women and water, Breaking the barriers to participation, in: Indicator South Africa, vol. 16, no. 2, pp.55-59. [1006]

Small, Janet (1992): Organizing rural women, The experience of TRAC, in: Agenda, Journal about Women and Gender, no. 12, pp.9-19. [1007]

Sothshongaye, Ayanda / Moeller, Valerie (2000): ‘We want to live a better life like other people’: Self-assessed development needs of rural women in Ndwedwe, KwaZulu-Natal, in: Development Southern Africa, vol. 17, no. 1, pp.116-134. [1008]

Telela, Rosalee (1996): Women on farms: Challenging servitude in their own name, in: Agenda, Journal about Women and Gender, no. 31, pp.56-60. [1009]

Waldman, Lisa / Ntsedi (1997): Women on highveld farms: An outlook for development, in: Meer, Shamim (ed.): Women, land and authority, David Philip Publishers, Cape Town, pp.97-110. [1011]

Waldman, Pearl Linda (1996): Monkey in a spiderweb - The dynamics of farmer control and paternalism, in: African Studies, vol. 55, no. 1, pp.63-86. [1010]

Walker, Cherryl (1997): Cornfields, gender and land, in: Meer, Shamim (ed.): Women, land and authority, David Philip Publishers, Cape Town, pp.55-72. [1012]

Walker, Cherryl (2003): Piety in the sky, Gender policy and land reform in South Africa, in: Journal of Agrarian Change, 3, 1-2, pp.113-148. [1013]

White, Fiona (2010): Deepening democracy, A farm workers’ movement in the Western Cape, in: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 36, no. 3, pp.673-691. [1014]


South Sudan

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Sudan

Badri, Balghis (1986): Women, land ownership and development: The case of Sudan, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 3, no. 2, pp.17-27. [1015]

Ballot, Julia (1985): Food systems and society: The status of women in the Equatorial Region, Sudan, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Working Paper, Geneva. [1016]

Bernal, Victoria (1988): Loosing ground - Women and agriculture on Sudan’s irrigated schemes: Lessons from a Blue Nile village, in: Davison, Jean (ed.): Agriculture, women and land, The African experience, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.131-156. [1017]

Bernal, Victoria (1994): Gender, culture, and capitalism: Women and the remaking of Islamic “tradition” in a Sudanese village, in: Comparative Studies in Society and History, 36, pp.36-67. [1018]

Bristow, Stephen (1995): Women’s extension forestry manual, A methodology from Northern Sudan, SOS-Sahel, Publications, London. [1019]

Considine, Deirdre (1996): Development work in South Sudan, Obstracles and opportunities, in: van Lieshout, Mary (ed.): A women’s world, Attic Press, Dublin, pp.129-139. [1020]

Coughenour, Milton / Frankenberger, Timothy / Skartvedt, Elizabeth (1985): Women farmers in rural settlements in North Kordofan, Sudan, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 2, no. 2, pp.9-22. [1021]

El Sammani, Mohammed Osman (1990): The structure of agricultural production and the role of women in different farming systems in Western Sudan, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 7, no. 2, pp.4-26. [1023]

Elageed, Elmannan Awatif Ata (2008): Weaving the social networks of women migrants in Sudan, The case of Gezire, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [1022]

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO (1994): Sudan – Women, agriculture and rural development, Fact Sheet, FAO Publications, Rome. [1025]

Fouad, Ibrahim (1982): The role of women peasants in the process of desertification in Western Sudan, in: Geo-Journal, 6, 1, pp.25-30. [1024]

Grawert, Elke (1992): Arbeitsmigration von Männern und ländliche Frauenarbeit – Optionen zur Ernährungssicherung im Sudan, in: Wuqûf – Beiträge zur Entwicklung von Staat und Gesellschaft in Nordafrika, 7/8, pp.535-546. [1026]

Grawert, Elke (1994): ”Einer soll fortziehen ...”, Wie Frauen in Kutum (Westsudan) durch Flexibilität und Mehrarbeit die Migrationsfolgen auffangen, in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben? Veränderungen der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.97-116. [1027]

Grawert, Elke (1995): Auswirkungen interner Migration auf die Lebenssituation von Frauen, in: Nord Süd Aktuell, 2, pp.261-269. [1028]

Grawert, Elke (1998): Women’s role in securing peasant livelihood, in: Grawert, Elke: Making a living in rural Sudan, Production of women, Labour migration of men, and policies for peasant needs, St. Martin’s Press, New York, pp.85-113. [1029]

Gruenbaum, Ellen (1991): The Islamic movement, development, and the health education: Recent changes in the health of rural women in Central Sudan, in: Social Science Medicine, vol. 33, no. 6, pp.637-645. [1030]

Gruenbaum, Ellen (1998): Resistance and embrace, Sudanese rural women and systems of power, in: Lock, Margaret / Kaufert, Patricia (eds.): Pragmatic women and body politics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.59-75. [1031]

Hamza, Amel Abdel Rahman (1990): Women and agrarian change, Implications for women’s strategies on land ownership, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 7, no. 2, pp.42-54. [1032]

Hassaballa Omar, Hassaballa (1991): Displacement of women in the irrigated sector: The case of Kenana Scheme, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, pp.55-73. [1033]

Holcombe, Susan (1987): Strengthening rural women producers in Darfur region: Constraints and opportunities, in: Geo Journal, 14, 1, pp.19-28. [1034]

Jennings, Anne (1995): The Nubians of West Asswan, Village women in the midst of change, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder. [1035]

Kevane, Michael (2000): Extrahousehold norms and intrahousehold bargaining, Gender in Sudan and Burkina Faso, in: Spring, Anita (ed.): Small scale farmers and commercial ventures, Increasing food security in developing countries, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp.89-112. [1036]

Klein-Hesseling, Ruth (2000): Female agency in a local arena, A case study of Northern Sudan, in: Buchholt, Helmuth (ed.): Investigating the south-south dimensions of modernity and Islam, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.161-175. [1037]

Klein-Heßling, Ruth / El-Sammani, Birgit (1994): ”Die Mädchen wollen keinen Bauern heiraten, ein Migrant ist besser”, Ein sudanesisches Dorf am Tropf der Golfstaaten: ‘Anbeled’, in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben? Veränderungen der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.24-45. [1038]

Mahgoub, Kamal Kahifa (1997): Critical analysis of the curriculum development of the Rural Women’s Training Programme at Ahfad University for Women, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, pp.26-35. [1039]

Mbadda, Siddig / Abdul-Jalil, Musa (1985): Women in small-scale irrigated agriculture: The case of Wadi Kutum (Sudan), in: Afrika Spectrum, 3, pp.339-351. [1040]

Musa, Suad Mustafa Elhaj (2002): Feeder roads and food security, Darfur, Sudan, in: Fernanado, Priyanthi / Porter, Gina (ed.): Balancing the load, Women, gender and transport, Zed Books, London, pp.78-94. [1041]

Myers, Mary / David, Rosalind (1995): The effects of male out-migration on women’s management of natural resources in the Sudan, IIED, Dryland Programme Issue Paper, no. 60, London. [1043]

Myers, Mary / David, Rosalind (1995): Case study: Sudan, Food production, livelihood pattern and gender roles, in: David, Rosalind (ed.): Changing places? Women, resource management and migration in the Sahel, SOS Sahel Publications, London, pp.138-146. [1044]

Myers, Mary / Hamid, Amani Awad (1994): ”Better stay at home than go away – Even if your stomach is empty”, Effects of male out-migration on women’s management of the natural resource base in the El Ain Area (Sudan), in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben? Veränderungen der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.46-80. [1042]

Nageeb, Salma Ahmed (1994): The question of women and environment in Sudan, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 11, no. 2, pp.4-14. [1045]

O’Brien, Jay / Gruenbaum, Ellen (1991): A social history of food, famine, and gender in twentieth century Sudan, in: Downs, R.E. / Kerner, Donna / Reyna, Stephen (eds.): The political economy of African famine, Gordon and Breach Publishers, Philadelphia, pp.177-203. [1046]

Rahama, Amna (1997): Gender roles in crises situation: The case of famine of 1984/85, in: The Ahfad Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, pp.4-15. [1047]

Rahama, Amna / Hoogenboom, Annemiek (1990): Women farmers, technological innovation and access to development projects, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 7, no. 2, pp.27-41. [1048]

Rheingras, Frauke (1994): ”Frauen übernehmen Männerarbeit – und die Männer schicken das Geld”, Migration bei den Nyimang-Nuba (Sudan), in: Grawert, Elke (Hg.): Wandern oder bleiben? Veränderungen der Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen von Frauen im Sahel durch die Arbeitsmigration der Männer, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.81-96. [1049]

Rolls, M.J. / Ahmed, Asia (1997): The development of entrepreneurial abilities, The experience of women in rural Kordofan, Sudan, in: Ahfad Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, pp.16-25. [1050]


Swaziland / Eswatini

Astui, Rita (1988): ‘Cattle beget children’ – but women must bear them, Fertility, sterility and belonging among women in Swaziland, in: Tieleman, Henk (ed.): Scenes of change, Visions on development in Swaziland, African Studies Centre Leiden, Research Report, no. 33, Leiden, pp.191-201. [1051]

Crush, Jonathan (ed. (2011): Migration-induced HIV and AIDS in rural Mozambique and Swaziland, IDASA Publication, Cape Town. [1052]

Keregero, M.M. / Keregero J.B. / Simelane, K. (2000): Status and upward mobility of female agricultural professionals in Swaziland, in: Review of Southern African Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp.42-63. [1053]

Palmer, Ingrid (1985): Swaziland, in: Palmer, Ingrid: The impact of male out-migration on women in farming, Kumarian Publishers, West Hartford, pp.35-40. [1054]

Rose, Laurel (1988): „A woman is like a field“: Women’s strategies for land access in Swaziland, in: Davison, Jean (ed.): Agriculture, women and land, The African experience, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.177-201. [1055]

Rose, Laurel (2002): Women’s strategies for customary land access in Swaziland and Malawi: A comparative study, in: Africa Today, vol. 49, no. 2, pp.123-149. [1056]

Sikhondze, Bonginkosi (2003): The role of women in food production in Swaziland, 1945-1965, in: Zwede, Bahru (ed.): Land, gender and the periphery, Themes in the history of Eastern and Southern Africa, OSSREA Publications, Addis Ababa, pp.81-94. [1057]


Tanzania

Aarnink, Nettie (1991): The gender gap between the extension service and female farmers, in: Zanten, Wim van (ed.): Across boundaries, Women’s perspectives, Publications of the Women and Autonomy Centre, Leiden / Den Haag, pp.81-93. [1058]

Aarnink, Nettie / Kingma, Koos (1991): The Shamba is like a child, Women and agriculture in Tanzania I, Women and Autonomy Publications, Leiden. [1059]

Aarnink, Nettie / Kingma, Koos (1991): Female farmers and male extension workers, Women and agriculture in Tanzania II, Women and Autonomy Publications, Leiden. [1060]

Acker, D.G. / McBreen, E.L. / Taylor, pp. (1998): Women in higher education in agriculture with reference to selected countries in East and Southern Africa, in: Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, vol. 5, no. 1, pp.13-22. [1061]

Andorfer, Veronika (1996): Integration oder Empowerment – Ein Beispiel aus Tanzania, in: Journal für Entwicklungspolitik, vol. 12, no. 3, pp.287-298. [1062]

Augustat, Karin (1995): Frauen und Bodenerosion, Eine entwicklungsethnologische Fallstudie in den West-Usambara-Bergen, Tanzania, Breitenbach Verlag, Saarbrücken. [1063]

Barnett, Tony / Tumushabe, Joseph / Batebye, Grace et al. (1995): The social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS on farming systems and livelihoods in rural Africa, Some experiences from Uganda, Tanzania, and Zambia, in: Journal of International Development, 7, 1, pp.163-176. [1064]

Blume, Anja (1998): Frauen und Agroforstwirtschaft, Untersuchungen verschiedener Projekte in Tanzania, Der Tropenlandwirt, Beiheft Nr. 64, Schriftenreihe des Deutschen Instituts für Tropische und Subtropische Landwirtschaft Witzenhausen / Universität Gesamthochschule Kassel-Witzenhausen. [1065]

Brain, James L. (1976): Less than second class: Women in rural settlement schemes in Tanzania, in: Hafkin, Nancy J. / Bay, Edna G. (eds.): Women in Africa, Studies in Social and Economic Change, Stanford University Press, Stanford, pp.265-282. [1066]

Brycesyon, Deborah Faye (1996): Structural adjustment in Tanzania: Rural women farmers’ production opportunity of overload? in: Schmied, Doris (ed.): Changing rural structures in Tanzania, Lit-Verlag, Münster, pp.1-21. [1067]

Caplan, Pat (1981): Development policies in Tanzania - Some implications for women, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 17, no. 3, pp.98-108. [1068]

Chen, Susan / Guikey, David (2003): Determinants of contraceptive method choice in rural Tanzania between 1991 and 1999, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 34, no. 4, pp.263-275. [1069]

Creevey, Lucy (1996): Tanzania – Food processing, in: Creevey, Lucy: Changing women’s lives and work, IT-Publications, London, pp.171-195. [1070]

Daley, Elizabeth (2008): Gender, uenyeji, wealth, confidence and land in Kinyanambo, in: Englert, Birgit / Daley, Elizabeth (eds.): Women’s land rights and privatization in Eastern Tanzania, James Currey, Oxford, pp.61-82. [1071]

Dondeyne, Stephane (2003): Changing land tenure regimes in a matrilineal village of south eastern Tanzania, in: Journal of Social Development in Africa, vol. 18, no. 1, pp.7-31. [1073]

Donner-Reichle, Carola (1988): Ujamaadörfer in Tanzania, Politik und Reaktionen der Bäuerinnen, Arbeiten aus dem Institut für Afrika-Kunde, Hamburg. [1074]

Due, Jean (1987): African women’s perceptions of development: Contrasts between Tanzania and Zambia, in: Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 3, no. 1, pp.23-29. [1075]

Due, Jean (1988): Intra-household gender issues in farming systems in Tanzania, Zambia, and Malawi, in: Poats, Susan / Schmink, Marianne / Spring, Anita (eds.): Gender issues in farming systems research and extension, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.331-344. [1076]

Due, Jean / Asekeram, Anandajay (1984): Contrasting farming systems in Morogoro Region, Tanzania, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 18, pp.583-591. [1077]

Due, Jean / Magayane, Flavianus / Temu, Anna (1995): Gender again – Views of female agricultural extension officers by smallholder farmers in Tanzania, in: World Development, vol. 25, no. 5, pp.713-725. [1078]

Due, Jean / Mollel, Naftali / Malone, Violet (1987): Does the T & V system reach female-headed families? Some evidence from Tanzania, in: Agricultural Administration and Extension, vol. 26, pp.209-217. [1079]

Döhne, Thomas / Pallangiyo, Morogoro (2007): Fallstudie Tanzania, Kilombero Frauenprojekt, Brot für die Welt, Stuttgart. [1072]

Englert, Birgit (2003): From a gender perspective, Notions of land tenure security in the Uluguru Montains, Tanzania, in: Journal für Entwicklungspolitik, vol. 1, pp.75-90. [1080]

Englert, Birgit (2006): Gender und Landrechte, Gender Box Tansania, Wiener Institut für Entwicklungsfragen und Zusammenarbeit, VIDC, Wien. [1081]

Englert, Birgit (2008): Changing land rights and gendered discourses, Examples form Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania, in: Englert, Birgit / Daley, Elizabeth (eds.): Women’s land rights and privatization in Eastern Tanzania, James Currey, Oxford, pp.83-100. [1082]

Fortmann, Louise (1982): Women's work in a communal setting: The Tanzanian policy of Ujamaa, in: Bay, Edna G. (ed.): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.191-205. [1083]

Fuguitt, Diana (1991): The impact of extruded corn-soya blends on rural Njombe women’s time and welfare: A model for pre-project marketing analyses, Women in International Development, Working Paper, no. 224, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [1084]

Geier, Gabriele (1990): Ernährungssicherung in Afrika: Muß die Arbeit der Frauen effizienter werden - oder müssen die Männer lernen, wie man sich bückt? Ein Fallbeispiel aus Tansania, in: Nord Süd Aktuell, 3, pp.376-3812. [1085]

Geiger, Susan (1982): Umoja Wa Wanawake wa Tanzania and the needs of the rural poor, in: African Studies Review, vol. 25, no. 2/3, pp.45-65. [1086]

Gerson, Ruth (1991): Home gardening of indigenous vegetables, The role of women, in: Acta Horticulturae, 270, pp.331-336. [1087]

Gondwe, Zebron Steven (1990): Female inestate succession to land in rural Tanzania, Whiter equality? Working Paper no. 202, Women and International Development, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [1088]

Grosskurth, Heiner / Mosha, Frank et al. (1995): Impact of improved treatment of sexually transmitted diseases on HIV infection in rural Tanzania, Randomised control trial, in: The Lancet, vol. 346, pp.530-536. [1089]

Gustin, Charlotte (1990): Factors affecting women’s investment in co-operative work in Tanzania, Report from a minor field study, Working Paper, No. 15, Department of Social Anthropology, Development Studies Unit, Stockholm University, Stockholm. [1090]

Henn, Koopmann Jean (1983): Feeding the cities and feeding the peasants, What role for African women farmers? in: World Development, vol. 11, no. 12, pp.1045-1055. [1091]

Holmboe-Ottesen / Wandel, Margareta (1991): „Wife, today I only had money for pombe“, in: Stolen, Kristi Ann / Vaa, Mariken (eds.): Gender and change in developing countries, Norwegian University Press, Oslo, pp.91-118. [1092]

Icombe, Idda (1991): Changing perspectives of female farmers and myself as an extension worker on the possibilities of co-operation, in: Zanten, Wim van (ed.): Across boundaries, Women’s perspectives, Leiden / Den Haag, pp.94-98. [1093]

Ikdahl, Ingunn (2008): ‘Go home and clear the conflict’, Human rights perspectives on gender and land in Tanzania, in: Englert, Birgit / Daley, Elizabeth (eds.): Women’s land rights and privatization in Eastern Tanzania, James Currey, Oxford, pp.40-60. [1094]

Izumi, Kaori (2009): Liberalisation, gender, and the land question in sub-saharan Africa, in: Sweetman, Caroline (ed.): Women, land and agriculture, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp. 9-18. [1095]

Jockenhövel-Schiecke, Helga (2008): Soziale Reproduktion in den Zeiten von AIDS, Waisen und ihre Familien im ländlichen Tansania, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [1096]

Kaarhus, Randi et al. (2005): Women’s land rights in Tanzania and South Africa, A human rights based perspective on formalisation, in: Forum for Development Studies, vol. 32, no. 2, pp.443-482. [1097]

Kerner, Donna / Cook, Kristy (1991): Gender, hunger, and crisis in Tanzania, in: Downs, R.E. / Kerner, Donna / Reyna, Stephen (eds.): The political economy of African famine, Gordon and Breach Publishers, Philadelphia, pp.257-272. [1098]

Killian, Bernadeta (2011): The women’s land rights movement, Customary law and religion in Tanzania, Religious and Development Working Paper, no. 57, University of Birmingham, Birmingham. [1099]

Kingma, Koos (1991): Women, agricultural production and agricultural extension, in: Zanten, Wim van (ed.): Across the boundaries, Women’s perspectives, Publications of the Women and Autonomy Centre, Leiden / Den Haag, pp.64-72. [1100]

Kinunda, Nives (2021): Farming in distant virgin land, Women farmers´techniques of evading colonial administration in Tanganyika, 1920-1960, in: Zeitschrift für Agrargeschichte und Agrarsoziologie, 69. Jg, Heft 2, S.65-82. [11827]

Klemp, Ludgera (1995): Soziale Sicherung für Frauen in Tanzania, zwischen Tradition und Selbsthilfe, in: Nord-Süd Aktuell, 1, pp.83-90. [1101]

Koda, B. (1995): The economic organization of the household in contemporary Tanzania, in: Creighton, Colin / Omari, C.K. (eds.): Gender, family and household in Tanzania, Avebury Publishers, Aldershot, pp.139-155. [1102]

Koda, B. (1998): Changing land tenure systems in the contemporary matrilineal system, The gendered dimension, in: Seppala, Pekka / Koda, Bertha (eds.): The making of a peripherie, Economic development and cultural encounters in Southern Tanzania, Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, pp.195-221. [1103]

Koda, B. / Mbilinyi, M. et al. (1987): Women's initiatives in the United Republic of Tanzania, A technical co-operation report, ILO Publications, Geneva. [1104]

Kowalewski, Marga / Mujinja, Phare / Jahn, Albrecht (2002): Can mothers afford maternal health care costs? Use costs of maternity services in rural Tanzania, in: African Journal of Reproductive Health, vol. 6, no. 1, pp.65-73. [1105]

Kruk, Margaret / Mbaruku, Godfrey et al. (2008): User fee exemptions are not enough, Out-of-pocket payments for ‘free’ delivery services in rural Tanzania, in: Tropical Medicine and Internatioal Health, vol. 13, no. 12, pp.1442-1451. [1106]

Kurwijila, Rosebud (1995): The role of women in appropriate technology in reducing women’s workload in agricultural activities in Tanzania, Women in International Development, Working Paper, no. 208, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [1107]

Lanje, Kerstin (1996): Frauenprojekte in der Kilimanjaro-Region, in: Lanje, Kerstin: Frauenprojekte - ein Weg aus der Armut? Das Für und Wider der Frauenförderung in Tanzania, Buko-Agrar-Studien, Hamburg, pp.40-60. [1108]

Lobulu, Elizabeth (1991): Strategies and programmes for women in the agricultural sector in Tanzania, in: Braunmühl, Claudia von (ed.): Women in the development process, DSE Publications, Berlin, pp.100-106. [1109]

Lockwood, Matthew (1998): Fertility and household labour in Tanzania, Demography, economy, and society in Rufiji District, c. 1870-1986, Oxford University Press, Oxford. [1110]

Maddox, Gregory (1996): Gender and famine in central Tanzania, 1916-1961, in: African Studies Review, vol. 39, no. 1, pp.83-101. [1111]

Madsen, Birgit (1984): Women’s mobilization and integration in development, A village case study from Tanzania, CDR Research Report, no. 3, Centre for Development Research, Copenhagen. [1112]

Manji, Ambreena (1998): Gender and the politics of land reform process in Tanzania, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 36, no. 4, pp.645-667. [1114]

Manji, Ambreena (1999): The AIDS endemic and women’s legal rights in Tanzania, in: Recht in Afrika, pp.31-49. [1115]

Masaiganah, Mwajuma (2010): Sustaining women’s and community livelihoods in rural Tanzania, in: Development, vol. 53, no. 3, pp.421-242. [1113]

Mbilinyi, Marjorie J. (1986): The ‘unity’ of struggle and ‘research’: The case of peasant women in West Bagamoyo, Tanzania, in: Mies, Maria (ed.): Fighting on two fronts: Women’s struggles and research, Institute of Social Sciences Publications, Den Haag, pp.102-142. [1116]

Mbilinyi, Marjorie J. (1988): Agribusiness and women peasants in Tanzania, in: Development and Change, vol. 19, pp.549-583. [1117]

Mbilinyi, Marjorie J. (1989): Women as peasant and casual labour and the development crisis in Tanzania, in: Parpart, Jane (ed.): Women and development in Africa, Comparative perspectives, University Press of America, Lanham, pp.209-256. [1118]

Mbilinyi, Marjorie J. (1990): 'Structural adjustment', Agribusiness and rural women in Tanzania, in: Bernstein, H. / Crow, Ben (eds.): The food question: Profits versus people, Earthscan Publications, London, pp.111-124. [1119]

Mbilinyi, Marjorie J. (1993): Struggles over patriarchal structural adjustment in Tanzania, in: Focus on Gender, vol. 1, no. 3, pp.58-60. [1120]

Mbilinyi, Marjorie J. (1994): Restructuring gender and agriculture in Tanzania, in: Himmelstrand, Ulf / Kinyanjui, Kabiru / Mburugu, Edward (eds.): African perspectives on development, Controversies, dilemmas and openings, James Currey Publishers, London, pp.168-182. [1121]

Mbilinyi, Marjorie J. (1997): Beyond oppression and crisis, A gendered analysis of agrarian structure and change, in: Imam, Ayesha / Mama, Amina / Souw, Fatou (eds.): Engendering African social sciences, CODESRIA Books, Dakar, pp.317-364. [1122]

Mbilinyi, Marjorie J. / Shechambo, Gloria (2009): Struggles over land reform in Tanzania, Experiences of Tanzania gender networking programme and feminist activist coalition, in: Feminist Africa, vol. 12, pp.95-103. [1123]

McCall, Michael (1987): Carrying heavier burdens but carrying less weight: Some implications of villagization for women in Tanzania, in: Momsen, Janet / Townsend, Janet G. (eds.): Geography of gender in the Third World, Routledge Publishers, London, pp.192-214. [1124]

McHenry, Dean (1982): Communal farming in Tanzania: A comparison of male and female participants, in: African Studies Review, vol. 25, no. 4, pp.49-64. [1125]

Meeker, Jeffrey / Meekers, Dominique (1997): The precarious socio-economic position of women in rural Africa: The case of the Kagugu of Tanzania, in: African Studies Review, vol. 40, no. 1, pp.35-58. [1126]

Meena, Rogathe K. (1986): Promoting skill and knowledge among the peasant women in Tanzania - The case of Geita, in: Adult Education and Development, no. 21, pp.21-26. [1127]

Meena, Ruth (1991): The impact of structural adjustment programs on rural women in Tanzania, in: Gladwin, Christine (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women’s farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp.169-190. [1128]

Meghji, Zakia (1985): Women and co-operatives - Some realities affecting the development in Tanzania, in: Community Development Journal, vol. 20, no. 3, pp.186-191. [1129]

Meghji, Zakia (1986): Identification of success and constraints of women co-operatives in Tanzania, in: Review of International Co-operation Information, 11, pp.48-56. [1130]

Mercer, Claire (2002): The discourse of Maendeleo and the politics of women’s participation on Mount Kilimanjaro, in: Development and Change, vol. 33, pp.101-127. [1131]

Mesaki, Simeon (1995): The preponderance of women as victims in Sukuma witch killings, in: Forster, Peter / Maghimbi, Sam (eds.): The Tanzanian peasantry, Further studies, Avebury, Alderhot, pp.279-290. [1132]

Mitzlaff, Ulrike von (1996): Milking the cows and tilling the land? The bleak future of Maasai women in Handeni and Kiteto districts, Tanzania, in: Schmied, D. (ed.): Changing rural structures in Tanzania, Lit-Verlag, Münster-Hamburg, pp.141-147. [1133]

Mkenda-Mugittu, Vera F. (2003): Measuring the invisibles: Gender mainstreaming and monitoring experience from a dairy development project in Tanzania, in: Development in Practice, vol. 13, no. 5, pp.459-473. [1134]

Mtengeti-Migiro, Rose (1991): Legal development on women’s rights to inherit land under customary law in Tanzania, in: Verfassung und Recht in Übersee, vol. 24, no. 3, pp.362-371. [1135]

Mtoi, Manasse Timmy (1988): Institutional and policy parameters affecting gender issues in farming systems research in Tanzania, in: Poats, Susan / Schmink, Marianne / Spring, Anita (eds.): Gender issues in farming systems research and extension, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.345-359. [1136]

Mwakalobo, Adam (2007): Implications of HIV/AIDS for rural livelihoods in Tanzania, The example of Rungwe District, in: African Studies Review, vol. 50, no. 3, pp.51-73. [1137]

Mwankusye, Josephine (2002): Do intermediate means of transport reach rural women? in: Fernando, Priyanthi / Porter, Gina (eds.): Balancing the load, Women, gender and transport, Zed Books, London, pp.37-49. [1138]

Nelson, Valerie / Stather, Tanya (2009): Resilience, power, culture, and climate: A case study from semi-arid Tanzania, and new research directions, in: Gender & Development, vol. 17, no 1, pp.81-94. [1139]

Ngaiza, Anthony (1991): Learning from the past? Women’s involvement, in: Hisham, Mohamed Ahmed (ed.): Whose trees?, Panos Publications, London, pp.87-94. [1140]

Nkebukwa, Anna (1985): The performance of Umoja Wa Wanawake Tanzania (UWT) - Tuke Consumer's Cooperative Society, Morogoro, Tanzania, in: Muntemba, Shimwaayi (ed.): Rural development and women: Lessons from the field, vol. II, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.99-110. [1141]

Odgaard, Rie (1995): The gender dimensions of Nyakusa rural-rural migration in Mbeya region, in: Ngware, Suleiman / Odgaard, Rie / Shayo, Rose / Wilson, Fiona (eds.): Gender and agrarian change in Tanzania, with a Kenyan case study, DUP Publishers, Dar es Salaam, pp.46-70. [1142]

Omari, Cuthbert K. (1995): Decision making and the household: Case studies from Tanzania, in: Creighton, Colin / Omari, C.K. (eds.): Gender, family and household in Tanzania, Avebury Publishers, Aldershot, pp.203-220. [1143]

Omari, Cuthbert K. (1995): Access to and ownership of land among women among the Pare mountains of northeastern Tanzania, in: Forster, Peter / Maghimbi, Sam (eds.): The Tanzanian peasantry, Further studies, Avebury, Alderhot, pp.130-141. [1144]

Omari, Cuthbert K. (1997): Women, mothers and maize production in Tanzania, Institute of Development Studies, Occasional Papers, 7, University of Helsinki, Helsinki. [1145]

Peterman, Amber (2011): Women’s property rights and gendered policies, Implications for women’s long-term welfare in rural Tanzania, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 47, no 1, pp.1-30. [1146]

Porter, Karen (2004): Marriage is trouble, An analysis of kinship, gender identity and socio-cultural change in rural Tanzania, in: Anthropos, vol. 99, pp.3-13. [1147]

Reynolds, Susan (1989): Income generation leading to self-sufficiency, improved conditions, and social change: A case of women in development, in: Adult Education and Development, vol. 32, pp.61-70. [1148]

Richey, Lisa Ann (2005): Lover, mother and worker, Women’s multiple roles and the HIV/AIDS and reproductive health agenda in Tanzania, in: African Journal of AIDS Research, vol. 4, no. 2, pp.83-90. [1149]

Rugumamu, William (1996): Resource management and agrarian change in semi-arid Tanzania: A gender and ethnic perspective, in: Ngware, Suleiman / Odgaard, Rie et al. (eds.): Gender and agrarian change in Tanzania, DUP Publishers, Dar es Salaam, pp.79-100. [1151]

Rötten, Ulrike (1999): Beitrag arbeitsintensiver Beschäftigungsprogramme zur Ernährungssicherheit, Einkommens- und Ernährungswirkung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung geschlechtsspezifischer Aspekte am Beispiel des integrierten Ernährungsprogramms Rukwa/Tansania, Lit-Verlag, Münster. [1150]

Sender, John / Smith, Sheila (1990): Poverty, class and gender in rural Africa, A case study of Tanzania, Routledge Publications, London. [1152]

Setel, Philip (1996): Aids as a paradox of manhood and development in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, in: Social Sience and Medicine, vol. 43, no. 8, pp.1169-1178. [1153]

Smith, Charles / Stevens, Lesley (1988): Farming and income-generating in the female-headed smallholder household, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 22, no. 3, pp.552-566. [1154]

Snyder, Katherine (2006): Mothers on the march, Iraqw women negotiating the public sphere in Tanzania, in: Africa Today, vol. 53, no. 1, pp.53-78. [1155]

Storgaard, Birgit (1975): 76 Women in Ujamaa villages, in: Rural Africana, no. 29, pp.135-155. [1156]

Swai, Elinami (2009): Women’s labour and identity in transitional societies, A case of rural Tanzania, in: Korieh, Chima / Okeke-Ihejirika, Philomina (eds.): Gendering global transformations, Gender, culture, race, and identity, Routledge, London, pp.237-252. [1158]

Swartz, Marja-Liisa (1985): Women in development: A creative role denied? The case of Tanzania, London - New York. [1157]

Tibaijuko, Anne Kajumulo (1994): The cost of differential gender roles in African agriculture: A case study of smallholder Banana-Coffee farms in the Kagera Region, Tanzania, in. Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 45, no. 1, pp.69-81. [1159]

Tibaijuko, Anne Kajumulo (1997): AIDS and economic welfare in peasant agriculture, Case studies from Kagabiro village, Kagera Region, Tanzania, in: World Development, vol. 25, no. 6, pp.963-975. [1160]

Tsikata, Dzodzi (2003): Securing women’s interest within land reforms tenure debate in Tanzania, in: Journal of Agricultural Change, vol. 3, pp.1-20. [1161]

Tumbo-Masabo, Zubeida (1991): Palm oil production and fish trade at Ujiji, Kigoma Region, Tanzania, in: ILO (eds.): Rural development and women, Lessons from the field, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.37-46. [1162]

Van Vuuren, Anke (2000): Female headed households, Their survival strategies in Tanzania, ASC Working Paper, no. 44, African Studies Centre, Leiden. [1163]

Van Vuuren, Anke (2003): Women striving for self-reliance, The diversity of female headed-households in Tanzania and the livelihood strategies they employ, Research Report no. 67, African Studies Centre, Leiden. [1164]


The Congo

no entries to this combination of country and topic


Togo

Affo-Tenin, Koko N’Dabi (1993): „Susu“-Sparen und fliegende Bankiers, finanzielle Selbsthilfegruppen von Händlerinnen und Bäuerinnen bei den Bariba in Togo, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Volkswirtschaft des vorderen Orient, FU-Berlin, Working Paper No. 23, Berlin. [1165]

Dankelman, Irene / Davidson, Joan (1990): Frauen und Soja-Bohnen in Togo, in: Dankelman, Irene / Davison, Jean: Frauen und Umwelt in den südlichen Kontinenten, Peter Hammer Verlag, Wuppertal, pp.39-41. [1166]

Klingshirn, Agnes (1982): Frauen in der ländlichen Entwicklung in Afrika, Fallbeispiele aus Ghana und Togo, Forschungsbericht des BMZ, Weltforum Verlag, München - Köln. [1167]

Koffi-Tessio, Egnonto (2001): Does more education lead to higher production or flight from agriculture? in: Webb, Patrick / Weinberger, Katinka (eds.): Women farmers, Enhancing rights, recognition and productivity, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., pp.119-127. [1168]

Sessi, Victoria (1995): Zur Bewahrung der Erde, Frauen in Kpele Adeta, in: Randzio-Plath, Christa / Mangold-Wegner, Sigrid (Hg.): Frauen im Süden - Unser Reichtum, ihre Armut, Dietz-Verlag, Bonn, pp.189-194. [1169]


Uganda

Adoko, Judy (1993): Environment and women in Uganda, in: Focus on Gender, vol. 1, no. 1, pp.19-21. [1170]

Adoko, Judy / Levine, Simon (2008): How women’s land rights are lost between state and customary law in Apac District, Uganda, in: Englert, Birgit / Daley, Elizabeth (eds.): Women’s land rights and privatization in Africa, James Currey, Oxford, pp.101-120. [1171]

Barnett, Tony / Tumushabe, Joseph / Batebye, Grace et al. (1995): The social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS on farming systems and livelihoods in rural Africa, Some experiences from Uganda, Tanzania, and Zambia, in: Journal of International Development, 7, 1, pp.163-176. [1172]

Basirika, Edith (2001): Gender, democratic practice and member control in agricultural primary co-operative societies in Uganda, Gender Issues Research Report Series, no. 16, Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, Addis Ababa. [1173]

Bikaako, Winnie / Ssemkuba, John (2003): Gender, land and rights, Contemporary contestations in law, policy and practice in Uganda, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land rights in Africa, Culture, religion and realizing women’s rights, Zed Books, London, pp.232-278. [1174]

Brahmbhatt, Freena / Bishai, David et al. (2002): Polygyny, maternal HIV status and child survival, Rakai, Uganda, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 55, pp.585-592. [1175]

Calvo, Malmberg Christina (1994): Case study on intermediate means of transport, Bicycles and rural women in Uganda, Working Paper no. 12, Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program, The World Bank, Washington D.C. [1176]

Ferguson, Hilary / Kempe, Thembela (2011): Agricultural cooperatives and social empowerment of women, A Ugandan case study, in: Development in Practice, vol. 21, no. 2, pp.421-429. [1178]

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Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO (1998): Country case study: Uganda, in: Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO): Agricultural implements used by women farmers in Africa, FAO Publications, Rome, pp.64-79. [1179]

Fuuna, Peter (2000): Gender and natural resource management, The case of Agroforestry in Mbale District, Uganda, Occasional Paper no. 2, Department of Women and Gender Studies, Makerere University, Kampala. [1180]

Golan, Jennifer et al. (2008): More cigarettes? Coffee market liberalisation, gender and bargaining in Uganda, Working Paper, Institut für Weltwirtschaft, Kiel. [1181]

Goldman, Abe / Heldenbrand, Kathleen (2002): Gender and soil fertility management in Mbale District, Southeastern Uganda, in: African Studies Quarterly, vol. 6, no. 1-2, pp.1-12. [1182]

Goodfrey, Asiimwe (2010): Household gender and resource relations, Women marketing arena of income generating crops in Uganda, in: EASSRR, vol. 26, no. 1, Addis Abeba. [1183]

Hunter, Susan / Bulirwa, Elizabeth / Kisseka, Edward (1993): AIDS and agricultural production, Report of a land utilization survey, Masaka and Rakai Districts of Uganda, in: Land Use Policy, vol. 10, no. 3, pp.241-258. [1184]

ICRW (International Centre for Research on Women (2003): Transcending boundaries to improve the food security of AIDS-affected households in rural Uganda, ICRW, Washington D.C. [1185]

Iga, Harriet (2002): Bicycles, Boda Boda and women’s travel needs, Mpiga, Uganda, in: Fernando, Priyanthi / Porter, Gina (eds.): Balancing the load, Women, gender and transport, Zed Books, London, pp.50-56. [1186]

Jones, Shelley (2010): HIV/AIDS related security risks for young women in rural Uganda, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 44, no. 3, pp.579-604. [1187]

Kabonesa, Consolata (2002): Gender relations and women’s rights to land in Uganda, A study of Kabarole District, Western Uganda, in: East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights, vol. 8, no. 2, pp.227-249. [1188]

Kafumbe, Anthony Luyirika (2006): Women’s property rights and thw laws of succession in Uganda, Reform positions, in: East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights, vol. 12, no. 1, pp.65-90. [1189]

Kakuru, Doris / Paradza, Gaynor (2007): Reflections on the use of life history methods in reseraching rural women, Field experience from Uganda and Zimbabwe, in: Gender and Development, vol. 15, issue 2, pp.287-297. [1190]

Kakwanzi-Kezaabu, Rosemary (2000): Comercialization of milk production in households, A gender perspective, Occasional Paper, no. 12, Department of Women and Gender Studies, Makerere University, Kampala. [1191]

Kasete, Deborah / Lockwood, Matthew / Vivian, Jessica / Whitehead, Ann (2000): Gender and the expansion of non-traditional agricultural exports in Uganda, Operational Paper 12, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva. [1192]

Katungi, Enid / Edmeades, Svetlana / Smale, Melinda (2006): Gender, social capital and information exchange in rural Uganda, CAPRI Working Papers, no. 59, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C. [1193]

Khadiagala, Lynn (2001): The failure of popular justice in Uganda, Local councils and women’s property rights, in: Development and Change, vol. 32, pp.55-76. [1194]

Kiiza, Barnabas (2003): Microfinance programs in Uganda, An analysis of household participation and investment behaviour, in: Eastern African Journal of Rural Development, vol. 19, no. 1, pp.66-80. [1196]

Kikafunda, Joyce / Namusoke, Hanifa (2006): Nutritional status of HIV/AIDS orphaned children in household headed by elderly in Rakai District, Southwestern Uganda, in: Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, vol. 6, no. 1, pp.4-17 [1197]

Kindi, Frederick Immanuel (2010): Challenges and opportunities for women’s land rights in post-conflict Norhern Uganda, Micron Research Working Paper, no. 26, Institute of Development Studies, Brighton. [1195]

Kinsman, J. et al. (2000): Socialisation influences and the value of sex, The experience of adolescent school girls in rural Masaka, Uganda, in: Culture, Health and Sexuality, vol. 2, 1, pp.151-166. [1198]

Kisembo, Agnes (2000): Accessability and utilization of reproductive health information and services, A case of women with disabilities in Mbara District, Occasional Paper, no. 13, Department of Women and Gender Studies, Makerere University, Kampala. [1199]

Madana, Aramanzan (2000): Gender and household food security in Bungokho Country, Mbale District, Uganda, Occasional Paper no. 3, Department of Women and Gender Studies, Makerere University, Kampala. [1200]

Mitchell, K. / Nakamanya, pp. et al. (2001): Community based HIV/AIDS education in rural Uganda, Which channel is most effective? in: Health Education Review, vol. 16, pp.411-423. [1202]

Mitchell, Kirstin et al. (2002): Balancing rigour and acceptability: The use of HIV incidence to evaluate a community-based randomised trial in rural Uganda, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 54, pp.1081-1091. [1201]

Mwaka, Victoria (1993): Agricultural production and women’s time budgets in Uganda, in: Momsen, Henshall Janet / Kinnaird, Vivian (eds.): Different places, different voices, Gender and development in Africa, Asia and Latin America, Routledge Publications, London, pp.46-51. [1203]

Nabaitu, Januario / Bachengana, Cissy / Seeley, Janet (1994): Marital instability in a rural population in South-West Uganda, Implications for the spread of HIV-1 infection, in: Africa, vol. 64, no. 2, pp.243-251. [1204]

Njuki, Jemimah et al. (2011): Linking smallholder farmers to markets, Gender and intra-household dynamics, in European Journal of Development Research, vol. 23, no. 3, pp.426-443. [1205]

Nketi-Kizza, Peter / Aniku, Jacob et al. (2002): Gender and soil fertility in Uganda, A comparison of soil fertility indicators for women and men’s agricultural plots, in: African Studies Quarterly, vol. 1, pp.1-15. [1206]

Paul, Kwamusi (2002): Gender and safety in rural transport, Mpiga, Uganda, in: Fernando, Priyanthi / Porter, Gina (ed.): Balancing the load, Women, gender and transport, Zed Books, London, pp.57-64. [1207]

Peterman, Amber et al. (2011): Understanding the complexities surronding gender differences in agricultural productivity in Nigeria and Uganda, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 47, no. 10, pp.1482-1509. [1208]

Seeley, Janet / Kajura, Ellen / Mulder, Daan (1993): The extended family and support for people with AIDS in a rural population in South West Uganda, A safety net with holes? in: AIDS Care, 5, 1, pp.117-112. [1209]

Sengendo, May Christine (2002): Strengthening institutions for gender-responsive planning in natural resource management, Wetland resources in Uganda, in: Natural resource management and gender, A global source book, KIT-Publishers, Amsterdam, pp.45-51. [1210]

Snyder, Margaret (2000): Women in African economics, From burning sun to boardroom, Fountain Publishers, Kampala. [1212]

Sorensen, Pernille (1996): Commercialization of food crops in Busoga, Uganda, and the renegotiation of gender, in: Gender and Society, vol. 10, no. 5, pp.608-628. [1211]

Tanzarn, Nite (2005): Gender in agriculture and technology, Makerere University, Department of Women and Gender Studies, Kampala. [1213]

Taylor, Lorraine / Seeley, Janet / Kajura, Ellen (1996): Informal care for illness in rural southwestern Uganda, The central role that women play, in: Health Transition Review, vol. 6, no. 1, pp.49-56. [1214]

Tripp, Ali Mari (2004): Women’s movements, customary law and land rights in Africa, The case of Uganda, in: African Studies Quarterly, vol. 7, pp.1-19. [1215]

Twinomugisha, Ben K. (2005): Barriers to the protection of rural women’s rights to maternal health care in Uganda, in: East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights, vol. 11, no. 1, pp.67-92. [1216]

Wangusa, Ayeta Aume / Barungi, Violet (eds. (2003): Tears of hope, A collection of short stories by Ugandan rural women, Femite Publications Limited, Kampala. [1217]

Whyte, Michael (1997): The social and cultural contexts of food production in Uganda and Kenya, in: Weisner, Thomas / Bradley, Candice / Kilbride, Philip (eds.): African families and the crisis of social change, Bergin and Garvey Publishers, Westport, pp.125-134. [1218]


Zambia

Akeroyd, Anne V. (1989): Gender, food production and property rights: Constraints on women farmers in Southern Africa, in: Afshar, Haleh (ed.): Women, development and survival in the Third World, Routledge Publications, London, pp.139-171. [1219]

Araki, Minako (2001): Different meanings and interests over women’s clubs in rural Zambia, An ethnography of development in practice, in: Africa Studies Monographs, vol. 22, no. 4, pp.175-193. [1220]

Barnett, Tony / Tumushabe, Joseph / Batebye, Grace et al. (1995): The social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS on farming systems and livelihoods in rural Africa, Some experiences from Uganda, Tanzania, and Zambia, in: Journal of International Development, 7, 1, pp.163-176. [1222]

Baylies, Carolyn (2002): The impact of AIDS on rural households in Africa, A shock like any other? in: Development and Change, vol. 33, no. 4, pp.611-632. [1221]

Beck, Josephine / Dorlöcher, Sabine (1987): „Wahileyi“ - Where have you been when your sister cultivated the fields? Women’s agricultural activities as a basis for subsistence and their economic independence, in: Crehan, Kate / Oppen, Achim von (Hg.): Is small beautiful?, Small-scale producers, informal activities and development in their social and economic context, Case studies on rural and urban Zambia, Schwerpunkt Entwicklungssoziologie, Institut für Soziologie, Arbeitspapiere zu Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft und Politik in Entwicklungsländern, No. 8, FU-Berlin, pp.1-115. [1223]

Beck, Josephine / Dorlöcher, Sabine (1990): Die Instabilität der Ehebeziehungen als Motor weiblicher Einkommensstrategien im Lebenslauf zambischer Kleinbäuerinnen, in: Elwert, Georg / Kohle, Martin / Müller, Harald (Hg.): Im Lauf der Zeit, Stuttgart, pp.156-168. [1224]

Chabala, Charles / Gichira, Robert, N. (1989): Zambia: Intrahousehold dynamics and FSR/E in Zambia: A case study of traditional recommendation domains in Central Province, in: Feldstein, Hilary Sims / Poats, Susan, V. (eds.): Working together, Gender analysis in agriculture, vol. 1: Case Studies, Kumarian Press, West Hartford, pp.241-267. [1225]

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Cliggett, Lisa (2005): Grains from grass, Aging, gender and famine in rural Africa, Cornell University Press, Ithaca. [1227]

Crehan, Kate (1983): Women and development in North Western Zambia: From producer to housewife, in: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 27/28, pp.51-66. [1228]

Crehan, Kate (1997): Of communities and landscapes, in: Crehan, Kate (ed.): The fractured community, Landscapes of power and gender in rural Zambia, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp.224-233. [1229]

Drescher, Axel (1998): Hausgärten in afrikanischen Räumen, Bewirtschaftung nachhaltiger Produktionssysteme und Strategien der Ernährungssicherung in Zambia und Zimbabwe, Centaurus-Verlag, Pfaffenweiler. [1230]

Due, J.M. / Mudenda, T. / Miller, Patricia (1984): How do rural women perceive development, A case study from Zambia, WID working papers no. 63, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [1233]

Due, J.M. / Mudenda, T. / Miller, Patricia (1986): Women’s contribution to farming systems and household income in Zambia, in: Ahfad Journal, 3, 2, pp.52-61. (und veröffentlicht als Working Paper no. 85, Women in International Development, Michigan State University, Boston.) [1234]

Due, Jean (1987): African women’s perceptions of development: Contrasts between Tanzania and Zambia, in: Journal of Rural Studies, vol. 3, no. 1, pp.23-29. [1231]

Due, Jean (1988): Intra-household gender issues in farming systems in Tanzania, Zambia, and Malawi, in: Poats, Susan / Schmink, Marianne / Spring, Anita (eds.): Gender issues in farming systems research and extension, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.331-344. [1232]

Due, Jean / White, Marcia (1986): Contrasts between joint and female headed farm households in Zambia, in: Eastern Africa Economic Review, vol. 2, no. 1, pp.94-98. [1235]

Foster, Susan (1993): Maize production, drought and AIDS in Monze District, Zambia, in: Health Policy and Planning, vol. 8, no. 3, pp.247-254. [1236]

Frischmuth, Christiane (1998): From crops to gender relations: Transforming extension in Zambia, in: Guijt, Irene / Shah, Meera Kaul (eds.): The myths of community, Gender issues in participatory development, IT-Publications, London, pp.196-209. [1237]

Geisler, Gisela (1990): Be quiet and suffer, Die Politik der Geschlechterbeziehungen in einer ländlichen Gemeinde in Zambia, Hamburg. [1238]

Geisler, Gisela (1992): Who is losing out? Structural adjustment, gender, and the agricultural sector in Zambia, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 30, no. 1, pp.113-139. [1239]

Hamaundu, Nawina (1993): Women in the Eastern Province, More hit by drought and yet more enduring, in: Focus on Gender, vol. 1, no. 1, pp.41-44. [1240]

Harrison, Elizabeth (2000): Men, women and work in rural Zambia, in: European Journal of Development Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp.53-71. [1241]

Hudgens, Robert (1988): A diagnosic survey in the Central Province of Zambia, in: Poats, Susan / Schmink, Marianne / Spring, Anita (eds.): Gender issues in farming systems research and extension, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.373-387. [1242]

Jiggins, Janice (1995): Breaking new ground: Reaching out to women farmers in Western Zambia, in: Leonard, Ann (eds.): Seeds, 2: Supporting women’s work around the world, The Feminist Press, New York, pp.17-39. [1243]

Kajoba, Gear (2000): Women and land in Zambia, A case study of small-scale farmers in Chenena village, Chibombe District, Central Zambia, in: Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review, vol. 18, pp.35-61. [1244]

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Kapungwe, Augustus (2005): Household food security and nutrititional status in Zambia, in: Africa Insight,vol. 3, no. 1, pp.36-43. [1246]

Keller, Bonnie / Mbewe, Dorcas Chilla (1991): Policy and planning for the empowerment of Zambia’s women farmers, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 12, no. 1, pp.75-88. [1247]

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Kürschner, Ekkehard et al. (2000): Incorporating HIV/AIDS concerns into participatory rural extension, A multisectoral approach for Southern Province, Zambia, Schriftenreihe des Seminars für ländliche Entwicklung, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, SLE S 188, Margraf Verlag, Weikersheim. [1249]

Larson, Kathryn / Kanyangwa, Joyce (1990): Women in market-oriented agriculture, in: Wood, Adrian Paul / Kean, Stuart / Milimo, John / Warren, Dennis Michael (eds.): The dynamics of agricultural policy and reform in Zambia, Iowa State University Press, Ames, pp.473-493. [1250]

Luig, Ute (1992): Besessenheit als Ausdruck von Frauenkultur, in: Peripherie, Nr. 47/48, pp.111-138. [1251]

Milimo, Mabel (1985): Chikuni fruit and vegetable producers' cooperative society, Zambia - A case study, in: Muntemba, Shimwaayi (ed.): Rural development and women: Lessons from the field, vol. I, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.21-36. [1252]

Milimo, Mabel (1986): Women, population and food in Africa: The Zambian Case, in: Africa Development, vol. XI, no. 4, pp.95-132. [1253]

Moore, Henrietta / Vaughan, Megan (1987): Cutting down trees: Women, nutrition and agricultural change in the Northern Province of Zambia, 1920-1986, in: African Affairs, vol. 86, pp.523-540. [1254]

Moore, Henrietta / Vaughan, Megan (1994): Cutting down trees, Routledge Publishers, London. [1255]

Muntemba Stjernstedt, Dorothy Ch. (1985): Successful women's projects: The case of Mupona multi-purpose co-operative society, Zambia, in: Muntemba, Shimwaayi (ed.) Rural development and women: Lessons from the field, vol. II, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.89-98. [1258]

Muntemba, Shimwaayi Maud (1982): Women as food producers and suppliers in the twentieth century: The case of Zambia, in: Development Dialogue, vol. 1-2, pp.29-50. [1256]

Muntemba, Shimwaayi Maud (1982): Women and agricultural change in the railway region of Zambia: Dispossession and counterstrategies, 1930-1970, in: Bay, Edna G. (ed.): Women and work in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.83-104. [1257]

Mwale, Genevieve / Burnhard, Philip (1992): The women’s views, in: Mwale, Genevieve / Burnhard, Philip: Women and Aids in rural Africa, Avebury Publishers, Aldershot, pp.26-69. [1259]

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Skjonsberg, Else (1995): Documenting women’s views through participatory research: Diaries of daily activities in rural Zambia, in: Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (ed.): Women wielding the hoe, Lessons from rural Africa for development theory and practice, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.225-236. [1261]

Spring, Anita / Hansen, Art (1985): The underside of development, Agricultural development and women in Zambia, in: Agriculture and Human Values, vol. 2, no. 1., pp.60-67. [1262]

Stromgaart, Peter (1985): A subsistence society under pressure: The Bemba of Northern Zambia, in: Africa, vol. 55, pp.39-58. [1263]

Sutherland, Alistar (1988): The gender factor and technology options for Zambia’s subsistence farming systems, in: Poats, Susan / Schmink, Marianne / Spring, Anita (eds.): Gender issues in farming systems research and extension, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.389-406. [1264]

Tekülve, Maria (2000): So ähnlich wie noch nie – Fortschritt für Frauen? Geschlechterverhältnisse im ländlichen Sambia nach der Strukturanpassung, in: Peripherie, Nr. 77-78, pp.75-98. [1265]

Thembo, Mary / Chola Phiri, Elizabeth (1988): The impact of modern changes in the Chitemene farming system in the Northern Province of Zambia, in: Poats, Susan / Schmink, Marianne / Spring, Anita (eds.): Gender issues in farming systems research and extension, Westview Press, Boulder, pp.361-372. [1266]

UN Habitat (2006): Zambia, Law, land tenure and gender review: Southern Africa, UN-Habitat, Nairobi. [1272]

Webb, Douglas / Paquette, Stefan (2000): The potential role of food aid in mitigation the impacts of HIV/AIDS: The case of Zambia, in: Development in Practice, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 694-700. [1267]

Whitehead, Ann (1999): ‘Lazy men’, time-use, and rural development in Zambia, in: Gender and Development, vol. 7, no. 3, pp.49-61. [1268]

Whitehead, Ann (2000): Continuities and discontinuities in political constructions of the working man in rural Sub-Saharan Africa, The ‘lazy man’ in African agriculture, in: European Journal of Development Research, vol. 12, no. 3, pp.23-49. [1269]

Wiegers, Esther / Curry, John / Garbero, Alessandra / Hourihan, John (2006): Patterns of vulnerability to AIDS impacts in Zambian households, in: Development and Change, vol. 37, no. 5, pp.1073-1092. [1270]

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Zimbabwe

Adams, Jennifer (1991): Female wage labour in rural Zimbabwe, in: World Development, vol. 19, no. 2/3, pp.163-177. [1273]

Amanor-Wilks, Dede (1996): Invisible hands: Women in Zimbabwe’s commercial farm sector, in: Southern African Feminist Review, vol. 2, no. 1, pp.37-57. [1274]

Anderson, Carina (1990): Mobilization and education of women farmers in Zimbabwe, A study of women’s participation programme, 1988-1990, organized by National Farmers Association of Zimbabwe, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, International Rural Development Centre, Working Paper 152, Uppsala. [1275]

Ansell, Nicola (2002): Secondary education reform in Lesotho and Zimbabwe and the needs of rural girls, Pronouncements, policy and practice, in: Comparative Education, vol. 38, no. 1, pp.91-112. [1276]

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Berkvens, Ronald (1997): Backing two horses, Interaction of agricultural and non-agricultural household activities in a Zimbabwean communal area, Working Paper no. 24, African Studies Centre, Leiden. [11873]

Bwerinofa, Patricia (1985): Fambirayi Mberi and Kusimudzira Zimbabwe co-operatives for female ex-combatants, in: Muntemba, Shimwaayi (ed.): Rural development and women: Lessons from the field, vol. I, ILO Publications, Geneva, pp.85-95. [1277]

Carr, Marilyn (1991): Zimbabwe, in: Carr, Marilyn: Women and food security, The experiences of SADAC, IT-Publications, London, pp.71-90. [1278]

Cheater, Angela (1981): Women and their participation in commercial agricultural production: The case of medium-scale freehold in Zimbabwe, in: Development and Change, vol. 12, pp.349-377. [1279]

Chenaux-Repond, Maia (1996): Die Umsiedlung hat mein Leben verändert, Die Landrechte von Frauen in Zimbabwe, in: Studer, A. et. al. (eds.): Land und Macht, die Landfrage im südlichen Afrika, Basel, pp.93-116. [1280]

Chidzongo, Mavis (1992): The situation of women in agriculture in the communal areas of Zimbabwe, in: Mukandwire, Richard / Madlosa, Khabele (eds.): Food policy and agriculture in Southern Africa, SAPES Trust Publications, Harare, pp.181-208. [1281]

Chikovore, Jeremiah / Nystrom, Lennarth et al. (2003): Denial and violence, Paradoxes in men’s perspectives on premarital sex and pregnancy in rural Zimbabwe, in: African Sociological Review, vol. 7, no. 1, pp.53-72. [1282]

Chikuni, Ordias / Polder, Anuschka (2003): Human exposure to airborne pesticide pollutants, in: Jacobs, Miriam / Dinham, Barbara (eds.): Silent invaders, Pesticides, livelihoods and women’s health, Zed Books, London, pp.127-133. [1283]

Chimedza, Ruvimbo (1985): Saving Clubs: The Mobilisation of rural finances in Zimbabwe, in: Muntemba, Shimwaayi (ed.): Rural development and women: Lessons from the field, vol. I, ILO-Publications, Geneva, pp.161-174. [1284]

Chingozho, Dorris (2002): Intermediate means of transport and gender relations, Zimbabwe, in: Fernando, Priyanthi / Porter, Gina (eds.): Balancing the load, Women, gender and transport, Zed Books, London, pp.25-36. [1285]

Chitsike, Colletah (2000): Culture as a barrier to rural women’s entrepreneurship, Experience from Zimbabwe, in: Gender and Development, vol. 8, no. 1, pp.71-77. [1286]

Cleaver, Frances (2000): Analysing gender roles in community natural resource management, Negotiation, life courses and social inclusion, in: Bulletin of the Institute of Development Studies, vol. 31, no. 2, pp.60-67. [1287]

Cowan, Frances / Pascoe, Sophie / Langhaug, Lisa (2008): The Regai Dzive Shiri Project, A cluster randomised controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of a multi-component community-based HIV-prevention intervention for rural youth in Zimbabwe, in: Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 13, no. 10, pp.1235-1244. [1288]

Debrabandere, Regine / Desmet, Arnout (1998): Brides have a price: Gender dimensions of objective-oriented project planning in Zimbabwe, in: Guijt, Irene / Shah, Meera Kaul (eds.): The myths of community, Gender issues in participatory development, IT Publications, London, pp.100-109. [1289]

Doran, J. (1994): Transportation by women, and their access to animal-drawn carts in Zimbabwe, in: Starkey, Paul / Mwenya, Emmanuel (eds.): Improving animal traction technology, CTA Publications, Wageningen, pp.15-21. [1290]

Folta, Jeanette / Deck, Edith (1987): Elderly black widows in rural Zimbabwe, in: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, vol. 2, pp.321-342. [1291]

Fortmann, Louise (1996): Gendered knowledge: Rights and space in two Zimbabwean villages, in: Rocheleau, Dianne / Thomas-Slayter, Barbara / Wangari, Ester (eds.): Feminist political ecology, Global issues and local experiences, Routledge Publications, London, pp.211-223. [1292]

Fortmann, Louise / Antinori, Camille / Nabane, Nontokozo (1997): Fruits of their labours: Gender, property rights, and tree planting in two Zimbabwean villages, in: Rural Sociology, vol. 62, no. 3, pp.295-314. [1293]

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