Literature Database on Gender in Subsahara Africa

Literature regarding D.R. Congo / Zaire

agriculture ecology rural development climate changearts and cultureeconomy - formal and informal employment
economy - Householdseconomy - markets and traderseconomy - pastoralism
education schooling and tertiary educationhealth - fgc fgmhealth - HIV AIDS and gender
health - reproduction and fertilityhealth history colonialism and pre-colonial history
Literature media politics - wars violent conflicts
politics Religion - Christianity Religion - Islam
Religion - traditional rituals and spirit mediumshipRights - human rights violations gender based violence Rights - Women Human Rights and legal system
society - families marriagessociety - homosexuality / sexual minorities society - masculinities
society - migration and urbanisationsociety - women's organisations

agriculture ecology rural development climate change

Bargel, Gabriele (1995): Problemwissen und Entwicklungsvorstellungen von Bäuerinnen in Zaire, in: Honerla, Susan / Schröder, Peter (Hg.): Lokales Wissen und Entwicklung, Verlag für Entwicklungspolitik, Saarbrücken, pp.150-164.[296]

Dupré, Marie-Claude (1995): Mothers, healers and farmers in Congo, in: Bryceson, Deborah Fahy (ed.): Women wielding the hoe, Lessons from rural Africa for feminist theory and development practice, Berg Publishers, Oxford, pp.151-163.[297]

Grundfest Schoepf, Brooke / Schoepf, Claude (1988): Land, gender and food security in Eastern Kivu, Zaire, in: Davison, Jean (ed.): Agriculture, women and land, The African experience, Boulder, Westview Press, pp.106-130.[298]

Grundfest Schoepf, Brooke / Schoepf, Claude (1993): Gender, land and hunger in Eastern Zaire, in: Huss-Ashmore, Rebecca / Katz, Solomon (eds.): African food systems in crisis, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York, pp.75-106.[299]

Mputela, Mbongolo-Ndundu / Kraft, Steven (1994): Women farmers’ role in managing cassava production in Bandundu, Zaire, in: Journal of Farming System Research Extension, 4, 2, pp.57-70.[300]

Newbury, Catharine / Grundfest Schoepf, Brooke (1989): State, peasantry, and agrarian crisis in Zaire: Does gender make a difference, in: Parpart, Jane / Staudt, Kathleen (eds.): Women and the state in Africa, Lynne Rienner Publications, Boulder, pp.91-110.[302]

Newbury, Catherine (1984): Ebutumwa Bw’Emiogo: The tyranny of cassava – A women’s tax revolt in Eastern Zaire, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 18, no. 1, pp.35-54.[301]

Schoepf, Brooke / Engundu, Walu (1991): Women and structural adjustment in Zaire in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp.151-168.[303]

Shapiro, David (1990): Farm size, household size and composition, and women’s contribution to agricultural production, in: Journal of Development Studies, vol. 27, no. 1, pp.1-21.[304]

arts and culture

Gondola, Didier (1997): Popular music, urban society, and changing gender relations in Kinshasa, Zaire (1950-1990), in: Grosz-Ngate, Maria and Kokole, Omari H. (eds.): Gendered Encounters: Challenging cultural boundaries and social hierarchies in Africa, Routledge, London, pp. 65-84.[1443]

Matumba-Ngoma, Mabala (1989): Frauen, Kunsthandwerk und Kultur bei den Yombe, Edition Re, Göttingen.[1444]

Remer, Abby (2001): The power of cloth: Kuba Kasai textiles, rank, and prestige, in: Remer, Abby: Enduring visions: Women's artistic heritage around the world. Davis Publications, Worcester.[1445]

Schildkrout, Enid (1999): Gender and sexuality in Mangbetu art, in: Phillips, Ruth / Steiner, Christopher (eds.): Unpacking culture: Art and commodity in colonial and postcolonial worlds, University of California Press, Berkeley.[1446]

economy - formal and informal employment

Bashwira, Marie-Rose / van der Haar, Gemma (2020): Necessity of choice, Women’s migration to artisanal mining regions in the Eastern DRC, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 79-99.[11648]

De Herdt, Tom / Marysse, Stefaan (1999): The reinvention of the market from below, The end of the women’s money changing monopoly in Kinshasa, in: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 26, pp. 239-253.[1640]

Gould, Terri (1978): Value conflict and development: The struggle of the professional Zairian women, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 16. no. 1, pp. 133-139.[1641]

Schoepf, Brooke / Engundu, Walu (1991): Women and structural adjustment in Zaire in: Gladwin, Christina (ed.): Structural adjustment and African women farmers, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp. 151-168.[1642]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. (1997): Education, employment, and fertility in Kinshasa and prospects for changes in reproductive behaviour, in: Population Research and Policy Review, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 259-287.[1644]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (1994): The impact of women's employment and education on contraceptive use and abortion in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 2, pp. 96-110.[1643]

Stewart, Jennifer / Kibombo, Richard / Rankin, Pauline (2020): Gendered livelihoods in the artisanal mining sector in the Great Lakes Region, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 37-56.[11649]

Yates, Barbara (1981): Colonialism, education and work, Sex differentiation in Colonial Zaire, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work, Boulder, Westview Press, pp. 127-152.[1645]

economy - Households

no entries to this combination of country and topic

economy - markets and traders

Braun, Lesley Nicole (2019): Wandering women, The work of Congolese transnational traders, in: Africa, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 378-396.[11660]

Braun, Lesley Nicole / Ostbo Haugen, Heidi (2021): The weight women carry, Research on the visible and invisible baggage in suitcase trade between China and Africa, in: The Professional Geographer, online. 13.9.2021[11661]

De Herst, Tom / Marysse, Stephan (1989): The reinventry of the market from below - The end of women’s money and changing monopoly in Kinshasa, in: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 239-254.[2110]

Schoepf, Brooke /, Walu, Engundu (1991): Women’s trade and contributions to household budgets in Kinshasa, in: Mac Gaffey, J. (ed.): The real economy of Zaire, James Currey Publishing, London, pp. 124-151.[2111]

economy - pastoralism

no entries to this combination of country and topic

education schooling and tertiary education

Faye Rousseau, Ida (1975): African Women: Identity Crisis? Some Observations on Education and the Changing Role of Women in Sierra Leone and Zaire, in: Rohrlich Leavitt, R. (ed.): Women Cross Culturally, Change and Challenge, The Hague/Paris pp. 42-51.[2584]

Gould, Terri (1978): Value conflict and development: The struggle ov the professional Zairian women, in: Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 16. no. 1, pp. 133-139.[2585]

Shapiro, David (2003): Kinshasa women in transition, Women’s education, employment and fertility, Chicago University Press, Chicago.[2586]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (1994): The impact of women's employment and education on contraceptive use and abortion in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 2, pp. 96-110[2587]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (1997): Education, employment, and fertility in Kinshasa and prospects for changes in reproductive behaviour, in: Population Research and Policy Review, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 259-287.[2588]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (2001): Gender, poverty, family structure, and investments in children's education in Kinshasa, Congo, in: Economics of Education Review, vol. 20, pp. 359-375.[2589]

Yates, Barbara (1981): Colonialism, education and work, Sex differentiation in Colonial Zaire, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work, Boulder, Westview Press, pp.127-152.[2590]

Yates, Barbara (1982): Church, state and education in Belgian Africa, Implications for contemporary third world women, in: Kelly, Gail / Ellion, Carolyn (eds.): Women’s education in the third world, Comparative perspectives, State University of New York Press, Albany, pp. 127-151.[2591]

Yates, Rachel (1997): Literacy, gender and vulnerability, Donor discourses and local realities, in: IDS-Bulletin, vol. 28, no. 3, pp.112-121.[2592]

health - fgc fgm

no entries to this combination of country and topic

health - HIV AIDS and gender

Batter, V. / Matela, B. et al. (1994): High HIV-1 infection incidence in young women masked by stable overall seroprevalene among childbearing women in Kinshana, Zaire, Estimating incidence from serial seroprevalence data, in: AIDS, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 811-817.[3462]

Bertrand, Jane et al. (1991): AIDS related knowledge, sexual behaviour and condome use among men and women in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: American Journal of Public Health, 81, 1, pp. 53-58.[3463]

Bertrand, Jane et al. (1996): The male versus the female perspective in family planning in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: Journal of Biological Science, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 37-55.[3464]

Brown, J. / Ayowa, O. / Brown, R. (1993): Dry and tight, Sexual practice and potential AIDS risk in Zaire, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 989-994.[3465]

Brown, J. / Ayowa, O. / Brown, R. (1993): The use and physical effects of intravaginal substances in Zairian Women, in: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 20, pp. 96-99.[3466]

Heyward, W. / Batter, V. et al. (1993): Impact of HIV counseling and testing among child bearing women in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: AIDS, vol. 7, pp. 1633-1637.[3467]

Irwin, Kathleen / Bertrand, Jane et al. (1991): Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about HIV infection and AIDS among healthy factory workers and their wives, Kinshasa, Zaire, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 917-930.[3468]

Laga, Marie / Manoka, A. et al. (1993): Non-ulcerative sexually transmitted diseases as risk factors for HIV-1 transmission in women: Results from a cohort study, in: AIDS, vol. 7, pp. 95-102.[3469]

Mann, Jonathan M. (1988): Condom use and HIV infection among prostitutes in Zaire, in: Koch-Weser, Dieter / Vanderschmidt, Hannelore (eds.): The heterosexual transmission of AIDS in Africa. Abt Books, Cambridge.[3470]

Mann, Jonathan M. / Nzilambi, N. / Piot, P. et al. (1988): HIV infection and associated risk factors in female prostitutes in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: AIDS, vol. 2, pp. 249-254.[3471]

Nzila, N. / Laga, M. et al. (1991): HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases among female prostitutes in Kinshasa, in: AIDS, vol. 5, pp. 715-722.[3472]

Ryder, R.W. / Batter, V.L. et al. (1991): Fertility rates in 238 HIV-1 seropositive women in Zaire followed for three years post-partum, in: AIDS, vol. 5, pp. 1521-1527.[3473]

Ryder, R.W. / Nsuami, M. et al. (1994): Mortality in HIV-1 seropositive women, Their spouses and their newly born children during 36 months of follow-up in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: AIDS, vol. 8, pp. 667-672.[3474]

Schoepf, Brooke Grundfest (1988): Women, AIDS, gender and economic crisis in Central Africa, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 22, no. 3, pp.628-644. (und in Mikell, Gwendolyn (ed.): African feminism, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1997, pp. 310-332.)[3475]

Schoepf, Brooke Grundfest (1991): Political economy, sex, and cultural logics: A view from Zaire, in: African Urban Quarterly, vol. 6, no. 1-2, pp. 94-107.[3476]

Schoepf, Brooke Grundfest (1991): Aids action research with women in Kinshasa, Ethical, methodological and political issues of AIDS research in central Africa, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 38, no. 11, pp.1401-1413.[3477]

Schoepf, Brooke Grundfest (1991): Gender, power, and risk of AIDS in Zaire in: Turshen, Meredeth (ed.): Women and health in Africa, Africa World Press, Trenton, pp. 187-203[3478]

Schoepf, Brooke Grundfest (1992): Aids, sex and condoms: African healers and the reinvention of tradition in Zaire, in: Medical Anthropology, vol. 14, pp. 225-242.[3479]

Schoepf, Brooke Grundfest (1992): Women at risk, Case studies from Zaire, in: Herdt, G. / Lindebaum, S. (eds.): Social analysis in the time of AIDS, Sage Publications, Newbury Park, pp. 259-286.[3480]

Schoepf, Brooke Grundfest (1993): Aids action research with women in Kinshasa, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 37, no. 11, pp. 1403-1411. (und in: Schneider, B. / Stoller, N. (eds.): Women resisting AIDS, Feminist strategies of empowerment, Temple University Press, Philadelphia, 1994, pp. 246-269.[3481]

Schoepf, Brooke Grundfest (1996): Health, gender relations and poverty in the AIDS era, in: Sheldon, Kalthleen (ed.): Courtyards, markets, city streets, Urban women in Africa, Westview Press, Boulder, pp. 153-168.[3482]

Schoepf, Brooke Grundfest (1997): Aids, gender, and sexuality during Africa’s economic crisis, in: Mikell, Gwendoly (ed.): African feminism, The politics of survival in sub-Saharan Africa, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, pp. 310-332.[3483]

Schoepf, Brooke Grundfest (2004): Gender, sex and power, A social history of AIDS in Mobutu’s Zaire, Blackwell Publishers, New York.[3484]

Wannan, G.J. / Cutting, W.A.M. / Fischer, P.R (1997): HIV seroprevalence amongst pregnant women in Northeastern Zaire, in: International Journal of STD and AIDS, vol. 8, pp. 317-319.[3485]

health - reproduction and fertility

Bertrand, Jane et al. (1986): Strategies for family planning service delivery in Bas, Zaire, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 12, pp. 108-115.[4376]

Bertrand, Jane et al. (1991): Sexual behavior and condom use in ten sites in Zaire, in: Journal of Sex Research, vol. 28, pp. 347-364.[4377]

Bertrand, Jane et al. (1993): Community-based distribution of contraceptives in Zaire, in: International Family Planning Perspectives, vol. 19, pp. 84-91.[4378]

Bertrand, Jane et al. (1996): The male versus the female perspective in family planning in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: Journal of Biological Science, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 37-55.[4379]

Hassig, S.E. / Bertrand, Jane T. et al. (1991): Duration and correlates of post-partum abstinence in four sites in Zaire, in: Social Science and Medicine, vol. 32, pp. 343-347.[4380]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (1988): Le bébé on brouse: European women, African birth spacing and colonial interventions in breast feeding in the Belgian Congo, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 21, no 3, pp. 401-423, (und in: Cooper, Frederick / Stoler, Ann Laura (eds.): Tensions of empire, Colonial cultures in a bourgeoise world, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 287-321.)[4381]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (1999): A colonial lexicon of birth ritual, medicalization, and mobility in the Congo, Duke University Press, Durham.[4382]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (2006): Colonial anthropology and the making of the Central African infertility belt, in: Tilley, Helen / Gordon, Robert (eds.): Anthropology, European imperialism and the ordering of Africa, Manchester University Press, Manchester.[4383]

Shapiro, David (1996): Fertility decline in Kinshasa, in: Population Studies, vol. 50, pp. 89-103.[4384]

Shapiro, David (2003): Kinshasa women in transition, Women’s education, employment and fertility, Chicago University Press, Chicago.[4385]

Shapiro, David / Tambashe, B. Oleko (1994): The impact of women's employment and education on contraceptive use and abortion in Kinshasa, Zaire, in: Studies in Family Planning, vol. 2, pp. 96-110[4386]

health

Kornfield, Ruth (1985): I'm sick... I'm coming, Illness among Zairian elite women, WID Working Papers, no. 101, Michigan State University, East Lansing. [5020]

history colonialism and pre-colonial history

Berger, Iris (1995): Fertility as power: Spirit mediums, priestesses and the pre-colonial state in Interlacustrine East Africa, in: Anderson, D.M. / Johnson, D.H. (ed.): Revealing prophets, Prophecy in Eastern African History, London, pp. 65-82.[5202]

Bouwer, Karen (2010): Gender and decolonization in the Congo, Lumumba’s legacy in literature and film, Palgrave, London.[5203]

Broadhead, Herlin Susan (1983): Slave wives, free sisters, Bakongo women and slavery c. 1700-1850, in: Robertson, Claire / Klein, Martin (eds.): Women and slavery in Africa, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, pp. 160-181.[5204]

Gondola, Didier (1997): Popular music, urban society, and changing gender relations in Kinshasa, Zaire (1950-1990), in: Grosz-Ngate, Maria and Kokole, Omari H. (eds.): Gendered Encounters: Challenging cultural boundaries and social hierarchies in Africa, Routledge, London, pp. 65-84.[5205]

Harms, Robert (1983): Sustaining the system, Trading towns along the Middle Zaire, Robertson, Claire / Klein, Martin (eds.): Women and slavery in Africa, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, pp. 95-110.[5206]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (1988): Le bébé on brouse: European women, African birth spacing and colonial interventions in breast feeding in the Belgian Congo, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 21, no 3, pp. 401-423, (und in: Cooper, Frederick / Stoler, Ann Laura (eds.): Tensions of empire, Colonial cultures in a bourgeoise world, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 287-321.)[5207]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (1990): Single ladies on the Congo, Protestant missionary tensions and voices, in: Women’s Studies International Forum, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 395-405.[5208]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (1990): Domesticity and colonialism in Belgian Africa, Usambura’s Foyer Social, 1946-1960, in: Signs, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 447-474.[5209]

Hunt, Nancy Rose (1991): Noise over camouflaged polygamy, colonial morality taxation, and a woman-naming crisis in Belgian Africa, in: Journal of African History, vol. 32, pp. 471-494.[5210]

Jeronimo, Miguel, Bandeira (2018): Restoring order, including change, Imagining a ‘new’ (wo)man in the Belgian colonial empire in the 1950s, in: Comparativ, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 77-96.[5211]

Keim, Curtis (1983): Women and slavery among the Mangbetu, ca. 1800-1910, in: Robertson, Claire / Klein, Martin (eds.): Women and slavery in Africa, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, pp. 144-159.[5212]

Schoenbrun, D.L. (1996): Gendered histories between the Great Lakes: Varieties and Limits, in: International Journal of African Historical Studies, 29, 3, pp. 461-492.[5213]

Thornton, John (1991): Legitimacy and political power: Queen Njinga, 1624-1663, in: Journal of African History, 32, pp. 25-40.[5214]

Wright, Marcia (1983): Bwanikwa, Consciousness and protest among slave women in Central Africa, 1886-1911, in: Robertson, Claire / Klein, Martin (eds.): Women and slavery in Africa, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, pp. 246-267.[5215]

Yates, Barbara (1981): Colonialism, education and work, Sex differentiation in Colonial Zaire, in: Bay, Edna (ed.): Women and work, Boulder, Westview Press, pp.127-152.[5216]

Yates, Barbara (1982): Church, state and education in Belgian Africa, Implications for contemporary third world women, in: Kelly, Gail / Ellion, Carolyn (eds.): Women’s education in the third world, Comparative perspectives, State University of New York Press, Albany, pp. 127-151.[5217]

Literature

no entries to this combination of country and topic

media

Bouwer, Karen (2010): Gender and decolonization in the Congo, Lumumba’s legacy in literature and film, Palgrave, London.[6526]

Braun, Lesley Nicole (2015): Cyber Siren, What Mami Wata reveals about the Internet and Chinese presence in Kinshasa, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 301-318.[11659]

Garcia-Mingo, Elisa (2017): Mamas in the newsroom, Women’s journalism against sexual violence in Eastern Congo, in: Journal of African Media Studie, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 215-227.[6527]

politics - wars violent conflicts

Baaz, Maria Eriksson / Stern, Maria (2011): Whores, men and other misfits, Undoing ‚feminisation’ in the armed forces in the DRC, in: African Affairs, vol. 110, nol 441, pp. 563-585.[6664]

Baaz, Maria Eriksson / Stern, Maria (2013): Sexual violence as a weapon of war? Perceptions, prescriptions, problems in the Congo and beyond, Zed Books, London.[6665]

Brittain, Victoria (2002): Calvary of the women of the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), in: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 29, pp. 595-601.[6666]

Crystal, Paul / Ehrlich, Lisa (2004): No product? No programme! The logistics of reproductive health supplies in conflict affected settings, in: Forced Migration Review, vol. 19, pp. 18-19.[6667]

Higate, Paul (2004): Gender and peacekeeping, Case studies: The Democratic Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone, ISS Monographs, no. 91, Pretoria.[6668]

Higate, Paul (2005): Peacekeeping and gender, DRC and Sierra Leone. www.peacewomen.org[6669]

Higate, Paul / Henry, Marsha (2004): Engendering (in)security in peace support operations, in: Security Dialogue, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 481-498.[6670]

Human Rights Watch (2002): The war within the war, Sexual violence against women and girls in Eastern Congo, Human Rights Watch Publications, New York.[6671]

Human Rights Watch (2005): Seeking justice, Human Rights Watch Publication, vol. 17, New York.[6672]

Mbombo, Banza / Bayolo, Christian Hemedi (2001): Women’s rights violations during the conflict in the democratic republic of the Congo, unpublished report, Kinshasa.[6673]

Meger, Sara (2010): Rape of the Congo, Understanding sexual violence in the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in: Journal of African Studies, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 119-135.[6674]

Puechguirbal, Nadine (2003): Women and war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 1271-1282.[6675]

Puechguirbal, Nadine (2003): Women and peacekeeping in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Towards a common goal, in: Conflict Trends, no. 3, pp. 23-25.[6676]

Puechguirbal, Nadine (2003): Gender training for peace keepers, Lessons from the DRC, in: International Peacekeeping, vol. 10, 4, pp. 113-128.[6677]

Puechguirbal, Nadine (2004): Involving women in peace process, Lessons from four African countries (Burundi, DRC, Liberia and Sierra Leone, in: Karamé, Kari (ed.): Gender and peacebuilding in Africa, Training for Peace Programme, Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt, Oslo, pp. 47-66.[6678]

Schroeder, Emily (2004): A window of opportunitiy in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Incorporating a gender perspective in the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration process, in: Peace, Conflict and Development, An Interdisciplinary Journal, July 2004, pp. 1-31.[6679]

Schäfer, Rita (2008): Frauen und Kriege in Afrika, ein Beitrag zur Gender-Forschung, Brandes und Apsel Verlag, Frankfurt a.M.[11878]

Stensrud, Ellen / Husby, Gorill (2005): Resolution 1325, From rhetoric to practice, A report on women`s role in reconciliation process in the Great Lakes of Africa, PRIO Report, Oslo.[6680]

Whiteman, Shelly (2006): Women and peace-building in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, An assessment of their role in the Inter-Congolese Dialogue, in: African Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 29-48.[6681]

Yengo, Patrice (2006): Brazzaville’s marche total, Women’s alliance during the civil war in the Congo, in: Cahiers d’Etudes Africaines, vol. 46, no. 182, pp. 333-346.[6682]

politics

no entries to this combination of country and topic

Religion - Christianity

no entries to this combination of country and topic

Religion - Islam

no entries to this combination of country and topic

Religion - traditional rituals and spirit mediumship

Braun, Lesley Nicole (2021): Tales from the Congo River, Catching Mami Wata, in: Shima Journal, pp. 1–16.[11658]

Rights - human rights violations gender based violence

Baaz, Maria Eriksson / Stern, Maria (2013): Sexual violence as a weapon of war? Perceptions, prescriptions, problems in the Congo and beyond, Zed Books, London.[10412]

Human Rights Watch (2002): The war within the war, Sexual violence against women and girls in Eastern Congo, Human Rights Watch Publications, New York.[10413]

Human Rights Watch (2005): Seeking justice, Human Rights Watch Publication, vol. 17, New York.[10414]

Jean-Bouchard, Evelyne (2017): Sexual violence issues in Eastern DRC, Processes of global and local co-constitution, in: Canadian Journal of African Studies, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 257-273.[10415]

Lake, Milli / Muthaka, Ilot / Walker, Gabriella (2016): Gendering Justice in Humanitarian Spaces, Opportunity and (Dis)empowerment Through Gender-Based Legal Development Outreach in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, in: Law and Society Review, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 539-574.[11662]

Mechanic, Eli (2004): Why gender still matters, Sexual violence and the need to confront militarized masculinity, A case study of the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Partnership Africa Canada, Ottawa.[10417]

Meger, Sara (2010): Rape of the Congo, Understanding sexual violence in the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in: Journal of African Studies, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 119-135.[10416]

Mertens, Charlotte / Myrttinen, Henri (2019): ‘A real woman waits’, Heteronormative respectability, neo-liberal betterment and echoes of colonialit in SGBV programming in Eastern DR Congo, in: in: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 418-439.[11664]

Veit, Alex / Tschörner, Lisa (2019): Creative appropriation, Academic knowledge and interventions against sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 459-479.[11663]

Women for Women International (2007): Ending violence against women in Eastern Congo, Preparing men to advocate for women’s rights, Women for Women International, Washington D.C.[10418]

Rights - Women Human Rights and legal system

no entries to this combination of country and topic

society - families marriages

no entries to this combination of country and topic

society - homosexuality / sexual minorities

Hendiks, T. (2017): Queer(ing) popular culture, Homo-erotic provocations from Kinshasa, in: Journal of African Culture Studies, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 71-88.[9037]

Hendriks, Thomas (2016): SIM cards of desire, Sexual versatility and the male homoerotic economy in urban Congo, in: American Ethnologist, vol. 43, no 2, pp. 230-242. [11696]

Outright International (2019): Country Overview: DR Congo, Outright International, New York.[11941]

society - masculinities

Baaz, Maria Eriksson / Stern, Maria (2011): Whores, men and other misfits, Undoing ‚feminisation’ in the armed forces in the DRC, in: African Affairs, vol. 110, nol 441, pp. 563-585.[9230]

Cuvelier, Jeron (2014): Work and masculinity in Katanga’s artisanal mines, in: Afrika Spectrum, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 3-26.[9231]

Higate, Paul (2004): Gender and peacekeeping, Case studies: The Democratic Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone, ISS Monograph Series, no. 91, Publications of the Institute of Security Studies, Pretoria.[9232]

Higate, Paul / Henry, Marsha (1004): Engendering (in)security in peacekeeping operations, in: Security Dialogue, vol. 35, no. 4, S.481-498.[9233]

Mechanic, Eli (2004): Why gender still matters, Sexual violence and the need to confront militarized masculinity, A case study of the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Partnership Africa Canada, Ottawa.[9234]

Pype, Katrien (2007): Fighting boys, Strong men and gorillas, Notes on the imagination of masculinities in Kinshasa, in: Africa, vol. 77, no. 2.[9235]

Women for Women International (2007): Ending violence against women in Eastern Congo, Preparing men to advocate for women’s rights, Women for Women International, Washington D.C.[9236]

society - migration and urbanisation

no entries to this combination of country and topic

society - women's organisations

no entries to this combination of country and topic

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