Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature regarding Rwanda

agriculture ecology rural development climate changearts and cultureeconomy - formal and informal employment
economy - Householdseconomy - markets and traderseconomy - pastoralism
education schooling and tertiary educationhealth - fgc fgmhealth - HIV AIDS and gender
health - reproduction and fertilityhealth history colonialism and pre-colonial history
Literature media politics - wars violent conflicts
politics Religion - Christianity Religion - Islam
Religion - traditional rituals and spirit mediumshipRights - human rights violations gender based violence Rights - Women Human Rights and legal system
society - families marriagessociety - homosexuality / sexual minorities society - masculinities
society - migration and urbanisationsociety - women's organisations

agriculture ecology rural development climate change

Ansoms, An / Holtvoet, Nathalie (2008): Women and land arrangements in Rwanda, A gender-based analysis of access to natural resources, in: Englert, Birgit / Daley, Elizabeth (eds.): Women’s land rights and privatisation in East Africa, James Currey Publishers, Oxford, pp.138-175.[865]

Ayalew Ali, Daniel / Deininger, Klaus / Goldstein, Markus (2011): Environemental and gender impacts of land tenure regulation in Africa, Pilot evidence from Rwanda, Policy Research Working Paper, 5765, World Bank, Washington D.C.[864]

Blackden, Mark / Woden, Quentien (eds. (2006): Gender, time use, and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa, World Bank Working Paper no 73, World Bank, Washington D.C.[866]

Brown, Jennifer / Uvuza, Justin (2006): Women’s land rights in Rwanda: How can they be protected and strengthened as the land law is implemented? RDI Report no. 123, Rural Development Institute, Washington D.C.[867]

Burnet, Jennie (2003): Culture, practice and law, Women’s access to land in Rwanda, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land rights in Africa, Culture, religion and realizing women’s rights, Zed Books, London, pp.176-206.[868]

Daley, Elizabeth (2010): Ahead of the game, land tenure reform in Rwanda and the process of securing women’s land rights, in: Journal of Eastern African Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp.131-152.[869]

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO (1993): The position of women in intensification projects in Gikongoro, Rwanda, FAO Publications, Rome.[870]

Gillespie, Stuart (1989): Potential impact of AIDS on farming systems, A case study from Rwanda, in: Land Use Policy, vol. 6, pp.301-312.[871]

Randolph, Sheron / Sanders, Rickie (1992): Female farmers in the Rwandan farming system: A study of Ruhengeri prefecture, in: Agriculture and Human Values, vol. 9, no. 1, pp.59-66.[872]

Randolph, Sheron / Sanders, Rickie (1998): Constraints to agricultural production in Africa, A survey of female farmers in the Ruhungeri Prefecture of Rwanda, in: Studies in Comparative and Internationale Development, vol. 23, pp.78-98.[873]

Sperling, Louise / Berkowitz, Peggy (1994): Partners in selection, Bean breeders and women bean experts in Ruanda, CGIAR Gender Program, Washington D.C.[874]

UN High Commission For Refugees (UNHCR), Kigali Office (2001): Women’s property rights and the land question in Rwanda, in: Buregeya, Alfred / Garling, Marguerite et al. (eds.): Women’s land and property rights in situations of conflict and reconstruction, UNIFEM Publications, New York, pp.38-44.[875]

arts and culture

no entries to this combination of country and topic

economy - formal and informal employment

Nsanzimana, Bernard / Nkundibiza, Aline Providence / Mwanbangwe, Patricie (2020): Promoting gender equality in the Rwandan ASM, Efforts and obstacles, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 119-138 [11646]

economy - Households

no entries to this combination of country and topic

economy - markets and traders

no entries to this combination of country and topic

economy - pastoralism

no entries to this combination of country and topic

education schooling and tertiary education

Burckhardt, Gisela (1993): Further education needs of women in the informal sector, The example of Duterimbere in Rwanda, in: Adult Education and Development, no. 40, pp. 331-340.[2785]

Burckhardt, Gisela (1997): The acquisation of competence by women in the urban informal sector in Rwanda, in: Education, vol. 55/56, pp. 113-130.[2786]

health - fgc fgm

no entries to this combination of country and topic

health - HIV AIDS and gender

Allen, S. / Serufilira, A. et al. (1993): Pregnancy and contraception use among urban Rwandan women after HIV testing and counselling, in: American Journal of Public Health, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 705-710.[3688]

Babalola, S. / Awawum D. / Quenum-Renaud, B. (2002): The correlates of safe sex practices among Rwandan youth, A positive deviance approach, in: African Journal of AIDS Research, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 11-21.[3689]

Hentz, Jennifer (2005): The impact of HIV on the rape crisis in the African Great Lakes Region, in: Human Rights Brief, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 12-15.[3690]

Lindan, Christina / Allen, Susan et al. (1991): Knowledge, attitudes and perceived risk of AIDS among urban Rwandan women, Relationship to HIV infection and behaviour change, in: AIDS, vol. 5, pp. 993-1002.[3691]

Taylor, Christopher (1990): Condoms and cosmology, The ‘fractal’ person and sex risk in Rwanda, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1023-1028.[3692]

Van der Straten, A. / King, R. / Grinstead, O. et al. (1995): Couple communication, sexual coercion and HIV risk reduction in Kigali, Rwanda, in: AIDS, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 935-944.[3693]

Van der Straten, A. / King, R. / Grinstead, O. et al. (1998): Sexual coercion, physical violence and HIV infection among women in steady relationships in Kigali, Rwanda, in: AIDS and Behaviour, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 61-73.[3694]

health - reproduction and fertility

no entries to this combination of country and topic

health

no entries to this combination of country and topic

history colonialism and pre-colonial history

Schoenbrun, D.L. (1996): Gendered histories between the Great Lakes: Varieties and Limits, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, 29, 3, pp. 461-492.[5458]

Literature

no entries to this combination of country and topic

media

no entries to this combination of country and topic

politics - wars violent conflicts

African Rights (1995): Rwanda, Not so innocent, When women become killers, African Rights, London.[6814]

African Rights (2004): Women taking a lead, Progress towards empowerment and gender equality in Rwanda, Discussion Paper no. 12, African Rights, Kigali.[6815]

Askin, Kelly (1999): Sexual violence in decisions and indictments of the Yugoslav and Rwandan tribunals, Current Status, in: The American Journal of International Law, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 97-123.[6816]

Baines, Erin (2003): Body politics and the Rwandan crisis, in: Third World Quarterly, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 479-493.[6817]

Baines, Erin (2005): Les femmes aux mille bras, Buildung peace in Rwanda, in: Mazurana, Dylan / Raven-Roberts, Angela / Parpart, Jane (eds.): Gender, conflict, and peacekeeping, Rowman and Littlefield, Boulder, pp. 220-230.[6818]

Bayisenge, Jeannette (2009): Does the law work in their favor? The complexity of land rights of women living in polygamous relationships in Rwanda, in: Jenda, 15.[6819]

Bayisenge, Jeannette (2016): Reshaping gender norms in post-genocide Rwanda, in: Genocide Studies International, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 230-250.[6820]

Brown, Jennifer (2016): Reshaping gender norms in post-genocide Rwanda, in: Genocide Studies International, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 230-250.[6821]

Brunet, Ariane / Helal, Solon Isabelle (1998): Monitoring the prosecution of gender-related crimes in Rwanda, A brief field report, in: Peace and Conflict, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 393-397.[6824]

Burnet, Ariane (2003): Culture, practice and law, Women’s access to land in Rwanda, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land in Africa, Culture, religion and realizing women’s rights in Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 176-206.[6822]

Burnet, Ariane (2008): Gender balance and the meanings of women in governance in post-genocide Rwanda, in. African Affairs, 10/428, pp. 361-386.[6823]

Burnet, Jennie (2012): Genocide lives with us, Women, memory, and silence in Rwanda, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.[6825]

Burnet, Jennie (2015): Rape as a weapon of genocide. Gender, patriarchy, and sexual violence in Rwanda, in. Randall, Amy (ed.): Genocide and gender in the twentieth century, A comparative survey, Bloomsbury Academy, London, pp. 140-161.[6826]

De Smedt, Johan (1998): Child marriage in Rwandan refugee camps, in: Africa, vol. 68, pp. 211-237.[6827]

El-Bushra, Judy / El-Karib, Asha / Hadjipateras, Angela (2002): Gender sensitive programme design and planning in conflict affected situations, Research Report, Annex 6 Rwanda, written by Josepha Nyirankundabera, ACORD, London.[6828]

El-Bushra, Judy / Mukarubuga, Cecile (1995): Women, war and transition, in: Gender and Development, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 16-22.[6829]

Feliciati, Clara Chapdelaine (2006): Restorative justice for the girl child in post-conflict Rwanda, in: Journal of Intertnational Women’s Studies, vol. 7, pp. 14-35.[6830]

Gervais, Myriam (2003): Human security and reconstruction efforts in Rwanda, Impact on the lives of women, in: Development in Practice, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 542-551.[6831]

Hickey, Breeda (1996): Women and conflicts: The challenges, the future for women in Ruanda, in: Lieshout, Mary Van (Hg.): A woman’s workd, Beyound the headlines, Attic Press, Dublin, pp. 65-71.[6832]

Jones, Adam (2004): Gender and genocide in Rwanda, in: Jones, Adam: Gendercide and genocide, Vanderbilt University Press, Nashville, pp. 98-130.[6833]

Krüger, Karen (2004): Die Vergewaltigung von Tutsi-Frauen im rwandischen Genozid 1994, in: Feministische Studien, Heft 2, pp. 277-290.[6834]

Madsen, Hojlund Diana (2020): Women, peace and security in Rwanda, Nordic Africa Institute, NAI Policy Note 6, Uppsala.[6835]

Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu (2012): Asserting their presence! Women’s quest for transitional justice in post-genocide Rwanda, in. Buckley-Zistel, Susanne / Stanley, Ruth (eds.): Gender in transitional justice, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp. 163-190.[6836]

Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu (2015): Mobilizing transnational gender politics in post-genocide Rwanda, Ashgate, Farnham.[6837]

Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu (2016): Tracing women’s rights after genocide, The case of Rwanda, in: Wibben, Annick (ed.): Researching war, Feminist methods, ethics and politics, Routledge, New York, pp. 147-166.[6838]

McNairn, Rosemarie (2005): Building capacity to resolve conflict in communities, Oxfam experience in Rwanda, in: Sweetman, Carol (ed.): Gender, peace building and reconstruction, Oxfam Publications, Oxford, pp. 84-93.[6839]

Mukamana, Donatilla / Collins, Anthony (2006): Rape survivors of the Rwandan genocide, in: Critical Psychology, International Journal of Critical Psychology, Issue 17: Critical Psychology in Africa, pp. 140-166.[6840]

Newbury, Catherine / Baldwin, Hannah (2001): Profile Rwanda, in: Kumar, Krishna (ed.): Women and civil war - Impact, organisations, and action, Lynne Rienner, Boulder, pp. 27-38.[6841]

Newbury, Catherine / Baldwin, Hannah (2001): Confronting the aftermath of conflict, Women’s organisations in postgenocide Rwanda, in: Kumar, Krishna (ed.): Women and civil war - Impact, organisations, and action, Lynne Rienner, Boulder, pp. 97-128.[6842]

Nowrojee, Binaifer (1996): Scattered lives: Sexual violence during the Rwanda genocide and its aftermath, Human Rights Watch, New York.[6843]

Nowrojee, Binaifer / Regan, Ralph (1988): Juctice for women victims of violence, Rwanda after the 1994 genocide, in: Amadiume, Ifi / An-Nai’im, Abdullahi (eds.): The politics of memory, Truth, healing and social justice, Zed Books, London, pp. 162-175.[6844]

Pillay, Navanethem (2001): Sexual violence in times of conflict, The jurisprudence of the international criminal tribunal for Rwanda, in: Chesterman, Simon (ed.): Civilians in war, Lynne Rienner, Boulder, pp. 167-176.[6845]

Schäfer, Rita (2008): Frauen und Kriege in Afrika, ein Beitrag zur Gender-Forschung, Brandes und Apsel Verlag, Frankfurt a.M.[11884]

Seewald, Magda (2006): Gender und bewaffnete Konflikte, Ruanda, Internetrecherche/Desk Studie, Wiener Institut für Entwicklungsfragen und Zusammenarbeit, Wien.[6846]

Sommers, Marc (2006): Fearing Africa’s young men, The case of Rwanda, Social Development Papers, Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction, CPR Paper no. 32, The World Bank, Washington D.C.[6847]

Stensrud, Ellen / Husby, Gorill (2005): Resolution 1325, From rhetoric to practice, A report on women`s role in reconciliation process in the Great Lakes of Africa, PRIO Report, Oslo.[6848]

Twagiramariya, Clotilde / Trushen, Meredeth (1998): ‘Favours to give’ and ‘consenting victims’, The sexual politics of survival in Rwanda, What women do in wartimes, in: Turshen, Meredeth / Twagiramariya (eds.): What women do in wartime, Gender and conflict in Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 101-117.[6849]

Williamson, Carolinee (2012): Assessing the impact of genocide on Rwandan women self-perception and identity, A discursive analysis of posttraumatic growth in survivors testimonies, in: Enquire, 5, 1, pp. 3-21.[6850]

politics

Burnet, Jennie (2008): Gender balance and the meanings of women in governance in Post-Genocide Rwanda, in: African Affairs, vol. 107, no. 428, pp. 361-386.[7395]

Burnet, Jennie (2011): Women have found respect, Gender quotas, symbolic representation and female empowerment in Rwanda, in: Politics and Gender, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 303-334.[7396]

Hogg, L.C. (2009): Women’s political represenation in post-conflict Rwanda, A politics of inclusion or exclusion? in: Journal of Women’s Studies, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 34-55.[7397]

Religion - Christianity

no entries to this combination of country and topic

Religion - Islam

no entries to this combination of country and topic

Religion - traditional rituals and spirit mediumship

Berger, Iris (1995): Fertility as power: Spirit mediums, priestesses and the precolonial state in Interlacustrine East Africa, in: Anderson, D.M. / Johnson, D.H. (eds.): Revealing prophets, Prophecy in Eastern African History, London, pp. 65-82.[10288]

Rights - human rights violations gender based violence

Abdela, Lesley (2007): ‘Anyone here been raped and speaks English? Workshop for editors and journalists on gender based violence and sex-trafficing, in: Gender and Development, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 387-398.[10501]

Askin, Kelly (1999): Sexual violence in decisions and indictments of the Yugoslav and Rwandan tribunals, Current Status, in: The American Journal of International Law, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 97-123.[10497]

Bob, Codou (2010): ‘I killed her because she disobeyed me in wearing this new hairstyle’, Gender-based violence, laws and impunity in Senegal, in: Burrill, Emily / Roberts, Richard / Thornberry, Elizabeth (eds.): Domestic violence and the law in colonial and post-colonial Africa, Ohio University Press, Athens, pp. 203-238.[10502]

Brown, Jennifer / Uvuza, Justin (2006): Women’s land rights in Rwanda: How can they be protected and strengthened as the land law is implemented? RDI Report no. 123, Rural Development Institute, Washington D.C.[10498]

London, Scott (2010): Constructing law, contesting violence, The Senegalese Family Code and narratives of domestic abuse, in: Burrill, Emily / Roberts, Richard / Thornberry, Elizabeth (eds.): Domestic violence and the law in colonial and post-colonial Africa, Ohio University Press, Athens, pp. 239-255.[10503]

Nowrojee, B. (1996): Scattered lives: Sexual violence during the Rwanda genocide and its aftermath, Human Rights Watch, New York.[10499]

Rights - Women Human Rights and legal system

Askin, Kelly (1999): Sexual violence in decisions and indictments of the Yugoslav and Rwandan tribunals, Current Status, in: The American Journal of International Law, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 97-123.[11184]

Brown, Jennifer / Uvuza, Justin (2006): Women’s land rights in Rwanda: How can they be protected and strengthened as the land law is implemented? RDI Report no. 123, Rural Development Institute, Washington D.C.[11185]

Burnet, Ariane / Helal, Solon Isabelle (1998): Monitoring the prosecution of gender-related crimes in Rwanda, A brief field report, in: Peace and Conflict, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 393-397.[11186]

Burnet, Ariane / Helal, Solon Isabelle (2003): Culture, practice and law, Women’s access to land in Rwanda, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land in Africa, Culture, religion and realizing women’s rights in Africa, Zed Books, London, pp. 176-206.[11187]

Burnet, Jennie and the Rwandan Initiative for Sustainable Development (2003): Culture, practice and law, Women’s access to land in Rwanda, in: Wanyeki, Muthoni (ed.): Women and land in Africa: Culture, religion and realizing women's rights, Zed Books, London, pp. 176-206.[11188]

Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu (2012): Asserting their presence! Women’s quest for transitional justice in post-genocide Rwanda, in. Buckley-Zistel, Susanne / Stanley, Ruth (eds.): Gender in transitional justice, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp. 163-190.[11189]

Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu (2016): Tracing women’s rights after genocide, The case of Rwanda, in: Wibben, Annick (ed.): Researching war, Feminist methods, ethics and politics, Routledge, New York, pp. 147-166.[11190]

Nowrojee, B. (1996): Scattered lives: Sexual violence during the Rwanda genocide and its aftermath, Human Rights Watch, New York.[11191]

Nowrojee, Binaifer / Regan, Ralph (1988): Juctice for women victims of violence, Rwanda after the 1994 genocide, in: Amadiume, Ifi / An-Nai’im, Abdullahi (eds.): The politics of memory, Truth, healing and social justice, Zed Books, London, pp. 162-175.[11192]

Ntampaka, Charles (1997): Family law in Rwanda, in: Bainham, Andrew (ed.): International Survey of Family Law, Nijoff Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 415-433.[11193]

Rombouts, Heidy (2006): Women and reparations in Rwanda, A long path to travel, in: Rubio-Marin, Ruth (ed.): What happened to the women? Gender and reparations for human rights violations, Publication of the Social Science Research Council, New York, pp. 194-245. [11194]

Rose, Laurel (2004): Women’s land access in post-conflict Rwanda, Bridging the gap between customary land law and pending land legislation, in: Texas Journal of Women and the Law, 13, 1, pp. 346-351.[11195]

UN High Commission for Refugees, Kigali Office (2001): Women, property rights and the land question in Rwanda, in: Buregeya, Alfred / Gorling, Marguerite et al. (eds.): Women’s land and property rights in situations of conflicts and reconstuction, Unifem Publications, New York, pp. 38-44.[11196]

society - families marriages

Bohmer, Caro (1980): Modernziation, divorce and the status of women, in: African Studies Review, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 81-87.[8834]

society - homosexuality / sexual minorities

Kageha Igonya, Emmy (2022): Rwanda: LGBT rights are protected on paper, but discrimination and homophobia persist, The Conversation, 16 May 2022[11951]

society - masculinities

Sommers, Marc (2006): In the shadow of genocide, Rwanda’s youth challenge, in: McEvoy-Levy, Siobhán (ed.): Trouble makers or peace makers, University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dam (Ind.), pp. 81-98.[9301]

Sommers, Marc (2006): Fearing Africa’s young men, The case of Rwanda, Social Development Papers, Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction, CPR Paper no. 32, The World Bank, Washington D.C.[9302]

society - migration and urbanisation

no entries to this combination of country and topic

society - women's organisations

Newbury, Catherine / Baldwin, Hannah (2001): Confronting the aftermath of conflict, Women’s organisations in postgenocide Rwanda, in: Kumar, Krishna (ed.): Women and civil war - Impact, organisations, and action, Lynne Rienner, Boulder, pp.97-128.[10058]

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